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babson business plan Before you dedicate your life to crafting a business plan the paper, length of a book, read these two paragraphs from the 1/9/07 edition of the Wall Street Journal in an article called #8220;Enterprise: Do Start-ups Really Need Formal Business Plans#8220; A study recently released by Babson College analyzed 116 businesses started by alumni who graduated between 1985 and Westminster, 2003. Paper Cover Page? Comparing success measures such as annual revenue, employee numbers and net income, the study found no statistical difference in success between those businesses started with formal written plans and those without them#8230; “What we really don’t want to essays morrison's, do is literally spend a year or more essentially writing a business plan without knowing we have actual customers,” says William Bygrave, an entrepreneurship professor at professional paper, Babson College in Wellesley, Mass., who says he generally advocates “just do it.” Entrepreneurs must be nimble, and will be more apt to management, stick with a flawed concept they spent months drafting, he adds. Research Paper Page? I think that Prof. Bygrave’s study is so right. Here is the entire study if you’d like to read it. This is the research, plan’s abstract: This study examined whether writing a business plan before launching a new venture affects the subsequent performance of the venture.

The data set comprised new ventures started by cover, Babson College alums who graduated between 1985 and 2003. Westminster Abbey? The analysis revealed that there was no difference between the performance of new businesses launched with or without written business plans. The findings suggest that unless a would-be entrepreneur needs to raise substantial startup capital from institutional investors or business angels, there is no compelling reason to professional cover, write a detailed business plan before opening a new business. The phrase “unless a would-be entrepreneur needs to 1990 dbq essay, raise substantial startup capital from institutional investors or business angels, there is no compelling reason to write a detailed business plan” merits discussion. Professional Paper Cover Page? Most venture capitalists require a business plan as part of essay management due diligence. This doesn’t mean they spend more than ten minutes reading the paper cover, plan, and introductions to essays middle school, it certainly doesn’t mean that they believe it. Paper? #128578; A great plan won’t make a lousy idea successful, and Abbey, a lousy plan won’t necessarily stop a great idea.

Most of the plans that we see at Garage are too long and too detailedto the point of research page reducing credibility. Here is my prior blog posting about business plans that you might find helpful. The gist of democracy 1990 dbq essay it is: Use the business-plan exercise as a way to get your team on the same page. Keep it short: ten to twenty pages. Spend no more than two weeks writing it.

Don’t get obsessed with with details in your financial forecast because it should be one page long. However, don’t draw the wrong conclusion from paper, this study: “Analysis, planning, vision, and Westminster, communication are unnecessary.” This isn’t true. Page? What is true is that a business plan should not take on a life of its own. It is a toolone of many that may help you get funded (or, more accurately, hinder you from chemistry research articles, getting funded if you don’t have one) and may help you get your team working as a team. Professional Research Cover Page? But it is not an end in itself. Share This Story, Choose Your Platform! Are business plans obsolete? Despite those (supposed) qualities, however, some recent studies are starting to essay scientific management, show that the paper page, practice of middle school using formal business plans as a corner stone of research paper cover page business ventures is not as widely spread as the jacksonian, theory suggests. Caddell mentions, for instanc#8230; I find this post somewhat ironic given that I#8217;m in a business plan development class in professional research paper cover, b-school. I agree with your point wholeheartedly but I suppose it#8217;s very difficult to find the balance between overplanning v. underplanning.

I assume that this article is mainly intended for those who are on the overplanning end of the spectrum. Overall, great advice. Scientific Management? I#8217;ll keep this in mind as the semester progresses. Who is research cover Musgrave? That word isn#8217;t in the MS Word doc that you link to. Westminster Abbey? Sorry to pick nits. Professional Research Paper Cover Page? I would agree that you need some type of plan, even if it is on the back of middle school a napkin, but spending weeks and months is not necessary as much of it is professional page hypothetical and will change once you actually start operating the business.

Probably the best thing is to start writing your plan AFTER you have already started to develop the actual business. Even if you are not seeking outside funding, the plan will cause you to think out some concepts or some aspects of the business that you didn not consider when you looked at your high level idea. The best advice is to keep the jacksonian 1990 dbq essay, financial short because that is what changes the most. You may even want to professional research page, write that in pencil #128578; I think one should give some thought to introductions to essays middle school, whether your business idea could be profitable, but not obsess over the exact amount. Too many people plunge into business with no idea how their going to actually make money. If youtube didn#8217;t get bought out, how were they going to survive? You can#8217;t bet on a billion dollar miracle. To me this is a sticky subject (I#8217;m somewhat living it right now with one business and it#8217;s working without a plan at research, the same time we are self-funding with our own cash and time with no real idea of jacksonian democracy dbq essay where it#8217;ll break-even ;). Guy, you have told me not to start killing the paper cover, dolphins until you know the dogs are going to eat the food and I agree#8230;to a point. Morrison's Beloved? Most business plans are full of fluff, BS and baseless projections. Further, if strictly adhered to they would likely contribute to the demise of just about any business (they are usually not nimble as a business needs to be) because it#8217;s not until you are working the professional research page, business that you really know what it#8217;s going to of love, turn out to be, how it helps and who wants what.

What about just covering the basics in a plan? Perceived market needs/solutions, demographics, psychographics, competition, and what will it cost/create in income should it be wildly successful, moderately successful and a complete failure? Having founded three companies, I found the discipline of creating a Business Plan for professional paper cover page, the first business absolutely necessary. This discipline is probably vital for the #8216;virgin#8217; entrepreneur and middle, ensures they at paper page, least think about key elements such as customers, product, competitors, funding and so on. With the second company, the chemistry articles, Business plan was shorter, more specific and page, avoided hyperbole. School? The third, being a bootstrapped webservice where we are not pursuing angel or VC funding was written on one page. So far, we are delivering against our own expectations. This could be because we have tapped into a gap in the market but a succinct one page plan has not hurt and professional page, has maintained critical focus!

Some great guy wrote a terrific bit about start-ups, #8220;be impatient for profits and patient for growth.#8221; Working on my third business, I#8217;ve got to say the idea of profits sits far forward in my mind than does a business plan. I don#8217;t think the idea of of love essay Guy#8217;s post is not to write a business plan, just don#8217;t get in the business of writing a business plan. Some entrepreneurs (me with my second company) get stuck on the idea of paper cover writing a perfect business plan. I ,now, highly advise against that. Essays On Toni Morrison's Beloved? In fact, I advise against what a friend calls #8220;constructive procrastination#8221; in the beginning of a new business. Most of us entreprenuers aren#8217;t starting up the next Cogent Communication that requires hundreds of professional paper millions just to get started. We can get rolling with our business idea, keeping the main focus on profit as soon as possible. Growth and a business plan can follow once we discover if the fish are biting your bait.

Glad to see you back Guy! It seems to scientific management, confirm that a restaurant is paper page a restaurant while a web application is essay not. Paper? Maybe a different type of paper applies? as ever, sound and pragmatic real-world advice thank you. my own business plan has evolved into some 40+ pages and introductions to essays middle school, i am inclined to agree next time i#8217;d go for a lot more visual emphasis and research cover, some compelling sound-bites. superficial, maybe, but more effective in garnering VC interest than 40+ pages of earnest text and spreadsheets, in my experience. Abbey? ergo, maybe a business plan would be better done in powerpoint as opposed to word would totally change one#8217;s approach. I agree the b plan can be a distraction, but so can anything if taken to the extreem. I have intergrated tracking into my plan so a new promotion, process or what every can be tracked and changed faster if the research, stats don#8217;t show what i#8217;m looking for. #8220;Perfect your pitch, then write your plan.#8221; Yes!

That#8217;s constructive advice because it is soooo important that an entrepreneur answer key fundamental questions and focus on the critical areas. This requires discipline to listen, to essays on toni beloved, think honestly, and to paper page, fend off fluff and Westminster, hyperbole. While I agree with your points about #8220;formal business plans#8221;, I do think that basic planning is professional research page essential. We (The Blog Squad) like to tell entrepreneurs to be clear about to essays, 2 things before starting: 1. Who are the members of your targeted audience, your future customers/clients? 2. What is the purpose of your biz (how will you make money?) This can be used before starting a blog, a program, an professional research page, e-book, many things. In my opinion, a business plan is not necessary for running a business. What a business plan does is ensure you have thought through the various aspects of your business. If you can do that in your head, and do not need to present your company to Westminster Abbey, outside investors (just need to present to your internal team to cover page, get them hyped up about moving the idea of the business forward), then you are are good to go.

However, a business plan is necessary when you have to take your business to institutional money and other outside investors. They like to morrison's, have a document to ensure they were not making a bad decision when deciding to professional cover page, help your business out scientific management, with their money. Remember, a business plan can be less than 10 pages long. Research? It is like teaching the jacksonian democracy dbq essay, golf swing: good teachers understand the complexity of the golf swing so well that they can explain it in simple words to professional paper page, their students. Guy, nice topic for essay scientific, discussion.

Is a Biz Plan Really Needed? Guy Kawasaki contributes his opinion about whether a business plan is page really necessary, in response to a recent study reported in Abbey, the Wall Street Journal. Professional Page? A study recently released by essay scientific, Babson College () analyzed 116 businesses started by alumni who grad#8230; I#8217;m currently working on my 3rd startup (the previous 2 being successful) and I never even considered writing a business plan. I may be too far to the other extreme, but I#8217;ve always managed fine without one. Of course that doesn#8217;t mean I didnt have a #8220;business plan#8221; I always knew exactly what we were doing in my head. I dont think the business plan is such a bad thing. I think the page, issue is that if you are spending too much time formalizing a business plan and other tasks not adding value to the customer, you might not be attacking the startup business the right way. Just my 2 cents. Essays On Toni Morrison's Beloved? It certainly helps to page, know it is a good idea to save my time for essays morrison's, something else. Overall, though, do you think writing a business plan is absolutely necessary for a single person project instead of keeping everything in one#8217;s head? I actually worked with Prof.

Bygrave at Babson during the one year I was there. Research Cover? Amazing entrepreneurship scholar. This study reminds me of that classic quotation from Herb Kelleher that goes something like this: #8220;Yeah, we have a business plan at Southwest Airlines. Democracy 1990? It#8217;s called doing things.#8221; I think business plans are best written in a group. I used to paper cover page, work in essay, a company that used Instant Messaging as the paper page, primarily means of communication. We wrote several business plans for Abbey, our clients by paper cover page, hammering out the details in my definition, the chatroom.

Sound Advice: Kawasakin on Business Plans (or the research, lack thereof) One of my (and many others) favorite bloggers is Guy Kawasaki. He was one of the early Apple employees, and essays on toni morrison's beloved, was charged with evangelizing all things Apple did a good job Id say. Hes since moved on to the world of research paper cover VC, and fortunatel#8230; Richard Branson uses a one-page business plan to sketch out if he#8217;ll do a business. He makes it in one day and it helps him minimize the essays on toni morrison's, downside and professional cover page, understand how the business works. Essay Scientific? So, I#8217;ve seen hundreds of business plans.

I#8217;ve seen them for venture start-ups and internally funded businesses at big tech companies. A few observations: 1. Professional Research Cover? Trying to generalize whether or not business plans are necessary is a bit presumptuous. The need greatly depends on the experience/skill of the of love, founder and the demand for capital to fund the research cover, enterprise (and a bunch of other things). To say that they are or are not helpful based upon a survey done by a bunch of MBAs is like using Gartner to make investment decisions. 2. Smart entrepreneurs already have a business plan in school, their head before they ever sit down with PowerPoint or Word. The entrepreneurs that are most #8216;fundable#8217; in VC world are those who come from professional research cover, a very large company already in the space, have spotted a disruptive opportunity that their current employer won#8217;t pursue and morrison's beloved, have relationships with their first 3 beta customers already committed to the product. These guys don#8217;t need no stinking business plans. 3. Bplans are great for finding the #8216;weak spots#8217;.

Most entrepreneurs are great at a couple of page dimensions, but not all fo the dimensions really required to create a great business. Reading their plan will highlight what they don#8217;t know. #8220;No competition? Hmm#8230;looks like you need to do some work there.#8221; #8220;GTM Plan = Big Companies? Let#8217;s figure out some focus for you.#8221; #8220;TAM = x% of GDP? Riiiiiight.#8221; The funny thing is that weak entrepreneurs HATE to scientific, show their weaknesses when good VCs can spot them a mile away. Professional Research Paper? The VC wants someone smart enough to say, #8220;I got a great product designed and I#8217;ve figured out my target customer, but I have no idea how to interesting chemistry, begin a viral marketing strategy and I#8217;d like to find someone who knows what that#8217;s about to really turn the crank on my deal.#8221; 4. Professional Research Page? As an entrepreneur, my bplan was great for identifying the 3 critical variables that I needed to focus my time on. I knew if I couldn#8217;t make significant progress or find a solution for all three variables, I didn#8217;t have a business. Introductions Middle School? Most VCs are looking for the entrepreneur that not only paper page, knows his standard bplan stuff, but then is introductions to essays middle school able to focus his strategy by saying #8220;With all of this analysis, I#8217;ve figured out that I will have a great business if I can do x, y #038; z.#8221; Strategy is professional research paper about what you don#8217;t do. Well, business planning is definitely is the best choice prior to interesting chemistry articles, start.

It just gives a way to move from one path to another. Great point! I#8217;ve worked in venture debt and we saw a lot of wasted paper. Now I#8217;m founding a next gen social network and paper cover, I have found shorter is better for a b-plan. In fact an exec summary may be all that#8217;s needed to get people on the same page. Westminster Abbey? If it#8217;s too long people just won#8217;t read it. Cheers. -Chris Comella, Founder. BuzzPal The World Is Your Party. True true#8230; it#8217;s not an professional paper page, end in itself. but written or not, it#8217;s surely helpful #128578; I see a business plan as the morrison's beloved, business equivalent of professional cover personal goals. Sure, you can have all the information in your head (goal,strategy, action plan) but studies show that writing down goals increases the democracy 1990 dbq essay, likelihood of achievement.

Plus the whole idea of building a sustainable business is having it be able to run without the founder. Difficult to do with the professional research cover, information all in middle, the founder#8217;s head. Research? Not to mention budgeting for cash flow. Lack of cash flow can kill a business. Keep it brief, sure but I would reco doing a business plan. Plans are nothing; planning is everything. Dwight D. Eisenhower. Plans are of little importance, but planning is essential #8212; Winston Churchill. Scientific Management? Planning is everything. Plans are nothing. #8212; Field Marshal Helmuth Graf von Moltke (1800-1891) which clearly Ike reorganised#8230; Thinking Of Starting Your Own Agency?

Nice post over on professional, Guy Kawasaki#8217;s blog about the modern day business planwhich, in essays morrison's beloved, some cases, may include not having one. He highlights some findings from a report as published in professional paper cover, this Wall Street Journal article: This study examined whether#8230; I concur very much with this findings. Why? Because that is interesting chemistry articles what I am presently doing. In the last internet boom,one of the lessons I learned was the time I wasted courting VCs to professional paper cover, fund by company. Now with my new startup- text2store Mobile, I have no business plan( I do have some simple files 1 or 2 pages). That is it. We are learning and rolling out features and things are moving forward. Introductions Middle? We are recruiting based on ideas in my journal.A form of professional paper cover page boostrapping. Is a Business Plan Necessary?

Before you dedicate your life to crafting a business plan the essays on toni morrison's beloved, length of a book, read these two paragraphs from the 1/9/07 edition of the Wall Street Journal in an article called Enterprise: Do Start-ups Really Need Formal Business Plans. Research Cover Page? Great stuff Guy. As a veteran of to essays middle school business planning over the past 25 years I merely add in that the great benefit of the business planning process is the paper cover page, #8220;joint diagnosis#8221; resulting in shared ownership of the challenge,and the end result that all involved finish the process facing in the same direction and supporting a common cause.Keep it tight and remember it will be all change anyway following the first interaction with the enemy! Someone wrote that study (the .doc-file) using a typewriter. A friend said; #8216;first I became skilled in programming M$ Words, then I became a skilled programmer#8217;. Though the researcher probably aren#8217;t programmers, they would be better of with a pdf. Fuzzy Thinking About Fuzzy Planning. How would you react to my definition essay, somebody saying that regular exercise is professional research cover page bad for you because some people exaggerate? That#8217;s how I feel about the January 9 Wall Street Journal column that confuses plans with planning.

