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A Piece of Obama’s Post-Presidential Life: Sandwiches and Speeches. An hour inside Barack Obama’s post-presidential life included boxed sandwiches, scores of money managers and a treatise on research directions, health care reform. Those were the main ingredients on Monday when Mr. Obama spoke in Manhattan at a conference on health care sponsored by the brokerage firm Cantor Fitzgerald — at least his ninth paid speech since leaving office. Steel-jawed and wearing a dark suit and an American-flag lapel pin, Mr. Obama was reserved in describing the dogfight over health care in Washington, which threatens to essay, derail his signature legislative accomplishment, the Affordable Care Act. During his 25-minute prepared remarks, Mr. Obama’s laugh lines were few, and his swipes at the Trump administration even fewer. Instead, he undertook a professorial review of research, what the health care law had accomplished, considered its remaining problems, and swept through some potential solutions. “This is writing contests a big system, and it’s complicated, but what to do that would make it better is actually not that mysterious,” Mr. Research! Obama told a ballroom of writing contests 2012, some 500 people. “But it does require putting ideology aside.” The speech was Mr.

Obama’s third to a financial crowd in the past month — he also spoke to clients of the money-management firm Northern Trust Corporation and the private-equity firm Carlyle Group — and gave some indication of how he has been navigating the moneymaking opportunities of his newly private life. Since leaving the White House in January, the former president and his wife have reportedly won a $60 million joint book deal, and his speaking fees — including to Cantor — have gone as high as $400,000 per speech. He has also vacationed on an exclusive island and taken up residence in an $8.1 million home. That is all in addition to a spate of research, unpaid speeches, including one to at-risk youths in xu cheng dissertation illinois, Chicago, and directions, a separate event Monday for the Beau Biden Foundation, which focuses on protecting children from abuse and was named for the son of Vice President Joe Biden who died of admit essay, cancer in 2015. “Since leaving office, President Obama has spent his time doing public and private events, both paid and unpaid, that are true to his values and his record,” Kevin Lewis, the former president’s spokesman, wrote in an email. Mr.

Lewis added that the paid speeches had helped make it possible for Mr. Obama to contribute $2 million to employment and job-training programs for research low-income young people in Chicago. Mr. Lewis declined to xu cheng, comment on how the president, who has avoided much of the criticism faced by Hillary Clinton and other public officials who made paid speeches to private industry after leaving office, selects his paid engagements. At the research, Cantor event, Mr. Obama arrived on clear, stage nearly a minute after the brokerage firm’s chief executive, Howard Lutnick, introduced him. “I’ve got to work on my entrance timing,” Mr. Lutnick joked as he waited, and waited, by research directions the microphone.

An error has occurred. Please try again later. You are already subscribed to this email. After his prepared remarks and a few longer questions, Mr. Obama participated in what Mr. Lutnick called a “lightning round.” But Mr.

Obama ended up fielding only admit essay one inquiry — about technology and research, government health care costs — and answered it soberly and at length, running out the clock. Mr. Obama then beseeched the audience of writing uk, health care business professionals to keep the directions, sick and scared at the core of what they did. “If you’re going to make money this way, you better think about it,” he said. Cantor Fitzgerald, which lost more than 600 employees on welfare rights research paper, Sept.

11, 2001, in the attack on the World Trade Center, is not a top-tier player in directions, investment banking. Leaner and less well-known than Wall Street blue-bloods like Goldman Sachs and JPMorgan Chase, it brokers trades and gives strategic advice to small and midsize corporations. Health care is one of format for a, its specialties. Still, its crowd on Monday was full of research, marquee industry names, with representatives from hedge funds like Citadel and Balyasny, investment firms like Bain and Ares, and research paper, biotech companies like Amgen. Most of the attendees were Cantor clients. Research Directions! Not everyone, however, was laser-focused on the guest of animal welfare rights research paper, honor. Before the main event, some attendees made a bet on how late the speech would start — one guessed 20 minutes, another guessed 30. In one of the venue’s spillover rooms, where roughly 200 people watched the research directions, former president on a video monitor, a man in the back row dozed off while others texted or nibbled on pastrami baguettes.

Last week, Mr. Obama called attempts to undo the Affordable Care Act “aggravating” at a Gates Foundation event and on Monday he called them a cynical political exercise. Hours later, the opposition of a key senator appeared to leave the latest repeal bill without the necessary support to consulting essay, pass. He acknowledged that the current system has problems, including that some states had not expanded Medicaid to the extent allowed by the A.C.A., and that some insurers were not providing coverage to parts of rural states. Research! The solution to essay, the lack of coverage, he said, was a public fallback plan. Another problem, Mr. Obama added, was that the “current administration” has taken steps “to make it harder for directions people to sign up for coverage during this year’s open enrollment period.” He hinted that helping publicize that period would be a personal priority of his this year. “As a private citizen, I’m going to have to help do what I can to help people get that information,” he said. The White House did not comment on Mr. Obama’s criticism on animal welfare vs animal paper, Monday evening. Some audience members said that they were gratified by Mr. Obama’s remarks. “The thing that impressed me the most about the discussion today is research that he really tried to xu cheng dissertation illinois, stay away from the research, politics,” Sara Finan, an investor-relations consultant from dissertation, Akron, Ohio, said after the event. Directions! “He acknowledged the faults of the A.C.A.

But at the same time, he looked at, ‘Let’s not try and reinvent the wheel.’” Despite a mostly button-down tone, Mr. Obama was not entirely without mirth. Toward the end of his speech he referred to President Trump’s recent tweets aimed at of contents N.F.L. players. “Our big problem right now is politics,” he said. “Can’t even get it out of football!” A version of this article appears in print on September 26, 2017, on Page B1 of the directions, New York edition with the headline: A Piece of Obama’s Life, Post-Presidency: Sandwiches and Speeches. Order Reprints | Today's Paper | Subscribe. We#8217;re interested in your feedback on this page.

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Research Directions for the Internet of Things - IEEE Xplore Document

nyc essay Crime and Gangster Films are developed around the research directions sinister actions of animal paper, criminals or gangsters, particularly bankrobbers, underworld figures, or ruthless hoodlums who operate outside the directions law, stealing and violently murdering their way through life. In the 1940s, a new type of crime thriller emerged, more dark and cynical - see the section on film-noir for further examples of crime films. Criminal and welfare, gangster films are often categorized as post-war film noir or detective-mystery films - because of underlying similarities between these cinematic forms. Research Directions! Crime films encompass or cross over many levels, and clear essay, may include at least these different types of films: the gangster film, the detective (or who-dun-it) film, the crime comedy, the research suspense-thriller, and the police (procedural) film. Crime stories in clear essay, this genre often highlight the life of a crime figure or a crime's victim(s). Or they glorify the rise and fall of research, a particular criminal(s), gang, bank robber, murderer or lawbreakers in personal power struggles or conflict with law and of contents paper, order figures, an research directions, underling or competitive colleague, or a rival gang. Headline-grabbing situations, real-life gangsters, or crime reports have often been used in crime films. Gangster/crime films are usually set in large, crowded cities, to provide a view of the secret world of the criminal: dark nightclubs or streets with lurid neon signs, fast cars, piles of writing, cash, sleazy bars, contraband, seedy living quarters or rooming houses. Exotic locales for directions crimes often add an element of adventure and wealth. Writers dreamed up appropriate gangland jargon for xu cheng dissertation illinois the tales, such as tommy guns or molls.

Film gangsters are usually materialistic, street-smart, immoral, meglo-maniacal, and self-destructive. Rivalry with other criminals in gangster warfare is often a significant plot characteristic. Crime plots also include questions such as how the criminal will be apprehended by police, private eyes, special agents or lawful authorities, or mysteries such as who stole the valued object. They rise to directions, power with a tough cruel facade while showing an clear admit essay, ambitious desire for directions success and recognition, but underneath they can express sensitivity and gentleness. Gangster films are often morality tales: Horatio Alger or 'pursuit of the American Dream' success stories turned upside down in contests 2012 uk, which criminals live in an inverted dream world of success and wealth. Often from poor immigrant families, gangster characters often fall prey to crime in the pursuit of wealth, status, and material possessions (clothes and cars), because all other normal avenues to the top are unavailable to them. Although they are doomed to failure and inevitable death (usually violent), criminals are sometimes portrayed as the victims of circumstance, because the stories are told from their point of directions, view. Early Crime-Gangster Films Until the Dawn of the Talkies: Criminal/gangster films are one of the most enduring and xu cheng dissertation illinois, popular film genres.

They date back to the early days of film during the silent era. In fact, even Edwin S. Porter's silent short western The Great Train Robbery (1903) has often considered a classic hold-up story and chase film - a movie about directions, crime. Perhaps the earliest 'crime' film was Sherlock Holmes Baffled (1900) , a 45 seconds long short (released in 1903) that was shown one-person at a time in hand-cranked Mutoscope machines or nickelodeons in amusement arcades. It was also the earliest known film featuring Sherlock Holmes. The plot was about how the famed Arthur Conan Doyle detective, a cigar-smoking gentleman, was 'baffled' when a black-clothed thief magically disappeared (through trick-photography) with a sack of stolen goods. Also, The Adventures of essay contests uk, Sherlock Holmes (1905) , released by directions, Vitagraph (although now a lost film) has been considered the first Sherlock Holmes film since it was created for a theatrical audience rather than as a one-person Mutoscope production. One of the first films to officially mark the start of the gangster/crime genre was D. W. Griffith's The Musketeers of table for a research paper, Pig Alley (1912) about organized crime. Directions! It wasn't the first gangster movie ever made, but it was the first significant gangster film that has survived.

Outdoor scenes were shot in the gangland territory of NYC's Lower East Side with its slum tenements, and cast members included possible gang members. The story was about xu cheng, a poor, virtuous, and vulnerable Little Lady (Lillian Gish) who was threatened, victimized and terrorized by Snapper Kid (Elmer Booth) - the gangster leader of research, a gang known as the Musketeers. [Note: There were some one-reel 'gangster' films before Griffith's film, such as Biograph's The Moonshiners (1904) , Edwin S. Porter's and Wallace McCutcheon's primitive chase film A Desperate Encounter Between Burglars And Police (1905) , and McCutcheon's docu-melodrama kidnapping story The Black Hand (1906) , but their importance and/or availability have been problematic.] French director Louis Feuillade's Fantomas series from the contests 2012 uk Gaumont film studio popularized the directions crime serial - Fantomas (1913-1914, Fr.) featured the character of illinois, supercriminal Fantomas (René Navarre). Based on the novels of directions, Marcel Allain and paper, Pierre Souvestre, Fantomas was released as five separate films, running roughly an hour each. Directions! Other characters included police inspector Juve (Edmund Breon) and illinois, newspaper journalist Fandor (Georges Melchior), who worked to bring down the arch-villain-thief (a master of disguises), who also committed identity theft and research directions, murder. The five episodes were:

Fantômas - À L'Ombre de la Guillotine (1913, Fr.) (aka In the Shadow of the Guillotine) Juve Against Fantomas (1913, Fr.) (aka Juve versus Fantomas) The Dead Man Who Killed (1913, Fr.) (aka The Murderous Corpse) Fantomas Against Fantomas (1914, Fr.) (aka Fantomas versus Fantomas) Le Faux Magistrat (1914, Fr.) (aka The False Magistrate) Feuillade's later Judex (1916, Fr.) , another popular film serial, featured a female criminal. Traffic in research paper, Souls (1913) (aka While New York Sleeps) , a six-reel melodrama, was a photo-drama expose of white slavery (entrapment of young women into prostitution) at the turn of the century in NYC, although the directions film exploitatively promised steamy sex in its advertisements. Essay! Mutual released The Gangsters and the Girl (1914) , a short starring Charles Ray as undercover Detective John Stone investigating neighborhood urban gangs and a wrongly-condemned slum girl. Raoul Walsh's first feature film, the silent crime drama The Regeneration (1915) has been regarded as the first feature-length gangster film, with presumably the first complex characterization of research directions, a criminal anti-hero. It showcased violent lawlessness on the streets of New York (it was shot on location in NYC's Bowery District on the Lower East Side), and the rise of an orphaned Irish-American slum boy named Owen Conway (Rockliffe Fellowes as a 25 year-old adult). He grew up to become a drunken gangster (prone to gambling) due to repressive social conditions in his environment. However, he was 'regenerated' (saved from a life of crime) after falling in love with do-gooder social worker Marie Deering (Anna Q. Nilsson). The upcoming 1920s decade was a perfect era for dissertation the blossoming of the crime genre.

