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Boswell, Johnson, the Birth of Modern Biography. When was the last time a notable person with lots to hide (obsessive-compulsive disorder, a refusal to bathe, the fact that he wore wigs that didn't fit) insisted that his biographer measure and record every fault with seismographic precision? It may well have been a good 236 years ago, on the morning in 1773 when Samuel Johnson divulged his theory on biography to James Boswell: I well remember that Dr. Johnson maintained, that 'If a man is to write A Panegyrick, he may keep vices out of sight; but if he professes to write A Life, he must represent it as it really was:' And in essay 2014 the Hebrides he maintained, as appears from my Journal, that a man's intimate friend should mention his faults, if he writes his life. Clearly—clear to research, Boswell anyway—he was not merely recording one more of Johnson's opinions. He was getting his marching orders. Johnson, the greatest literary critic of his time, was telling Boswell how to write what would eventually become his Life of Johnson . What neither man could foresee was that Boswell's biography would one day be far better known and beloved than its subject. Johnson, besides being a fine critic, was also our most accomplished lexicographer, having almost singlehandedly compiled the first major dictionary of the kellogg essay, English language. He was an accomplished poet and no mean essayist. Cuckoo's Nest? And yet, we remember him best not for these accomplishments but as the garrulous subject of Boswell's Life . Today it's Boswell who is the more widely read. Such is the analysis 2014, power of biography.
Since long before Plutarch, the story of a life has been our most durable and most enduringly popular literary form—it was Johnson's favorite reading. In our time alone it has multiplied into a dizzying number of forms—authorized, unauthorized, oral biography and autobiography, the group biography, the of contents for a research, biographical novel, not to mention the online biography. What is Facebook, or most blogs, but a slew of autobiographies constantly in progress? But the most extraordinary thing about kellogg analysis modern biography is how much, at its best, it still resembles the Boswellian model. In writing the life of Johnson—and following his subject's dictates on writing thesis statement how to do it—Boswell did not only essay give us a great biography. Statement? He gave us the formula: painstaking research, strong narrative, and in-depth, unflinching portraiture. Were either man to kellogg, come back to life, he would have no trouble recognizing what he helped create.
What might shock both men, however, are the ends to which their techniques have been directed. Boswell was blushingly frank in his journals, and Johnson was blunt in his judgments, but both men were circumspect, a word not often associated with biographies today, when the history of biography can be said to argumentation essay, parallel, where it does not overlap, the history of the essay analysis, erosion of private life. There's no denying the proliferation of angels, what Joyce Carol Oates defined as pathography—works in which a biographer fastens on to every loathsome detail of a subject's life, with the result that the subject is not cut down to size but simply cut down. (But is that so new? A century ago Oscar Wilde observed, Every great man has his disciples, and it is always Judas who writes the biography.) But the path to pathography was surprisingly long. Nineteenth-century biographers weren't interested in flaws or the interior lives of their subjects. Their motto might well have been Never look under the hood. The result was a century's worth of essay analysis, two- and three-volume hagiography that might easily be confused with embalming. Then, in 1918, Lytton Strachey brought the art of biography back from the dead. No book is more frequently cited as a model by argumentation, contemporary biographers than Eminent Victorians , Strachey's withering demolition of four prominent individuals (Cardinal Manning, Florence Nightingale, Gen. Analysis 2014? Charles Gordon, and Dr. Essay Outline? Thomas Arnold) who, as Strachey saw it, personified the hypocrisy, prudery, sanctimony, and maudlin patriotism that had condemned hundreds of thousands of young men to needless death in essay analysis the Great War.
Strachey restored to too commercial essay, biography its ability to take the full measure of essay 2014, a subject, to celebrate where celebration is called for, but also to be bluntly critical when the occasion demanded it. He got his facts straight and wrote beautifully, proving that biography could aspire to table of contents format, art. He was also concise, the one lesson that seems to have been lost on his descendants. Logorrhea seems like a high price to pay when you're on page 300 of a life and you're not halfway home, but in biography there's always room for another point of view, a new light on kellogg 2014 a hitherto unexamined facet of a life. There is no longer any such thing as the essay, definitive biography, if there ever really was one. Here, too, Johnson gives us a prime example. We continue to think of Boswell's biography as the best ever, but 80 percent of it focuses on essay analysis 2014 Johnson after the nest, two met in 1763. Kellogg Essay? Boswell gives no inkling of what Johnson was like when he was young and too commercial essay, an insecure bumpkin striving, on essay nothing more than the strength of his wits, to make it in the big city. Angels? He has little to say about Johnson's liberated ideas about women, race, or poverty, and, weirdest of all, pays scant attention to Johnson the kellogg analysis, writer. Boswell sincerely strove for a rounded portrait that included flaws (Johnson's bad table manners, his arrogance and rudeness), but time and again, Boswell's hero-worshiping got the better of him.
He only alludes to Johnson's melancholy, without much of an inkling on how hard Johnson fought against depression or how deeply he feared eternal damnation—in Johnson's opinion, entertaining sinful thoughts was enough to essay, send you to kellogg 2014, hell. In fact, Boswell wasn't even Johnson's first biographer. Both Sir John Hawkins and powerpoint format, Johnson's great friend Hester Thrale had already published competing and very different accounts before Life appeared. Analysis 2014? That squabbling set a precedent that continues to this day. Johnson has been the subject of several major biographies in the past half century, three of them in the past year, his tercentenary, and there is something to recommend all three. Read Peter Martin for a keen appreciation of essay, Johnson the essay analysis 2014, writer, David Nokes for a shrewd demonstration of how the hardships and bad health of essay, Johnson's youth foreshadowed his struggles as a mature man, and Jeffrey Meyers for the splendid manner in which he places Johnson in kellogg essay 2014 the context of essay, 18th-century England—not to mention for the latest dose of good old 18th-century pathology. After Hester Thrale's death in 1821, her effects were found to include an essay analysis 2014, object she labeled Johnson's padlock. This, along with passages in her writings and letters written to her by Johnson, ignited a controversy in powerpoint format 1948, when Katherine Balderston, the editor of kellogg essay analysis 2014, Thrale's papers, suggested that Johnson was masochistic and—not to mince words—into bondage. Most contemporary biographers have since taken issue with Balderston's suggestion, but not all. Meyers insistently agrees with her.
He concentrates on several well-known sentences and phrases in the writings of Johnson and Thrale. Johnson made a 1771 diary entry: Mad thoughts of christmas, fetters and handcuffs. He once told Thrale, in essay a conversation concerning a man who murdered his mistress, that a woman has such power between the ages of 25 and 45, that she may tye a man to cuckoo's, a post and analysis 2014, whip him if she will. Thrale commented on this observation: This he knew of him self was literally and strictly true I am sure. There is also a 1773 letter from Johnson, in French (lest the servants see it), to argumentation essay, Thrale while he was staying in her house, begging her to pay him more attention or lock him up if he got in her way (her mother was dying and kellogg essay analysis, her children were then threatened by a measles epidemic). Her reply to this plea, in which she addresses him like a child—because he was behaving like one?—concludes, Do not quarrel with your governess for not using the rod enough. From this evidence, Meyers builds a whips-and-chains relationship between Johnson and essay, Thrale, and he does it so compellingly that, had you read no other accounts of Johnson's life, you'd believe it, too. Most recent Johnson biographers, while they acknowledge that he had a masochistic streak, do not go as far as Meyers, and with good reason, since most of his evidence is circumstantial.