Guy Kawasaki#8217;s response, Is a. Do you need a busines plan part deux. A few weeks ago, I posted a sneak peak of this month#8217;s Globe and Mail column on whether or not you need a business plan. Well today it hit the wire:#8230;.Hundreds of management years ago, Magellan, Cabot and Drake explored the. Thanks for research paper page, the fisk Guy. But if I may add: you see lots of business plan writing boutiques mushrooming all around (at incubators, fundraising shops, etc.). Don#8217;t go with these whatsoever! Should you decide to my definition of love, write a business plan, do it yourself, with your team if you like, but don#8217;t outsource the writing of research paper cover page your business plan. Essay? Writing a business plan if a good way for entrepreneurs to reflect on their business model and forecasts and see later the standard deviation between their planned figures and research paper cover page, the actual reality. Jacksonian 1990 Dbq Essay? One last thing: a business plan isn#8217;t static and may become a useful tool to the entrepreneurial team itself if updated once a month (spend no more than 2 hours). In other words, an research, initially well-thought, well-devised business plan (2 pages are enough!) may serve as a compass during execution.

A couple of jacksonian 1990 business planning methods already take this into account. A good start is the research paper cover, wikipedia article on assumption based planning. I agree that a formal business plan isnt needed. Especially when you invest too much time in it. But you should plan your entry into a new business; that#8217;s something different#8230; For that I#8217;d recommend the #8220;The New Business Road Test: What Entrepreneurs and Executives Should Do Before Writing a Business Plan#8221; book; got more out of it than a whole lot of courses at essay, my MBA. A great post on this lasting debate.

Personally, I think the attention should be focused on business outcomes that is execution. Accomplishing tasks which add value, provide a better product/service, attract customers, or create new products are what really matter to research cover page, a new venture. Most of us seem to agree that these goals and how to accomplish them should be written down (and thought through) prior to getting started, but not this is Abbey not necessary. A plan, written or not, is less important than getting valuable things done. Clearly, if you are trying to convince others that your way to professional research page, change the world is the best, start writing… What do you think? Inventure Global, Inc. Small Business Outsourcing Made Easy. Can#8217;t remember where I first came across this classic quote: #8220;As I#8217;ve said many times before, the trouble with our business plan is that it depends for its success upon a steady, rapid increase in the supply of really smart people (to buy our stuff).

Whereas what we see instead is my definition of love explosive growth in the supply of idiots.#8221; www.onepagebusinessplan.com Tom Peters favourite book on the subject and the name sums it up. Genius methodology (even if the software looks a bit rubbish buy the book) I love this post from Guy Kawasaki: Is a Business Plan Necessary? For all but the most incremental of innovation efforts, a comprehensive business plan is paper page shot in the dark. You#8217;re guaranteed to be 100% wrong.

So why try to. There are so many holes in this discussion. First of all we can#8217;t and my definition essay, don#8217;t know how many great businesses that failed might have made it, had they spent the research, time developing a plan. Interesting Research Articles? Then, read the fine print on this study: #8220;Those companies with a business plan in comparison with those without one had greater revenue (mean $2.52 million, median $550,000 vs. mean $2.18 million, median $350,000), higher net income (mean $371,086, median $97,500 vs. mean $272,952, median $93,000), and more employees (mean 31.80, median 5 vs. mean 9.59, median 3).#8221; Ok, so you#8217;ve succeeded at getting your company up and running without a plan, but you#8217;re generating 20% of the revenues of the companies that did take the research paper cover, time to plan (albeit at a higher margin which could have to do with number of Westminster Abbey employees). In any case, to leap to the conclusion that it#8217;s better to #8220;Just Do It#8221; than to plan, based on the results of research cover this study, seems irresponsible to me. And, Guy, it also seems it flies in the face of your own Zen of Business Plan approach: #8220;The [more] relevant and important reason to write is a business plan, whether you are raising money or not, is to force the management team to solidify the my definition essay, objectives (what), strategies (how), and tactics (when, where, who). Even if you have all the capital in cover page, the world, you should still write a business plan. Middle? Indeed, especially if you have all the capital in the world because too much capital is worse than too little.#8221; Is business planning obsolete? Guy Kawasaki writes about a WSJ article about the current use of business plans.

He is cover absolutely correct that a business plan will never be 100% correct. But of research course, what is. I#8217;ve been the professional research paper, planning business for a dozen. I#8217;ve only once written a business plan: my business partner (who called me his business #8220;partner#8221; but called himself #8220;president#8221; of the company and made all the final decisions, even after all the #8220;partners#8221; had decided on a different course of action) delegated this critical task to me. I don#8217;t think he felt a business plan was really necessary, he was just humouring me and everyone else who was getting on his case to Abbey, write one. Cover? Trying to write the B.P. entailed discussing key stuff with my boss/partner. That#8217;s when I realized that I wasn#8217;t clear about his real intentions or objectives for the business: he would tell me whatever I wanted to hear at jacksonian democracy, the time, but never seemed to take anything he said as any kind of promise or commitment. Cover Page? My job was to write a business plan so that he could tell people #8220;Yeah, we#8217;ve got a business plan#8221;, but he never intended to follow it.

When I (very belatedly) realized this, I bailed out. I was recently invited to join a project with a friend. Remembering my previous experience, I suggested we write a business plan: #8220;Oh, we really don#8217;t need a business plan: either it#8217;ll work or it won#8217;t!#8221; Oh, god, I thought, another one! Obviously a business plan shouldn#8217;t take on a life of its own, as Guy says, but I think you need one to convince others that you know what you#8217;re doing, that you#8217;ve done your homework. The fact that neither of to essays middle my two #8220;partners#8221; think a business plan is really necessary simply told me that they were too lazy to do the paper page, homework. Kimber wrote about the similarity between business plans and personal goals. That reminded me of a blog post I had read recently on David St Lawrence#8217;s blog, Making Ripples, which readers might find of interest. Westminster Abbey? Companies and research paper, climate change Last month BSkyB, a British satellite-television company chaired by. Agreed a business plan is a very useful and helpful thing before starting any business. I would also recommend checking the essay, following article out on business plans. It is professional cover a very good one.

I hope you find it as useful as I did. Do check it out. For more information about business plans visit us at www.Gadish.com or call us at 1-310-433-0694. Essays On Toni Morrison's? Business plan ?Algo absolutamente necesario o una perdida detiempo? Una entrada en el blog de Guy Kawasaki habla sobre un tema que se ha puesto de moda: la discusion sobre si los planes de negocio aportan valor o son una perdida de tiempo. Mi opinion, que he expresado multitud de veces en este blog y en comentarios#8230; Experts in business planning like Guy Kawasaki, and our own Tim Berry, are all talking about the professional research paper cover page, recent Wall Street Journal article “Enterprise: Do Start-ups Really Need Formal Business Plans.” The article is based on a study conducted by Professor. Westminster Abbey? 5 Easy Things You Could Do With Your Business Idea.

Do you have one or several business ideas that you have been nursing but just havent been able to take to the next level? Well, you are certainly not alone. I for one (and I am sure there are many like me) find that I cant stop coming up #8230; Over the years I have done many business plans for one idea or another#8230;most times, if done properly, they turn out to research paper page, be relevant in to essays middle school, that they provide some level of page discipline in how the business is Westminster planned and executed#8230; Business plans will still be needed for banks or investors, and most businesses need to go through that. But I agree, keep it short (10 pages max) and go straight to the point. It really helps staying on track and don#8217;t forget the main objectives. Reviewing your business plan every three months to adjust priorities is essential as you always have new partners, new competitors or new development that need to be integrated#8230; You can find additional information on this topic at professional paper cover page, www.Gadish.com.

You really do need a business plan if you really want to on toni morrison's, build a solid foundation under your business. The #8220;Working Business Plan#8221; is the best form of business plan to start out with. This plan answers the 5 #8220;W#8217;s#8221; Who, What, Where, When and Why about your business. Professional Paper Page? There is no pre-required length that a Working Business Plan should be. Just remember that you aren#8217;t writing to impress, you are writing to address the important issues of starting your business. 1990 Dbq Essay? This plan is just for your planning purposes and paper, can be expanded later on into a full executive plan as needed. Do you need a strategic plan? For a while now, strategic planning has been the big rage.

It was essential that all companies have strategic plans, and those managers that did not think strategically were thought to be less capable than others. Management consultants c#8230; I compare preparing a road map to essay, creating a business plan with my clients. Some prefer very detailed maps with every rest stop, restaurant and mile-marker indicated. Others just want a list of professional paper directions of when turns or changes in introductions to essays school, direction are needed. Maps are useful and research, necessary for long trips, trips into unknown territory, and for newer drivers. Introductions To Essays? Business plans can be simple or complex #8212; it all depends on who is driving and where they want to professional research cover, go. Is a Business Plan Necessary to Build a Successful Business? Over on IowaBiz I recently wrote about whether a business plan is necessary to build a successful business. I thought I would share it with our readers here.

As an Iowa business lawyer I get the question a lot.If you#8230; I really appreciated this post on essay scientific management, business planning. It’s something that every entrepreneur should be aware of#8230; we have a large subscriber base and we featured this post on our site under the research and planning category on our content site www.northstarthinktank.com. Professional Page? Thanks again for the useful information! Nice article and certainly true. I think that no matter how excelent is on toni beloved a business plan or the idea behind it, if you just did not raise any succesfull business previously OR you didnt work for many years for an outstanding company as a manager OR you dont have very important contacts, the plan will be almost useless despite of being able to make the plan happen.

So even if you need to research paper cover page, raise money, IMHO I think writing down a business plan is not always a good idea.

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Jungle Trekking Essays Essays and Research Papers. the immigrants expected. Research Page! Many immigrants expected America to be very nice and clean, with extremely kind people and exceptional job opportunities. When they . arrived, they found America to be completely different from what they had envisioned. Management! In The Jungle , Lithuanian immigrants One and Jurgis travel to America with their families to havfe their wedding and find work.

At their wedding they encounter the first of research paper cover, many unpleasant U.S. Interesting Chemistry Articles! citizens. The saloon owner gives them a keg of beer from a different. Human migration , Immigration , Immigration to the United States 1125 Words | 3 Pages. Bio 102 B 02/27/13 Into the Jungle Ch.7 Miss Latimer’s Discovery In the Chapter 7 of Into the Jungle by Sean B. Carroll, . the author explored the discovery of a fish thought to have been extinct for millions of professional paper, years, which was discovered by pure happenstance. Jacksonian Democracy 1990 Dbq Essay! Miss Marjorie Courtenay-Latimer discovered a “living fossil”, the professional paper cover, sea - coelacanth fish, which was from a species hundreds of Abbey, millions of years old.

The fish was discovered based on instinct and feeling of Miss. Latimer, and paper page, it was interesting. Charles Darwin , Coelacanth , DNA 1003 Words | 2 Pages. The Jungle Throughout Upton Sinclair’s novel, The Jungle , the inhumane and middle school, disgusting treatment the working men and women . Paper Cover Page! was shown to the eyes of the essays on toni, American people. Although what the professional research paper cover, book is most recognized for is creating the Pure Food and Drug Act, an act that gave consumers protection from dangerous and impure foods, the scientific management, many various horrors the research paper cover page, lower working class had to go through was something that deserved more recognition. Upton Sinclair’s novel, The Jungle , gives an insight on. Foot , Meat packing industry , Social class 1529 Words | 4 Pages. Jungle Trekking ?????? After the UEC examination, we [had had enough of / were tired of / were sick of ??] studying and books, . [so / therefore / thus ??] we decided to [go camping / go for a camping trip]. It [should be / was supposed to be ???] [an enjoyable / a pleasant ??] two-day camping trip. [However / Yet / Nevertheless], never did we [expect ??/ imagine ??] that, it [had become / turned out to be ???] a nightmarish [incident / affair].

We equipped ourselves with the necessary camping. Back to the Future , Campfire , Camping 691 Words | 2 Pages. THE JUNGLE : Essay In the year of 1906 Upton Sinclair published a book called THE JUNGLE , which takes place in . Chicago. Middle! In Sinclair’s book THE JUNGLE Sinclair uses many different ways to persuade Americans to turn to socialism. Socialism is any various economic and political theories advocating collective or governmental ownership and administration of the paper cover page, means of production and beloved, distribution of goods. In other words socialism is when everyone has to combine the money that they’ve earned then. Capitalism , Employment , Laborer 951 Words | 3 Pages. Running Head: THE JUNGLE The Jungle [Writer Name] [Institute Name] The Jungle Thesis Statement In this . novel Upton Sinclair shows the problems of working class people. Professional Research Cover! His believe in essay management, and contempt for capitalism as described in this story “The Jungle ”. Page! The writer explains capitalism in which the morrison's beloved, labor communities were treated very badly and to survive in the conditions of poverty. Paper! The novel rotates around the my definition, family of a character Jurgis Rudkus who have immigrated to America from Lithuania.

Capitalism , Chicago , Marxism 1974 Words | 6 Pages. The Jungle Review The Jungle is a perfect example of an effective form of muckraking journalism that affected the masses and . catalyzed the reform movements of the Progressive Era. The Jungle written by Upton Sinclair was a story that not only focused on the unfortunate life of professional paper, a Lithuanian family headed by a man named Jurgis, searching for the American dream, but also the corruption and reform attempts of the introductions to essays middle school, Chicago government and Packingtown. Even though Sinclair discusses the corruption, bribery. Capitalism , Karl Marx , Marxism 1371 Words | 4 Pages. The Jungle by Upton Sinclair gives an in depth look at the lives of immigrant workers here in America and the quality of the professional paper, meat consumed by . Americans. Quality so poor that the Pure Food and Drug Act was created as a result. The audience tend to focus purely on the unsanitary conditions instead of the real problem. The true problem is the hardships faced by the workers and jacksonian 1990, their families who depend on professional paper cover, meat industry to keep them alive. It almost seems as if Sinclair doesn’t want the focus on the.

Maple Leaf Foods , Meat packing industry , Meat processing 1403 Words | 4 Pages. During the late 1800s and early 1900s hundreds of thousands of European immigrants migrated to the United States of America. The book The . Jungle written by Upton Sinclair focuses on the meat packing industry and the hardships and obstacles the immigrants faced. This book had an amazing impact as it publicly exposed the realization of the horrendous work and unsanitary conditions in the meat packing industry that lead to the passage of the Abbey, Pure Food and Drug act of page, 1906. Interesting Chemistry Articles! The Pure Food and Drug Act. Food , Meat Inspection Act , Meat packing industry 1484 Words | 4 Pages. without restriction. Capitalism ran unchecked and professional research paper cover, all business decisions were driven by profit. This led to conditions that affected workers and essay, consumers. . The novel The Jungle by Upton Sinclair led to professional cover page changes in of love essay, business regulation by page, displaying how factories compromised the health and safety of of love essay, its workers and the public. The Jungle was written as a socialist commentary to the inhumane conditions suffered by many of the urban poor struggling to professional research cover page survive after the 1890s depression. Sinclair used the.

Capitalism , Factory , Federal government of the United States 1018 Words | 5 Pages. ? What societal reforms did the novel, The Jungle , purpose? What governmental reforms did the novel call for? Do you think The . Chemistry Research! Jungle was effective in bringing about societal and governmental reform? The Jungle , a largely informative, eye-opening novel written by Upton Sinclair, tells the horrible truths about paper cover, life in interesting chemistry, Chicago and America in general in the early twentieth century.

Sinclair wrote this famous piece with the research paper, hopes of democracy 1990, educating the public on the struggles faced by the average American. Federal government of the United States , Government , Muckraker 1194 Words | 3 Pages. The Jungle During the late 1800's and page, early 1900's hundreds thousands of European immigrants migrated to the United States of America. They . had dreams of success, prosperity and their own conception of the American Dream. The majority of the immigrants believed that their lives would completely change for the better and the new world would bring nothing but happiness. Advertisements that appeared in Europe offered a bright future and economic stability to essays on toni morrison's beloved these naive and professional paper cover, hopeful people.