It was the period of Prohibition, grimy and overpopulated cities with the lawless spread of speakeasies, corruption, and moonshiners, and the flourishing rise of organized gangster crime. Josef von Sternberg's gangland melodrama Underworld (1927) with George Bancroft and research directions, Clive Brook, reflected the 1920s. It has often been considered the clear admit essay first modern gangster film, with many standard conventions of the directions crime film - and it was shot from the gangster's point of view. It won the Best Original Story Award for Ben Hecht - the first Oscar ever awarded for an original screenplay, and the first of Hecht's two Oscar wins (among six writing nominations during his career). [The first 'gangster' pulp had the research same title, Underworld , a breeding ground for many crime thriller plots.] And Lewis Milestone's The Racket (1928) , a Howard Hughes-produced film, concentrated on big-city corruption and a municipality controlled by the mob, and was banned in Chicago because of directions, its negative depiction of the consulting essay police. Expressionistic German Crime Films:

Three German directors contributed a number of expressionistic black and white crime films, noted for chiaroscoro lighting, sharp-angled shots, and monstrous characters (i.e., insane scientists or doctors, or crazed individuals): Robert Wiene's The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1919/1920, Germ.) (aka Das Kabinett Des Doktor Caligari) told about a ghost-like hypnotist-therapist in a fairground-carnival named Dr. Caligari (Werner Kraus). He used his power of directions, hypnotism to college essay, commit crimes, through his performing somnambulist Cesare (Conrad Veidt). The influential film featured the shadowy, disturbing, distorted, and dream-nightmarish quality of the macabre and stylistic 'Caligari,' with twisted alleyways, lopsided doors, cramped rooms, crooked and overhanging buildings, and skewed cityscapes. F.W. Murnau's silent classic Sunrise (1927) , was about a country village farmer (George O'Brien) who fell for the allure of a sophisticated, vampish seductress/temptress (Margaret Livingston) from the City. She tempted him under the moonlight in a swamp, persuading him to devise a murderous plan to kill his pure, innocent wife (Janet Gaynor) - by drowning her during a trip to the City. German director Fritz Lang also released several important silent crime films - influential post-war films that helped to launch the entire genre in the 1930s, including a series of Dr. Mabuse films about research directions, a mastermind character:

Dr. Mabuse, The Gambler (Parts I and admit essay, II) (1922-1923) - a two-part silent crime melodrama about an evil, criminal boss capable of disguise, conspiracy, and tremendous hypnotic powers. Research! The Testament of clear admit essay, Dr. Research Directions! Mabuse (1933) (aka Das Testament das Dr. Animal Welfare Vs Animal Rights Research Paper! Mabuse) , a crime thriller and Lang's second sound feature, resurrected the ruthless genius (Rudolf Klein-Rogge) running a crime ring while imprisoned, and a tenacious Scotland Yard detective (Otto Wernicke) in pursuit. The film was noted for research directions a spectacular car chase scene, explosions, and consulting college essay, murders. The government interpreted the research directions film as subversive and having anti-Nazi sentiments - causing Lang to hurriedly leave Germany (he soon relocated in the US and ended up directing in Hollywood by 1936). [Note: Ironically, the legendary director's swan-song film (his first film made in Germany since 1933), The 1000 Eyes of Dr. Format Paper! Mabuse (1960) , spotlighted the same arch-criminal character.] Lang's most seminal film was M (1931, Germ.) - his first sound feature (bridging the gap between silents and talkies).

It was an expressionistic psychological thriller about a child molester serial killer. The pedophile-psychopath was identified as Hans Beckert (Peter Lorre) - his coat back was marked in chalk with the letter M. He was caught hiding in an attic, and taken to a large abandoned brewery building to research directions, stand trial, where he was questioned by clear admit, a panel of underworld boss-leaders. The Gangster Film in the Era of the directions Talking Picture: It wasn't until the pitbull sound era and the 1930s that gangster films truly became an entertaining, popular way to attract viewers to directions, the theatres, who were interested in the lawlessness and violence on-screen. The events of the Prohibition Era (until 1933) such as bootlegging and the St. Valentine's Day Massacre of 1929, the pitbull paper existence of directions, real-life gangsters (e.g., Al Capone, John Dillinger, Pretty Boy Floyd, Baby Face Nelson) and the rise of college, contemporary organized crime and escalation of urban violence helped to encourage this genre. Directions! On the other side were law-enforcing G-Men (or government men) led by admit, the FBI's J. Edgar Hoover. Many of the research directions sensationalist plots of the early gangster films were taken from the day's newspaper headlines, encouraging the public appetite for crime films. The allied rackets of bootlegging, gambling and prostitution brought these mobsters to folk hero status, and audiences during that time vicariously participated in the gangster's rise to power and pitbull research paper, wealth - on the big screen. They vicariously experienced the gangster's satisfaction with flaunting the system and feeling the thrill of violence. Movies flaunted the archetypal exploits of swaggering, cruel, wily, tough, and law-defying bootleggers and urban gangsters.

The talkies era accounted for the rise of research directions, crime films, because these films couldn't come to essay, life without sound (machine gun fire, screeching brakes, screams, chases through city streets and squealing car tires). The perfection of sound technology and research, mobile cameras also aided their spread. The first 100% all-talking picture and, of course, the first sound gangster film was The Lights of New York (1928) - it enhanced the pitbull research urban crime dramas of the directions time with crackling dialogue and exciting sound effects of squealing getaway car tires and clear essay, gunshots. Directions! Rouben Mamoulian's City Streets (1931) from a story penned by Dashiell Hammett was reportedly Al Capone's favorite film, starring Gary Cooper and Sylvia Sydney as two lovers trapped by gangland connections. And Tay Garnett's violent Bad Company (1931) was the first picture to feature the gangland massacre on St. Valentine's Day. Three Classic Early Gangster Films from Warner Bros: Warner Bros. was considered the gangster studio par excellence , and the star- triumvirate of xu cheng dissertation illinois, Warners' gangster cycle, all actors who established and defined their careers as tough-guys in this genre, included Edward G. Robinson, James Cagney, and Humphrey Bogart. Others who were early gangster stars included Paul Muni and George Raft.

Three great classic gangster films (among the first of the talkies) marked the genre's popular acceptance and started the wave of gangster films in the 1930s in the sound era. The lead role in each film (a gangster/criminal or bootleg racketeer of the research Prohibition Era) was glorified as he rose to the top with infamy and power, but each one ultimately met his doom in the final violent scenes of these films, due to censors' demands that they receive moral retribution for their crimes. The first two films in the cycle were released almost simultaneously by illinois, Warner Bros, setting the pattern for numerous imitators (with tommy guns, fedoras, double-breasted suits, etc.): (1) Little Caesar (1930) , directed by research, Mervyn LeRoy, starred Edward G. Robinson as a gritty, coarse and ruthless, petty Chicago killer named Caesar Enrico (or Rico) Bandello (a flimsy disguise for xu cheng a characterization of Al Capone), who experienced a rise to directions, prominence and then a rapid downfall. Robinson was the first great gangster star. (2) The Public Enemy (1931) , directed by essay uk, William Wellman, starred James Cagney (in his first film and breakout role) as a cocky, fast-talking, nasty, and brutal criminal/bootlegger named Tom Powers - most memorable in research, a vicious scene at the breakfast table where the snarling gangster assaulted his floozy moll girlfriend (Mae Clarke) by pressing a half grapefruit into her face. [Both were still in their pajamas, indicating that they spent the night together.] The startling finale included the door-to-door delivery of Cagney's mummy-wrapped corpse to his mother's house - the bandaged body fell through the front door. The main story was about essay writing contests, two brothers, Tom (Cagney) and his straight, uptight brother Mike (Donald Cook) who grew up and pursued very different lifestyles.

The pre-Code film emphasized how the early developmental environment clearly contributed to directions, an evolving life of adult crime - and his inevitable gruesome death. (3) Scarface: The Shame of the Nation (1932) , directed by illinois, Howard Hawks, a Howard Hughes' produced film from UA, starred Paul Muni as a power-mad, vicious, immature and beastly hood in Prohibition-Era Chicago (the characterization of research, Tony Camonte was loosely based on the brutal, murderous racketeer Al Capone). Other stars were George Raft (as his coin-flipping emotion-less, right-hand killer) and Ann Dvorak (as Tony's incestuous sister Cesca). Both The Public Enemy (1931) and Scarface (1932) tried to deflect criticisms that they were sensationalizing the lifestyle of the consulting essay hoodlums, with unconvincing prefaces or disclaimers. In particular, Scarface (1932) began with a critical, written statement to directions, indict gangster hoodlumism and the public's and government's indifference.

The audience was then blamed for pitbull research paper promoting the role of the gangster with its perverse fascination in the phenomenon of mob activity - and directions, then challenged: It is the ambition of the authors of 'The Public Enemy' to essay 2012 uk, honestly depict an environment that exists today in a certain strata of American life, rather than glorify the research hoodlum or the criminal. Writing 2012! This picture is an indictment of gang rule in America and of the callous indifference of the government to this constantly increasing menace to our safety and our liberty. Every incident in this picture is the reproduction of an directions, actual occurrence, and the purpose of essay contests 2012, this picture is to demand of the government: 'What are you going to do about it?' The government is your government. What are YOU going to do about it? The Influence of the Hays Production Code on Gangster Films: The coming of the directions Hays Production Code in the early 1930s spelled the animal end to glorifying the research criminal, and animal vs animal, approval of the ruthless methods and accompanying violence of the gangster lifestyle.

The censorship codes of the day in the 1930s, notably the Hays Office, forced studios (particularly after 1934) to make moral pronouncements, present criminals as psychopaths, end the depiction of the research directions gangster as a folk or 'tragic hero,' de-glorify crime, and emphasize that crime didn't pay. It also demanded minimal details shown during brutal crimes. One way the studios quieted some of the table for a protest and uproar over America's shame was to shift the emphasis from the directions criminal to animal rights paper, the racket-busting federal agents, private detectives, or good guys on the other side of the research directions law. In William Keighley's G-Men (1935) , the best example of this new 'gangster-as-cop' sub-genre, screen tough guy James Cagney starred as a ruthless, revenge-seeking, impulsive, violent FBI agent to infiltrate criminal gangs on consulting college, a crime spree in the Midwest. Although he was on the side of the law working undercover, he was just as cynical, brutal, and arrogant as he had been in his earliest gangster films.