True or not, Meyers has supplied one indisputable contribution: the essay, best rationale for multiple versions of Johnson's life—or anyone's. As much as we know about Johnson, we will never know all we want to know. Or about Lincoln, Shakespeare, or Cleopatra—any great man or woman, famous or not. As Johnson observed, There has rarely passed a life of which a judicious and faithful narrative would not be useful. One of the brighter aspects of our time is that we are approaching the good doctor's unrestricted views on who qualifies for angels and demons essay a biography. Kellogg Essay? Before the last century, few people set great store by slave narratives or the lives of women or of argumentation outline, ordinary people. Now we crave them.
Generations define themselves by the styles of biographies they read. The Victorians sought a world of moral uplift, and the biographies they wrote and read reflect that. Analysis? In our time, when pluralism and cultural democracy are in too commercial the ascendant, you find every style imaginable. In the field of kellogg analysis, biography, more is more. To paraphrase what Johnson said about London: anyone who is tired of biography is tired of cuckoo's, life.
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Greek Affiliations and kellogg essay Your Resume. Should your Greek affiliations be on powerpoint essay format, your resume? Reader C wonders… I’m a current undergrad applying to kellogg analysis, law schools this fall and am finalizing my resume. Angels And Demons Essay? I have a fairly senior professor/administrator who insists that students not put their Greek affiliation anywhere on their resume because he worries that being in a sorority/fraternity (or even the “wrong one”) could hurt a chance of a job/admissions offer. Kellogg Analysis? I held a leadership role in my sorority (one where there was no committee under me, but I did initiate and and demons successfully complete some large projects) and was also a recruitment counselor for Greek life for two years (a highly competitive position at my school). Kellogg Essay Analysis 2014? If I omit these positions, my resume is argumentation outline rather sparse in the leadership category. Kellogg Essay Analysis? Do you have any suggestions? Should I say that I was in Greek life, but leave the name of the powerpoint format, sorority off? Or can I hope that I won’t be judged to be a shallow, snooty “sorority girl” before they meet me?
I was not a member of a sorority in my undergrad years — something that I slightly regret now. I went about halfway through the “rush” process, but dropped out of the process before pledging (I seem to remember some frenzied late-night conversation with friends — you know the kind in 2014, college, where the World Suddenly Makes Sense — about how “sister” meant more to format, me than “group of girls I live with” and therefore I should drop out kellogg 2014, of the process.) In terms of cuckoo's nest essay my college social life, I don’t regret the decision at 2014 all — my friends and I had great fun, and I was very involved with a more subject-specific “residential college,” as NU called them — but in the cough many years since college, I’ve come to wonder whether a sorority affiliation would have been helpful from of contents for a, a networking perspective. I seem to remember there being a slight bias against the Greek system from essay 2014, professors, administrators, and format a lot of students* as well. (Pictured: I just rewatched the movie “Old School ” and laughed really hard — I recommend it if you haven’t seen it!) Now, that said, should Reader C put her leadership positions on her resume? Well… I’m not sure. In the “applying to grad school” context, I think there may be a bias against sorority girls and I think your professor might have some good points. I’m also not sure whether “leadership” is really a quality that grad schools are looking for, above and beyond, say, critical thinking, researching, and writing skills. I often talk about my theory of preparing for an interview by thinking of three great traits, with stories to kellogg essay 2014, accompany them — I wouldn’t have a problem with you pulling a story from christmas essay, your leadership experience at essay the sorority. But in terms of written application materials, I might leave your sorority experiences as one-liners in of contents for a paper, a “Other Interests” type of section. Ultimately it depends what else your resume looks like, though — if you really have very little work experience then a sorority-filled resume is better than an extremely sparse resume. However you put it on your resume, I think it would look very weird to leave off the essay, specific affiliation and just “say you were in Greek life.”
All right, ladies, I’m curious — how many of writing a good thesis statement you were in essay, the Greek system in college? How has it affected your professional lives since — have you used your sorority as a networking tool? And, of outline course, what’s your advice to Reader C? * I will always, always, always remember taking a psych class in college and having a teacher ask the class, “What affiliation are you?” and 2014 hearing a student immediately call out, loudly and proudly from the front row, “GDI.” “What affiliation is that?” asked the professor. “Gawwwwd Damn Independent,” she said just as loudly and proudly. Ohhhhhhh-kay. Kat, you write “I’m also not sure whether “leadership” is really a quality that grad schools are looking for, above and beyond, say, critical thinking, researching, and writing skills.” I completely disagree. This may be true for law school (which I realize is what the original question refers to) but the opposite is true for other professional degrees (MBA, MPP, MPA, etc.) — demonstrating leadership is *very* important and a critical element of admissions decisions.
Demonstrating leadership is undoubtedly important for law school. I can’t really imagine any career-oriented graduate school for which leadership experience is not an asset. Anything in the arts or humanities. Those are careers. Completely disagree with this one! Maybe not if you’re going to be a writer or painter, but leadership still comes into play if you’re going into the performing arts! You better have some choreography experience if you’re applying to christmas essay, grad schools for dance! We here in the sciences also don’t place much emphasis on the leadership positions you may have held in college, especially not in the context of grad school applications.
We also have careers. I don’t agree, SciAnon, I led field crews as part of my science grad school research. Essay Analysis 2014? I think the ability to organize projects, budgets, and nest people are very useful for the sciences, too. Sorry, Emma – I have to strongly disagree with you and strongly agree with Kat. For law school admissions, what matters is your GPA and LSAT. At the margins, maybe some schools might care about other parts of your resume (e.g., leadership). But I hope the original questioner does not lose sleep over this issue–put it on your resume if it is kellogg essay analysis experience you are proud of and essay it helps fill out your resume, but don’t expect it to affect your chances significantly.
For what it’s worth, a number of my classmates (at an excellent school) were sorority members, so it is not the kiss of death by any means. agree completely, as a sorority member at a top 10 law school. As a professor who serves on kellogg essay, admissions committees for Masters and PhD programs, I can tell you that I don’t look at argumentation essay the “Greek” affiliations on a student’s application. Our committees look at GPA, previous degree and institution, letters of essay analysis 2014 reference, test scores, essay (motivation for study), and essay professional experience (when appropriate) (in a different order for PhD and masters applicants). In my experience, listing Greek affiliations and other activities is kellogg essay analysis 2014 often a way that candidates will signal race or gender, if they think that will help them acquire financial support… That strategy can turn some faculty off and work to outline, turn others on.
For those posters that note that a fellow “sister” might preference your application, I would warn that the probability that a professor would vote to admit you because you are Delta Delta Delta seems low – and most likely equal to essay analysis 2014, the probability that another professor would count Greek affiliation as a strike against you. My advice: if the leadership activities are important to you list them. If not, don’t list them. But it will not make or break your graduate school application. I was active in my sorority during undergrad/held a leadership role in it/held a leadership role in the larger Greek community and that information is still on my resume under “community involvement.” I honestly believe that it has actually helped me in argumentation essay outline, terms of getting into kellogg essay analysis 2014, grad school and cuckoo's then getting a job because it shows that I was able to balance an active social life with a full academic schedule. Analysis 2014? It may depend on your major, but I know that my business professors always told us to powerpoint format, include this information on our resumes for the above reasonas and because you never know who may be a fellow sister, significant other of a sister, etc. I have actually found that it serves as a nice icebreaker during an interview. Also, somewhat unrelated but do check out your sorority’s alum group in whatever city you go to essay analysis, grad school – it is outline a great way to meet new people!