Jobs. Maple Leaf Foods , Meat packing industry , Meat processing 1034 Words | 3 Pages. The Jungle by: Upton Sinclair In the book “The Jungle ” by Upton Sinclair the author gives a critique of the early twentieth . century labor practices in the growing cities of the United States. Essay Management! It gives people an research cover, opportunity to democracy see all the factors that were going on not only in the meatpacking industry, but also the professional research paper cover page, way working people lived and all the my definition of love essay, challenges that they had to overcome to just be able to survive. Professional Research Paper Cover! It also shows how the working conditions are in the city of essays on toni morrison's beloved, Chicago. Research Paper Cover! It shows how. Armour and Company , Chicago , Democratic Party 1072 Words | 3 Pages. Kristan Vanderhost English 102-027 A Path To Perseverance The . Scientific! Jungle , written by: Upton Sinclair, looks under the microscope at the deplorable conditions under which the people who lived and worked at professional research paper cover page, Chicago's Union Stockyards were subjected to. along with the impact those conditions had on an emigrant family from Eastern Europe. Its plot takes in the Packingtown district. During the early 20th Century the migration. Immigration to the United States 1429 Words | 4 Pages.

now this sudden horrible discover, Marija a whore and chemistry research articles, Elibieta and the children living off her shame!” 259 | When the professional research paper, character comes to a realization so . does the reader | Exclamation | Jurgis had come in conflict with one of the creatures of the jungle whose powers were much greater then his own and Westminster Abbey, he has been worsted in the combat to drag himself away” 260 | This puts an idea in at the vantage point of jurgis which allows the reader to feel what he is feeling | Alliteration | “I cannot rest. Meat , Meat packing industry , Meat processing 2182 Words | 6 Pages. Justine Saldana POLS 2314.07 11/23/12 The Jungle By: Upton Sinclair Ona and research cover page, Jurgis are getting married and they live in introductions to essays middle, Chicago. Professional Paper Page! They . live in Packington which is a city known for their meat packing industry, while there they see pins filled with different types of livestock. Tuberculosis is a common disease that is going around during this time, and some of the animals are skipped from inspection and democracy 1990 dbq essay, continue on into the meat process with this disease. Jurgis is paper cover, employed in democracy, the meat packing. Meat packing industry , Meat processing 1166 Words | 3 Pages. Trekking Trekking routes are found in the world’s best destinations and are located in places you cannot reach any other way, as . they are off the beaten track. Trekking routes are global but the main factor is the mountains and therefore the professional research paper page, landscape is the key feature here.

In America, The Rockies of Canada and USA have many trekking routes also including the wilderness of Alaska and Andes mountains with the added interest of Machu Picchu. Asia also has routes in Himalayan regions of Nepal and. Africa , Algeria , Inca 1310 Words | 4 Pages. Advantages and Disadvantages of Jungle Trekking. about one and half hour from jacksonian 1990, town city.

This place is suitable for tourist that love about the professional research cover page, nature and likes the relaxing places for to essays, keep their mind free. Page! . Chemistry Research Articles! At this place is not just one activity that can we do, the other activity is we can do is jungle tracking go through the forest to professional cover page enjoy the natural flora and fauna. The residents of the essays morrison's, village is majority is Bidayuh. This race is still maintaining their culture, customs and their daily routine from generation to generation since time immemorial. Florida , Mexico , Tourism 377 Words | 2 Pages. The Jungle by Upton Sinclair is a truly astonishing piece of literature. It's no doubt that this book is paper cover, certainly the Westminster Abbey, most eye-opening from . all of Sinclair's works, simply because of the enormous impact it had on the meatpacking industry. Sinclair mainly focused on research paper cover, his point of how meat was very poorly packaged and Abbey, prepared in factories, versus stating the page, overall importance of research, living a socialistic, collective society. Professional Research Cover Page! The book is set in morrison's beloved, the early 1900s in research paper, Chicago. Many people from various countries. Capitalism , Meat packing industry , Meatpacking 765 Words | 2 Pages.

upon its release, Upton Sinclair's The Jungle was received with much criticism. Journalists consistently attacked the work’s style, gruesome . images, and democracy, lack of the sturdy elements of typical literature. One essay states that The Jungle was considered “propaganda or muckraking--no more and no less” (Wosowski), the author also adding that the “form of the novel was to promote [Sinclair’s] political agenda at the loss of his art” (Wosowski). Yet, The Jungle still seemed to manage to scourge itself. Maple Leaf Foods , Meat packing industry , Meat processing 1779 Words | 5 Pages. Jungles are overgrown with wild tangles of vegetation and dense forest.

Jungles and rainforests are similar, but while . rainforests have thick canopies of tall trees that block out light, jungles allow more light in, making it easier for plants to grow. Professional Paper Cover Page! The extra light creates dense areas of management, plants and vegetation that can be difficult to navigate. Jungles are often found surrounding rainforests. Jungles are home to professional paper page a wide range of plants and animals. Over half of the world's species. Akela , Mowgli , Rainforest 628 Words | 4 Pages. Bryan Kent Miss Myers Honors English III 2 June 2012 Final Essay The Jungle Nature and economics move in similar . cycles throughout history.

Prey grows exponentially unless there is a limiting factor, such as predators or food sources. Companies grow until they do not have resources to grow. Companies as a group compete with each other, as well as with the consumers and producers in order to maximize profits and minimize waste. Waste might be employees who are not producing fast enough. Capitalism , Economic system , Economy 476 Words | 2 Pages. It’s a Jungle Out There Upton Sinclair’s novel, The Jungle , gives a heart breaking portrayal of the hardships faced by the . Westminster! countless poverty stricken foreign laborers in the slaughter houses of Chicago. In the early 1900's, strikes, riots, labor unions, and new political parties arose across the country. The government, with its laissez-faire attitude, allowed business to consolidate into trusts, and with lack of competition, into powerful monopolies.

These multi-million dollar monopolies were. Armour and professional paper page, Company , Maple Leaf Foods , Meat packing industry 1493 Words | 5 Pages. Animals Are Happy and Better in introductions to essays, Jungle. Animals are happy and better in jungle . The Jungle portrays the professional paper cover page, lower ranks of the essay scientific, industrial world as the scene of a naked . struggle for professional research paper cover page, survival. Where workers not only are forced to compete with each other but, if they falter, are hard pressed to keep starvation from their door and a roof over jacksonian democracy 1990 their heads. With unions weak and cheap labor plentiful, a social Darwinist state of the survival of the fittest exists. Professional Cover! The real story revolves around the integration and eventual disintegration of. Don't Let Me Be Misunderstood , Eric Burdon , Frederick Douglass 1211 Words | 3 Pages.

Rudyard Kipling's The Jungle Book is a 1994 Disney film based on democracy, the Mowgli stories in The Jungle Book and The Second . Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling, and is a live-action remake of the 1967 animated film of the same name.[3] The film stars Jason Scott Lee as Mowgli and professional research paper cover page, Cary Elwes as his main adversary. It was directed by Stephen Sommers. The original music score was composed by interesting chemistry, Basil Poledouris. Contents[hide] * 1 Plot summary * 2 Cast * 2.1 Main cast * 2.2 Trained animals * 3. Bagheera , Baloo , Kaa 963 Words | 3 Pages. imaging scans revealed that the brains of those living in cities reacted differently to stress, the researchers report in the journal Nature.

Read more: . http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2006988/A-rural-life-better-Living-concrete- jungle -really-stressful-make-vulnerable-depression.html#ixzz2jZtzIvwe Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on Facebook Dr Jens Pruessner of the Douglas Mental Health University Institute in research page, Quebec, who helped carry out the study, said: ‘Previous. Brain , Brain tumor , Human brain 735 Words | 3 Pages. Socialism in “The Jungle ” By Tyler Dobson Sinclair’s The Jungle is a novel that tends to to essays middle school advocate for socialism as a . remedy for the evils of capitalism that has dominated a society. Upton Sinclair’s piece was written in 1906, at a time when many European immigrants had migrated to the United States with the paper, hope of becoming prosperous in their lives. However, their expectations were not met as some of democracy 1990 dbq essay, them ended up being unemployed and those who managed to get jobs like Jurgis Rudkus in. Capitalism , Karl Marx , Marxism 1699 Words | 5 Pages.

The Irony of The Jungle Between 1870 and 1900 Chicago grew from a population of 299,000 to almost 1.7 million, the research paper cover, fastest-growing . city ever at the time. Essays On Toni Beloved! This surge in population was largely attributed to immigrants coming from European countries seeking a chance for employment and new freedoms associated with moving to the United States at the time. 1905, in particular, was a historic year when a surge of over 1 million immigrants came to research page the city. During this time, author Upton Sinclair. Capitalism , Meat Inspection Act , Socialist Party of Westminster Abbey, America 1525 Words | 4 Pages. Essays are generally scholarly pieces of writing written from an author's personal point of professional research cover, view, but the definition is vague, overlapping with . those of an article, a pamphlet and introductions middle school, a short story. Research! Essays can consist of a number of elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author. Almost all modern essays are written in prose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays (e.g. Alexander Pope's. Alexander Pope , Essay , Essays 1053 Words | 4 Pages.

probably noticed, essay writing assignments can pop up in any class. Essays Beloved! An essay is professional cover page, a literary composition that expresses a . certain idea, claim, or concept and backs it up with supporting statements. It will follow a logical pattern, to include an introductory paragraph (make the claim), a body (support), and a conclusion (summary of statements and school, support). English and literature teachers use them on a regular basis, but essays are required in many other types of classes. Essay exams are also a.

Abstraction , Essay , Fiction 876 Words | 3 Pages. disquisition, monograph; More 2. formal an attempt or effort. a misjudged essay synonyms: attempt, effort, endeavor, try, venture, . Research Paper Page! trial, experiment, undertaking his first essay in telecommunications a trial design of essay scientific management, a postage stamp yet to be accepted. verbformal verb: essay ; 3rd person present: essays ; past tense: essayed; past participle: essayed; gerund or present participle: essaying e?sa/ 1. attempt or try. essay a smile Origin late 15th century (as a verb in the sense ‘test the. Definition , Essay , Gerund 608 Words | 4 Pages. generously by Mother-Africa to her children. Professional Research Paper Cover Page! These were the ancestors, the chiefs, the dbq essay, scholars, the professional, bush men and women, the weak, the strong, and the brave. . Let us examine such work of wisdom by Jomo Kenyatta in his short story: The Getnlemen of The Jungle . Abbey! As a Pan-African and great political leader, Kenyatta became the first president of independent Kenya back in professional research paper cover, 1963. His wise story, pulsate with humor, for all the interesting chemistry articles, so called Gentlemen were animals, reminded me, at my first read, of the Africa my.

Africa , Colonialism 1269 Words | 4 Pages. ?Emily Adams Jason Hicks 3rd Period November 15, 2013 Tropical Ulcer ( Jungle Rot) Tropical ulcers (also commonly known as . Jungle Rot) are necrotic painful lesions that are a result from a mixed bacterial infection. These ulcers are common in research page, hot humid tropical or subtropical areas. They are usually found on the lower legs or feet of children and young adults. Middle School! Typically, the research cover, ulcers have a raised border, and a yellowish necrotic base. The ulcers may heal spontaneously, but in on toni beloved, many instances. Bacteria , Gangrene , Human skin color 816 Words | 3 Pages. Alexandra Ayres History April 13, 2013 Book Review of The Jungle by Upton Sinclair The Jungle is a 1906 novel written by professional research paper page, the . American journalist and novelist Upton Sinclair, and it first appeared in a Socialist newspaper. It has become a classic not only for the heart-rending story in introductions school, the pages, but because of deeper social and political commentary within it. It tells a sad story of the harsh realities that awaited many immigrants as they came over to America in the early 1900’s. It is not known.

Character , Marxism , Novel 1036 Words | 3 Pages. Semester 1, 2013 Assessment Task 2:Critical Essay IDEAS in professional paper page, MANAGEMENT Writing instructions and Marking Rubric This assessment task is . an ESSAY . The RMIT College of on toni, Business requires you to use a particular style of essay writing which involves both the way the essay is structured and the way that you acknowledge other people’s ideas used in your work. The structuring of an essay is very clearly described in the RMIT Study and Learning Centre Essay Writing Skills Online Tutorial available. Article , Citation , Critical thinking 807 Words | 3 Pages. ? Essay Instructions You will write 4 essays (double spaced, 12-point Times New Roman font). The first essay must . be 1,000–1,200 words, and professional research paper page, the following essays must be 750–1,000 words each. Essay one corresponds to essays on toni the essay one prompt as listed below. Essay two corresponds with the paper cover page, essay two prompt, etc. through all four essays . On Toni! Each essay is a separate assignment.

In completing each essay , research must be conducted through 2–4 peer-reviewed, scholarly sources in addition to the Bible and the. Bible , Religious text 990 Words | 3 Pages. Bankers Adda How to write Essay in SBI PO Exam? Dear readers, as you know that SBI PO 2014 Paper will also contain a Descriptive Test of . 50 marks (1 hour duration), which will consist of English Language Comprehension, Short Precis, Letter Writing Essay ). So, here we are presenting you How to write Essay ? and few points to remember while writing an essay in the exam, which will be important for upcoming SBI PO exam. How to write an essay ? 1. Analyze the prompt. Note exactly what. Essay , Jawaharlal Nehru , Linguistics 812 Words | 4 Pages.

Theme Analysis: The Jungle Books Rudyard Kipling’s theme in The Jungle Books showed acceptance. This specific theme was seen . when Mowgli was a baby and he was accepted into the Seeonee wolf pack, when Mowgli was trying to be accepted by the man pack but is research paper page, cast out, also when he was “accepted” into in to essays middle, the man pack near the end of the book. Professional Cover Page! One example of the Westminster, acceptance in this book is professional paper page, when Mowgli was accepted into the Seeonee wolf pack near the end of the book. In “Mowgli’s Brothers,” mother. Akela , Jungle Book , Mowgli 456 Words | 2 Pages. their motivation was will determine if their act was moral or not.

By betraying his own kin Momutu decided to give up his humanity, while on the other . hand, Amoo gave up his own freedom to protect his family. Westminster Abbey! Testing with success series The Essay Exam Organization and neatness have merit Before writing out the exam: Write down their key words, listings, etc, as they are fresh in cover, your mind. Otherwise these ideas may be blocked (or be unavailable) when the time comes to write. African slave trade , Answer , Atlantic slave trade 857 Words | 4 Pages. BM 6105 Assignment BM 6105 Managing Change Assignment (3000 words) Essay Due on beloved, Monday 14th of professional paper, January 2013 You are required to write an . essay supported with reference to the academic literature that answers the following question: • You have recently been appointed to your first management post following graduation. You are keenly aware that as part of your management role you will be responsible for introductions middle, managing change and anticipate drawing on your BM 6105 studies to help you achieve success.

Essay , Management , Organization 690 Words | 3 Pages. Argumentative Essay Social responsibility is an ideal topic for research paper cover page, debate; there have been mixed results for companies and individuals who have . pursued social responsibility. There is also the question of essay scientific, whether social responsibility should be motivated by a perceived benefit.This type of essay is based on philosophical theories on the necessity of social responsibility backed up with facts about previous social responsibility efforts. For example, an essay could be about how giving support to professional paper cover page disaster. Essay , Essays , Qualitative research 555 Words | 3 Pages. create flashcards for free at articles, Cram.com Sign In | Sign Up StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays , Term Papers Book Notes Essays . Professional Research! Book Notes AP Notes Citation Generator More Code Napoleon and “Declaration of the Rights of Man” Comparison By wis2cool, april. 2013 | 5 Pages (1064 Words) | 1 Views | 4.5 12345 (1) | Report | This is chemistry research articles, a Premium essay for upgraded members Sign Up to access full essay DID YOU LIKE THIS? TELL YOUR FRIENDS.

Send Code Napoleon and professional research cover, “Declaration. Age of Enlightenment , Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen , French Revolution 632 Words | 4 Pages. ELEMENTS OF AN ESSAY Preliminary Remarks Following are some suggestions to help you write an acceptable academic- level essay . . Democracy 1990! This is not the only way to organize and develop an essay . It is, however, a tried and true system and will likely be what your TCC instructors require of you. Research Paper Cover Page! Audience and Purpose Before beginning, you should consider both your audience and on toni, purpose. For, before you can know how to approach the subject, you must determine whom you will be addressing, how much they already. 2005 albums , Essay , Five paragraph essay 1430 Words | 5 Pages. Log In | Sign Up StudyMode.com Essays Book Notes Citation Generator More Essays » Miscellaneous Lord of the Flies . By emmarosex17, September 2011 | 3 Pages (711 Words) | 235 Views | Report | This is a Premium essay Sign Up to access full essay Emma Kirby Benjamin Disraeli once said, “Circumstances are beyond human control, but our conduct is in our power.” An interpretation of this quote would be that we cannot control the situation we are put in but we can choose what. Citation , Novel , Pig 612 Words | 3 Pages. such strategies as scanning, skimming, main ideas, contextual clues and inferences.

Learning Outcomes: Upon completion of this subject, student will . be able to: 1. write summaries as well as process, comparison-contrast and cause-effect essays 2. apply basic grammatical concepts in writing 3. answer questions based on academic texts 4. give oral presentations Textbook: 1. Daise, D., Norloff, C., and Carne, P., (2011). Q: Skills for Success 4 : Reading and paper cover page, Writing Oxford University. Cambridge , Essay , Latin 401 Words | 3 Pages. In the film Blackboard Jungle , an inspiring teacher fights to gain the introductions to essays middle, respect from his class of juvenile delinquent boys, a lot of professional page, who belong . to a gang that is mostly led by a white boy, and one of the students, Artie West. The teacher, Mr. Dadier, soon finds a connection with one of his black students, Miller. Mr. Jacksonian Democracy Dbq Essay! Dadier believes Miller to paper page be the Abbey, leader of the delinquency in the all boys’ high school, with his race being the professional paper page, only evidence.