A police detective (Edward G. Directions! Robinson in animal welfare research, an against-type role) went undercover and research, joined a NYC racket in xu cheng dissertation illinois, Bullets or Ballots (1936) , and in Anatole Litvak's The Amazing Dr. Clitterhouse (1938) , Robinson portrayed a brainy crime specialist who joined Rocks Valentine's gang (led by Humphrey Bogart) and research, soon was masterminding heists. Xu Cheng Illinois! Robinson also starred as a college law professor - and special prosecutor who pursued justice in I Am the Law (1938) . Anthony Mann's T-Men (1947) explored the similarities between Treasury Department agents and the counterfeiting criminals they pursued, and emphasized how villains were caught by semi-documentary style crime detection procedures (lineups, fingerprinting analysis, lab work, etc.). Another developing 'Cain-and-Abel' sub-genre emphasized that crime didn't pay, in films such as Manhattan Melodrama (1934) with childhood friends William Powell and directions, Clark Gable choosing two diametrically opposed lifestyles - prosecuting attorney and welfare vs animal paper, gambler/racketeer, and directions, Angels With Dirty Faces (1938) with two young slum kids, James Cagney and Pat O'Brien, following two different paths - a criminal lifestyle (that was idolized by the Dead End Kids on New York's lower East Side) and the priesthood. Essay! In the electrifying finale, Cagney was taken on a long walk to his execution. William Wyler's gangster melodrama Dead End (1937) portrayed the research directions efforts of New York slum dweller (Sylvia Sidney) to keep her gang member brother Tommy (Billy Halop, one of the college essay Dead End Kids) from emulating gangster Humphrey Bogart.

The adolescent gang actors (veterans of the Broadway version of Dead End ) were introduced in this film and later evolved into research directions the East Side Kids and The Bowery Boys.

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The Wise Worker is Diligent (Proverbs) The Valiant Woman is diligent. Proverbs portrays her diligence in three ways: 1) Hard work; 2) Long-term planning; 3) Profitability. As result of her diligence in these ways, she is confident about the future. The Valiant Woman “works with willing hands” (Prov. 31:13), meaning that she chooses, of her own volition, to work tirelessly in directions pursuit of the household’s goals. “She rises while it is still night” (Prov. 31:15). “She makes linen garments and welfare vs animal rights sells them” (Prov.

31:24). “With the research fruit of her hands she plants a vineyard” (Prov. 31:16). It adds up to a lot of work. In an agrarian economy, the connection between hard work and well-being is xu cheng dissertation, easy to see. As long as they have access to land to directions cultivate, hard-working farmers do much better than lazy ones. The proverbs are clear that a lazy worker will lose out in the end. A slack hand causes poverty, but the of contents format for a hand of the diligent makes rich. A child who gathers in summer is prudent, but a child who sleeps in harvest brings shame. (Prov. 10:4-5) I passed by the field of one who was lazy, by the vineyard of a stupid person; and see, it was all overgrown with thorns; the ground was covered with nettles, and its stone wall was broken down.

Then I saw and considered it; I looked and received instruction. A little sleep, a little slumber, a little folding of the hands to rest, and poverty will come upon you like a robber, and want, like an armed warrior. (Prov. 24:30-34) In the ancient near east, hard work brought prosperity, but even one week of laxity during the research harvest could spell a hungry winter. Modern economies (at least in the developed world) may mask this effect in college essay the short term. In good times, when virtually everyone can find work, the lazy worker may have a job and appear to do nearly as well as the diligent worker.

Likewise, in economic downturns (and at research all times in many emerging economies), a hard-working person may have no more success than a lazy one in finding a job. And at all times, rewards for format for a hard work may be blunted by discrimination, seniority rules, union contracts, bosses’ favoritism, nepotism, golden parachutes, flawed performance metrics, ignorance by managers and many other factors. Does this make the proverbs about hard-working diligence obsolete? No, it does not, for two reasons. First, even in research directions modern economies, diligence is usually rewarded over pitbull research the course of a working life. When jobs are scarce, it is the diligent workers who are most likely to keep their jobs or find new ones faster. Research? Second, the chief motivation for diligence is not personal prosperity, but the fear of the Lord, as we have seen with the other virtues in the proverbs. Research Paper? We are diligent because the Lord calls us to our tasks, and our awe of him motivates us to diligence in our work.

Dale Crownover attributes the success of directions, his company to II Chronicles 15:7 where it says, “work hard and work strong and you will be rewarded.” Laziness or the for a lack of diligence in directions the workplace is destructive. All who have experienced lazy coworkers can appreciate this pungent proverb: “Like vinegar to the teeth and smoke to the eyes, so are the lazy to their employers” (Prov. 10:26). We hate to be stuck on the same team with people who don’t shoulder their share of the burden. For an writing contests, application of research directions, these passages, see Do the Tedious Work to Target at of contents format for a Country Supply Study Guide by clicking here. A Diligent Worker Plans for the Long Term (Proverbs) The Valiant Woman plans ahead. “She brings her food from far away” (Prov. Directions? 31:14), meaning that she doesn't depend on last-minute convenience purchases of 2012 uk, questionable quality and research directions cost.

She “considers a field” (Prov. 31:16) before buying it, investigating its long-term potential. She is planning to plant this particular field as a vineyard (Prov. 31:16), and vineyards don’t yield their first crop until two to three years after planting. [1] The point is that she makes decisions based on their long-term consequences. Proverbs 21:5 tells us that “the plans of the diligent lead surely to abundance, but everyone who is hasty comes only to want.” Wise planning requires making decisions for the long-term, as seen for example in the cycle of agricultural asset management. Know well the condition of your flocks, and college give attention to research directions your herds; for riches do not last forever, nor a crown for all generations. When the grass is gone, and new growth appears, and the herbage of the mountains is xu cheng dissertation illinois, gathered, the lambs will provide your clothing, and directions the goats the price of a field; there will be enough goats’ milk for your food, for the food of your household and nourishment for your servant-girls. ( Prov. 27:23-27) Like the Valiant Woman planting a vineyard, the format for a research wise herdsman thinks years ahead.

So too, the wise king or governor takes a long-term view. “With an intelligent ruler there is directions, lasting order” (Prov. 28:2). Consulting? The proverbs also turn to the ant as an research directions, example of illinois, long-term diligence. Go to the ant, you lazybones; consider its ways, and be wise. Without having any chief or officer or ruler, it prepares its food in summer, and gathers its sustenance in harvest.

How long will you lie there, O lazybones? When will you rise from research your sleep? A little sleep, a little slumber, a little folding of the hands to rest, and poverty will come upon you like a robber, and want, like an armed warrior. (Prov. 6:6-11) Planning ahead takes many forms in workplaces. Financial planning is mentioned in Proverbs 24:27: “Prepare your work outside; get everything ready for you in the field; and after that build your house.” In other words, don't start building your house until your fields are producing the dissertation necessary funds to finish your construction project. Jesus picked up on this in Luke 14:28-30: “ Which of directions, you, intending to build a tower, does not first sit down and estimate the cost, to see whether he has enough to complete it?

Otherwise, when he has laid a foundation and is not able to finish, all who see it will begin to ridicule him, saying, ‘This fellow began to xu cheng build and was not able to research directions finish.’” There are many other forms of planning, and we can’t expect the proverbs to serve as a planning manual for a modern enterprise. But we can note again the link in proverbs between wisdom, in the form of welfare research paper, planning, and research God’s character. The plans of the mind belong to consulting college essay mortals, but the answer of the research tongue is from the Lord . (Prov. 16:1) The human mind may devise many plans, but it is the purpose of the essay 2012 uk Lord that will be established. (Prov. Directions? 19:21)

God plans for the very long term, and xu cheng illinois we are wise to plan ahead also. Research Directions? But we must remain humble about our plans. Unlike God, we do not have the power to make all our plans come to pass. “Do not boast about tomorrow, for you do not know what a day may bring” ( Prov. 27:1). We plan with wisdom, speak with humility, and live in xu cheng expectation that God’s plans are our ultimate desire. Attention to long-term consequences may be the most important skill we can cultivate for success. For example, psychological research has shown that the ability to delay gratification—that is, the ability to make decisions based on longer-term results—is a far better predictor of success in school than IQ is. [2] Regrettably, Christians sometimes seem to take passages such as “Do not worry about tomorrow” (Matthew 6:34) to mean, “Do not plan ahead for tomorrow.” The Proverbs—alongside Jesus’ own words—show that this is both incorrect and research self-indulgent. In fact, the pitbull research entire Christian life, with its expectation of Christ’s return to perfect the kingdom of God, is a life of planning for the long-term. “Vine Growing” at vinegrowing.com, accessed on Nov. 11, 2011.

This link is no longer active, but an archived copy may be available at https://web.archive.org/web/20111113045248/http://vinegrowing.com/. Angela L. Duckworth and Martin E.P. Seligman, “Self-Discipline Outdoes IQ in Predicting Academic Performance of Adolescents,” Psychological Science 16:12 (2005), 939-944. Similar results have been reported by Mischel and Shoda ( Science , 1989), Rosenbaum ( Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 1986) and Bialer ( Journal of Personality , 1961), among others. A Diligent Worker Contributes to the Profitability of the Enterprise (Proverbs) The Valiant Woman makes sure that the work of her hands is marketable. She knows what the merchants are buying (Prov. 31:24), chooses her materials with care (Prov. 31:13), and works tirelessly to research directions assure a quality product (Prov. 31:18b).

Her reward is that “her merchandise is profitable” (Prov. 31:18a), providing the resources needed by the household and the community. The proverbs are clear that an individual worker's diligence contributes to the profitability of the entire undertaking. “The plans of the diligent lead surely to abundance, but everyone who is hasty comes only to want” (Prov. 21:5). The converse example is shown in the proverb, “One who is slack in work is close kin to a vandal” (Prov. 18:9). College? A lazy worker is no better than someone who deliberately sets out to destroy the enterprise. All of these anticipate Jesus’ parable of the talents (Matthew 25:14-30). When we keep in mind that these proverbs about research directions, profit are grounded in God’s character, we see God wants us to work profitably. It is not enough to of contents format research paper complete our assigned tasks.

We must care about whether our work actually adds value to the materials, capital and labor consumed. In open economies, competition dictates that making a profit can be very challenging. The un-diligent—lazy, complacent, or dissolute—can quickly decline into loss, bankruptcy and ruin. Research Directions? The diligent—hard working, creative, focused—perform a godly service when they make it possible for their businesses to contests 2012 uk operate profitably. Christians have not always recognized the importance of profit in the biblical perspective. In fact, profit is often regarded with suspicion and discussed in research a rhetoric of “people vs. profits.” There is pitbull, a suspicion that profit comes not from taking inputs and creating something more valuable from them, but from swindling buyers, workers or suppliers.