Not to be rude, but as someone who interviews people, I would never think “oh wow, this person balanced an essay analysis 2014 active social life with a full academic schedule.” There is zero excuse not to balance the two. College is not hard. Whether you mean for it to be or not, that is rude. There are better schools than others, and harder majors, as well. Your experience is not universal. College can be hard — it just depends on your choices. Yep Anon that was rude. Also, untrue. I went to a school where MANY students were so immersed in christmas essay, their studies that they had very little going on otherwise. I agree and don’t think it’s rude.
I couldn’t care less about an essay analysis 2014 interviewee’s social life or how she “balanced” it. Angels Essay? I do care about her grades and her leadership skills, which is where Greek life may be relevant. If college seems hard, then you should quit the social activities and kellogg essay 2014 focus on academics. As someone doing postgrad and working to put myself through school and also dealing with various other health related and family issues, I do at times struggle with college. To assume that it’s my social activities that affect whether college is “easy” or not, is naive and rude. When you live with a disabled parent or a volatile home environment, commute 2 hours a day to college, have various health issues, and have to work to pay the bills to put yourself through college, it’s at times an issue to outline, get time to study, despite having the ability. If you have an intellectual disability, or mental illness, as one in four people will have in their lifetime, it is made more difficult. Just because you had everything handed to you on kellogg, a silver platter and didn’t have to worry about where you would sleep on a given night because of violence at home, or having to pay the bills while you were studying, doesn’t mean everyone has the same experiences.
Yes, college is easy. But life’s distractions are not always manageable or put down to “socialising.” Seriously, get a world view and christmas essay some perspective outside of your own. To clarify – I meant that more in the grad school context, but it has a place in essay analysis, the work environment as well. I know A LOT of people, esp. from of contents format for a, law school who did nothing else in essay analysis 2014, undergrad except study in order to get into table of contents format for a research, law school x or med. school x. Demonstrating that you can maintain a high GPA and essay 2014 leadership roles in social organizations at the same time does show an ability to balance both aspects of a young person’s life. Also, your comment was rude whether or not you intended it to be.
I interview people. Cuckoo's Nest? If you don’t like the reality that I don’t really care if you managed to balance a social life with academics, get over it. The real world doesn’t care that you did. I went to a very very good college and a very very good law school (with most of it paid for). Kellogg Essay 2014? Neither college nor law school were particularly challenging now that I’ve been in the real world and know what challenging is. Employers really don’t care about too commercial essay, what you think is important. They care about what they do. Leadership, intelligence, competence, and personality are important. Kellogg Essay Analysis 2014? To the extent your Greek affiliation demonstrates that you can do that, great.
But for your own good, do not say that you balanced college and a social life in an interview. I don’t know anyone who wouldn’t say that and have reasons to of contents format paper, prove it up and, frankly, I don’t care what you did in college. Lots of essay people partied their way through college and then got their act together in the work world…and other people burned out after grad school and cannot operate in the real world. I’m glad you found undergrad and law school to be so easy and congratulations on essay, apparently having a full resume to kellogg essay, demonstrate your obvious abilities when applying for law school (likely at the age of writing a good thesis statement 22 if you went straight through). However, I absolutely highlighted my sorority leadership experience when applying for law school because at 22 it was the most relevant leadership experience that I had and I believe this is true for a lot of kellogg essay 2014 people. While I did not use this example when interviewing for positions post law school, I do think it can be very useful experience to highlight in an interview for your first job out of college. Puh-Leeze!
Be careful b/c people are sensitive. A Good Statement? Women who were sorority girls are especially sensitive b/c they are often looked down upon in the business world, and kellogg analysis not taken seriously. It is OK for a guy to essay outline, be a frat boy, but women, well, we are judged by a different standard, and many men have leered at me once they found out I was the Vice President in charge of Social Events at Delta Mu. They ask me how to mix drinks as if they want to kellogg essay analysis, do shooters with me rather than hire me. But, you are not the table for a research paper, only person in the entire world that interviews people. SO, maybe *you* don’t care, but maybe other people do. I don’t have an opinion one way or another, but I’m sick of the way people state “facts” on here as if they are universal truths, when really, they are just personal opinions. If its a personal opinion, it should be stated as such. That was a reply to Anon, and not KM.
I interview people as well, and I disagree rather strongly. “Social life” isn’t how I’d put it, but “did something other than spend four years in the library cramming” is a plus for me. I want to have an idea of whether a candidate can manage multiple priorities at once, take charge of and execute projects, and kellogg essay analysis 2014 has a sense of the world outside of essay his or her transcript. College activities can make a difference in that case. @cbackson: I feel like I can get that from an kellogg essay analysis 2014 in-person interview, though–the sense that this person was not a grind and will be personable and argumentation essay outline good to have around the office. Hearing it touted as an accomplishment, though…seems very unprofessional. I don’t look as highly on kellogg essay analysis, people who highlight Greek experience on their resumes when I’m the one doing the interviewing. (A mention is fine.) I don’t think it was rude either, and writing I agree with Ruby that if a person can’t balance college and social activities, the social activities should go. When I am reviewing someone’s resume, I don’t care about kellogg essay, their social activities. Research Paper? What does interest me is actual community service/leadership/volunteer roles they took on. Kellogg Analysis 2014? If someone actually held a real leadership role in their sorority, then for argumentation essay outline, me it is relevant.
If they were just a member of a sorority and did not have any leadership role or responsibilities, I couldn’t care less. I think social activities are helpful, particularly in a profession where you will have to work to kellogg 2014, get business. Too Commercial Essay? Being in kellogg 2014, a sorority is at least somewhat indicative of your abilities to socialize with others, and it also will give you connections that can help in the long term. As an employer, I think it would be a plus. “Being in a sorority is at writing a good thesis least somewhat indicative of your abilities to socialize with others” I don’t think that’s true. Pledges are selected for essay analysis, lots of angels and demons essay different reasons – depending on the particular chapter, it could just be indicative that your mom was in analysis, the same sorority, or that your dad is rich, or that you are a stereotypical mean girl. Social skills are important, but they inevitably come out in format, the interview.
Like I said below, I don’t think it hurts to put your sorority on your resume, but unless you did something special in it (chapter president, charity work, etc) I don’t think it helps, either. I don’t think you’re rude, merely inaccurate. Whether college is hard depends on where you went to kellogg analysis 2014, school, what you majored in, how hard you worked, whether you had to work at a job outside of your studies, what else was going on with you life. Also important is whether the nest, graduate school or field you’re applying to cares whether you’re “well-rounded.” In some fields, they just want you to essay, have a terrific academic record and to be a decent person, not the too commercial, life of the kellogg, party or president material. I confess to too commercial, having a bias against people who flaunt their Greek connections. My Ivy League school didn’t have fraternities at the time (or they were very low-key). Instead, there were private clubs that were very snobby and which I couldn’t have afforded to join even had I been asked. The membership of those clubs were mainly rich preppies and other assorted jerks.
At least they many of them were smart. They produced people like Winkelvoss twins. For me, and I’m sure it is kellogg analysis a stereotype, Greek organizations produce stupid, rowdy frat boys and sorority sisters who are incredibly parochial, undistinguished, uninteresting, and they never outgrow it. They’re low-rent snobs. If I have a choice, I take high-rent.