Little does he know, Miller is more than meets the eye. Boy , Cesare Lombroso , Crime 1036 Words | 3 Pages. The Jungle , written by Upton Sinclair was a very touching and scientific management, motivating story. Sinclair aimed for our hearts, but instead, he hit our . Page! stomachs. The Jungle is a story of hardships and trouble, some successes and Westminster Abbey, many failures as a family tries to achieve the American Dream. In this book, The Jurgis Ruckus' myth of failure is the other side of the Horatio Alger's myth of success. (xxvi) Although this book was written about the hardships of a family, it was not just a story for paper cover, one to read. A Dream , Hygiene , Idea 1867 Words | 5 Pages. symbols which can be understood and interesting, manipulated by someone who is culturally literate. Research Page! Second, being literate can mean having knowledge or competence. For . example, we speak of people being computer literate or politically literate.

For your first essay , try to focus on a moment or a period in jacksonian democracy dbq essay, your life when you realized the significance of being literate in this fashion. Did you have trouble using a computer to professional paper cover register for classes? Did you fit into a subculture because you learned to speak its. Essay , Knowledge , Literacy 1120 Words | 4 Pages. In Kenyatta’s The Gentlemen of the Jungle , man renders space in his hut to elephant who seeks shelter from man. Man resorts to Westminster violence after . elephant and the rest of the animals take advantage of his kindness. “ my deer good man, will you please let me put my trunk inside your hut to keep it out of this torrential rain?’’ asked the elephant, knowing very well that he needed more space than just what his trunk was going to occupy. Research Paper! Man invited elephant to put his trunk in, once invited, the.

Africa , Colonialism , Lion 1040 Words | 3 Pages. The Jungle As the sun rose over the horizon it awoke the jungle slowly and efficiently. Soon I could hear the morning birds . chirp with all their heart and that triggered joy and excitement in my soul. A morning breeze toured the jungle making the jacksonian democracy 1990 dbq essay, flowers and leaves tango with rhythm and research page, finesse as though they were experts. The lush evergreen trees stood so firm as if the roots were clinging for their very life, in the distance there was a Crystal River and jacksonian dbq essay, a waterfall as its source.

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Academic term , College , Essay 1524 Words | 4 Pages. Centre for Language Study Pre-Sessional Course A 2013 WRITING TASK 4: Assessed Essay WRITING TASK 4 is your assessed essay . and you will need to write an essay of 1200-1400 words. This is the same length as the essay in WRITING TASK 3. Chemistry Articles! WRITING TASK 4 will form 80% of your mark for writing on the Pre-Sessional course. Paper Cover Page! Please select a title from the list here: 1. Discuss the research, impact a particular theory has had on paper, your area of study in terms of application, use and limitations. 2. Explain the problems. Citation , Essay , Marketing 1150 Words | 4 Pages. stories, news articles, and especially essays begin with good hooks because a writer is often judged within the first few sentences. Just as . the news tries to stimulate our fears by announcing a “danger in our water supply,” a writer must try to bring the reader from his or her world into jacksonian 1990 dbq essay the world of the essay . Professional Research Cover Page! This is done with a few choice words at the beginning of the jacksonian 1990 dbq essay, essay : the research cover, infamous hook. It is not easy to think of how to make someone want to read an essay about a novel. It’s not even easy to. Essay , Good and evil , Human 609 Words | 3 Pages.

thesis is never a question. Readers of academic essays expect to have questions discussed, explored, or even answered. A question (“Why did . communism collapse in Eastern Europe?”) is not an argument, and scientific, without an research page, argument, a thesis is jacksonian democracy 1990 dbq essay, dead in the water. 2. A thesis is cover, never a list. “For political, economic, social and cultural reasons, communism collapsed in Eastern Europe” does a good job of “telegraphing” the reader what to expect in the essay —a section about political reasons, a section about. Argument , Frederick Douglass , Logic 1094 Words | 5 Pages. Name: Andrew Gordon Subject: Exp201, Professor Morales Summary Assignment Forerunners Sei Shonagon: Hateful Things Essay question: . Consider Sei Shonagon’s definition of the word ‘hate’ in my definition of love essay, the Heian era.

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Nosocomial infections. Acinetobacter baumannii , Antibiotic resistance , Bacteria 1740 Words | 3 Pages. Analytical Essay of Donald Halls’ “A Hundred Thousand Straightened Nails” Donald Halls’ “A Hundred Thousand Straightened Nails” is introductions middle, a . symbolic presentation of the decay of research paper page, New Hampshire the author uses the life of Westminster, Washington Woodward to show the pointless existence that is experienced in paper page, a place as lifeless as New Hampshire. Westminster Abbey! He uses the research paper page, contrast of his own opinion and chemistry articles, the beliefs of Woodward to show how after a while it is impossible to escape a pointless mindset. Washington finds joy in discarded. Death , Family , New England 1234 Words | 3 Pages.

woman. This leads to Dadier’s Wife giving birth to the baby prematurely. The movie ends after a confrontation between West and Dadier, in which Dadier gains . the respect of the students. Journal Entry: Setting and Historical Significance Blackboard Jungle is a social commentary created during the professional research paper page, 1950’s which addresses juvenile delinquency, the highly controversial rock music and essays on toni, racial prejudice. Professional Paper Page! The film shows no female troublemakers which portrays the introductions to essays middle, stereotype that teenage boys are usually the. Conduct disorder , Crime , Criminology 1702 Words | 4 Pages. the figures of professional research paper cover page, speech arts and letters and man of management, letters. Paper Page! - may consist of introductions, texts based on factual information (journalistic or non-fiction), as well as . on original imagination, such as polemical works as well as autobiography, and reflective essays as well as belles-lettres. Literature can be classified according to historical periods, genres, and political influences. Professional Paper Cover! * BRO. AZURIN – According to him, literature expresses the feeling of people to society, to the government, to his surroundings.

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MLA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay. MLA (Modern Language Association) style is used in writing custom essays, research and term papers in many fields. MLA essay format is research paper cover most widely used in the field of humanities and introductions to essays middle liberal arts. The Modern Language Association recommendations to formatting essays were updated in 2009. Among the new rules of professional paper cover formatting, the my definition essay, Works Cited or References list is the requirement of indicating the medium of publication for every cited source. It could be a Print source for books and articles or a Web source for professional paper page, on-line sources. MLA referencing can be a bit confusing because it can be used with either Chicago/Turabian style footnotes or APA / Harvard style in-text referencing.

Since it can be used with either one, the introductions middle, writer must choose which reference style to use. Professional Research Cover Page! In MLA formats, using in-text referencing is the more popular choice. By doing this, in-text references will be provided, as will the source list at essay management the end of the professional research cover page, essay. However, if you use footnotes instead of in-text citations, you may be allowed to do without Bibliography page. You may follow MLA template to easily adjust your paper to format requirements. Following this MLA template you may easily accustom your paper to democracy 1990 dbq essay, MLA format requirements . You can use the MLA template for making your work look like a professional one. The text in MLA style essay format is typed with a double space. This rule concerns the basic text of your essay, along with the formatting of professional paper in-text citations and the Works Cited page. 12-font size is preferable. Times New Roman or any other standard typeface is essays on toni morrison's used in professional research paper cover, the MLA format essay . One-inch margins are used on all sides of your essay, research or term paper.

Remember that the headings in the MLA essay format are no longer underlined. According to the recommendations of the Modern Language Association, the headings have to be italicized or typed in bold. The first line of each paragraph has to be indented a half inch from the left side. You should put page numbers at the top, and justify it to the right. It is beloved not a mandatory requirement, but it is recommended that you type your last name before the page number, if the paper is several pages.Using this MLA template for Word simply change the editable fields and page follow the guidelines within the morrison's, text. Here you may find an example of proper MLA essay formatting. While citing a book, periodical, electronic source, etc. in an essay written in MLA style , you should provide a reference after each citation. Otherwise, it would be seen as plagiarism, which is absolutely unacceptable. The same concerns indirect in-text references. Be very attentive while formatting your essay. Remember that your research may fail if MLA citations are formatted in an improper way.

The following rules must be observed while writing an essay in research cover, MLA style. Short citations If a citation used in the text of a MLA style essay is short, it should be indicated in double quotation marks. At the end of the citation, you have to state the interesting chemistry, author’s name and the page number where the MLA citations are from in the text. This information should be enclosed in professional research paper cover page, round brackets (parenthesis) . Example : If you want to quote from a book Greenmantle of essay scientific John Buchan from 1916. Research Paper Cover Page! It will look like this: “There never has been, and there never could be a real Superman … But there might be a Superwoman” (Buchan 154). Note : there is no comma or full stop between the authors’ last name and page number. In cases when the author of a book has been already mentioned in the sentence , just indicate the page number in reference. Example: As Buchan wrote “There never has been, and interesting chemistry research articles there never could be a real Superman … But there might be a Superwoman” (154). Long citations. When a citation takes more than three lines of a typed text, it is called a long citation and has to be placed separately from a new line.

Quotation marks are not used in this case. However, the research paper cover page, author’s name and the page number should still be indicated in round brackets. Example: One of the characters in Kipling’s novel Kim describes the Mutiny in the following way: A madness ate into all the Army, and they turned against management their officers. That was the professional research paper cover, first evil, but not past remedy if they had then held their hands.

But they chose to kill the Sahibs’ wives and children. Then came the Sahibs from over the sea and called them to most strict account (Kipling 77). Reducing of citation If the original citation in a MLA essay is reduced or you simply omit some words in the cited sentence, you should place three periods in place of those words. The omitting of words in MLA citations is used in cases when you are directly interested in only part of the statement of the author in the original source, which is located in the middle of the quoted sentence. In this situation, you can preserve the key information and omit the details that you do not need. Example: Lawrence was compared to “a caliph . . . Democracy! who had stepped out paper cover page from the pages of ‘The Arabian nights’” (Thomas 16)

Adding information . Essay Scientific Management! In the MLA essay , it is allowable to add your own commentaries or notes within MLA citations, but they should be enclosed in professional paper cover page, square brackets. Example: When discussing civil rights, it is hard to not mention Martin Luther King Jr., who was a man who was passionate about the words of the essay management, Emancipation Proclamation: “…a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the professional paper cover, Emancipation Proclamation. Chemistry Research! This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice” (King 813). More than one source of reference If you cite more than one book in research paper, a sentence of a MLA essay , then at the end of the sentence indicate in jacksonian 1990 dbq essay, brackets all references, dividing them with a semicolon. Example : David Lloyd George characterized Lord Kitchener as a a controversial figure who was admired as “a legend of the research cover, British empire, to whom the Orient added its greatness”, but at the same time as a man whose “brain has dried out under the jacksonian democracy dbq essay, hot sun of the desert” (15; 47). Books with no author mentioned When you cite this type of work, indicate the title in italics and the page number in the parenthesis.

Example: As stated by the presidential commission … (Report 4) In-text citations in a MLA essay usually provide brief information about the reference and they have to correspond to the information indicated in the Works Cited list at the end of essay. To get detailed information about the paper, formatting of Works Cited list in a MLA style read the introductions to essays school, paragraph devoted to research paper cover, MLA Works Cited List Format at P rof E ssays.com. The formatting of your research or term paper may become rather difficult. In the MLA format essay, both the footnotes and in-text citations may be used. If you are not sure which you should choose, you may ask for interesting, professional help from P rof E ssays.com. Page! Our writers are ready to assist you in writing and formatting your MLA essay, 24 hours a day/7 days a week. P rof E ssays.com is just one click away when you want to order a custom essay, research or term paper that will comply with all your requirements.

The process of gathering and formatting the information for your custom essay, research or term paper is quite exhausting. Improper formatting of citations may spoil the results of your hard work. Introductions To Essays! Order you paper at P rof E ssays.com and be sure to get a custom essay, research or term paper that will correspond to the latest recommendations of formatting a MLA Style Essay P rof E ssays.com is a custom essay writing service provider that will guide you in writing your MLA format essay . Be sure that our custom essay will correspond to all requirements of formatting both in-text citations with the paper cover page, Works Cited List and footnotes. P rof E ssays.com is the best place to buy MLA format essays of the highest quality. The title page in the MLA essay format is not compulsory, so when there is no special requirement of writing it, never do it. However, there are specific requirements to the first page in MLA essay.

Learn how to Westminster Abbey, format your MLA Title Page properly with us. Type your name, the research paper, name of essay your instructor, the title of the course and the date in the upper left-hand corner of the first page. Professional Paper Page! The title of your essay should be indicated within a double spaced interval in chemistry, the middle of the title page. Remember that the title of your MLA essay is never underlined, italicized or enclosed in quotation marks. The text of your MLA essay comes next to professional paper cover page, the title with a double space.

If your instructor asked you to write an MLA title page , then you should comply with all the rules of formatting the cover page in Abbey, a MLA style. MLA Format Outline (Click on Image to Enlarge) There might be a working outline , that is usually done and even submitted before writing an essay and a final outline that is submitted together with the essay. Needless to say that both can be done in MLA format . MLA outline should be done on a separate page. The title of the essay should be typed at the top of the page and cover centered. Introduction and conclusion are numbered in the MLA format outline . Use different types of numbers/letters for different levels of Abbey MLA outline . If you want to reflect your sub-points in MLA outline , remember that the section of research page outline can’t have only one sub-section. So, logic requires that at each level of the outline if you have sub-section “A” in your paper, you need to have a “B”; or if you have point “1”, you need point “2”, etc.

MLA Works Cited List Format (Click on Image to Enlarge) The detailed information about the author, the introductions school, title, the year of publication, the research, publishing house and the overall number of pages in a book, periodical, etc. is provided at the end of your research in the part called Works Cited, References or Bibliography. The MLA format sets specific rules of formatting the Woks Cited list. Every essay or manuscript written in MLA style has to implement these rules. All books, periodicals, electronic sources, etc. in cited within the Westminster, MLA essay format must be arranged in cover page, alphabetical order by the last name of the author. In cases when there is no author, the references must be listed alphabetically by their titles.

When you are citing several books by interesting articles, the same author , arrange them in the Works cited list alphabetically by their title. When you do the references of this kind, you should put the author’s last name in research cover page, front of his first name which shouldn’t be shortened. The title of the book is listed after the author’s name, and Westminster Abbey then the place of publication, the publishing house and research cover the year of publication. Do not forget to italicize the title of a book. Example: Buchan, John. Greenmantle. London: Abacus, 1916. Print. Note: According to the update in 2009 for the rules of formatting MLA style essays, the 1990 dbq essay, medium of publication has to be represented too (for example, print or web sources).

Referencing a publications of several authors. When you deal with a book that has more than one author, the name of the cover page, first author in the MLA essay format must be inverted and the names of the second and the third ones have to Westminster, be placed in the direct order. So be attentive to how you place the first name and then only the last name of the second author. In cases when there are more than three authors of the book, you can choose to page, list all names in the Works Cited list of your MLA essay or just indicate the inverted name of the first author and add et al . Example: Lowi, Theodore, Benjamin Ginsberg, and Steve Jackson. Analyzing American Government: American Government, Freedom and Power. Interesting Research! 3rd ed. New York: Norton, 1994.

Print. Some books are published by organizations, commissions, associations, committees and other corporate authors. When there is no single author distinguished on the cover page of a book, put the name of the corporate organization in the first place. Example : Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art. A Guide to the Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University. Ithaca, NY: Cornell U, 1973.

Print. Referencing newspaper/journal articles. The formatting of professional paper page newspaper articles in a MLA essay differs a lot from the formatting of cited books. The general scheme of citing a newspaper article is the following: at first you should indicate the author’s inverted name, then the title of article enclosed in double quotation marks, then the title of newspaper, magazine, journal or any other periodical, then the day, month and beloved year of publication, followed by the number of pages. Professional Research Cover Page! Additionally, the introductions to essays middle, medium of the publication has to be indicated in the Works Cited list in regards to the MLA style. Example : Smith, Lewis. “Leading scientist urges teaching of creationism in schools”.

The Times. London, 2008, Sept 12. Professional Paper! 6. Print. Note: Do not forget that while you are listing a book cited in your MLA essay, you have to italicize the title of a book, and in the case of a periodical, italicize the title of the democracy 1990, periodical and not the title of the article. The month of professional page publication has to democracy dbq essay, be abbreviated (For example, Jan., Dec., etc.). Research Paper! Only May, June and middle July are never abbreviated.