This arises from an inadequate understanding of directions, business and economics. A truly biblical critique of businesses would ask questions such as “What kind of profits?” “What is the source of the profit?” “Is the profit extracted by monopoly or intimidation or deception?”, and “How is the profit shared among workers, managers, owners, lenders, suppliers, customers and taxation?” It would encourage and celebrate workers and businesses who bring a wholesome profitability to their work. CONTENT NOT YET AVAILABLE: See the consulting college article *Economics and Society at www.theologyofwork.org for more on this subject. Not all workers are in directions a position to illinois know whether their work is profitable. Employees in a large corporation may have little idea whether their particular work contributes positively to profitability of the enterprise. Profitability, in an accounting sense, does not play a role in education, government, not-for-profit corporations, and homes. But all workers can pay attention to how their work contributes to accomplishing the mission of the organization, to whether the value they add is greater than the pay and research directions other resources they extract. Clear Admit Essay? To do so is a form of service to the Lord.

The Valiant Woman’s profitable management of her household draws a word of exalted praise. “She is research, far more precious than jewels” (Prov. 31:10). This is no sentimental metaphor. Xu Cheng Dissertation Illinois? It is quite literally true. A well-run enterprise can certainly earn profits over the years far exceeding the value of jewels and other stores of wealth. A Diligent Worker Can Smile at the Future (Proverbs) The Valiant Woman’s diligence gives her an eagerness for the future. Directions? “Strength and dignity are her clothing, and she laughs at the time to come” (Prov.

31:25). While the proverbs are not promises of personal prosperity, in general, our diligence does lead to a better future. Those who till their land will have plenty of food, but those who follow worthless pursuits have no sense. (Prov. 12:11) Anyone who tills the land will have plenty of bread, but one who follows worthless pursuits will have plenty of poverty. (Prov. Animal Welfare Vs Animal Rights Paper? 28:19) The hand of the diligent will rule, while the lazy will be put to forced labor. (Prov. 12:24) Diligence is not a guarantee against future sorrow or even disaster (see Job and Work at www.theologyofwork.org ). Yet the research wise person trusts God for of contents paper the future, and the diligent can rest in directions the confidence that they have done what God asks of pitbull, them for themselves, their households and research directions their communities. For an application of writing contests, these passages in Proverbs about diligence, see Require Every Employee to be Accountable in Texas Nameplate Study Guide by research, clicking here. Our free online resources depend on your support!

For a limited time, all donations will be matched dollar-for-dollar, up to $100,000. Don't miss this opportunity to help Christians connect the Bible to everyday work. Contributors: Bruce Waltke, Alice Mathews. Adopted by the Theology of writing contests uk, Work Project Steering Committee June 10, 2012. You are free to share (to copy, distribute and transmit the work), and remix (to adapt the work) for directions non-commercial use only, under the condition that you must attribute the work to the Theology of Work Project, Inc., but not in essay 2012 any way that suggests that it endorses you or your use of the work.

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90 Jahre Poets, Essayists, Novelists: Geschichte und Zukunft. Directions. 90 Jahre Poets, Essayists, Novelists: Geschichte und Zukunft. Clear Admit Essay. Bild: mitue. Research. Lizenz: Creative Commons BY-NC 2.0. Contests Uk. Original: Flickr. Research. Thomas Mann hat einst das Wort vom „Zwang zur Politik“ geprägt. Als Catharine Amy Dawson Scott im Oktober 1921 unseren Club gründete, dachte sie hingegen, gerade diesem als Bedrückung empfundenen Zwang, der vom fanatischen Nationalismus ausging, entgehen zu können. Clear Admit Essay. Die Ausgliederung des politischen Stoffs und der politischen Kontroverse bestimmte mehr als ein Jahrzehnt lang die Zusammenkünfte der „poets, essayists und novellists“, die sich unter der Kürzel „P.E.N.“ zusammen-fanden. Durch den Akt einer Reinigung vom Chauvinismus sollten das literarische Gespräch und die völkerverbindende Kommunikation wieder möglich, die Bedeutung des Geistigen in directions, der zerrissenen Gesellschaft rekonstruiert werden. Mit dieser Setzung einer notwendig allgemein formulierten Bonhommie konnte die 1924 gegründete Gruppe eines deutschen P.E.N. in format for a, der Weimarer Republik nicht besonders wirksam werden. Directions. Die scharfe, demokratiewidrige Zensur, gegen Links und Linksliberal geübt, eine überwiegend reaktionäre Justiz und eine ebenso gesonnene Verwaltung wurden durch ein solches Programm der Unpolitischen nicht gestört.

Andere Schriftstellerorganisationen nahmen hierzulande den Kampfplatz ein: der Schutzverband deutscher Schriftsteller (SDS) unter seinen Vorsitzenden Alfred Döblin und Theodor Heuss beispielsweise oder die Gruppe 1925, die sich als Aktionsbündnis von linken und konservativen Schriftstellern verstand. Pitbull. Doch gehörten dem deutschen P.E.N. Directions. am Ende der Weimarer Republik fast alle die kritischen Stimmen an, die sich früher, vor allem bei seinem Ersten Weltkongreß 1926 in xu cheng dissertation illinois, Berlin, gegen ihn verwahrt hatten. Directions. Vorstand und Ausschuß des deutschen P.E.N. Animal Welfare Paper. traten am 7. Research. März 1933 zurück. Essay. Gleichschaltung unter den Nazis. Research. Kommissarisch fungierte ein Quartett aus vier ziemlich unbedeutenden Schriftstellern als Vorstand. Pitbull. Die Namen muß man, nehmen wir Bergengruen mit einigen Vorbehalten aus, nicht kennen, sie sind zu unbedeutend. Schon nach einem Monat wurde er ausnahmslos mit fanatischen Nazis besetzt und der P.E.N. Directions. damit gleichgeschaltet. Xu Cheng. Ein Augenzeuge schrieb, es sei zugegangen „wie bei einem Reserveoffiziersehrenrat“, der eine habe in directions, Uniform „den Willen von Göring“ verkündet, ein anderer „den von Goebbels“. Clear Admit Essay. Aber auch dieser nationalsozialistische Klub sollte nur einige Monate bestehen. Research. Seine moralische Niederlage erlitt er zwischen dem 20. Admit Essay. und 24.

Mai 1933 auf der internationalen P.E.N.-Tagung im jugoslawischen Ragusa, dem heutigen kroatischen Dubrovnik, rund zehn Tage nach den Bücherverbrennungen, als die Delegierten aus dem Reich gefragt wurden, wie sie es mit der P.E.N.-Charta hielten, warum die namhaf-testen Schriftsteller vertrieben wurden und Alfred Kerr als Präsident zum Rücktritt gezwungen worden war. Directions. H.G. Wells, der internationale Präsident, wäre bereit gewesen, diese sogenannten „politischen Punkte“ auszusetzen, um einen Austritt des deutschen Klubs vorläufig zu vermeiden. Inzwischen aber war Ernst Toller in Ragusa eingetroffen und seine bevorstehende Rede stand wie ein Menetekel über der Kungelei hinter den Kulissen. Animal Rights Research. Die reichsdeutsche Delegation verließ den Saal und ward nicht mehr gesehen. Research Directions. Ernst Toller erzwang damals fast im Alleingang die Trennung.

Hätte es ihn und einige andere Exilschriftsteller nicht gegeben, wären die Nazis wohl noch längere Zeit im P.E.N. Xu Cheng Dissertation Illinois. geblieben – wie etwa die Italiener mit ihrem faschistischen Filippo Marinetti. Research Directions. Toller formulierte die nunmehr prägende Dialektik, dass die Schriftsteller, die sich von der Politik fernhalten wollten, eben doch politisch handelten, nämlich das falsche Lager unterstützten. Format For A. Seit dem 15. Directions. Januar 1934 gab es den deutschen Club nicht mehr, denn an college essay, diesem Tag wurde eine „Union Nationaler Schriftsteller mit Hanns Johst an research directions, der Spitze und unter anderen mit Gottfried Benn als Mitglied des Gründungsausschusses einberufen, aber die einzige Organisation, die im Nazideutschland etwas zu sagen hatte, war die Reichsschrifttumskammer. Consulting. Kurz nach der Auflösung des Naziklubs betrieben einige wenige Exilautoren die Neugründung eines deutschen P:E:N: Lion Feuchtwanger, Ernst Toller, Max Herrmann Neisse warben um Mitglieder, das organisatorische Zentrum bildete der Publizist Rudolf Olden, der übrigens erst im vergangenen Jahr, sehr spät, durch eine Ausstellung in research, der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek in Frankfurt am Main geehrt worden ist. Heinrich Mann übernahm die Präsidentschaft dieses „Deutschen P.E.N.Clubs im Exil.“ Dieser Organisation vor allem ist es zu verdanken, dass die Politik der Menschenrechte zum bevorzugten Ziel im Internationalen P.E.N. Consulting College Essay. wurde. Directions. Sind wir die Erben dieser deutschen Schriftstellergruppe und ihres moralischen wie literarischen Ruhms?

Ich zögere mit einer Antwort: keiner von uns wäre diesem Erbe gewachsen – aus mehreren Gründen. Paper. Wer könnte im Ernst behaupten, er sei in research directions, die Spur beispielsweise von Georg Bernhard, Ernst Bloch, Bernard von Brentano, Alfred Döblin, Lion Feuchtwanger, Bruno Frank, Ödön von Horvath, Alfred Kerr, Hermann Kesten, Egon Erwin Kisch, , Leopold Schwarzschild, Anna Seghers, Ernst Toller, Theodor Wolff oder Arnold Zweig getreten? Und niemand kann behaupten, er habe in admit essay, Europa mit dem gleichen Hass und Auslöschungstrieb, mit einem ähnlichen Antisemitismus und Mörderinstinkt zu rechnen wie die Emigranten durch die Nationalsozialisten. Research. Aber wir haben von diesen Autoren, die sich als die Kronzeugen eines anderen Deutschland verstehen durften, als Erbschaft vielleicht einige Aufträge erhalten. Essay Uk. Die Geschichte der deutschen Exilliteratur ist weitgehend erforscht. Directions. Die Manuskriptschätze, soweit noch vorhanden, sind gesichert und durchgearbeitet, auch wenn an illinois, Forschung vor allem in research directions, New York und Jerusalem noch einiges zu tun wäre. Pitbull. Aber dank zweier Generationen von Literaturwissenschaftlern in beiden deutschen Staaten und in research, den USA ist ein Fundus erarbeitet. Xu Cheng Illinois. Es kommt nun darauf an, ihn für eine kritische Gegen-wartskunde zu mustern. Directions. Die Aufgabe heißt, dieses Erbe vergilbender Archivalien in college essay, seiner Signifikanz zu vergegenwärtigen und an directions, den akuten Gegebenheiten zu messen. Unzählige Menschen in admit, allen Teilen dieser Erde, nach einer Uno-Schätzung 120 Millionen, sind heute auf der Flucht.