I should note that most people at argumentation essay outline my college did not belong to the private clubs. They were exclusive, small, and incredibly expensive. Undergraduate life was centered on the residential dorms, each of which had a unique identity and a separate academic head. I think that it is fine to highlight a sorority on your resume, but just be sure to talk about the relevant aspects such as volunteering and community involvement rather than mixers and rushing. Analysis 2014? Personally, I feel that everyone knows sororities/frats are all about essay, socializing/drinking/partying or at kellogg analysis 2014 least that is christmas what they were at my school. It also depends on the field/interviewer. My sister did get her foot in the door at her current position because she and kellogg analysis 2014 the interviewer were in the same sorority. I think this is the resume value – potential connections after law school. And, as a partial aside, I know that there are certain people in the Greek community who espouse the christmas, view that leadership–and particularly, Greek leadership–is a huge plus factor for law school admissions.
I found this out analysis 2014, when a friend’s mom expressed dismay that I got into a much better law school than her daughter, despite my lack of Greek connections. While snarky in tone, the point is for a paper still valid. Everyone “balances” social life and work (be it college or otherwise) in whatever way it happens. Some do so with an analysis 2014 “active social life” (i.e. time with friends and family), while others are much less social. And Demons Essay? I think Anon 3:32 pm might mean that we ALL have to make this balance in the way that works for us. Over time, this balance can include aging parents, young children, spouse / SO’s career, and kellogg so forth. Cuckoo's Essay? Sometimes our inability to balance shows in work performance (lower grades, fewer billable hours, etc.). Regardless, grades (measure of analysis work performance) and activites together can show time management and ability to balance competing priorities.
A student who took a leadership role, whether editing law review or serving as elected official in any student group or being a member of a sports team, can position that experience. Thus, I wouldn’t say “balance college and social life”. I would say “while maintaining X grades, I worked Y hours / spent Y hours in leadership role in a good, organization Z”. College is not hard? Try being Pre-Med.
but isn’t it obvious that everyone’s comments are their personal opinions, whether they state them as such or not? does that have to explicitly stated? or is your issue more with the tone of some people’s comments in general? My issue is with the tone. Kellogg 2014? And its not all that obvious that people don’t believe that their own person opinion is fact. For instance: “If you don’t like the reality that I don’t really care if you managed to cuckoo's, balance a social life with academics, get over it. The real world doesn’t care that you did.” Sure, *you* don’t care that someone did, but someone may. Kellogg Essay 2014? To say, “the real world doesn’t care” implies that you speak for all of powerpoint essay format us living in the “real world.” In fact, lots of other hiring managers in this same thread said that they took those (or other) factors into account. I think a lot of this is geographical.
I live in the Northeast. Essay 2014? I am in two scholastic honor societies that sound like sororities. My advisors always tell me to list them and then to a good statement, put next to it (academic honor society.) I have a friend who was in essay analysis, an engineering fraternity. He also spells his out rather than just using the greek letters. I’m not sure if this means that there is a bias against the “greek system” up here or not. That said, I have family in the South and in some parts you are seen as really odd if you were NOT in some kind of greek life. Cuckoo's Nest Essay? I think there is much less stigma around it there and kellogg it would be more useful for networking. I find that at some colleges in the North, there were only a few greek societies so it was only the true “party guy or girl” that joined. I was going to post something similar regarding geographical differences. I think I’d leave it off in essay outline, the Northeast, but it might be perfectly acceptable in the South.
Of course, I wasn’t in essay analysis 2014, a sorority and less than 10% of my school belonged to essay, them. I would agree with the kellogg, statement that these affiliations can evoke vastly different reactions depending on the geographic area (for example, physical proximity to the school where the interviewers might know of the specific chapter of the Greek organization), but I don’t think the reaction will be a blanketed “approval” or “disapproval” based on the region of the country. To say that Greek organizations in the South (or any region, for that matter) have less of a stigma than others is, in my opinion, untrue. I think the reaction to Greek references on cuckoo's nest, resumes varies tremendously depending solely on the interviewers and their previous interaction (or lack thereof) with Greek organizations. As unpredictable as that is, there’s simply no way to kellogg 2014, know how your interviewers will feel about your sorority involvement. My personal opinion is that the cuckoo's, potential harm outweighs the potential for 2014, it to help. This.
Sure, there is a chance that your interviewer will be from argumentation, your sorority. Kellogg Analysis 2014? But there is an even bigger chance that your interviewer will harbor negative feelings or stereotypes against sorority girls, either because of a bad experience or because that is how sororities are often portrayed in popular media. The chance of powerpoint essay format meeting a fellow sister who might help you out is pretty minimal compared to the chance of meeting someone who hates sorority girls or at the very least isn’t impressed by them. Too risky, in my opinion. I was about to kellogg analysis 2014, say that I also associate Greek life with the South. It’s not always a good thing to angels and demons essay, raise the possibility that one is kellogg a good old boy or girl.
Fraternities and sororities have only themselves to blame for these negative associations. The hazings, the writing a good thesis, cruel humiliations, the 2014, petty tyrannies, the racism, I could go on and on. My advice would be to leave it off, because I’m probably one of the paper, people biased against fraternity and sorority members. I wouldn’t say that I’m biased against the members, and kellogg 2014 I have and writing a good had plently of friends who were in them, but the whole concept just makes me cringe and I’ve never understood why people join them. Analysis? (I have a facebook friend, who was a close friend in college, who is constantly posting about her sisters and being involved in some sort of ongoing alumni greek stuff. Essay? We graduated college almost 10 years ago, so it really leaves me scratching my head.) So I’m having a hard time separating out that bias from the question. Someone else said they listed it as community involvement, and I think that that would be appropriate, but I’d make sure that I was clear what actual duties and responsibilities it involved, not just the affiliation.
I’ll admit to an eyeroll when I see sororities or fraternities on essay, resumes. But I went to school in the Northeast (and live there now) — though I am from VA and powerpoint essay base it on scenes I didn’t really appreciate. My gut reaction upon essay, learning about someone’s Greek membership is that the person is a c0nformist. Cuckoo's Nest? N.B., I’m talking about schools at which the regular undergrad residential options are attractive and a real alternative. I think it’s fine to put it a leadership position in kellogg essay analysis 2014, your sorority on your resume. Being in angels and demons, a sorority or fraternity is very common, and kellogg essay I don’t think it’s likely to cause you to be discriminated against and it could even help if the essay, person reading your resume was a member of the same sorority. I don’t think it matters whether or not you put the name of your sorority; it probably depends on how your resume is laid out.
If you’re just putting bullet points under your college name, I’d probably put “Sorority chapter president”. If you do put the Greek name, you should add sorority afterwards (e.g. Kellogg Analysis? “Alpha Gamma Delta Sorority chapter president”) because there are other organizations that use Greek letters and argumentation essay outline it may not be obvious to kellogg analysis, someone reading your resume that you’re referring to essay, a sorority. I don’t think it’s helpful to include a sorority on your resume if you weren’t in a leadership position. At best, it’s just resume filler in the same way that “chess club” would be. Full disclosure: I went to a very heavily Greek undergrad, so I may be unaware of biases that exist among graduates of schools that are not so heavily Greek.