The qualified writers of P rof E ssays.com will help you to format your MLA essay according to the adopted rules. The general rules of formatting on-line sources in MLA style written essays coincides with that established to professional paper cover page, formatting books and periodicals. On Toni Morrison's Beloved! The former requirement of representing the URL address of cited on-line source is professional research page simplified in the last edition of the MLA format rules. However, if your instructor still wants to see the URL in your MLA format reference list, you may include this information. The URL has to be indicated as additional information after the my definition essay, author’s name, article title, publisher’s name and paper cover year of edition. Some on-line sources may not provide all the management, above-mentioned information. In such cases, list the available information. Professional Research! When indicating the medium of publishing, put Web for on-line sources. Example : “MLA Format: Help with Writing Your Essay.” ProffEssays.com.. Of Love! 2011, January. Professional Research Paper Cover Page! http://www.professays.com/info/mla-essay-format/ . Web.

Note: Be sure the on-line source provides reliable information that will not mislead you. The preference in the choice of on-line sources is given to the official web sites of organizations, associations, libraries, museums, art galleries, etc. Jacksonian! URL is indicated in angle brackets. P rof E ssays.com can easily assist you in research cover page, writing and formatting MLA essays . Chemistry Research Articles! Our professional writers always use reliable sources of information and format MLA essay in accordance with the standard rules. Though the preferable format of research paper cover page a MLA essay includes the in-text citation, the Footnotes and Endnotes may still be used in scientific, the custom essay, research or term paper that is written in the MLA style. Footnotes and Endnotes are marked out in the text by Arabic numbers in superscript. The footnotes are indicated at professional research paper cover the foot of every page and the endnotes are indicated at the end of your paper on a separate page. Custom essay writing service providers, such as P rof E ssays.com , will help you to format the MLA footnotes and endnotes and to my definition of love, write an excellent custom essay, research or term paper.

Please do not confuse headings with a header ! A header with author’s name is typed next to research page, the page number at the top of democracy each page. While heading refer to the title of your paper and the the titles of its sections. MLA does not have strict regulations regarding the use of headings, just some general norms: The headings of the MLA essay are usually typed in paper cover, same font and size as the rest of the paper, however you are free to italicize them or type in bold. The title of the MLA paper should be centered.

Each word in the title should start with a capital letter. All headings of the sections in introductions to essays middle school, MLA essay should be numbered, including Introduction and professional research paper page Conclusion .

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70 useful sentences for academic writing. Back in paper page the late 90s, in essay the process of professional research cover page reading for my MA dissertation, I put together a collection of hundreds of sentence frames that I felt could help me with my academic writing later on. Introductions Middle School? And they did. Immensely. After the course was over, I stacked my sentences away, but kept wondering if I could ever put them to good use and perhaps help other MA / PhD students.

So here are 70 sentences extracted and adapted for from the original compilation, which ran for almost 10 pages. This list is organized around keywords. Professional Research Cover Page? Before you start: 1. Pay close attention to the words in bold , which are often used in conjunction with the main word. 2. [ ] means #8220;insert a suitable word here#8221;, while ( ) means #8220;this word is jacksonian democracy dbq essay, optional.#8221; 3. Keep in mind that, within each group, some examples are slightly more formal / less frequent than others. b. There seems to be no compelling reason to argue that ___. c. As a rebuttal to this point, it could be argued that ___. d. There are [three] main arguments that can be advanced to support ___. e. The underlying argument in professional research paper favor of / against [X] is that ___. a. In this [paper], I put forward the claim that ___. c. There is ample / growing support for the claim that ___. e. My Definition Of Love? Taking a middle-ground position, [X] claims that ___. Professional Research? a. The data gathered in the [pilot study] suggest that ___. b. The data appears to suggest that ___. c. The data yielded by this [study] provide strong / convincing evidence that ___. d. A closer look at the data indicates that ___. e. The data generated by to essays middle, [X] are reported in [table 1]. f. The aim of this [section] is to generalize beyond the data and ___. b. There has been an inconclusive debate about whether ___. c. The question of whether ___ has caused much debate in [our profession] [over the research cover page, years]. d. (Much of) the current debate revolves around ___. a. Democracy Dbq Essay? In this section / chapter, the discussion will point to ___. b. The foregoing discussion implies that ___. c. For the sake of professional paper discussion , I would like to argue that ___. d. Of Love? In this study, the question under discussion is ___.

e. In this paper, the discussion centers on cover page, ___. f. [X] lies at the heart of the discussion on ___. Management? a. Professional Research? The available evidence seems to suggest that ___ / point to of love, ___. b. On the basis of the evidence currently available, it seems fair to suggest that ___. c. Research Paper Cover? There is democracy dbq essay, overwhelming evidence for the notion that ___. d. Further evidence supporting / against [X] may lie in the findings of [Y], who ___. e. These results provide confirmatory evidence that ___. a. I will now summarize the professional, ground covered in this [chapter] by ___. b. On logical grounds , there is no compelling reason to argue that ___. Research Articles? c. [X] takes a middle-ground position on [Y] and professional paper, argues that ___. d. On these grounds , we can argue that ___. e. Interesting Chemistry? [X]#8217;s views are grounded on research, the assumption that ___. Chemistry Articles? a. This study is an attempt to address the research cover page, issue of ___. Essay? b. Research Page? In the present study, the issue under scrutiny is ___. c. The issue of whether ___ is clouded by the fact that ___. d. To portray the issue in [X]#8217;s terms, ___. e. Given the centrality of this issue to [my claim], I will now ___. f. This [chapter] is concerned with the issue of democracy 1990 [how/whether/what] ___. a. [X] is prominent in the literature on [Y]. b. There is page, a rapidly growing literature on [X], which indicates that ___. c. The literature shows no consensus on [X], which means that ___. Abbey? d. The (current) literature on [X] abounds with examples of ___. a. The main theoretical premise behind [X] is that ___. c. [X] is premised on the assumption that ___. d. Research? The basic premises of [X]#8217;s theory / argument are ___. e. My Definition Of Love? The arguments against paper cover [X]#8217;s premise rest on introductions middle school, [four] assumptions: ___. Paper Cover? a.This study draws on research conducted by ___. b. Although there has been relatively little research on / into interesting research, [X], ___. c. Professional Page? In the last [X] years, [educational] research has provided ample support for the assertion that ___. d. On Toni Morrison's? Current research appears / seems to validate the view that ___. e. Research on / into research, ___ does not support the of love, view that ___. f. Further research in professional research paper this area may include ___ and ___. g. Evidence for [X] is borne out by research that shows ___. h. There is insufficient research on beloved, / into professional research paper, ___ to draw any firm conclusions about / on ___. Essays On Toni Beloved? a. Research Cover? The consensus view seems to be that ___. b. Jacksonian 1990? [X] propounds the view that ___. Research Paper? c. Current research (does not) appear(s) to validate such a view . d. There have been dissenters to introductions to essays middle school, the view that ___. e. The answer to [X] / The difference between [X] and [Y] is not as clear-cut as popular views might suggest. f. The view that _____ is in line with [common sense]. g. I am not alone in professional paper cover my view that ___. h. [X] puts forward the view that ___. i. [X]#8217;s views rest on the assumption that ___. Westminster? If you found this list useful, check out The Only Academic Phrasebook You#8217;ll Ever Need , which contains 600 sentences, as well as grammar and professional research cover, vocabulary tips. E-book and paperback available on Amazon. 171 thoughts on “70 useful sentences for academic writing” This is incredible! Many, many thanks! I#8217;ll start putting these into use immediately in my DipTESOL assignments.

Higor, glad I could help. Um abraco! Thanks for letting out such a list. Seems to be of great help. Great list, Otavio! Thank you! You#8217;re welcome, Eduardo! #128578; Wonderful! It will help indeed! Thanks very much! Be sure to check out my e-book, too, which contains 600 sentences, as well as grammar and vocabulary tips:https://goo.gl/tAvU3P.

This is very helpful, I wish I had known about jacksonian 1990, this fabulous choice of words during my first year of graduate study. If you feel you need more help, check this out: Thanks, Luiz! This list is gonna be so useful! You#8217;re welcome, Michele! What a marvelous list.

Thanks for your generosity. Melanie, thank you! my friend i cant access this book from professional cover, my country pakistan#8230; can u please tell me another source. Jacksonian 1990 Dbq Essay? Really nice, Luiz. I particularly like #8216;yielded#8217;. Research Paper Cover Page? I#8217;ll definitely try to put them to good use during my next assignment. I remember teaching you #8220;yielded#8221; back in 1875, in MAC something. Maybe that#8217;s why. Of Love? #128578; 1875? You#8217;ve been around awhile. Wonderful Listing Dear Brother #128578; Why were some alphabets left out ? Sure there would have been a GR8 reason ! Am converting this into professional cover page, a ppt and share it for many to more to access hope no problems brother #8230;.

LOL n Laughter all the way from Mumbai, INDIA. To Essays School? Thank you for dropping by. You can share the list with as many people as you like, of course. Please do acknowledge the source, though, ok? Maybe this will encourage more people to visit the blog. What a wonderful list, very much needed for EAP learners (not to mention any academic writer). Professional Paper Cover Page? I#8217;ll definitely make use of it.

Thanks. #128578; Tyson, thank you for essay scientific management, your kind words. Much appreciated! This is a great source and I will definitely use it in my current literature review class. My professor provide us with your Blog. Research Page? I am very glad for interesting chemistry articles, two reasons, your Blog is a great source, and cover, I think you are Brazilian ? I am from management, Sao Paulo, and as an research paper page, International student I struggle written in English. Muito#8230; muito obrigada pelas dicas. Thank you, Dora! Yes, I am Brazilian. Such a great work! It helps me to improve my English#8230;Keep It Up.

Data is the jacksonian democracy dbq essay, plural of datum. Therefore, it should read #8220;The data appear#8230;#8221; Thanks for stopping by. Both usages are correct. If one treats #8220;data#8221; as a singular / mass noun, a singular noun should be used. Professional Research Paper Cover Page? Here#8217;s what the Oxford Dictionary has to say: #8220;In Latin, data is the plural of datum and, historically and in my definition essay specialized scientific fields , it is also treated as a plural in English, taking a plural verb, as in the data were collected and research page, classified . In modern non-scientific use, however , despite the complaints of traditionalists, it is often not treated as a plural.

Instead, it is treated as a mass noun, similar to a word like information, which cannot normally have a plural and which takes a singular verb. Sentences such as data was (as well as data were ) collected over a number of years are now widely accepted in standard English.#8221; So I think it ultimately depends on the stylistic constraints of the piece of writing at to essays school hand and on the norms adopted by the academic institution you#8217;re writing for / on behalf of. But if history is anything to go by, I think very soon #8220;datum#8221; will be as rare as, for example, #8220;agendum.#8221; What a wonderful list: thank you for sharing. I#8217;m going (with your permission) to use it with my EAP class.

I have other lists (including from the Manchester phrase bank) but this is a list of phrases that have been used rather than could be used. Christine, I appreciate your kind words. Page? Of course you can use it! If you feel that your audience would profit from any of the stuff on this blog (aimed at research articles teachers of English as a foreign language), please just say where the professional research paper cover page, sentences were taken from, ok? Every little thing than can increase traffic helps! And you#8217;re so right about the #8220;what people do say#8221; vs. #8220;what people could say#8221; dilemma. Before I put this list together, I made a point of googling each one to check its approximate frequency. This alone sifted out at least half of my original list. Best regards from Sao Paulo, Brazil.

These are invaluable, and they#8217;ll be put to immediate use in beloved ICELT tasks. Thanks a million! Jessica, I#8217;m so glad you#8217;ll be able to use some of research page them. Um abraco! Thanks a zillion for sharing, Luiz! Assessors worldwide will be amazed at how much the quality of candidates#8217; writing has improved! hehehe. We sure hope so, right, Marcia? #128578; Thanks for stopping by.

Thanks for putting this work together. Chemistry Research Articles? I am preparing my readings for the Dissertation and in my collection your list of phrases will be useful. Very useful Christine and thanks for sharing. Thank you, Salma. What a fabulous resource for international students as well! Thank you. Cally, thank you! Just great! Thanks for sharing it. You#8217;re welcome, Bruno! Thanks for sharing.

Definitely I will use some ideas for my TEFL essay. Patricia, I#8217;m glad you found the list helpful! Courageous, generous and much appreciated. Thank you for research paper cover page, your kind words, Chris. Bonjour, English is not my first language and the information contained on this page helps me to beloved, construct proper essay sentences. Obrigada ! Bonjour, Denise. As a non-native speaker myself, I know the feeling and research, I#8217;m glad I was able to help! thank you for jacksonian democracy, this! it helps me tremendously #128578; You seriously saved my life when I was writing a paper due the very next day. I have bookmarked it and it will be my go-to blog for future writing assignments! Thank you for your contribution. Glad I could help, Johana! Thank you for this- it is fabulous!

Really helpful tips for writing good research papers also useful to students of research page literature. Interesting Chemistry Research Articles? Great tips indeed. I think these tips must be shared with every student of literature as there are lot many things they have to cover, know. Thanks a lot. What an incredible work!! I will use it with my students #128578; Thank you, Serena. Incredible!

Senor Barros, thank you for dbq essay, sharing. I#8217;ve never seen something like this beforegood prompts for writing. Ken (ESL Teacher from Thailand) Thanks, Ken. I appreciate your feedback. These sentences are Fantabulous#8230;. (Thumbs Up For You) Completely agree.

Fantastic expressions. Gonna have to professional paper cover page, study them for some upcoming papers!! Luizo, it was really generous of you to have shared such a useful collection. English is my third language and was I having difficulty writing my dissertation. Hopefully your gift will help. Jacksonian Democracy? I cannot thank you enough. I hope one day I too can help by uploading something this useful, free. You are a saint. your sentences are great I am going to use them as much as possible. ighly descriptive post, I lіked that a lot. Professional Paper? Will there. Jacksonian? 10000 times thanks. Thank you a lot for sharing these useful and research paper cover page, practical verbs and phrases ! Habib, glad I could help!

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Creating Professional Cover Pages for Reports

Donald Trump’s Ghostwriter Tells All. “I put lipstick on a pig,” Tony Schwartz, the ghostwriter, says. He feels “deep remorse.” Last June, as dusk fell outside Tony Schwartz’s sprawling house, on professional paper cover page, a leafy back road in Riverdale, New York, he pulled out his laptop and caught up with the day’s big news: Donald J. Trump had declared his candidacy for President. As Schwartz watched a video of the speech, he began to feel personally implicated. Trump, facing a crowd that had gathered in the lobby of Trump Tower, on Westminster, Fifth Avenue, laid out his qualifications, saying, “We need a leader that wrote ‘The Art of the Deal.’ ” If that was so, Schwartz thought, then he, not Trump, should be running. Schwartz dashed off a tweet: “Many thanks Donald Trump for suggesting I run for President, based on the fact that I wrote ‘The Art of the Deal.’ ” Schwartz had ghostwritten Trump’s 1987 breakthrough memoir, earning a joint byline on the cover, half of the book’s five-hundred-thousand-dollar advance, and half of the royalties. The book was a phenomenal success, spending forty-eight weeks on the Times best-seller list, thirteen of them at No.

1. Paper Cover Page! More than a million copies have been bought, generating several million dollars in royalties. Essay! The book expanded Trump’s renown far beyond New York City, making him an research paper cover emblem of the 1990 dbq essay, successful tycoon. Edward Kosner, the former editor and publisher of New York , where Schwartz worked as a writer at the time, says, “Tony created Trump. He’s Dr. Frankenstein.” Starting in late 1985, Schwartz spent eighteen months with Trump—camping out in his office, joining him on his helicopter, tagging along at professional paper cover, meetings, and spending weekends with him at interesting chemistry, his Manhattan apartment and his Florida estate. Research Paper! During that period, Schwartz felt, he had got to know him better than almost anyone else outside the Trump family. Until Schwartz posted the tweet, though, he had not spoken publicly about Trump for decades. It had never been his ambition to be a ghostwriter, and he had been glad to move on. Essays On Toni! But, as he watched a replay of the new candidate holding forth for research paper cover page, forty-five minutes, he noticed something strange: over the decades, Trump appeared to have convinced himself that he had written the book. Essays Beloved! Schwartz recalls thinking, “If he could lie about professional research paper page, that on Day One—when it was so easily refuted—he is beloved likely to lie about paper cover page, anything.”

It seemed improbable that Trump’s campaign would succeed, so Schwartz told himself that he needn’t worry much. But, as Trump denounced Mexican immigrants as “rapists,” near the end of the speech, Schwartz felt anxious. He had spent hundreds of hours observing Trump firsthand, and felt that he had an unusually deep understanding of articles, what he regarded as Trump’s beguiling strengths and disqualifying weaknesses. Many Americans, however, saw Trump as a charmingly brash entrepreneur with an unfailing knack for business—a mythical image that Schwartz had helped create. “It pays to trust your instincts,” Trump says in the book, adding that he was set to make hundreds of millions of dollars after buying a hotel that he hadn’t even walked through. In the professional, subsequent months, as Trump defied predictions by establishing himself as the front-runner for my definition of love essay, the Republican nomination, Schwartz’s desire to set the record straight grew. He had long since left journalism to launch the Energy Project, a consulting firm that promises to improve employees’ productivity by helping them boost their “physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual” morale. Professional Research Paper Cover Page! It was a successful company, with clients such as Facebook, and introductions middle Schwartz’s colleagues urged him to avoid the political fray. But the prospect of President Trump terrified him.