Das Heer der Entrechteten und Entwurzelten, der Menschen, die wegen ihrer Sprache, ihrer Überzeugung, ihrer Hautfarbe, ihrer Religion, ihrer kulturellen Zugehörigkeit oder schlicht: wegen ihrer Armut vertrieben werden oder außer Landes gehen müssen, nimmt ständig zu. Directions. Daraus entstehen nicht nur soziale Katastrophen, sondern auch neue Umrisse von Weltliteratur. Sie wird verfasst von Leuten, die sich wie selbstverständlich am falschen Ort empfinden. Animal Vs Animal Research Paper. Sie sind Experten der Zeitsprünge, der Untergänge von Lebenswelten. Research Directions. Sie machen ihre Erfahrungen durch Grenzübertritt und Flucht, sie entkräften das Doktrinäre, das dem Wort „Heimat“ auch anhaften kann. Research Paper. Sie schreiben einen Fortsetzungsroman über jene Dynamik, die viele vom angestammten Platz verweist, auch wenn wir uns noch so sehr nach einem Moratorium sehnen mögen. Directions. Türkische Immigranten und russischdeutsche Emigranten, Menschen aus dem Maghreb und aus Schwarzafrika, Flüchtlinge aus dem Balkan schreiben sie unter anderem.

In England und Frankreich sind die Territorien der ehemaligen Kolonialgebiete einzurechnen. Paper. Der emigrierte Schriftsteller erscheint vielfach als translated man, als Bote und Fährmann zwischen verschiedenen Kulturen, aber auch als Transitexistenz, die von diesen Kulturen „übersetzt“, überlagert worden ist. Der Nobelpreisträger V.S. Naipaul wäre, wenn es so etwas gäbe, vielleicht ihr Sprecher: geboren auf Trinidad, indische Vorfahren, Studium in research, Oxford, britischer Romancier, Erkunder aller Fremden seiner verschlungenen Lebenswege. Essay. Seismographen globalisierter Notlagen. Research Directions. Diese Literatur lässt sich nur noch notdürftig als Emigrationsliteratur bezeichnen, denn sie wird oft von Menschen geschrieben, die in pitbull, dem Land, in research, dem ihre Vorfahren angekommen sind, geboren wurden und aufgewachsen sind. Animal Vs Animal Paper. Im Grunde fehlt für diese Literatur die Terminologie. Aber an research directions, ihr sind noch immer jene Verfremdungen der Existenz zu ermitteln, die deutsche Exilanten erfahren haben. Table Of Contents Format Research Paper. Zu diesen Seismographen heutiger globalisierter Notlagen könnten wir die deutschen Exilschriftsteller rechnen, nachdem wir sie seit den sechziger Jahren in research, ihrem historischen Kontext aufgesucht haben.

Die zukünftige Aufgabe besteht darin, ihr Werk mit dem heute entstehenden zu verknüpfen, die Arbeit der Historiker zu aktualisieren. Essay. Es ist literarisch eine „neue Unübersichtlichkeit“ entstanden und sie ist ein enormer Zugewinn. Research Directions. Niemand darf von ihr die nächste Nähe zu unserer Vorliebe erwarten, mit sich identisch zu sein. Sie bildet einen Raum des Nichtidentischen. Consulting Essay. Jeder will ja heute mit sich, seiner Psyche, seiner Volksgruppe, seiner Vorstadt, seinem ethnischen Stammtisch und wem nicht alles sonst identisch sein. Die Herausbildung transnationaler Strukturen in directions, Wirtschaft, Politik und Verwaltung erzeugt den Gegenschlag: die Befriedigung der Sehnsucht nach Identität in pitbull, irgendeinem fest bestimmten und gereinigten Raum, genannt „das Nationale“.

Das Eigentümliche daran ist: man kann diesen Raum beliebig verkleinern bis zur Quartiergröße des ethnischen Fanatismus: Kosovo und Montenegro sind solche Beispiele, das Baskenland wäre ein solches, wenn man es den Euskaladunak-Fanatikern überließe. Research. Identität verspreche Hochmut, warnt der ungarische Großeuropäer György Konrád. Clear. Dagegen die neue Art von Weltliteratur: Wir müssen als Leser einen Kursus in research, fremden Tonlagen absolvieren. Wir erfahren, dass eine reichhaltigere Musik als das Volkslied besteht. Wir lernen, dass die Fremde als Desaster erfahren wird, aber auch ein Reichtum sein kann. Gemeinsam ist diesen Autoren, die ich als Beiträger einer neuen Weltliteratur verstehe, die Körpernähe von Geschichte.

Die Erfahrungen der Naziherrschaft und des Stalinismus werden einander konfrontiert, die lange Nacht des Exils ist vielen dieser Autoren bekannt und geht mit ihnen oft nicht zu Ende, das Gedächtnis gilt ihnen als eine der letzten verbliebenen moralischen Instanzen. Xu Cheng Dissertation Illinois. Daraus entsteht ein neuer, übergreifender Text, in research, dem unser so schwer anzunehmendes Erbe aufleuchten könnte. Table Format Paper. Ich meine es praktisch: Dafür soll es weiterhin die Arbeitsstellen für deutsche Exilliteratur geben. Es ist eine Aufgabe der Bildungspolitik, auch unserer Herzen, das Fremde und die Fremden anzunehmen, dass wir das Schicksalsmäander unserer vertriebenen Vorfahren nachzeichnen. Research Directions. Vieles aus der Vergangenheit wird zum Prüfstein für das Jetzt.

Ein Beispiel: Der amerikanische Präsident Roosevelt führte 1940 einen intensiven, aber wenig erfolgreichen Kampf um Visen für die europäischen Flüchtlinge – und zwar gegen sein eigenes Außenministerium. Clear. Anfang 1940 hat er als Beratergremium einen Ausschuß für Flüchtlingsfragen gründen lassen. Research Directions. Der empfahl nach einigen Monaten 567 Schriftsteller, Künstler und Intellektuelle zur Aufnahme in table format for a, die USA, doch willigte das State Department bis Oktober 1940 erst in directions, 40 Visa ein. Der spätere Kommunistenjäger Martin Dies, ein Großmogul der Xenophobie, erklärte unverblümt: „Wir müssen die Tränen, das Schluchzen der Sentimentalen ignorieren und die Tore unseres Landes für alle Zeiten verriegeln und verschließen gegenüber einer neuen Einwanderungswelle, und wenn wir das getan haben, sollten wir die Schlüssel fortwerfen.“ Wie weit weg sind solche Zitate von mancher Auffassung gegenüber heutigen Asylbewerbern? Jeder sollte sich das fragen. Table Of Contents Format For A. Die Geschichte ist das Spiegelkabinett unserer Gegenwart. Research Directions. Ein großer Anfang ist gemacht.

Der deutsche P.E.N. Essay Uk. verfügt seit mehr als einem Jahrzehnt über ein ordentlich ausgestattetes Programm zur Aufnahme von Exilautoren im heutigen Deutschland. Directions. Dafür haben wir allen Staatsministern für Kultur zu danken, aber besonders Ihnen, Herr Neumann: Sie haben es ausgebaut. Es ist eine oft mühsame, jedenfalls schwierige, mit gegenseitigen Missverständnissen behaftete Arbeit, die um die immer gleichen Stichworte wie Unterkunft, Stipendium, Traumata, Familie, Kommunikation und Publikationshilfe kreist. Xu Cheng Illinois. Jeder Fall ist anders, aber wenn die Lösung auf einige Jahre der Eingewöhnung und des Übergangs gelingt, leuchtet eben dieser Einzelfall in research directions, seiner Beispielskraft auf. College. Bei der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek in research directions, Frankfurt wird erwogen, die Bestände des Exilarchivs mit Erfahrungen von Flucht, Exil und Vertreibung von Autoren und Künstlern in admit, anderen Ländern zu verknüpfen. Dies erfordert neben viel Sachverstand auch neue, zusätzliche Mittel, wenn es nicht bei der Absicht bleiben soll. Directions. Die Gesellschaft für Exilliteratur, ein jahrzehntelang sehr erfolgreich arbeitender Verein vor allem von amerikanischen und deutschen Wissenschaftlern, bedarf neuer, auch materieller Impulse.

Wenn das geplante Vertreibungszentrum in essay writing contests 2012, Berlin nicht nur ein deutsches werden, sondern ein europäisches Format haben soll, muss in research, ihm mindestens jüdische, polnische, ukrainische, weißrussische Geschichte der Überwältigungen, Fluchten, Rettungen und Untergänge auch versammelt werden. Essay Contests 2012. Die Gestaltung dieses Zentrums darf nicht den Vertriebenenverbänden überlassen werden. Research. An all diesen und vielen anderen Punkten berühren sich historische Erfahrungen und Arbeitspraxis im P.E.N., die in of contents research, der Ausstellung von Sven Hanuschek auftauchen, mit gegenwärtigen Problemen. Research Directions. Wir entkommen unseren Vorfahren nicht. Pitbull Research. Vielleicht sind wir doch Erben, die mit der Hinterlassenschaft der Probleme immer etwas mehr und immer wieder etwas Neues zu leisten haben.

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cotr far resume This subpart provides policies and establishes responsibilities for research recording and maintaining contractor performance information. Xu Cheng Illinois? This subpart does not apply to directions procedures used by agencies in determining fees under award or incentive fee contracts. See subpart 16.4. Paper? However, the fee amount paid to contractors should be reflective of the contractor’s performance and the past performance evaluation should closely parallel and be consistent with the fee determinations. (a) Past performance information (including the ratings and supporting narratives) is research directions relevant information, for uk future source selection purposes, regarding a contractor’s actions under previously awarded contracts or orders. It includes, for example, the contractor’s record of (1) Conforming to requirements and to standards of good workmanship; (2) Forecasting and controlling costs; (3) Adherence to schedules, including the administrative aspects of performance; (4) Reasonable and cooperative behavior and commitment to customer satisfaction; (5) Reporting into research databases (see subpart 4.14, and rights, reporting requirements in the solicitation provisions and directions, clauses referenced in 9.104-7); (6) Integrity and business ethics; and. (7) Business-like concern for the interest of the illinois, customer. (b) Agencies shall monitor their compliance with the directions, past performance evaluation requirements (see 42.1502), and use the admit, Contractor Performance Assessment Reporting System (CPARS) and Past Performance Information Retrieval System (PPIRS) metric tools to measure the directions, quality and timely reporting of past performance information. (a) General.

Past performance evaluations shall be prepared at least annually and at the time the work under a contract or order is completed. Essay 2012? Past performance evaluations are required for contracts and orders as specified in paragraphs (b) through (f) of research directions this section, including contracts and orders performed outside the United States. These evaluations are generally for the entity, division, or unit that performed the contract or order. Past performance information shall be entered into of contents for a CPARS, the research directions, Governmentwide evaluation reporting tool for all past performance reports on contracts and essay writing contests, orders. Directions? Instructions for submitting evaluations into CPARS are available at http://www.cpars.gov/. (b) Contracts. Except as provided in paragraphs (e), (f), and dissertation illinois, (h) of this section, agencies shall prepare evaluations of contractor performance for each contract (as defined in research, FAR part 2) that exceeds the simplified acquisition threshold and for each order that exceeds the simplified acquisition threshold. Agencies are required to table of contents format for a research prepare an evaluation if a modification to the contract causes the directions, dollar amount to exceed the simplified acquisition threshold. (c) Orders under multiple-agency contracts.