I agree, Ruby. Putting the name doesn’t matter. Kellogg Analysis? Putting “Served as president of Alpha Gamma Delta sorority” under your university information may be all that’s required. In Reader C’s case, she could put “led and cuckoo's nest organized ___ for kellogg essay analysis 2014, ___ sorority and served as counselor to students going through rush process.” I would explain it as simply as possible and not assume people know the letters of essay your sorority or what certain positions mean. Disclosure: I served as president of my sorority, and it has never gone on my resume. What Ruby said. Kellogg Essay Analysis 2014? I was in essay, a sorority in undergrad and was minimally involved. Kellogg Essay? I later regretted not taking that opportunity to get some leadership experience, which I think would have been helpful on my resume. I would absolutely never give any hint of greek affiliation in any professional context, no matter how sparse your resume may otherwise appear. Too Commercial Essay? The bias against the stereotypical ditzy, Ugg-wearing sorority girl is so prevalent, and analysis 2014 I know many people who proudly admit to using this excuse to eliminate job candidates.
On the other hand, I know talented, mature women for whom sorority days are a very fond memory. Nest Essay? But they don’t put it on their resumes because they know they’ll have to compensate for the prejudice it would inspire. The vehemence of this comment gives me pause. After having gone to undergrad, law school, and worked in the NE, I was surprised how genuinely accepting (i.e., not engaging in stereotyping) people are at all stages of essay analysis sorority participation. Being from the South, I assumed there would be a different attitude, but I haven’t encountered it. From a normative point of view, it is nest very sad to me that prospective employers would use membership in a women’s organization to essay, weed out job candidates. I wouldn’t expect someone to hire someone because they were in a sorority (grades, experience, accomplishments should matter), just as I wouldn’t expect someone NOT to hire someone for a good thesis statement, the same reason (grades, experience, accomplishments should matter). I live in kellogg essay, the Pacific Northwest, so perhaps the difference is geographical, as others have suggested. Powerpoint? The problem, as I see it, is the stereotype – in my community at least, that sororities are not really seen as supportive of women, but instead are thought of as anti-intellectual and cliquey, with a heavy emphasis on drinking. It may not be true, but a lot of 2014 people around here have that association, and with it, your resume goes in the recycle bin.
I’m in the Northeast and think this is a region where you definitely don’t want to have a greek affiliation on your resume. I know very few people who were actually in (or admit to being in) a sorority or fraternity and powerpoint essay I think it is generally not viewed positively here. I would say you could list it as a “women’s organization” on kellogg essay analysis, your resume, but I think the conversation would be very awkward if someone asked you about it and you had to angels essay, fess up that it was a sorority; they are not seen as promoting women in 2014, my experience. My guess is writing a good thesis that Emma has encountered the anti-greek org attitude, just in people who were decent enough not to be rude to her. *On the other hand, being in essay analysis 2014, New England, if you belonged to a final club or eating club, I think those help rather than hurt. I’m sure it’s likely that I’ve encountered people who have this attitude towards sororities — I actually had no idea that it was this big an issue until this thread, and you’re probably right that people keep their real feelings mum.
I should point out, though, that I don’t wear my sorority membership on my sleeve, never talk about powerpoint essay format, it, and 90% of acquaintances don’t know I was in one. Kellogg Analysis? So, it’s not like sorority-detractors are tiptoeing around me or anything. I actually didn’t really like being in a sorority — maybe because I never stepped up and got involved. Powerpoint? My mind is just blown that people think it’s okay to stereotype job applicants on this basis — and I still resist that conclusion, to some extent. Because the kellogg essay, vast majority of women in my sorority were involved in a number of laudable on-campus organizations, were serious students, and have met with extraordinary success post graduation, and it would be ridiculous for employers to powerpoint, conclude these women weren’t qualified based on the affiliation.
*sorry, I resist the conclusion that stereotyping is a common practice — missed some words there. I agree – it is as silly a basis as anything else on which to stereotype, but I think it does happen. The economy is terrible, jobs are scarce, HR offices are inundated with resumes, and so I don’t think it is analysis worth putting something on your resume that someone out there might have an attitude about. I feel the same way about any number of “know your audience” resume lines (religious activities, as discussed in a thread a few weeks ago, certain political activities, etc.). Your experience, though, shows more of the outline, picture, I think. While people may stereotype when they have little else to go on (i.e. at kellogg analysis 2014 the resume stage), they often don’t lean on the stereotype when they actually know the cuckoo's essay, person. So I would say once you are hired it’s fine to mention a sorority affiliation in appropriate contexts.
I grew up in kellogg essay analysis, NYC, went to undergrad at Wellesley (in Massachusetts), then worked in banking in argumentation, NYC, then law school in kellogg essay analysis, DC (which I suppose is borderline South … but not really … ) and I’m now at a big firm in nest essay, NYC. I’ve interviewed lots of people and kellogg it’s never occurred to me to come to any conclusions about a candidate simply because he or she was in a fraternity or sorority. Christmas Essay? And I have a hard time believing that one thing alone really could be so determinative. Maybe all these haters are just jealous because they didn’t get into the club/sorority/whatever they desired, or the sorority girls at their schools got all the attention or something. Kellogg 2014? For the record, there were no sororities at my undergrad. As someone who grew up went to cuckoo's, college in New England, I don’t even know what a final club or eating club is.!
@AOM, don’t you think that’s as much of generalization as anyone else is making? Just people don’t like sororities or don’t think you should put it on your resume doesn’t mean they were outcasts or snubbed. When I have a bias, I usually go out of my way to be fair. Analysis? But as the writer SPECIFICALLY ASKED whether listing a Greek affiliation would be a problem it’s appropriate that she gets our unvarnished opinions. Actually, I didn’t think there would be such a negative reaction. Good to know. Harvard has Final clubs, Princeton Eating clubs, and I suppose the Yale equivalent are the Secret Societies. Cuckoo's Essay? For whatever it’s worth, in “The Social Network,” the character of Mark Zuckerberg is essay analysis 2014 motivated in nest, large part by revenge at being turned down by the Final Clubs at Harvard. Essay Analysis 2014? He has to make due with the essay format, “Jewish fraternity,” which he thinks is a social come-down. Essay? Membership in these clubs has been a big deal socially for a very long time. Paper? Joseph P. Kennedy, JFK’s father, was bitterly disappointed by being turned down by Porcellian, as was FDR.
I agree with the kellogg essay analysis, commenter who said that in the NE membership in one of those clubs is probably a plus. The fact that I know this crap doesn’t mean I approve. But we’re not 10 year olds and these things do matter to some people quite a bit. Harvard grad here, originally from the NYC area and still in and demons, the northeast. I think final club guys are THE WORST and would have a huge bias if one’s resume crossed my desk. Is every last person from one a pretentious sleaze ball? No. Essay Analysis? Are many of them successful professionally?
Yes, of course. But ick!! If someone were asking my advice as to whether he should list that he was in research, the Owl, my answer would be a resounding no. i can state without any hesitation that my involvement in greek life has helped my chances with many job opportunities. 2014? if someone was involved in greek life, my affiliation and powerpoint essay leadership positions come up almost every time i interviewed. if not, i’m sure someone interviewing me saw it on my resume, but they chose not to bring it up, and no harm no foul. while i’m sure some professors love to kellogg essay analysis 2014, hold on to antiquated view of the greek system that comes from watching animal house too many times, i would be shocked if “all” feel that way – as any professor i counseled about my resume in college felt that including greek life involvement was an added bonus.
it all goes back to this – one of the reasons i joined a sorority was because it made it easier to of contents format paper, make friends and find mentors through college. in kellogg analysis 2014, my post-grad life, it still makes it easier to essay outline, have a commonality, but not all of my friends are greek. those that judge my involvement either don’t know/understand greek life, or are too close-minded to care. do you want a boss who is too close-minded to recognize your leadership role in an organization of. 300 women (such were numbers at kellogg essay analysis my school)? I went to cuckoo's nest, Northwestern (Kat’s alma mater). I held leadership positions in kellogg, my sorority and angels essay put them on my resume when applying for jobs. I networked heavily and went to analysis 2014, bat for younger sorority sisters of mine to be hired by the company I worked for. Look, employers can tell by of contents format for a research your personal presentation whether you are a serious young woman or not.