It wasn’t because of Trump’s ideology—Schwartz doubted that he had one. The problem was Trump’s personality, which he considered pathologically impulsive and self-centered. Schwartz thought about publishing an article describing his reservations about Trump, but he hesitated, knowing that, since he’d cashed in on the flattering “Art of the Deal,” his credibility and his motives would be seen as suspect. Yet watching the campaign was excruciating. Schwartz decided that if he kept mum and Trump was elected he’d never forgive himself. Page! In June, he agreed to break his silence and beloved give his first candid interview about the Trump he got to know while acting as his Boswell. “I put lipstick on a pig,” he said. “I feel a deep sense of remorse that I contributed to presenting Trump in a way that brought him wider attention and made him more appealing than he is.” He went on, “I genuinely believe that if Trump wins and gets the nuclear codes there is an excellent possibility it will lead to the end of civilization.” If he were writing “The Art of the Deal” today, Schwartz said, it would be a very different book with a very different title.

Asked what he would call it, he answered, “The Sociopath.” The idea of professional research paper, Trump writing an autobiography didn’t originate with either Trump or Schwartz. It began with Si Newhouse, the media magnate whose company, Advance Publications, owned Random House at the time, and continues to own Conde Nast, the parent company of this magazine. “It was very definitely, and almost uniquely, Si Newhouse’s idea,” Peter Osnos, who edited the book, recalls. Jacksonian Dbq Essay! GQ , which Conde Nast also owns, had published a cover story on Trump, and Newhouse noticed that newsstand sales had been unusually strong. Newhouse called Trump about the professional cover page, project, then visited him to discuss it.

Random House continued the pursuit with a series of meetings. Management! At one point, Howard Kaminsky, who ran Random House then, wrapped a thick Russian novel in a dummy cover that featured a photograph of Trump looking like a conquering hero; at the top was Trump’s name, in large gold block lettering. Professional Paper Page! Kaminsky recalls that Trump was pleased by Westminster Abbey, the mockup, but had one suggestion: “Please make my name much bigger.” After securing the cover page, half-million-dollar advance, Trump signed a contract. Around this time, Schwartz, who was one of the leading young magazine writers of the day, stopped by Trump’s office, in Trump Tower. Schwartz had written about Abbey, Trump before. In 1985, he’d published a piece in New York called “A Different Kind of Donald Trump Story,” which portrayed him not as a brilliant mogul but as a ham-fisted thug who had unsuccessfully tried to evict rent-controlled and professional research page rent-stabilized tenants from Abbey a building that he had bought on Central Park South. Research Page! Trump’s efforts—which included a plan to of love house homeless people in the building in order to harass the paper cover, tenants—became what Schwartz described as a “fugue of failure, a farce of fumbling and introductions bumbling.” An accompanying cover portrait depicted Trump as unshaven, unpleasant-looking, and shiny with sweat. Yet, to Schwartz’s amazement, Trump loved the article.

He hung the cover on a wall of his office, and sent a fan note to professional research paper cover Schwartz, on his gold-embossed personal stationery. “Everybody seems to have read it,” Trump enthused in essays beloved the note, which Schwartz has kept. “I was shocked,” Schwartz told me. “Trump didn’t fit any model of human being I’d ever met. He was obsessed with publicity, and he didn’t care what you wrote.” He went on, “Trump only takes two positions. Professional Page! Either you’re a scummy loser, liar, whatever, or you’re the greatest. I became the morrison's beloved, greatest. He wanted to paper cover page be seen as a tough guy, and he loved being on the cover.” Schwartz wrote him back, saying, “Of all the Westminster, people I’ve written about over professional cover page the years, you are certainly the best sport.” And so Schwartz had returned for more, this time to conduct an interesting research interview for professional research, Playboy . But to his frustration Trump kept making cryptic, monosyllabic statements. Interesting Chemistry Research Articles! “He mysteriously wouldn’t answer my questions,” Schwartz said. After twenty minutes, he said, Trump explained that he didn’t want to reveal anything new about himself—he had just signed a lucrative book deal and professional cover page needed to save his best material. “What kind of book?” Schwartz said. “My autobiography,” Trump replied. “You’re only thirty-eight—you don’t have one yet!” Schwartz joked.

“Yeah, I know,” Trump said. “If I were you,” Schwartz recalls telling him, “I’d write a book called ‘The Art of the Westminster, Deal.’ That’s something people would be interested in.” “You’re right,” Trump agreed. “Do you want to professional research paper cover page write it?” Schwartz thought it over for several weeks. He knew that he would be making a Faustian bargain. Jacksonian 1990! A lifelong liberal, he was hardly an admirer of Trump’s ruthless and paper cover single-minded pursuit of research articles, profit. “It was one of a number of times in my life when I was divided between the professional paper cover, Devil and interesting chemistry research the higher side,” he told me.

He had grown up in a bourgeois, intellectual family in professional research cover page Manhattan, and had attended elite private schools, but he was not as wealthy as some of his classmates—and, unlike many of them, he had no trust fund. “I grew up privileged,” he said. “But my parents made it clear: ‘You’re on your own.’ ” Around the time Trump made his offer, Schwartz’s wife, Deborah Pines, became pregnant with their second daughter, and he worried that the family wouldn’t fit into scientific management, their Manhattan apartment, whose mortgage was already too high. “I was overly worried about money,” Schwartz said. “I thought money would keep me safe and secure—or that was my rationalization.” At the same time, he knew that if he took Trump’s money and professional research paper cover adopted Trump’s voice his journalism career would be badly damaged. His heroes were such literary nonfiction writers as Tom Wolfe, John McPhee, and David Halberstam. Essays! Being a ghostwriter was hackwork. In the end, though, Schwartz had his price. He told Trump that if he would give him half the advance and half the book’s royalties he’d take the job. Such terms are unusually generous for professional research page, a ghostwriter. Trump, despite having a reputation as a tough negotiator, agreed on the spot. “It was a huge windfall,” Schwartz recalls. “But I knew I was selling out.

Literally, the Abbey, term was invented to describe what I did.” Soon Spy was calling him “former journalist Tony Schwartz.” Schwartz thought that “The Art of the Deal” would be an professional research paper page easy project. The book’s structure would be simple: he’d chronicle half a dozen or so of Trump’s biggest real-estate deals, dispense some bromides about my definition of love essay, how to succeed in business, and fill in Trump’s life story. For research, he planned to research page interview Trump on a series of Saturday mornings. The first session didn’t go as planned, however. After Trump gave him a tour of his marble-and-gilt apartment atop Trump Tower—which, to essay scientific Schwartz, looked unlived-in, like the professional research page, lobby of research, a hotel—they began to talk.

But the discussion was soon hobbled by what Schwartz regards as one of Trump’s most essential characteristics: “He has no attention span.” In those days, Schwartz recalls, Trump was generally affable with reporters, offering short, amusingly immodest quotes on demand. Trump had been forthcoming with him during the New York interview, but it hadn’t required much time or deep reflection. For the book, though, Trump needed to provide him with sustained, thoughtful recollections. He asked Trump to describe his childhood in cover page detail. After sitting for only a few minutes in his suit and tie, Trump became impatient and irritable. He looked fidgety, Schwartz recalls, “like a kindergartner who can’t sit still in to essays school a classroom.” Even when Schwartz pressed him, Trump seemed to remember almost nothing of paper cover page, his youth, and made it clear that he was bored. Introductions Middle School! Far more quickly than Schwartz had expected, Trump ended the meeting. Week after week, the pattern repeated itself.

Schwartz tried to limit the sessions to professional research cover page smaller increments of time, but Trump’s contributions remained oddly truncated and superficial. “Trump has been written about a thousand ways from Sunday, but this fundamental aspect of on toni beloved, who he is doesn’t seem to be fully understood,” Schwartz told me. “It’s implicit in a lot of what people write, but it’s never explicit—or, at least, I haven’t seen it. And that is that it’s impossible to keep him focussed on professional paper page, any topic, other than his own self-aggrandizement, for more than a few minutes, and even then . . . ” Schwartz trailed off, shaking his head in amazement. He regards Trump’s inability to concentrate as alarming in a Presidential candidate. “If he had to be briefed on a crisis in the Situation Room, it’s impossible to Westminster Abbey imagine him paying attention over a long period of time,” he said. In a recent phone interview, Trump told me that, to research paper the contrary, he has the skill that matters most in a crisis: the middle school, ability to forge compromises. Cover Page! The reason he touted “The Art of the introductions middle, Deal” in professional research paper cover his announcement, he explained, was that he believes that recent Presidents have lacked his toughness and finesse: “Look at Abbey, the trade deficit with China.

Look at the Iran deal. I’ve made a fortune by paper, making deals. I do that. I do that well. That’s what I do.” But Schwartz believes that Trump’s short attention span has left him with “a stunning level of superficial knowledge and plain ignorance.” He said, “That’s why he so prefers TV as his first news source—information comes in easily digestible sound bites.” He added, “I seriously doubt that Trump has ever read a book straight through in his adult life.” During the eighteen months that he observed Trump, Schwartz said, he never saw a book on Trump’s desk, or elsewhere in his office, or in his apartment. Other journalists have noticed Trump’s apparent lack of interest in reading. In May, Megyn Kelly, of articles, Fox News, asked him to name his favorite book, other than the Bible or “The Art of the Deal.” Trump picked the 1929 novel “All Quiet on research paper cover, the Western Front.” Evidently suspecting that many years had elapsed since he’d read it, Kelly asked Trump to talk about the most recent book he’d read. Middle! “I read passages, I read areas, I’ll read chapters—I don’t have the time,” Trump said. As The New Republic noted recently, this attitude is professional paper cover page not shared by most U.S. Presidents, including Barack Obama, a habitual consumer of current books, and George W. Bush, who reportedly engaged in a fiercely competitive book-reading contest with his political adviser Karl Rove.

Trump’s first wife, Ivana, famously claimed that Trump kept a copy of Adolf Hitler’s collected speeches, “My New Order,” in a cabinet beside his bed. In 1990, Trump’s friend Marty Davis, who was then an executive at Paramount, added credence to this story, telling Marie Brenner, of Vanity Fair , that he had given Trump the book. “I thought he would find it interesting,” Davis told her. Interesting Research! When Brenner asked Trump about it, however, he mistakenly identified the volume as a different work by Hitler: “Mein Kampf.” Apparently, he had not so much as read the title. “ If I had these speeches, and I am not saying that I do, I would never read them,” Trump told Brenner. Growing desperate, Schwartz devised a strategy for trapping Trump into professional research, giving more material. He made plans to spend the weekend with Trump at Mar-a-Lago, his mansion in Palm Beach, where there would be fewer distractions. Introductions School! As they chatted in the garden, Ivana icily walked by, clearly annoyed that Schwartz was competing for her husband’s limited free time.

Trump again grew impatient. Research Cover Page! Long before lunch on introductions middle, Saturday, Schwartz recalls, Trump “essentially threw a fit.” He stood up and research page announced that he couldn’t stand any more questions. Schwartz went to his room, called his literary agent, Kathy Robbins, and told her that he couldn’t do the book. (Robbins confirms this.) As Schwartz headed back to New York, though, he came up with another plan. He would propose eavesdropping on Trump’s life by following him around on the job and, more important, by listening in on his office phone calls. Jacksonian Democracy Dbq Essay! That way, extracting extended reflections from Trump would not be required. Professional! When Schwartz presented the dbq essay, idea to professional research cover page Trump, he loved it. Beloved! Almost every day from professional cover page then on, Schwartz sat about eight feet away from him in the Trump Tower office, listening on essay, an extension of Trump’s phone line. Schwartz says that none of the research cover page, bankers, lawyers, brokers, and reporters who called Trump realized that they were being monitored.

The calls usually didn’t last long, and Trump’s assistant facilitated the conversation-hopping. While he was talking with someone, she often came in my definition of love with a Post-it note informing him of the next caller on hold. “He was playing people,” Schwartz recalls. Cover Page! On the introductions to essays, phone with business associates, Trump would flatter, bully, and occasionally get mad, but always in a calculated way. Before the discussion ended, Trump would “share the news of professional cover, his latest success,” Schwartz says. Instead of saying goodbye at the end of a call, Trump customarily signed off with “You’re the greatest!” There was not a single call that Trump deemed too private for Schwartz to jacksonian dbq essay hear. “He loved the attention,” Schwartz recalls. “If he could have had three hundred thousand people listening in, he would have been even happier.” This year, Schwartz has heard some argue that there must be a more thoughtful and paper cover nuanced version of Donald Trump that he is keeping in 1990 dbq essay reserve for after the campaign. Research Page! “There isn’t,” Schwartz insists. “There is of love no private Trump.” This is not a matter of hindsight. While working on “The Art of the Deal,” Schwartz kept a journal in which he expressed his amazement at Trump’s personality, writing that Trump seemed driven entirely by a need for research cover page, public attention. Essay Scientific! “All he is is ‘stomp, stomp, stomp’—recognition from outside, bigger, more, a whole series of things that go nowhere in particular,” he observed, on October 21, 1986. But, as he noted in the journal a few days later, “the book will be far more successful if Trump is a sympathetic character—even weirdly sympathetic—than if he is just hateful or, worse yet, a one-dimensional blowhard.” Eavesdropping solved the interview problem, but it presented a new one.

After hearing Trump’s discussions about business on the phone, Schwartz asked him brief follow-up questions. Professional Research Paper Page! He then tried to amplify the material he got from to essays middle Trump by calling others involved in the deals. But their accounts often directly conflicted with Trump’s. “Lying is paper cover second nature to him,” Schwartz said. “More than anyone else I have ever met, Trump has the ability to convince himself that whatever he is saying at any given moment is interesting chemistry research true, or sort of true, or at least ought to professional research paper cover be true.” Often, Schwartz said, the lies that Trump told him were about money—“how much he had paid for something, or what a building he owned was worth, or how much one of Westminster Abbey, his casinos was earning when it was actually on its way to bankruptcy.” Trump bragged that he paid only eight million dollars for Mar-a-Lago, but omitted that he bought a nearby strip of beach for a record sum. After gossip columns reported, erroneously, that Prince Charles was considering buying several apartments in Trump Tower, Trump implied that he had no idea where the rumor had started. (“It certainly didn’t hurt us,” he says, in “The Art of the Deal.”) Wayne Barrett, a reporter for the Village Voice , later revealed that Trump himself had planted the story with journalists. Schwartz also suspected that Trump engaged in such media tricks, and asked him about professional research page, a story making the rounds—that Trump often called up news outlets using a pseudonym.

Trump didn’t deny it. As Schwartz recalls, he smirked and said, “You like that, do you?” Schwartz says of Trump, “He lied strategically. He had a complete lack of conscience about it.” Since most people are “constrained by the truth,” Trump’s indifference to it “gave him a strange advantage.” When challenged about the school, facts, Schwartz says, Trump would often double down, repeat himself, and grow belligerent. Professional Research Paper! This quality was recently on display after Trump posted on Twitter a derogatory image of management, Hillary Clinton that contained a six-pointed star lifted from a white-supremacist Web site. Campaign staffers took the image down, but two days later Trump angrily defended it, insisting that there was no anti-Semitic implication. Whenever “the thin veneer of research paper cover page, Trump’s vanity is challenged,” Schwartz says, he overreacts—not an ideal quality in a head of state. When Schwartz began writing “The Art of the Deal,” he realized that he needed to put an acceptable face on Trump’s loose relationship with the truth. So he concocted an school artful euphemism.

Writing in Trump’s voice, he explained to the reader, “I play to people’s fantasies. . . Professional Research! . Essay Scientific! People want to professional page believe that something is the biggest and the greatest and my definition the most spectacular. I call it truthful hyperbole. It’s an cover page innocent form of exaggeration—and it’s a very effective form of promotion.” Schwartz now disavows the passage. “Deceit,” he told me, is never “innocent.” He added, “ ‘Truthful hyperbole’ is introductions middle a contradiction in paper cover terms. It’s a way of essays on toni beloved, saying, ‘It’s a lie, but who cares?’ ” Trump, he said, loved the phrase. In his journal, Schwartz describes the professional research paper page, process of trying to interesting chemistry research make Trump’s voice palatable in professional research paper cover the book.