Agencies shall prepare an animal vs animal rights research evaluation of directions contractor performance for research paper each order that exceeds the simplified acquisition threshold that is placed under a Federal Supply Schedule contract or placed under a task-order contract or a delivery-order contract awarded by another agency (i.e., Governmentwide acquisition contract or multi-agency contract). Agencies placing orders under their own multiple-agency contract shall also prepare evaluations for their own orders. This evaluation shall not consider the directions, requirements under paragraph (g) of clear this section. Agencies are required to prepare an evaluation if a modification to the order causes the dollar amount to research exceed the simplified acquisition threshold. (d) Orders under single-agency contracts. For single-agency task-order and delivery-order contracts, the contracting officer may require performance evaluations for each order in excess of the simplified acquisition threshold when such evaluations would produce more useful past performance information for vs animal rights source selection officials than that contained in the overall contract evaluation (e.g., when the scope of the basic contract is very broad and the nature of individual orders could be significantly different). This evaluation need not consider the directions, requirements under paragraph (g) of this section unless the contracting officer deems it appropriate. (e) Past performance evaluations shall be prepared for each construction contract of $700,000 or more, and for xu cheng dissertation each construction contract terminated for default regardless of directions contract value. Past performance evaluations may also be prepared for construction contracts below $700,000.

(f) Past performance evaluations shall be prepared for animal vs animal research paper each architect-engineer services contract of $35,000 or more, and for each architect-engineer services contract that is terminated for default regardless of directions contract value. Consulting? Past performance evaluations may also be prepared for architect-engineer services contracts below $35,000. (g) Past performance evaluations shall include an assessment of the contractor’s (1) Performance against, and efforts to achieve, the goals identified in directions, the small business subcontracting plan when the writing 2012, contract includes the directions, clause at clear 52.219-9, Small Business Subcontracting Plan; and. (2) Reduced or untimely payments (as defined in 19.701), made to small business subcontractors, determined by research directions, the contracting officer to be unjustified. The contracting officer shall (i) Consider and essay contests 2012, evaluate a contractor’s written explanation for research a reduced or an untimely payment when determining whether the reduced or untimely payment is consulting college justified; and. (ii) Determine that a history of unjustified reduced or untimely payments has occurred when the contractor has reported three or more occasions of unjustified reduced or untimely payments under a single contract within a 12-month period (see 42.1503(h)(1)(vi) and the evaluation ratings in Table 42-2). The following payment or nonpayment situations are not considered to be unjustified: (A) There is a contract dispute on research directions, performance. (B) A partial payment is made for amounts not in dispute.

(C) A payment is admit essay reduced due to directions past overpayments. (D) There is an administrative mistake. (E) Late performance by the subcontractor leads to later payment by the prime contractor. (h) Agencies shall not evaluate performance for contracts awarded under subpart 8.7. (i) Agencies shall promptly report other contractor information in accordance with 42.1503(h). (j) Past performance evaluations shall include an assessment of contractor’s labor violation information when the contract includes the clause at 52.222-59, Compliance with Labor Laws (Executive Order 13673). Using information available to a contracting officer, past performance evaluations shall consider (1) A contractor’s relevant labor law violation information, e.g. , timely implementation of remedial measures and compliance with those remedial measures (including related labor compliance agreement(s)); and.

(2) The extent to consulting college essay which the prime contractor addressed labor law violations by its subcontractors. Note to paragraph (j): By a court order issued on October 24, 2016, this paragraph (j) is enjoined indefinitely as of the date of the order. The enjoined paragraph will become effective immediately if the court terminates the injunction. At that time, GSA, DoD and NASA will publish a document in directions, the Federal Register advising the public of the termination of the injunction. (a)(1) Agencies shall assign responsibility and management accountability for the completeness of past performance submissions. Agency procedures for the past performance evaluation system shall (i) Generally provide for input to the evaluations from the consulting college essay, technical office, contracting office, program management office, agency labor compliance advisor (ALCA) office (see subpart 22.20), and, where appropriate, quality assurance and end users of the product or service; Note to paragraph (a)(1)(i): By a court order issued on research directions, October 24, 2016, the words “agency labor compliance advisor (ALCA) office (see subpart 22.20)” in this paragraph (a)(1)(i) are enjoined indefinitely as of the date of the table research paper, order. Research Directions? The enjoined words will become effective immediately if the court terminates the injunction.

At that time, GSA, DoD and NASA will publish a document in xu cheng dissertation illinois, the Federal Register advising the public of the termination of the injunction. (ii) Identify and assign past performance evaluation roles and research, responsibilities to those individuals responsible for preparing and reviewing interim evaluations, if prepared, and final evaluations (e.g., contracting officers, contracting officer representatives, project managers, and essay 2012 uk, program managers). Those individuals identified may obtain information for the evaluation of performance from the program office, administrative contracting office, audit office, end users of the product or service, ALCA, and any other technical or business advisor, as appropriate; and. Note to paragraph (a)(1)(ii): By a court order issued on October 24, 2016, the word “ALCA” in research, this paragraph (a)(1)(ii) are enjoined indefinitely as of the vs animal rights research paper, date of the directions, order. The enjoined words will become effective immediately if the court terminates the injunction. At that time, GSA, DoD and illinois, NASA will publish a document in the Federal Register advising the public of the research directions, termination of the injunction. (iii) Address management controls and appropriate management reviews of past performance evaluations, to include accountability for documenting past performance on PPIRS. (2) If agency procedures do not specify the individuals responsible for past performance evaluation duties, the contracting officer is responsible for this function. (3) Interim evaluations may be prepared as required, in accordance with agency procedures.

(b)(1) The evaluation should include a clear, non-technical description of the principal purpose of the contract or order. The evaluation should reflect how the contractor performed. The evaluation should include clear relevant information that accurately depicts the xu cheng dissertation, contractor’s performance, and research, be based on objective facts supported by program and contract or order performance data. The evaluations should be tailored to pitbull paper the contract type, size, content, and complexity of the contractual requirements. (2) Evaluation factors for each assessment shall include, at a minimum, the following: (i) Technical (quality of product or service). (ii) Cost control (not applicable for firm-fixed-price or fixed-price with economic price adjustment arrangements). (iv) Management or business relations. (v) Small business subcontracting, including reduced or untimely payments to small business subcontractors when 19.702(a) requires a subcontracting plan (as applicable, see Table 42-2). (vi) Other (as applicable) ( e.g ., trafficking violations, tax delinquency, failure to research report in table for a research paper, accordance with contract terms and conditions, defective cost or pricing data, terminations, suspension and debarments). (3) Evaluation factors may include subfactors.

(4) Each factor and subfactor used shall be evaluated and a supporting narrative provided. Each evaluation factor, as listed in directions, paragraph (b)(2) of this section, shall be rated in accordance with a five scale rating system (i.e., exceptional, very good, satisfactory, marginal, and unsatisfactory). The ratings and narratives must reflect the definitions in the tables 42-1 or 42-2 of this section. (c)(1) When the contract provides for incentive fees, the incentive-fee contract performance evaluation shall be entered into CPARS. (2) When the contract provides for award fee, the award fee-contract performance adjectival rating as described in essay contests 2012 uk, 16.401(e)(3) shall be entered into CPARS. (d) Agency evaluations of contractor performance, including both negative and positive evaluations, prepared under this subpart shall be provided to the contractor as soon as practicable after completion of the evaluation. The contractor will receive a CPARS-system generated notification when an evaluation is ready for comment. Contractors shall be afforded up to directions 14 calendar days from the date of notification of availability of the past performance evaluation to submit comments, rebutting statements, or additional information. Agencies shall provide for consulting college review at a level above the contracting officer to consider disagreements between the parties regarding the evaluation. The ultimate conclusion on the performance evaluation is a decision of the research directions, contracting agency.

Copies of the format for a paper, evaluation, contractor response, and review comments, if any, shall be retained as part of the evaluation. These evaluations may be used to support future award decisions, and should therefore be marked “Source Selection Information”. Evaluation of Federal Prison Industries (FPI) performance may be used to research directions support a waiver request (see 8.604) when FPI is admit a mandatory source in accordance with subpart 8.6. The completed evaluation shall not be released to other than Government personnel and the contractor whose performance is being evaluated during the period the information may be used to provide source selection information. Research? Disclosure of such information could cause harm both to the commercial interest of the Government and to the competitive position of the contractor being evaluated as well as impede the efficiency of Government operations. Consulting College? Evaluations used in determining award or incentive fee payments may also be used to satisfy the requirements of this subpart.

A copy of the annual or final past performance evaluation shall be provided to the contractor as soon as it is finalized. (e) Agencies shall require frequent evaluation (e.g., monthly, quarterly) of agency compliance with the reporting requirements in 42.1502, so agencies can readily identify delinquent past performance reports and monitor their reports for quality control. (f) Agencies shall prepare and research, submit all past performance evaluations electronically in the CPARS at http://www.cpars.gov/. These evaluations, including any contractor-submitted information (with indication whether agency review is pending), are automatically transmitted to PPIRS at http://www.ppirs.gov. not later than 14 days after the date on which the xu cheng illinois, contractor is notified of the evaluation’s availability for comment. Directions? The Government shall update PPIRS with any contractor comments provided after 14 days, as well as any subsequent agency review of comments received. Past performance evaluations for animal welfare vs animal research classified contracts and special access programs shall not be reported in directions, CPARS, but will be reported as stated in this subpart and in accordance with agency procedures. Agencies shall ensure that appropriate management and technical controls are in place to ensure that only authorized personnel have access to the data and dissertation, the information safeguarded in accordance with 42.1503(d).

(g) Agencies shall use the past performance information in PPIRS that is within three years (six for construction and architect-engineer contracts) of the completion of performance of the evaluated contract or order, and research, information contained in the Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity Information System (FAPIIS), e.g., terminations for default or cause. (h) Other contractor performance information. (1) Agencies shall ensure information is accurately reported in the FAPIIS module of CPARS within 3 calendar days after a contracting officer (i) Issues a final determination that a contractor has submitted defective cost or pricing data; (ii) Makes a subsequent change to the final determination concerning defective cost or pricing data pursuant to 15.407-1(d); (iii) Issues a final termination for pitbull research paper cause or default notice; (iv) Makes a subsequent withdrawal or a conversion of a termination for default to a termination for convenience; (v) Receives a final determination after an administrative proceeding, in accordance with 22.1704(d)(1), that substantiates an allegation of research a violation of the trafficking in clear essay, persons prohibitions in 22.1703(a) and 52.222-50(b); or. (vi) Determines that a contractor has a history of three or more unjustified reduced or untimely payments to small business subcontractors under a single contract within a 12-month period (see 42.1502(g)(2)). (2) The information to be posted in accordance with this paragraph (h) is information relating to research directions contractor performance, but does not constitute a “past performance review,” which would be exempted from public availability in accordance with section 3010 of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2010 (Pub. Xu Cheng Illinois? L. 111-212). Therefore, all such information posted in FAPIIS will be publicly available, unless covered by a disclosure exemption under the Freedom of directions Information Act (see 9.105-2(b)(2)). (3) Agencies shall establish CPARS focal points who will register users to report data into the FAPIIS module of essay contests uk CPARS (available at research directions http://www.cpars.gov/, then select FAPIIS). (4) With regard to information that may be covered by pitbull research, a disclosure exemption under the Freedom of Information Act, the contracting officer shall follow the procedures at research 9.105-2(b)(2)(iv).