They can tell by essay analysis your school what kinds of academic chops you have. If it’s a leadership position, put it. My sorority sisters were highly accomplished — top medical schools, law schools, business schools, and graduate programs. Yes, there are ditzy sorority girls at other schools, but that’s irrelevant to smart girls going to essay format, good schools. Personally, my law school is kellogg big on “soft factors” when evaluating people for essay outline, admissions. They would be impressed by any substantial leadership position and likely wouldn’t have much against essay analysis 2014, Greek affiliations if sold in essay format, that fashion. A more pretentious or strictly “by the essay analysis 2014, numbers” admissions committee may feel differently. I really feel like it all comes down to how you sell it. I had a leadership position in table of contents format research paper, my (very large, national) sorority that was relevant to the positions I was looking at analysis 2014 (it involved substantial leadership and PR experience). Several times in interviews I had interviewers react positively to argumentation essay outline, my Greek affiliation, and kellogg essay analysis 2014 I know for christmas too commercial, a fact that it helped me get my first post-grad job.
So I would absolutely include it on the resume, with the kellogg 2014, Greek letters. Writing “sorority president” just seems silly to christmas essay, me, and not as legitimate as “Alpha Beta Delta International Sorority – President of Alpha Chapter” (don’t know if that’s a real organization, just chose them randomly). If the interviewer brings it up, don’t say you “led a group of girls” say you were the “vice president of a committee of 20 women.” Say “recuitment” not “rush,” “women” not “girls” or “sisters,” “organization” not “chapter.” Talk about philanthropy events, not mixers, and if you did plan mixers, call them “events.” Act proud of your position and of your time spent with the organization. Analysis 2014? Most people understand that there some sororities are very serious and professional and a good statement some are all about kellogg essay analysis 2014, partying, just make it clear that yours was the former. Be proud of your experience, you worked hard for it! This.
Tweak that resume until it twists right into place! It’s all in angels, the framing. Agreed! Don’t let the people interviewing you insert their own stereotypes about greek life. Explain why the position was meaningful in professional, concrete terms. Agreed. And I’m pretty much anti-sorority (because my experience of kellogg essay 2014 sororities at my university was that their dual goals was to make fun of women who were not in the sorority, and party). But if you discuss it in the context of organizing, leading, setting up things, etc., I can see it as a positive. I agree.
I would focus on the functions one performed. Agreed. I’ll add that, although I was in a sorority myself, I wouldn’t list it on my resume if I hadn’t held a leadership position that I was prepared to speak about in interviews and connect to my career. Now that I posted my substantive comment, forgive me for two threadjacks. 1.) I have a blue leather Brooks Brother’s bag. It has suede lining inside.
Little particles are coming off the lining that look like the cuckoo's nest essay, junk leftover after using an eraser. It is getting all over my stuff. I think I am going to try vacuuming it out. Other ideas? 2.) I was recently asked ot join a very prestigous board in my community. I just went to the first meeting. Since it was all new to me, I took a lot of personal notes, in nice handwriting, etc. The head of the board, a nice older gentleman commented after “I think we know who our next secretary should be!” (Meaning Secretary of the kellogg essay 2014, Board, minute taker, etc.) I am a big fan of NGDGTCO. It stresses that women should avoid note taking roles. Powerpoint Format? Is this one of those situations or would it be an honor to have an analysis 2014 executive position on this super prestigous board? 1) No idea I’m afraid.
Double sided tape maybe? 2) How are the psitions decided? I.e. Of Contents Format For A Research Paper? will there be an opportunity for you to 2014, put yourself forward to be e.g. Statement? treasurer, or ask someone to kellogg analysis 2014, propose you for a role? If that is an option then you may be able to table, avoid the kellogg 2014, secretary position that way. The other question is, would the secretary have (1) a vote and/or (2) any other duties? Will a ‘no’ to table for a, both make you not want to essay 2014, do it? Will there be an opportunity to be elected to a different position later on? The trouble is, people end up get self-selected when they are good at something, even if that isn’t something they enjoy/want to be perceived as doing. If it is format for a a choice of not being on the board at kellogg analysis all or being secretary, I would pick being secretary, but if you have an angels and demons option, then it’s a different ball game. I don’t know what the answer is, but just some food for thought… If your board has a clear ladder to becoming Chair (Secretary, then Treasurer, then Vice Chair, then Chair), I’d do it.
Otherwise, I’d say don’t become the next little girl he gets to take advantage of. He can take his own *#)*!# notes. Normally I would totally agree about note-taking and the potential pitfalls/pigeonholes/etc. However, I agree with this comment about potentially climbing the board’s leadership ladder. I am President/Chair (different boards call it different things) of a board that oversees a large non-profit organization. The Executive Committee is comprised of the officers of the board (Pres, VP, Secretary and essay Treasurer) and that’s the group that handles all personnel issues and other “sensitive” issues that do not fall to the entire board. It’s very valuable experience and leadership development.
If you’d get a seat on the Executive Committee (or something similar), I’d take it! It seems that the gentleman suggested you for too commercial, the position because you have demonstrated the necessary skills, and not because he’s pigeonholing you based on essay analysis, gender. The reason NGDGTCO says to a good thesis statement, avoid notetaking roles is because you don’t want to be pigeonholed based on gender. In this case, and especially since it’s an executive, leadership position, I think even Lois Frankel herself would tell you to take it. The only caveat I’d add is to make sure you know what the job entails. Essay? Since you’re new to the board, you may not want to get hit with a lot of responsibilities while you’re still getting used to powerpoint essay, just being a member of the board. I think Lois Frankel would say to suggest a rotation. 2014? It’s not life-and-death how accurate the notes are, so it would not be a huge problem if Charlie takes notes next week and of contents format for a they aren’t as nice as yours.
So, fairness would say that you take turns as notetaker, either on a meeting rotation, or a month rotation, or whatever. Just so it’s clear from the outset that you are not the Permanent Secretary. And be sure to avoid other “secretarial” responsibilities. You are not ordering the food, you are not booking the conference rooms. Just like notetaking, it should all rotate. Analysis? I’d also suggest that the notetaker not be the nest essay, food-orderer, just to keep the admin responsibilities distributed. Are there any senior women on this board? Have there ever been any?
I would try to get in touch with them for a cup of kellogg 2014 coffee to see how this board works. I assume (based on membership on table for a paper, a board myself) that being secretary involves a lot more than just taking notes. Kellogg Essay Analysis 2014? It’s an executive board position! Taking minutes is a good statement just the most visible duty, and kellogg analysis if it’s a board that has reporting requirements, it may be an cuckoo's essay incredibly important duty as well. I’m surprised to see a lawyer state that meeting notes aren’t extremely important. (I assume that this is an organization of some importance.) But yes, if it’s a dog job, the OP should try to analysis 2014, rotate the task. Regarding the BB bag, I don’t have solutions but I think if you were dissatisfied and wanted to return it that BB has a generous guarantee policy. On the BOD question, a board Secretary is different from someone taking notes at a firm’s meeting or event.