It was kind of “a trick,” he writes, to of love mimic Trump’s blunt, staccato, no-apologies delivery while making him seem almost boyishly appealing. Professional Paper Cover Page! One strategy was to make it appear that Trump was just having fun at introductions to essays middle, the office. “I try not to professional paper take any of what’s happened too seriously,” Trump says in to essays middle school the book. “The real excitement is playing the game.” In his journal, Schwartz wrote, “Trump stands for many of the research cover page, things I abhor: his willingness to run over people, the gaudy, tacky, gigantic obsessions, the absolute lack of interest in anything beyond power and money.” Looking back at the text now, Schwartz says, “I created a character far more winning than Trump actually is.” The first line of the book is an Abbey example. “I don’t do it for the money,” Trump declares. “I’ve got enough, much more than I’ll ever need. Research Cover Page! I do it to Abbey do it. Professional Page! Deals are my art form. Other people paint beautifully on canvas or write wonderful poetry. I like making deals, preferably big deals. That’s how I get my kicks.” Schwartz now laughs at Abbey, this depiction of Trump as a devoted artisan. “ Of course he’s in it for professional research paper, the money,” he said. “One of the most deep and interesting research basic needs he has is to prove that ‘I’m richer than you.’ ” As for the idea that making deals is a form of poetry, Schwartz says, “He was incapable of saying something like that—it wouldn’t even be in his vocabulary.” He saw Trump as driven not by professional cover page, a pure love of dealmaking but by an insatiable hunger for “money, praise, and scientific celebrity.” Often, after spending the professional cover page, day with Trump, and watching him pile one hugely expensive project atop the next, like a circus performer spinning plates, Schwartz would go home and scientific management tell his wife, “He’s a living black hole!” Schwartz reminded himself that he was being paid to tell Trump’s story, not his own, but the more he worked on paper cover page, the project the more disturbing he found it. In his journal, he describes the hours he spent with Trump as “draining” and “deadening.” Schwartz told me that Trump’s need for essays on toni morrison's beloved, attention is “completely compulsive,” and that his bid for the Presidency is part of a continuum. “He’s managed to keep increasing the dose for forty years,” Schwartz said.

After he’d spent decades as a tabloid titan, “the only thing left was running for President. If he could run for emperor of the world, he would.” Rhetorically, Schwartz’s aim in “The Art of the Deal” was to present Trump as the hero of every chapter, but, after looking into paper page, some of scientific management, his supposedly brilliant deals, Schwartz concluded that there were cases in which there was no way to make Trump look good. So he sidestepped unflattering incidents and professional research paper cover details. “I didn’t consider it my job to investigate,” he says. Schwartz also tried to avoid the strong whiff of cronyism that hovered over some deals. In his 1986 journal, he describes what a challenge it was to “put his best foot forward” in writing about one of Trump’s first triumphs: his development, starting in 1975, of the Grand Hyatt Hotel, on the site of the former Commodore Hotel, next to Grand Central Terminal.

In order to afford the hotel, Trump required an extremely large tax abatement. Richard Ravitch, who was then in Westminster charge of the agency that had the authority to grant such tax breaks to developers, recalls that he declined to professional cover page grant the interesting chemistry research articles, abatement, and research paper Trump got “so unpleasant I had to essay scientific management tell him to get out.” Trump got it anyway, largely because key city officials had received years of donations from his father, Fred Trump, who was a major real-estate developer in professional cover Queens. Wayne Barrett, whose reporting for the Voice informed his definitive 1991 book, “Trump: The Deals and the Downfall,” says, “It was all Fred’s political connections that created the abatement.” In addition, Trump snookered rivals into believing that he had an jacksonian exclusive option from the city on the project, when he didn’t. Professional Paper Cover! Trump also deceived his partner in the deal, Jay Pritzker, the head of the essay management, Hyatt Hotel chain. Pritzker had rejected an professional research paper unfavorable term proposed by Trump, but at the closing Trump forced it through, knowing that Pritzker was on on toni, a mountain in Nepal and could not be reached. Schwartz wrote in his journal that “almost everything” about the hotel deal had “an immoral cast.” But as the ghostwriter he was “trying hard to find my way around” behavior that he considered “if not reprehensible, at least morally questionable.” Many tall tales that Trump told Schwartz contained a kernel of truth but made him out to be cleverer than he was. One of Trump’s favorite stories was about how he had tricked the company that owned Holiday Inn into becoming his partner in an Atlantic City casino. Research Paper! Trump claimed that he had quieted executives’ fears of construction delays by ordering his construction supervisor to make a vacant lot that he owned look like “the most active construction site in the history of the world.” As Trump tells it in “The Art of the Deal,” there were so many dump trucks and bulldozers pushing around dirt and filling holes that had just been dug that when Holiday Inn executives visited the dbq essay, site it “looked as if we were in the midst of building the Grand Coulee Dam.” The stunt, Trump claimed, pushed the deal through.

After the book came out, though, a consultant for Trump’s casinos, Al Glasgow, who is now deceased, told Schwartz, “It never happened.” There may have been one or two trucks, but not the fleet that made it a great story. Schwartz tamped down some of Trump’s swagger, but plenty of it remained. The manuscript that Random House published was, depending on cover page, your perspective, either entertainingly insightful or shamelessly self-aggrandizing. Interesting Research Articles! To borrow a title from Norman Mailer, who frequently attended prizefights at Trump’s Atlantic City hotels, the book could have been called “Advertisements for professional research paper page, Myself.” In 2005, Timothy L. O’Brien, an award-winning journalist who is interesting chemistry research currently the executive editor of Bloomberg View, published “Trump Nation,” a meticulous investigative biography. (Trump unsuccessfully sued him for libel.) O’Brien has taken a close look at “The Art of the Deal,” and he told me that it might be best characterized as a “nonfiction work of fiction.” Trump’s life story, as told by Schwartz, honestly chronicled a few setbacks, such as Trump’s disastrous 1983 purchase of the New Jersey Generals, a football team in research paper cover page the flailing United States Football League. Democracy! But O’Brien believes that Trump used the book to professional cover turn almost every step of interesting research, his life, both personal and professional, into a “glittering fable.” Some of the falsehoods in research cover “The Art of the Deal” are minor. Spy upended Trump’s claims that Ivana had been a “top model” and an alternate on the Czech Olympic ski team. Barrett notes that in “The Art of the introductions to essays middle, Deal” Trump describes his father as having been born in New Jersey to Swedish parents; in fact, he was born in the Bronx to German parents. (Decades later, Trump spread falsehoods about Obama’s origins, claiming it was possible that the President was born in Africa.) In “The Art of the Deal,” Trump portrays himself as a warm family man with endless admirers. He praises Ivana’s taste and business skill—“I said you can’t bet against professional research page, Ivana, and she proved me right.” But Schwartz noticed little warmth or communication between Trump and Ivana, and he later learned that while “The Art of the Deal” was being written Trump began an democracy affair with Marla Maples, who became his second wife. (He divorced Ivana in 1992.) As far as Schwartz could tell, Trump spent very little time with his family and research had no close friends.

In “The Art of the Deal,” Trump describes Roy Cohn, his personal lawyer, in the warmest terms, calling him “the sort of guy who’d be there at your hospital bed . Interesting Articles! . . literally standing by research cover page, you to the death.” Cohn, who in the fifties assisted Senator Joseph McCarthy in his vicious crusade against Communism, was closeted. My Definition Of Love! He felt abandoned by Trump when he became fatally ill from AIDS , and said, “Donald pisses ice water.” Schwartz says of Trump, “He’d like people when they were helpful, and turn on cover, them when they weren’t. It wasn’t personal. He’s a transactional man—it was all about what you could do for him.” According to Barrett, among the most misleading aspects of “The Art of the Deal” was the idea that Trump made it largely on his own, with only minimal help from his father, Fred. Barrett, in his book, notes that Trump once declared, “The working man likes me because he knows I didn’t inherit what I’ve built,” and Westminster Abbey that in “The Art of the Deal” he derides wealthy heirs as members of “the Lucky Sperm Club.” Trump’s self-portrayal as a Horatio Alger figure has buttressed his populist appeal in 2016. Professional Page! But his origins were hardly humble.

Fred’s fortune, based on his ownership of middle-income properties, wasn’t glamorous, but it was sizable: in 2003, a few years after Fred died, Trump and dbq essay his siblings reportedly sold some of their father’s real-estate holdings for half a billion dollars. In “The Art of the Deal,” Trump cites his father as “the most important influence on me,” but in paper cover his telling his father’s main legacy was teaching him the importance of interesting research articles, “toughness.” Beyond that, Schwartz says, Trump “barely talked about his father—he didn’t want his success to be seen as having anything to do with him.” But when Barrett investigated he found that Trump’s father was instrumental in his son’s rise, financially and politically. In the book, Trump says that “my energy and my enthusiasm” explain how, as a twenty-nine-year-old with few accomplishments, he acquired the Grand Hyatt Hotel. Barrett reports, however, that Trump’s father had to co-sign the many contracts that the deal required. He also lent Trump seven and a half million dollars to get started as a casino owner in Atlantic City; at one point, when Trump couldn’t meet payments on research paper cover page, other loans, his father tried to tide him over by sending a lawyer to buy some three million dollars’ worth of gambling chips. Barrett told me, “Donald did make some smart moves himself, particularly in assembling the site for the Trump Tower. Introductions Middle! That was a stroke of genius.” Nonetheless, he said, “The notion that he’s a self-made man is a joke. But I guess they couldn’t call the book ‘The Art of My Father’s Deals.’ ” The other key myth perpetuated by “The Art of the Deal” was that Trump’s intuitions about cover page, business were almost flawless. “The book helped fuel the notion that he couldn’t fail,” Barrett said. Interesting Chemistry Articles! But, unbeknown to research cover Schwartz and research articles the public, by late 1987, when the book came out, Trump was heading toward what Barrett calls “simultaneous personal and professional self-destruction.” O’Brien agrees that during the next several years Trump’s life unravelled. The divorce from Ivana reportedly cost him twenty-five million dollars.

Meanwhile, he was in the midst of what O’Brien calls “a crazy shopping spree that resulted in unmanageable debt.” He was buying the Plaza Hotel and also planning to erect “the tallest building in the world,” on the former rail yards that he had bought on the West Side. In 1987, the city denied him permission to construct such a tall skyscraper, but in “The Art of the Deal” he brushed off this failure with a one-liner: “I can afford to wait.” O’Brien says, “The reality is that he couldn’t afford to wait. He was telling the media that the carrying costs were three million dollars, when in fact they were more like twenty million.” Trump was also building a third casino in Atlantic City, the Taj, which he promised would be “the biggest casino in history.” He bought the Eastern Air Lines shuttle that operated out of professional research cover, New York, Boston, and essay Washington, rechristening it the Trump Shuttle, and research cover page acquired a giant yacht, the Trump Princess. Chemistry Research Articles! “He was on a total run of professional research paper cover, complete and to essays middle utter self-absorption,” Barrett says, adding, “It’s kind of like now.” Schwartz said that when he was writing the research paper cover, book “the greatest percentage of Trump’s assets was in casinos, and he made it sound like each casino was more successful than the last. Of Love Essay! But every one of them was failing.” He went on, “I think he was just spinning.

I don’t think he could have believed it at the time. He was losing millions of dollars a day. He had to research paper have been terrified.” In 1992, the journalist David Cay Johnston published a book about casinos, “Temples of Chance,” and cited a net-worth statement from democracy 1990 that assessed Trump’s personal wealth. Research Paper Page! It showed that Trump owed nearly three hundred million dollars more to his creditors than his assets were worth. The next year, his company was forced into Abbey, bankruptcy—the first of six such instances.

The Trump meteor had crashed. But in “The Art of the Deal,” O’Brien told me, “Trump shrewdly and unabashedly promoted an image of himself as a dealmaker nonpareil who could always get the professional paper cover page, best out of Westminster Abbey, every situation—and who can now deliver America from its malaise.” This idealized version was presented to an exponentially larger audience, O’Brien noted, when Mark Burnett, the reality-television producer, read “The Art of the Deal” and decided to base a new show on it, “The Apprentice,” with Trump as the star. Cover Page! The first season of the morrison's beloved, show, which premiered in research paper page 2004, opens with Trump in the back of a limousine, boasting, “I’ve mastered the art of the jacksonian, deal, and professional page I’ve turned the jacksonian democracy, name Trump into the highest-quality brand.” An image of the book’s cover flashes onscreen as Trump explains that, as the “master,” he is now seeking an professional paper cover apprentice. O’Brien said, “ ‘The Apprentice’ is mythmaking on steroids. There’s a straight line from the book to the show to the 2016 campaign.” It took Schwartz a little more than a year to write “The Art of the introductions middle school, Deal.” In the spring of 1987, he sent the manuscript to Trump, who returned it to him shortly afterward. Professional Paper Cover Page! There were a few red marks made with a fat-tipped Magic Marker, most of essay scientific, which deleted criticisms that Trump had made of research cover, powerful individuals he no longer wanted to offend, such as Lee Iacocca. Otherwise, Schwartz says, Trump changed almost nothing. In my phone interview with Trump, he initially said of Schwartz, “Tony was very good. He was the morrison's beloved, co-author.” But he dismissed Schwartz’s account of the writing process. “He didn’t write the book,” Trump told me. “ I wrote the book. Professional Cover! I wrote the book.

It was my book. Jacksonian 1990! And it was a No. 1 best-seller, and one of the best-selling business books of all time. Some say it was the professional research paper cover page, best-selling business book ever.” (It is not.) Howard Kaminsky, the chemistry, former Random House head, laughed and said, “Trump didn’t write a postcard for us!” Trump was far more involved in the book’s promotion. He wooed booksellers and paper cover page made one television appearance after another. He publicly promised to donate his cut of the book’s royalties to charity. He even made a surprise trip to New Hampshire, where he stirred additional publicity by floating the possibility that he might run for my definition essay, President. In December of research page, 1987, a month after the book was published, Trump hosted an extravagant book party in introductions middle the pink marble atrium of Trump Tower.

Klieg lights lit a red carpet outside the building. Inside, nearly a thousand guests, in black tie, were served champagne and fed slices of professional research paper page, a giant cake replica of Trump Tower, which was wheeled in by a parade of essay, women waving red sparklers. Professional Research Paper Cover! The boxing promoter Don King greeted the crowd in a floor-length mink coat, and the comedian Jackie Mason introduced Donald and Ivana with the words “Here comes the king and queen!” Trump toasted Schwartz, saying teasingly that he had at least tried to teach him how to make money. Schwartz got more of an education the next day, when he and dbq essay Trump spoke on research cover, the phone. After chatting briefly about the party, Trump informed Schwartz that, as his ghostwriter, he owed him for half the event’s cost, which was in the six figures. Schwartz was dumbfounded. Essays Morrison's Beloved! “He wanted me to split the cost of entertaining his list of nine hundred second-rate celebrities?” Schwartz had, in research paper cover fact, learned a few things from watching Trump. He drastically negotiated down the amount that he agreed to interesting research pay, to a few thousand dollars, and then wrote Trump a letter promising to write a check not to Trump but to a charity of professional research paper, Schwartz’s choosing. Essays On Toni Morrison's Beloved! It was a page out of page, Trump’s playbook.

In the Westminster, past seven years, Trump has promised to give millions of dollars to charity, but reporters for cover, the Washington Post found that they could document only ten thousand dollars in donations—and they uncovered no direct evidence that Trump made charitable contributions from money earned by “The Art of the Deal.” Not long after the of love, discussion of the party bills, Trump approached Schwartz about writing a sequel, for which Trump had been offered a seven-figure advance. This time, however, he offered Schwartz only professional cover, a third of the profits. He pointed out that, because the advance was much bigger, the chemistry research articles, payout would be, too. But Schwartz said no. Professional Research Paper Cover! Feeling deeply alienated, he instead wrote a book called “What Really Matters,” about the search for democracy dbq essay, meaning in life. Professional Research! After working with Trump, Schwartz writes, he felt a “gnawing emptiness” and became a “seeker,” longing to “be connected to something timeless and my definition essay essential, more real.” Schwartz told me that he has decided to pledge all royalties from sales of “The Art of the Deal” in professional paper cover page 2016 to pointedly chosen charities: the my definition of love, National Immigration Law Center, Human Rights Watch, the Center for the Victims of Torture, the National Immigration Forum, and the Tahirih Justice Center.

He doesn’t feel that the paper, gesture absolves him. Of Love Essay! “I’ll carry this until the professional research paper cover page, end of jacksonian 1990, my life,” he said. Research Cover! “There’s no righting it. But I like the idea that, the more copies that ‘The Art of the Deal’ sells, the more money I can donate to the people whose rights Trump seeks to abridge.” Schwartz expected Trump to attack him for introductions to essays school, speaking out, and research cover he was correct. Informed that Schwartz had made critical remarks about him, and scientific management wouldn’t be voting for him, Trump said, “He’s probably just doing it for the publicity.” He also said, “Wow. Professional Paper! That’s great disloyalty, because I made Tony rich.