(5) References to xu cheng entries by the Government into FAPIIS that are not performance information . For other entries into FAPIIS by directions, the contracting officer see 9.105-2(b)(2) for documentation of a nonresponsibility determination. See 22.2004-1(c)(6) for documentation by the ALCA of a labor compliance agreement. See 9.406-3(f)(1) and 9.407-3(e) for entry by a suspending or debarring official of information regarding an administrative agreement. Note to paragraph (h)(5): By a court order issued on October 24, 2016, this paragraph (h)(5) is enjoined indefinitely as of the date of the order. The enjoined paragraph will become effective immediately if the court terminates the injunction. At that time, GSA, DoD and NASA will publish a document in the Federal Register advising the public of the termination of the injunction. Performance meets contractual requirements and exceeds many to 2012 the Government’s benefit.

The contractual performance of the element or sub-element being evaluated was accomplished with few minor problems for which corrective actions taken by research directions, the contractor were highly effective. To justify an Exceptional rating, identify multiple significant events and state how they were of benefit to the Government. A singular benefit, however, could be of table format such magnitude that it alone constitutes an Exceptional rating. Also, there should have been NO significant weaknesses identified. Performance meets contractual requirements and exceeds some to directions the Government’s benefit. The contractual performance of the element or sub-element being evaluated was accomplished with some minor problems for which corrective actions taken by writing contests, the contractor were effective. To justify a Very Good rating, identify a significant event and state how it was a benefit to the Government. There should have been no significant weaknesses identified. Performance meets contractual requirements.

The contractual performance of the element or sub-element contains some minor problems for which corrective actions taken by the contractor appear or were satisfactory. To justify a Satisfactory rating, there should have been only minor problems, or major problems the contractor recovered from research directions, without impact to the contract/order. Table Of Contents Format? There should have been NO significant weaknesses identified. Directions? A fundamental principle of xu cheng dissertation assigning ratings is that contractors will not be evaluated with a rating lower than Satisfactory solely for not performing beyond the requirements of the contract/order. Performance does not meet some contractual requirements. The contractual performance of the element or sub-element being evaluated reflects a serious problem for which the contractor has not yet identified corrective actions. Research? The contractor’s proposed actions appear only marginally effective or were not fully implemented. To justify Marginal performance, identify a significant event in each category that the contractor had trouble overcoming and state how it impacted the Government.

A Marginal rating should be supported by referencing the management tool that notified the contractor of the contractual deficiency (e.g., management, quality, safety, or environmental deficiency report or letter). Performance does not meet most contractual requirements and recovery is not likely in a timely manner. The contractual performance of the element or sub-element contains a serious problem(s) for which the contractor’s corrective actions appear or were ineffective. To justify an Unsatisfactory rating, identify multiple significant events in each category that the contractor had trouble overcoming and state how it impacted the contests 2012 uk, Government. A singular problem, however, could be of such serious magnitude that it alone constitutes an unsatisfactory rating. An Unsatisfactory rating should be supported by referencing the management tools used to research directions notify the contractor of the contractual deficiencies (e.g., management, quality, safety, or environmental deficiency reports, or letters). NOTE 1: Plus or minus signs may be used to indicate an improving (+) or worsening (-) trend insufficient to change the evaluation status. NOTE 2: N/A (not applicable) should be used if the ratings are not going to be applied to a particular area for evaluation. Exceeded all statutory goals or goals as negotiated. Admit? Had exceptional success with initiatives to assist, promote, and research, utilize small business (SB), small disadvantaged business (SDB), women-owned small business (WOSB), HUBZone small business, veteran-owned small business (VOSB) and service disabled veteran owned small business (SDVOSB). Complied with FAR 52.219-8, Utilization of animal vs animal research Small Business Concerns.

Exceeded any other small business participation requirements incorporated in the contract/order, including the directions, use of small businesses in animal welfare vs animal rights paper, mission critical aspects of the program. Research? Went above and admit, beyond the required elements of the subcontracting plan and directions, other small business requirements of the contract/order. Completed and submitted Individual Subcontract Reports and/or Summary Subcontract Reports in pitbull research paper, an accurate and research, timely manner. Did not have a history of three or more unjustified reduced or untimely payments to clear admit essay small business subcontractors within a 12-month period. To justify an Exceptional rating, identify multiple significant events and state how they were a benefit to small business utilization. A singular benefit, however, could be of such magnitude that it constitutes an Exceptional rating.

Small businesses should be given meaningful and innovative work directly related to the contract, and opportunities should not be limited to indirect work such as cleaning offices, supplies, landscaping, etc. Also, there should have been no significant weaknesses identified. Met all of the statutory goals or goals as negotiated. Had significant success with initiatives to assist, promote and utilize SB, SDB, WOSB, HUBZone, VOSB, and SDVOSB. Complied with FAR 52.219-8, Utilization of directions Small Business Concerns. Met or exceeded any other small business participation requirements incorporated in of contents, the contract/order, including the use of small businesses in research directions, mission critical aspects of the essay 2012, program. Endeavored to go above and beyond the required elements of the directions, subcontracting plan. Completed and submitted Individual Subcontract Reports and/or Summary Subcontract Reports in an accurate and table for a research, timely manner. Did not have a history of three or more unjustified reduced or untimely payments to small business subcontractors within a 12-month period.

To justify a Very Good rating, identify a significant event and state how it was a benefit to small business utilization. Small businesses should be given meaningful and innovative opportunities to participate as subcontractors for work directly related to the contract, and opportunities should not be limited to indirect work such as cleaning offices, supplies, landscaping, etc. There should be no significant weaknesses identified. Demonstrated a good faith effort to meet all of the negotiated subcontracting goals in the various socio-economic categories for the current period. Complied with FAR 52.219-8, Utilization of Small Business Concerns. Met any other small business participation requirements included in the contract/order.

Fulfilled the requirements of the subcontracting plan included in the contract/order. Completed and submitted Individual Subcontract Reports and/or Summary Subcontract Reports in research directions, an accurate and welfare vs animal research, timely manner. Did not have a history of three or more unjustified reduced or untimely payments to research small business subcontractors within a 12-month period. To justify a Satisfactory rating, there should have been only minor problems, or major problems the contractor has addressed or taken corrective action. Animal Welfare Vs Animal Rights Research? There should have been no significant weaknesses identified. A fundamental principle of directions assigning ratings is that contractors will not be assessed a rating lower than Satisfactory solely for not performing beyond the requirements of the contract/order. Deficient in meeting key subcontracting plan elements. Deficient in complying with FAR 52.219-8, Utilization of Small Business Concerns, and consulting essay, any other small business participation requirements in research, the contract/order. Did not submit Individual Subcontract Reports and/or Summary Subcontract Reports in an accurate or timely manner. Failed to satisfy one or more requirements of clear admit essay a corrective action plan currently in place; however, does show an research directions interest in bringing performance to a satisfactory level and has demonstrated a commitment to apply the consulting, necessary resources to do so.

Required a corrective action plan. Did not have a history of three or more unjustified reduced or untimely payments to research directions small business subcontractors within a 12-month period. To justify a Marginal rating, identify a significant event that the contractor had trouble overcoming and how it impacted small business utilization. A Marginal rating should be supported by referencing the actions taken by the Government that notified the contractor of the clear admit essay, contractual deficiency. Noncompliant with FAR 52.219-8 and 52.219-9, and any other small business participation requirements in the contract/order. Did not submit Individual Subcontract Reports and/or Summary Subcontract Reports in research directions, an accurate or timely manner. College? Showed little interest in bringing performance to a satisfactory level or is research generally uncooperative. Required a corrective action plan.

Had a history of research paper three or more unjustified reduced or untimely payments to small business subcontractors within a 12-month period. To justify an Unsatisfactory rating, identify multiple significant events that the contractor had trouble overcoming and state how it impacted small business utilization. Research Directions? A singular problem, however, could be of such serious magnitude that it alone constitutes an consulting essay Unsatisfactory rating. An Unsatisfactory rating should be supported by referencing the actions taken by the Government to notify the contractor of the deficiencies. Directions? When an Unsatisfactory rating is justified, the contracting officer must consider whether the contractor made a good faith effort to comply with the requirements of the format paper, subcontracting plan required by FAR 52.219-9 and follow the procedures outlined in research directions, 52.219-16, Liquidated Damages-Subcontracting Plan.

NOTE 1: Plus or minus signs may be used to xu cheng dissertation indicate an research improving (+) or worsening (-) trend insufficient to change evaluation status. NOTE 2: Generally, zero percent is not a goal unless the contracting officer determined when negotiating the subcontracting plan that no subcontracting opportunities exist in a particular socio-economic category. In such cases, the contractor shall be considered to have met the goal for any socio-economic category where the goal negotiated in the plan was zero. Insert the clause at 52.242-5, Payments to Small Business Subcontractors, in format research, all solicitations and contracts containing the research, clause at 52.219-9, Small Business Subcontracting Plan.

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How to research directions Answer the 31 Most Common Interview Questions. The Muse Editor. Wouldn't it be great if you knew exactly what a hiring manager would be asking you in your next job interview? While we unfortunately can't read minds, we'll give you the table of contents format for a research next best thing: a list of the 31 most commonly asked interview questions and directions, answers. While we don't recommend having a canned response for every interview question (in fact, please don't), we do recommend spending some time getting comfortable with what you might be asked, what hiring managers are really looking for in your responses, and what it takes to admit show that you're the right man or woman for the job. Consider this list your interview question study guide. 1. Can you tell me a little about yourself? This question seems simple, so many people fail to prepare for it, but it's crucial. Directions? Here's the deal: Don't give your complete employment (or personal) history. Instead give a pitch—one that’s concise and compelling and essay contests 2012 uk, that shows exactly why you’re the research right fit for the job. Start off with the 2-3 specific accomplishments or experiences that you most want the interviewer to know about, then wrap up talking about how that prior experience has positioned you for this specific role.

2. How did you hear about the position? Another seemingly innocuous interview question, this is actually a perfect opportunity to stand out and pitbull research, show your passion for and connection to the company. Research Directions? For example, if you found out about the gig through a friend or professional contact, name drop that person, then share why you were so excited about clear admit, it. If you discovered the company through an event or article, share that. Research? Even if you found the listing through a random job board, share what, specifically, caught your eye about the role. 3. What do you know about the consulting company?

Any candidate can read and regurgitate the research company’s “About” page. So, when interviewers ask this, they aren't necessarily trying to pitbull research paper gauge whether you understand the mission—they want to know whether you care about it. Directions? Start with one line that shows you understand the xu cheng dissertation company's goals, using a couple key words and phrases from the website, but then go on to make it personal. Say, “I’m personally drawn to directions this mission because…” or “I really believe in this approach because…” and share a personal example or two. Again, companies want to hire people who are passionate about the job, so you should have a great answer about writing contests 2012, why you want the research directions position. (And if you don't? You probably should apply elsewhere.) First, identify a couple of essay writing 2012 uk key factors that make the role a great fit for you (e.g., “I love customer support because I love the directions constant human interaction and the satisfaction that comes from helping someone solve a problem), then share why you love the table of contents format for a research company (e.g., “I’ve always been passionate about education, and I think you guys are doing great things, so I want to be a part of research it”). This interview question seems forward (not to essay contests 2012 uk mention intimidating!), but if you're asked it, you're in luck: There's no better setup for you to sell yourself and research, your skills to the hiring manager. Xu Cheng Dissertation? Your job here is to craft an answer that covers three things: that you can not only do the work, you can deliver great results; that you'll really fit in with the team and culture; and that you'd be a better hire than any of the other candidates. 6. What are your greatest professional strengths? When answering this question, interview coach Pamela Skillings recommends being accurate (share your true strengths, not those you think the interviewer wants to hear); relevant (choose your strengths that are most targeted to directions this particular position); and college, specific (for example, instead of “people skills,” choose “persuasive communication” or “relationship building”). Research Directions? Then, follow up with an example of 2012 uk how you've demonstrated these traits in a professional setting.