Being made to angels, take notes at a company meeting can be (but is 2014 not always) demeaning. If being a BOD Secretary on the Executive Committee would get you more visibility with members, personal access to Board Members and publicity/kudos with your employer, then that is a great benefit and I would say to go for it. Some BODs pay for secretarial services such as newsletters, filing of essay outline board meeting minutes etc., and those would be tasks that would be more drudge work. 1) Try emptying the bag, flipping it inside out, and lightly brushing the kellogg essay analysis, suede lining with a soft brush. You can find brushes made specially for cleaning suede, but a softer scrubbing brush (like a mushroom brush) should work just as well. Congratulations on being selected to and demons essay, the board! And as someone in the nonprofit world, thank you for taking your job seriously — too many people do not. Find out 2014, what exactly the roles of secretary are.
On our board, the secretary is part of the executive committee and powerpoint essay format is therefore more involved with decisions about the organization. Kellogg? I would think that is only a good thing for you. My sense has always been that law school admissions offices are impressed by argumentation leadership, so it could be worth keeping your Greek activities on your resume. Even if professors or students are biased against sororities, admissions offices work with a broad range of students and might be more open to your experiences. Kellogg Analysis? (You have to figure that they’ve met smart sorority girls before.) Different but related: if you apply to Teach for America, definitely put all of your Greek activities on your resume! TFA loves leadership experience in nest essay, any context, and a lot of TFA corps members were in kellogg essay analysis 2014, Greek organizations as undergrads.
I included my sorority affiliation and offices on cuckoo's, my resume when applying to law school and summer internships. I listed it with other information under my undergraduate institution entry – scholarships, awards, community service groups and the like. And 12 years later, I still have it on my resume under the Interests section – no offices anymore, just the name of the sorority. I have reviewed dozens of 2014 resumes for summer associate candidates and nearly all of them list their Greek affiliations and any offices they held. This is format research paper one time when I really disagree with Kat–I interview candidates for/sit on essay analysis, the admissions board of argumentation outline a “top 10” master’s program (not bragging, just stating) and leadership is an EXTREMELY important part of the admissions process and is quantitatively factored into the candidate’s score. Perhaps this is different for kellogg essay analysis, law school admissions?
From my experience, I would highly encourage candidates to put all leadership positions and meaningful activities on a graduate school resume (i.e. volunteer work, Greek life activities) I live in the south and was a member of the Greek system in angels, college so take this for what it’s worth, but I am not offended or put off in kellogg analysis 2014, the least by angels and demons essay seeing Greek life activities on a student’s resume. It has actually HELPED candidates because there were often very concrete examples of leadership and kellogg analysis 2014 ethics that were demonstrated and have given prompts of things for me to talk about. I’ve noticed a trend in the past year or so for students to just list “Social Sorority” instead of the actual affiliation and I don’t like that as much because knowing the and demons essay, actual affiliation can help with connections and ice-breaking…”Oh I know such and such advisor” or “My sister in law was an essay analysis 2014 XYZ at your school as well”. Absolutely put your Greek affiliation on your resume, especially if you held a leadership position. As a member of christmas too commercial a Greek organization who is analysis 2014 also currently an alumna volunteer, I can say 100% that my affiliation with my Greek organization has helped me in my career. Table Format For A Research Paper? The abilities that you get from being a member of an organization – leadership, philanthropy, working in kellogg, teams – are highly useful in the outside world. Essay? I have had friends who put their affiliation on kellogg analysis, their resume and their interviewer was either a member of a Greek organization (so it gives you some common ground) or even a member of the writing thesis statement, same organization.
Be proud of the organization that you voluntarily chose to be a part of. I absolutely wouldn’t list it, but I bet that this is regional. I am in the northeast and kellogg essay analysis many people here would look on a sorority girl as fluffy, and essay a greek guy as a tool. Completely, completely, 100% agree. I would never put a Greek affiliation on kellogg essay analysis 2014, a resume and if I saw one, I would think that the cuckoo's, individual was just scraping to analysis 2014, find things to put on a resume. (And this is outline coming from essay analysis, a former sorority girl who held numerous chapter and Greek-system wide “leadership” positions.) If you’re in the Greek system and are truly interested in too commercial, leadership, you’re going to be doing things that are far more impressive (like honor societies, elected student government offices, etc.) that would be worthwhile to put on a resume. If you have to list Greek activities, my guess would be that you aren’t doing much else.
At my school, student government and honor societies were WAY less impressive accomplishments, and kellogg analysis much easier leadership opportunities, than Green organizations. Huh, that’s interesting. Where I went to school, things like Phi Beta Kappa and Mortar Board actually meant something and being involved in student government was a lot of work. Greek leadership, even if you were a VP/President, was not all that impressive. PBK was more prestigious at cuckoo's my college (and it’s still on my resume 8 years later, while my sorority is not), but it didn’t offer any leadership opportunities at all. It didn’t *do* anything, it just existed as an kellogg 2014 indicator of academic success. I can echo c’s situation – basically anyone at my undergrad school who wanted a student government position could find one, and the student government had very little sway or power over anything that mattered at the university level. Honor societies (besides Phi Beta Kappa) were open to thesis, anyone with a certain GPA in their major, so while still impressive, it didn’t demonstrate anything not already covered on the resume. The Panhellenic Society, which was the umbrella organization for Greek groups, had a lot of funding from kellogg, alumni and voice in the administration because of research paper their abilities to generate alumni support.
So they tended to have more competitive elections, executive boards, and more impressive tasks as far as budgeting, marketing, and kellogg essay 2014 planning events. And I say all this as an research impartial observer who spent 90% of my time outside of class with the kellogg analysis 2014, equestrian team. I completely agree, mainly because my good friend was in table of contents format, charge of screening resumes for a well regarded consulting firm, and she definitely screened out everyone who put a “leadership” position from a Greek organization (although particularly frats, rather than sororities) because she knew the schools, and knew that most of the kellogg analysis, leadership positions meant “pledge-master” etc. Also, I think that social activities and leadership roles are extremely important, but something like a Greek organization is of contents format for a paper something you do for yourself. You go to college to essay 2014, excel at school, and if you happen to be amazing enough to be able to excel socially as well, this will come across in many more flattering ways than Greek membership. I would never put my eating club on my resume, for example. This – I think it’s pretty clear at argumentation this point that this is a regional issue. Essay? I think part of the problem is that in the NE, schools that actually have sororities/fraternities are not as common, and the ones that do have them have sometimes had very difficult relationships with them (see the cuckoo's essay, recent lawsuit at Yale www(dot)theblaze(dot)com/stories/yale-students-file-sexual-harassment-suit-against-the-university/ ). I went to school in the south, but work in the NE, and whereas I would have definitely put an kellogg affiliation (I’m not, but speaking hypothetically) down if I was interviewing in the south, I would not nowadays.
Well, MIT is in the northeast, and they have a Greek life. So does Dartmouth. I’m going to disagree – slightly. I was in a sorority as an undergrad in the South, went to law school in NYC, and later worked at writing a good thesis a big NY firm. Essay Analysis? I think it’s fine to for a paper, list a leadership sorority position on a law school application to a school in the Northeast, unless it was social chair (or the essay analysis, equivalent). I don’t think law schools will discount participation in a sorority, unless it looks like that’s all you did. As for including a sorority leadership position on a resume for interviews, I think it depends. I wouldn’t absolutely rule it out in the Northeast, particularly for on-campus interviews where you have assigned interviews by powerpoint format lottery. If you know you can come across as flighty, young, or bubbly, I would leave it off because interviewers may be more apt to stereotype you.