He owes a lot to me. Essays On Toni! I helped him when he didn’t have two cents in research cover page his pocket. It’s great disloyalty. Interesting Articles! I guess he thinks it’s good for paper cover, him—but he’ll find out it’s not good for him.” Minutes after Trump got off the phone with me, Schwartz’s cell phone rang. “I hear you’re not voting for me,” Trump said. “I just talked to The New Yorker —which, by the way, is a failing magazine that no one reads—and I heard you were critical of me.” “You’re running for President,” Schwartz said. “I disagree with a lot of what you’re saying.” “That’s your right, but then you should have just remained silent. Abbey! I just want to tell you that I think you’re very disloyal. Without me, you wouldn’t be where you are now. I had a lot of choice of who to have write the book, and I chose you, and I was very generous with you. Research Page! I know that you gave a lot of speeches and lectures using ‘The Art of the interesting chemistry research, Deal.’ I could have sued you, but I didn’t.” “My business has nothing to do with ‘The Art of the Deal.’ ” “That’s not what I’ve been told.” “You’re running for President of the United States. Professional Cover Page! The stakes here are high.” “Yeah, they are,” he said. “Have a nice life.” Trump hung up. Schwartz can understand why Trump feels stung, but he felt that he had to speak up before it was too late.

As for chemistry articles, Trump’s anger toward him, he said, “I don’t take it personally, because the professional, truth is he didn’t mean it personally. Jacksonian 1990 Dbq Essay! People are dispensable and disposable in Trump’s world.” If Trump is elected President, he warned, “the millions of people who voted for him and research paper page believe that he represents their interests will learn what anyone who deals closely with him already knows—that he couldn’t care less about them.” ¦ Jane Mayer has been a New Yorker staff writer since 1995.

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labour resume Hazardous Child Labour in professional research cover Brief. Geneva, Revised April 1998. I. WORKING CHILDREN. It is to essays middle school, common knowledge that data on research cover page child labour are extremely scarce. The reason for this is the absence of an appropriate survey methodology for probing into the work of children which, for the most part, is a hidden phenomenon. Consequently, the ILO designed special sample survey methodologies and experimented them in four countries. Research Articles. These were further refined and adopted for investigating at paper the national level the child labour situation in a number of countries. The child labour problem being multi-dimensional, the information sought through the specialised survey approaches involved answers to the following questions, among others: - Who are the interesting articles, working children and how many are there in the individual countries?

- How old are they when they start to work for the first time and how do they live? - Why do they work and in which sectors are they engaged? - What are their specific occupations and the conditions of professional research paper their work? - What types of exploitation and abuse they face at essay management work? - How safe are they physically and mentally at professional paper cover page their workplace or in their occupations? - Do they also go to school? If they do, what are the consequences of their non-schooling work?

And if they do not go to school, what are the essays morrison's, reasons? - Who are their employers? Why do they use them? And how do they treat them in professional page comparison with their adult workers? - How many children are engaged on a full time basis in housekeeping activities of a purely domestic nature in their own parents' or guardians' households thereby sacrificing their education and also exposing themselves to various injuries and health hazards? - Are there children who live away from their parents' or guardians' households and if so, where do they reside and essay, what do they do? - What are the perceptions of professional paper cover page parents about their working children? What are those of the children themselves and their employers? Based on the findings of the essays on toni, experiments as well as the results of national surveys carried out professional cover page, since then using the newly developed methodologies and, also taking into account other demographic and socio-economic factors, the ILO produced estimates on the size of working children at jacksonian regional and global levels which have been internationally accepted and research cover page, quoted as ILO figures.

Prior to that, there have only been guesstimates which ranged between 200 million and more than 400 million children working world-wide. 2. Level and distribution of working children. According to the new estimates, there are some 250 million children 5-14 years old who are toiling in economic activity in developing countries. Morrison's Beloved. For close to professional research one-half of them (or 120 million), this work is carried out on a full time basis, while for the remaining one-half it is combined with schooling or other non-economic activities. Abbey. Among school going children, up to one-third of the boys (33%) and more than two-fifths (42%) of the girls are also engaged in economic activities on a part-time basis. The overall estimates of 250 million working children are exclusive of children who are engaged in regular non-economic activities, including. those who provide services of domestic nature on paper cover a full-time basis in their own parents' or guardians' households. The number of such children is relatively large (about 15%-20% of the total child population of the same age-cohort). The data so far obtained through methodological experiments and in countries where national surveys were conducted using the newly developed and tested methodologies show that more boys than girls work ѕ close to three boys to two girls, on average.

It should be borne in Westminster mind, however, that the number of research page working girls is often underestimated by statistical surveys which usually do not take into account unpaid economic activity carried out in and around the beloved, household, including household enterprises. Also more girls than boys perform full-time housework of non-economic nature - e.g., housekeeping in their own parents' household - many of them between 8-12 years old - in order to enable their parents or guardians to go to work, or to take care of professional research cover sick or handicapped members in the household. Such work is essays, reported to be the main reason for about one-third of the youngsters who do not attend school - they were either never enrolled or were obliged to drop out of school because of the full-time housework. If such full-time housework were taken into account, there would be little or no variation between the sexes in the total size of working children, and the number of girls could even exceed that of boys. For obvious reasons, child labour is most prevalent in the developing regions of the professional cover page, globe. In absolute terms, it is Asia (excluding Japan), as the most densely populated region of the world, that has the introductions, most child workers (approximately 61% of the world's total as compared with 32 % in Africa, 7% in professional paper cover page Latin America and the Caribbean, and one-fifth of one per cent in Oceania excluding Australia and New Zealand). But in my definition of love relative terms, Africa comes first in economic activity participation rate of children which is estimated at a little more than two children out of five (or 41%) of the research cover page, total children 5-14 years old. Essay. The corresponding proportion in Asia is around one-half of the level in Africa (i.e., more than one in five children or 22%), and it is one in six (or 17%) in Latin America, and paper cover, close to one in three (29%) in Oceania. In all regions, more boys than girls participate in jacksonian democracy economic activity. The highest participation rate of boys is in Africa (46%) as compared with the rates in professional research paper cover page Oceania (33%), Asia (23%) and Latin America and the Caribbean (22%).

The gender differential in the rates is greatest in Latin America (22% for boys to 11% for the girls), followed by Africa (46% to 37%, respectively, and the latter is also the highest participation rate of girls by region); and essay scientific, Oceania (33% to 26%). The differential between boys and girls participation rates is smallest in Asia (23% to 20%). Participation rates of professional cover page children in economic activity are much higher in rural areas than in urban centres. Westminster. Based on the surveys so far undertaken, including the experiments in the four countries, the propensity for children to engage in an economic activity is on average twice as high in the rural communities. However, with the research cover page, rapid urbanization of essay scientific most developing countries and, also with the increasing number of youngsters themselves migrating to towns and research cover page, cities, the share of urban centres in the total volume of child labour would no doubt grow in the future. The vast majority of children working in rural communities are engaged in agricultural or similar activities (an average of nine out of ten children in my definition of love essay most of the countries surveyed and more than two in every three children in the others). In urban areas, child labour was found mainly in trade, services (especially domestic work) and in the manufacturing sectors. Rural children, in particular girls, tend to begin economic activity at an early age, some at 5, 6 or 7 years of age.

Survey results show that in some cases up to 20 per professional research paper page, cent of economically active children are 5-9 years old in the rural areas and around five per cent in Abbey the urban centres. Industry and occupation. It is evident that the less developed a country is, the greater the proportion of the child population who work. It is also clear that the more elementary the type of economic activity or the kind of occupation that does not need specific skills, the larger the relative size of the working children in that particular industry or occupation. Professional Research Paper Page. These factors influence the level of distribution of the total number of working children by branch of economic activity or by occupation in chemistry articles any specific country. As a result, the relative level of the child workforce in any industry or occupation could vary widely from one country to another. For example, in Cambodia the paper page, proportion of children working in Westminster agriculture in cover 1996 was about middle school 90% as compared with 65% in the Philippines. On the other hand, the level of working children in wholesale and retail trade, restaurants and hotels was 17% in the Philippines and 7% in research cover Cambodia. Because of the predominance of agriculture in Cambodia, the number of children working in agriculture-related occupations was also close to 90% as compared with 75% in the Philippines. Based on a number of countries (approx.

20) for which data have been collected recently, the average level of working children in the different branches of economic activity and occupations are shown in the following two tables and Abbey, charts: As can be seen, economic activities and occupations related to the agricultural sector are predominant in the proportion of child workers. Cover. Although the management, average number of children in professional research agricultural activities and occupations are, respectively, 70% and 74%, these ratios could be as high as 90% in the former and 95% in the latter. Westminster. In both, the ratios for the girls (75% and 79%) are higher than for the boys (69% and 73%). The proportions of children working in trade, restaurants and professional research paper cover page, hotels (ranging from 8% to 17% in a few instances), manufacturing (8% to 15%), and services (7%) are relatively high when compared with the ratios in the other non-agricultural sectors. Most of the former activities are performed in the urban centres. Hours and Earnings. Many children work long hours every day of the week.

For example, some survey results show that more than half of the working children are toiling for 9 hours or more per day, with cases where up to four-fifths of them working seven days a week including work on public holidays, especially in the rural communities. There are cases where children work 56 hours or more per week. In paid employment which is concentrated in urban centres, the number of children working long hours is smaller (about two-thirds of them) and the majority work six days a week. A large majority (around 70%) of working youngsters toil as unpaid family workers, especially in dbq essay the rural areas where working girls outnumber working boys. More than four in every five children (or 81%) work without pay. Most of those working as paid employees are paid much less than the prevailing rates in their localities, even when compared with the legal minimum wages, receiving only one-sixth of the minimum rate in one survey finding. Also the younger the working child, the lower the wage payment. On average, girls work longer hours than boys and are paid less than their working brothers doing the same type of work. Comparatively larger numbers of girls work as paid domestics where the pay scale is usually low. Generally, children are not paid for overtime work although many of them work additional hours and often they are required to do so when demand for various services reaches its peak and/or due to labour shortages.

Many children work during the evenings or nights as well. In one major survey, close to two-thirds (64%) of the research page, child labour force in democracy 1990 the agricultural sector are found to paper page be working during these periods - three-quarters of the boys and more than two-fifths of the girls. However, in the retail trade and particularly in personal services, the proportions of the essay scientific, girls working in the evenings and nights are considerably greater than. those of the boys - 27% as compared with 10% in cover the former sector, and of love essay, 16% against paper cover, 3% in the latter. A large number of the girls working as housemaids are often obliged to spend the introductions middle school, night in page their employer's household thereby also exposing themselves to Westminster various abuses, especially sexual. II. HAZARDOUS CHILD LABOUR. Being tender physically, children are susceptible to various work -related injuries and illnesses more than adults doing the same kind of work. Also because they are not yet matured mentally, they are less aware, even completely unaware, of the potential risks involved in their specific occupations or at the workplace itself.

As a result, a large number of working children are affected by professional page, various hazards - more than two-thirds (69%) of them in Westminster Abbey some countries. Many of them suffer actual injuries or illnesses, from 5% to more than 20%, some of whom stop working permanently. Recent surveys at professional research cover page the national level have demonstrated that a very high proportion of the children were physically injured or fell ill while working. These included punctures, broken or complete loss of body parts, burns and skin disease, eye and Abbey, hearing impairment, respiratory and gastro-intestinal illnesses, fever, headaches from excessive heat in the fields or in factories. Page. A large majority of these children had to consult medical doctors and some had to be hospitalised. Many affected children had to miss work for a time, with some stopping work for my definition essay good.

In absolute terms, more boys than girls are affected by injuries and illnesses mainly because of the total size of working boys - (the ratio is research cover, almost three working boys to two girls). Also, since a large majority of working children are in the rural areas engaged in agricultural activities, the number of chemistry research articles injuries and paper page, illnesses related to the agricultural sector is by far the largest. However, in certain specific economic activities or occupations, the incidence of injuries and illnesses is significantly higher for morrison's the working girls than for their working brothers. Also, even if the professional research paper cover, number of Abbey children working in a particular industry or occupation is quite small, the likelihood of work-related injuries or illnesses can be relatively very high. Therefore, such industries and occupations should be out professional research paper, of the reach of the child labour force even if allowed to work. School. For example, as shown in Table 3 and paper, the tables and charts below, the total number of youngsters who work in management the agricultural sector represent more than two-thirds (70%) of the total working children and, as a result of professional cover this large number, those who experience injuries and. illnesses in the sector also account for a considerably high proportion (70%) of the total suffered by all working children. The corresponding injury illness levels by gender in the sector are approximately 76% of the total working boys and 57% of the total working girls. In contrast, the democracy, incidence of injuries and illnesses in the sector is professional research paper, 12% of the total children working in the sector, the same level for the boys and 16% for the girls. Although the size of child labour in mining or in construction is very small (respectively, about 1% and 2% of the total child workforce), the occurrence of injuries and illnesses is significantly high in both sectors. My Definition Of Love Essay. These two are by far the worst sectors for professional research paper cover working children, particularly for the working girls - more than one girl in every three (35%) and one boy out of four (26%) are affected by injuries and illnesses if they work in the construction sector; and if working in mining, the incidence is one in every five girls (21%) and close to one boy out of eight (12%).

While the total size of workers in the transport sector is also very small (less than 4% of all child workforce), about one in of love essay every five (19%) of the boys working in the sector suffer from work-related injuries and illnesses which is the second highest for the boys working in any other sector. In one recent large survey undertaken at the national level for probing into all dimensions of child labour for the age-group 5-17 years, much information was collected particularly on professional research cover page the health and safety aspects of interesting research articles working children. Professional Research. The results revealed that out of a total of scientific management 3.67 million economically active children in the country, more than 60 per cent (or 2.21 million) were exposed to hazardous conditions which included biological (19% of all working children), chemical (26%) and environmental (51%) hazards during their work. Not only because a large majority of paper cover page children work in agriculture and related activities, but also due to the hard working conditions in this sector and in mining, much of the exposure to injuries and illness took place in the rural areas - approximately two-thirds of research all exposures as compared to about one-third in the urban centres. Again because of their large number, most of those exposed were boys (approximately 70% of the total working boys and girls); but in relative terms, the level of exposure was close between the two sexes - 64% of the working boys compared with 53% of the working girls. Of the total exposed children of 2.21 million, there were more than 870,000 children (39%) who suffered injuries or illnesses - divided almost. equally: 49% of professional research paper page them (or 426,000 children) suffered injuries and my definition essay, the other 51% (or 444,000 children) suffered illnesses. This amounted to almost one child in research paper cover every four children economically active (or 24% of 3.67 million); injuries affected close to 12% of all children engaged in economic activity and essays beloved, illnesses a little more than 12%.

The number of professional paper cover page boys who suffered was considerably larger than that of the girls (72% verses 28% of the total sufferers); but the ratios were closer when compared within the same sex (26% of the working boys and 19% of the girls). Close to three-quarters (74%) of the introductions to essays, injuries and illnesses were in the rural communities and the rest (26%) in the urban areas. Numerically, the most frequent injuries were cuts/wounds/punctures which totalled close to 600,000 (or 69% of all injuries). However, there were also injuries which were much serious though their occurrences were less frequent - for example, burns (57,500, equivalent to 7% of the total injuries), dislocations/fractures/sprains (45,900, or 5%), crushing injuries (29,800, or 3%), and even amputation/loss of body parts (1,100, or one-tenth of one percent) - for a total of 134,300, equivalent to more than 15% of the research paper cover page, total injuries and about four per cent of the total economically active children. There were also 135,000 cases (or 16%) related to injuries such as contusions, bruises, haemoid and my definition essay, abrasions. Research Cover. Other injuries totalled 12,400. Among the illnesses reported, body aches/pains (head, neck, back, etc.) were the most frequent (518,000, representing 57% of all illnesses), followed by my definition essay, skin diseases (190,000, or 21%). The more grave illnesses were gastro intestinal (48,100, or 5%), respiratory (47,500, or 5%), eye strain/eye sight impairment (31,300, or 4%), hearing impairment (10,100, or 1%), and unspecified illnesses (61,500, or 7%). On average, three children in every 100 hundred had stopped work due to the work-related injuries and/or illnesses, while approximately one-half of the working children were obliged to stop work temporarily and the remaining 46% were able to continued working despite their injuries or illnesses.

Some indicators of the extent of child labour and related variables in countries where national surveys were conducted recently (see table 7, p.15).