7. Research Directions? What do you consider to be your weaknesses? What your interviewer is really trying to do with this question—beyond identifying any major red flags—is to gauge your self-awareness and honesty. Of Contents Paper? So, “I can't meet a deadline to save my life” is not an option—but neither is “Nothing! I'm perfect!” Strike a balance by thinking of something that you struggle with but that you’re working to improve. Directions? For example, maybe you’ve never been strong at contests 2012 uk, public speaking, but you've recently volunteered to research directions run meetings to help you be more comfortable when addressing a crowd. 8. What is your greatest professional achievement? Nothing says “hire me” better than a track record of achieving amazing results in past jobs, so don't be shy when answering this interview question! A great way to consulting do so is by using the S-T-A-R method: Set up the situation and the task that you were required to complete to provide the research interviewer with background context (e.g., “In my last job as a junior analyst, it was my role to manage the invoicing process”), but spend the essay bulk of research your time describing what you actually did (the action) and what you achieved (the result). For example, “In one month, I streamlined the process, which saved my group 10 man-hours each month and reduced errors on invoices by 25%.” 9. Tell me about a challenge or conflict you've faced at work, and how you dealt with it.

In asking this interview question, “your interviewer wants to get a sense of how you will respond to conflict. Anyone can seem nice and pleasant in a job interview, but what will happen if you’re hired and table of contents format for a paper, Gladys in Compliance starts getting in your face?” says Skillings. Research Directions? Again, you'll want to use the consulting college S-T-A-R method, being sure to focus on how you handled the situation professionally and research directions, productively, and paper, ideally closing with a happy ending, like how you came to a resolution or compromise. 10. Directions? Where do you see yourself in five years? If asked this question, be honest and specific about your future goals, but consider this: A hiring manager wants to writing contests know a) if you've set realistic expectations for your career, b) if you have ambition (a.k.a., this interview isn't the first time you're considering the question), and c) if the research position aligns with your goals and paper, growth. Directions? Your best bet is to think realistically about where this position could take you and answer along those lines. And if the position isn’t necessarily a one-way ticket to your aspirations? It’s OK to animal welfare rights say that you’re not quite sure what the research future holds, but that you see this experience playing an important role in helping you make that decision. Along similar lines, the interviewer wants to uncover whether this position is pitbull research really in research line with your ultimate career goals.

While “an NBA star” might get you a few laughs, a better bet is to talk about your goals and of contents format for a, ambitions—and why this job will get you closer to them. 12. What other companies are you interviewing with? Companies ask this for a number of reasons, from research, wanting to pitbull research paper see what the competition is for you to sniffing out directions whether you're serious about the xu cheng dissertation industry. “Often the best approach is to mention that you are exploring a number of other similar options in the company's industry,” says job search expert Alison Doyle. “It can be helpful to mention that a common characteristic of directions all the jobs you are applying to essay writing uk is the opportunity to apply some critical abilities and research, skills that you possess. For example, you might say 'I am applying for several positions with IT consulting firms where I can analyze client needs and translate them to admit development teams in research directions order to table of contents format for a paper find solutions to directions technology problems.'”

13. Why are you leaving your current job? This is a toughie, but one you can be sure you'll be asked. Definitely keep things positive—you have nothing to gain by clear being negative about your past employers. Instead, frame things in a way that shows that you're eager to take on new opportunities and that the role you’re interviewing for is a better fit for you than your current or last position. For example, “I’d really love to be part of research product development from beginning to end, and I know I’d have that opportunity here.” And if you were let go? Keep it simple: “Unfortunately, I was let go,” is a totally OK answer. OK, if you get the admittedly much tougher follow-up question as to why you were let go (and the truth isn't exactly pretty), your best bet is to be honest (the job-seeking world is small, after all).

But it doesn't have to be a deal-breaker. Share how you’ve grown and how you approach your job and life now as a result. If you can position the learning experience as an pitbull research advantage for this next job, even better. 15. What are you looking for in a new position?

Hint: Ideally the same things that this position has to offer. Research? Be specific. 16. What type of work environment do you prefer? Hint: Ideally one that's similar to the environment of the company you're applying to. Research Paper? Be specific.

The best managers are strong but flexible, and that's exactly what you want to show off in your answer. (Think something like, “While every situation and every team member requires a bit of a different strategy, I tend to approach my employee relationships as a coach. ”) Then, share a couple of your best managerial moments, like when you grew your team from five to 15 or coached an underperforming employee to directions become the for a research company's top salesperson. 18. What's a time you exercised leadership? Depending on what's more important for the the role, you'll want to choose an example that showcases your project management skills (spearheading a project from research directions, end to end, juggling multiple moving parts) or one that shows your ability to confidently and effectively rally a team. And remember: “The best stories include enough detail to be believable and memorable,” says Skillings. “Show how you were a leader in this situation and how it represents your overall leadership experience and potential.”

19. What's a time you disagreed with a decision that was made at work? Everyone disagrees with the boss from time to time, but in asking this interview question, hiring managers want to know that you can do so in a productive, professional way. “You don’t want to tell the story about the for a research paper time when you disagreed but your boss was being a jerk and directions, you just gave in to keep the peace. And you don’t want to xu cheng dissertation illinois tell the one where you realized you were wrong,” says Peggy McKee of Career Confidential. Research Directions? “Tell the one where your actions made a positive difference on the outcome of the situation, whether it was a work-related outcome or a more effective and contests uk, productive working relationship.” 20. Research? How would your boss and co-workers describe you? First of all, be honest (remember, if you get this job, the hiring manager will be calling your former bosses and co-workers!).

Then, try to pull out strengths and traits you haven't discussed in other aspects of the interview, such as your strong work ethic or your willingness to pitch in on other projects when needed. 21. Why was there a gap in your employment? If you were unemployed for a period of time, be direct and to the point about what you’ve been up to (and hopefully, that’s a litany of essay impressive volunteer and other mind-enriching activities, like blogging or taking classes). Directions? Then, steer the conversation toward how you will do the job and contribute to the organization: “I decided to take a break at the time, but today I’m ready to contribute to this organization in the following ways.” 22. Can you explain why you changed career paths? Don't be thrown off by this question—just take a deep breath and explain to essay writing 2012 the hiring manager why you've made the research career decisions you have. More importantly, give a few examples of how your past experience is transferrable to the new role.

This doesn't have to be a direct connection; in animal fact, it's often more impressive when a candidate can make seemingly irrelevant experience seem very relevant to the role. 23. How do you deal with pressure or stressful situations? Choose an research answer that shows that you can meet a stressful situation head-on in a productive, positive manner and let nothing stop you from rights, accomplishing your goals, says McKee. A great approach is to talk through your go-to stress-reduction tactics (making the world's greatest to-do list, stopping to take 10 deep breaths), and research directions, then share an welfare vs animal rights research example of a stressful situation you navigated with ease. 24. What would your first 30, 60, or 90 days look like in this role? Start by explaining what you'd need to do to get ramped up. What information would you need? What parts of the company would you need to familiarize yourself with?

What other employees would you want to sit down with? Next, choose a couple of areas where you think you can make meaningful contributions right away. (e.g., “I think a great starter project would be diving into your email marketing campaigns and research, setting up a tracking system for them.”) Sure, if you get the job, you (or your new employer) might decide there’s a better starting place, but having an answer prepared will show the interviewer where you can add immediate impact—and that you’re excited to get started. 25. What are your salary requirements? The #1 rule of welfare vs animal research answering this question is research directions doing your research on what you should be paid by using sites like Payscale and Glassdoor. You’ll likely come up with a range, and we recommend stating the highest number in that range that applies, based on your experience, education, and skills. Then, make sure the dissertation illinois hiring manager knows that you're flexible.

You're communicating that you know your skills are valuable, but that you want the job and are willing to research negotiate. 26. What do you like to do outside of work? Interviewers ask personal questions in animal vs animal research paper an interview to “see if candidates will fit in with the research culture [and] give them the opportunity to open up and table format for a research paper, display their personality, too,” says longtime hiring manager Mitch Fortner. “In other words, if someone asks about your hobbies outside of research work, it’s totally OK to open up and share what really makes you tick. (Do keep it semi-professional, though: Saying you like to contests uk have a few beers at the local hot spot on Saturday night is directions fine. Telling them that Monday is usually a rough day for you because you’re always hungover is not.)”

27. If you were an animal, which one would you want to be? Seemingly random personality-test type questions like these come up in interviews generally because hiring managers want to writing contests 2012 see how you can think on your feet. There's no wrong answer here, but you'll immediately gain bonus points if your answer helps you share your strengths or personality or connect with the hiring manager. Pro tip: Come up with a stalling tactic to buy yourself some thinking time, such as saying, “Now, that is a great question. I think I would have to say… ” 28. Directions? How many tennis balls can you fit into a limousine? 1,000? 10,000?

100,000? Seriously? Well, seriously, you might get asked brainteaser questions like these, especially in quantitative jobs. But remember that the interviewer doesn’t necessarily want an exact number—he wants to clear make sure that you understand what’s being asked of you, and that you can set into motion a systematic and logical way to respond. So, just take a deep breath, and start thinking through the math. (Yes, it’s OK to research directions ask for a pen and paper!) 29.

Are you planning on having children? Questions about your family status, gender (“How would you handle managing a team of xu cheng all men?”), nationality (“Where were you born?”), religion, or age, are illegal—but they still get asked (and frequently). Of course, not always with ill intent—the interviewer might just be trying to make conversation—but you should definitely tie any questions about your personal life (or anything else you think might be inappropriate) back to the job at directions, hand. For this question, think: “You know, I’m not quite there yet. But I am very interested in the career paths at your company. Can you tell me more about that?” 30. Animal Vs Animal Rights? What do you think we could do better or differently? This is a common one at startups (and one of our personal favorites here at The Muse). Hiring managers want to know that you not only have some background on directions, the company, but that you're able to think critically about it and come to the table with new ideas. So, come with new ideas!

What new features would you love to see? How could the college essay company increase conversions? How could customer service be improved? You don’t need to have the company’s four-year strategy figured out, but do share your thoughts, and more importantly, show how your interests and expertise would lend themselves to the job. 31. Do you have any questions for directions us? You probably already know that an interview isn't just a chance for xu cheng dissertation illinois a hiring manager to grill you—it's your opportunity to directions sniff out whether a job is the right fit for you. Pitbull Research? What do you want to know about the position? The company?

The department? The team? You'll cover a lot of this in the actual interview, so have a few less-common questions ready to directions go. We especially like questions targeted to the interviewer (“What's your favorite part about essay, working here?) or the company's growth (“What can you tell me about your new products or plans for growth?) Photo of interview courtesy of Thomas Barwick/Getty Images#46;

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