In my case, I did not fit the essay analysis, stereotypical “sorority girl” so I wasn’t worried about making that impression. I also think it matters what kind of leadership position you had. I was responsible for enforcing the christmas too commercial essay, standards and rules of my sorority, and I thought this was actually slightly relevant to a legal career. At the very least, it showed that I was perceived as a “rule follower.” That doesn’t hurt. I don’t remember very many people asking me about it during on-campus and essay 2014 subsequent interviews. If they did, I emphasized what I did (enforced standards and rules), downplayed the essay, social aspects, and moved on to another topic. However, I definitely took this off my resume once I got my first job at a firm and kellogg analysis had professional experience to for a paper, describe (I now work in kellogg essay, house). Finally, I’d like to point out one unanticipated benefit of being in a sorority. Nothing prepared me more for the on-campus interview experience than sorority rush.
At my undergrad school, rush was very organized and programmed. At a particular time, you would show up at a sorority, and meet with a certain number of sorority members for a set amount of time. It was like speed dating. Or on-campus interviews. As a participant on both sides of the table format for a paper, rush process, I graduated from school able to make small talk with anyone about anything in a short period of time. And I was also prepared for the process of being “on” and speaking about the kellogg analysis 2014, same topics with different people – consecutively – for nest, hours.
It also helped keep the on-campus interview process in kellogg essay analysis 2014, perspective. It’s just like rush – slightly ridiculous and random. Your last paragraph — spot on. Nest Essay? Rush and OCI are similarly exhausting. I made the connection too when I was doing OCI my 1L year. Kellogg Analysis? You also talk about angels and demons essay, similar things believe it or not — or at analysis 2014 least, I found that to be true. Quite interesting and my ?0.02 is perhaps not as useful since we don’t have the Greek system in the UK, but I can’t help but recall the part in Legally Blonde 2 where Elle meets the and demons, Congresswoman who was in essay analysis 2014, her sorority. I expect there are too many different sororities to count, but I expect at least some will provide you a great network and if, for thesis statement, example, you knew that a hiring partner had been a member of the kellogg analysis 2014, same sorority as you, why not put it down on your CV?
Leadership roles and of contents format grad school applications? I would definitely leave it on. There’s so much more that’s more important — grades, LSAT, letters of rec — that I can’t imagine this mattering much and you definitely don’t want to eliminate leadership. Now for law school internships, where your resume is kellogg front and center, I’d probably take it off or make it a one-liner at most. To echo those who were involved in Greek life, I absolutely think you should include it. If you were just a member without any job, it’s debatable, but it’s something you devoted time to and held leadership. I am matriculating this year to law school and I absolutely think every aspect of my resume scored me my spot in the class, including my Vice President position in for a research paper, my sorority.
I have also had multiple instances where you instantly connect with someone because they were either involved in essay analysis, Greek life or were in your same sorority. The networking potential is great – so wear your Greek affiliation loud and of contents format research paper proud (though don’t go overboard, as we all know there is more to life…) Good Luck, as someone who just went through the admissions process, it’s tenuous but it all pays off. Do you know what tenuous means? I think not. Yeah. Not sure how you’d confirm that being VP of your sorority sealed the deal for your admission to 2014, law school. Hey, Judgy McJudgerson!
Let’s just assume it was a typo. Strenuous? I was thinking arduous, actually… And I was thinking torturous or tortuous! I give the benefit of the doubt and essay format assume “brain fart,” since I have them so frequently. Regardless of her mistake, blatantly pointing it out like that was very rude. It’s Midol time!
Meow! Eew, effing hate that, sorry. Rudeness isn’t “catty” just because it’s from a woman. Just curious – what makes you think the VP spot was so helpful? (Comment from an admissions counselor?) And what type of school are you going to – national, regional, rough rankings range? As a partner in a law firm, I would recommend listing your affiliation if you had a leadership role. I have always been proud of kellogg essay 2014 my affiliation and leadership roles in my sorority, and I consider the leadership of over 100 other people – women! – to be a sign of the respect of your peers, the acceptance of responsibility at a young age, and the willingness to rise to a challenge you did not have to take on. My involvement in my sorority actually led me to be hired for my first summer internship.
I held the essay, position of Public Relations officer and, as someone going into advertising, many of my potential employers were impressed that I already had experience with advertising, media management, and other skills. In my opinion, if it shows your experience or qualifications for the position for which you are applying, it doesn’t make you look like a vapid sorority girl. I’d say, don’t just put it on your resume to have it there, but if it helps your case, it could be an interesting piece to add. I live in the South and my Sorority affiliation and leadership roles have been tremendously helpful in analysis, networking and job transition. Through my alum club, I was a board member for a holiday marketplace that generates close to angels, $1M each year for analysis 2014, charity. My budget was over $40K and table of contents for a paper my position involved a lot of contract negotiation. Kellogg 2014? That experience helped me to show a broader skills set and range of experience beyond my law practice in table of contents research paper, a recent job transition. You can join a Sorority to socialize and essay analysis be a ditz or you can take it as an angels and demons essay opportunity to lead. I have met many admirable, high-achieving women through my Sorority affiliation.
I ignore the others. I would include it but focus on what you achieved in your leadership role. For example, I was social chair of my sorority in college. When applying to kellogg essay, graduate school, my resume indicated that I solely managed a budget of $X and planned X number of events per year and writing a good statement helped coordinate fundraisers for X charity. Essay Analysis 2014? If you can make it look more like a job than a social club, then it will help. Now, 4 years out of school, there is no mention of my greek affiliation on my resume because my actual job experience is essay outline more impressive and applicable. I live in essay 2014, the northeast where Greek life is not as popular as it is in and demons, other parts of the country. Kellogg Analysis? Though I have been asked some interesting questions in interviews, those questions are another opportunity to sell yourself.
Definitely list your affiliation and outline leadership positions, and explain why they are relevant. Kellogg Analysis 2014? Focus on what you did in those roles, i.e.: managed other officers who reported to you, chaired committee (especially the judicial board, risk management and educational roles), planned philanthropic events attended by X number of people that raised Y dollars, and so on. Writing? Also focus on skills that you developed in those roles – problem solving, fiscal responsibility, public speaking, making presentations, etc. Consider talking to your chapter adviser, regional adviser or another local alumna who is also a professional – she can definitely help you express your experience in a positive, business-friendly way. Essay Analysis? Your campus Greek adviser or career center are great resources also.
Good luck!! Honestly, I don’t think the essay, resume is going to matter much for analysis 2014, law school admissions. It’s going to be about essay, GPA and her LSAT (though I suppose it might be more of an issue if you’re applying to the kind of school where all applicants have 4.0s and 180s!). It will probably be more of an issue for job/internship applications, where they may actually look at the resume seriously. This is a little Pollyanna-ish, but I guess I would say, if it’s important to you – if feel proud of kellogg essay analysis what you did and that you accomplished stuff in those positions – I would put it on the resume.
Sure, some people are biased against sororities (I used to be), but the networking opportunities can also be amazing. You’re not going to be able to predict which kind of table format for a research reader you’re going to get. And do you want to have to kellogg essay analysis 2014, hide a part of of contents format for a research paper your life if it’s something that’s meaningful to you? (I know – naive – but I thought I’d throw it out kellogg, there.) I disagree. Most schools will aim for essay outline, some diversity, and if you’re just going for people with the 4.0/180 (or highest scores possible) you may be weeding out a lot of good applicants. I know in my school it was much easier to come in with a lower GPA as an older applicant (e.g. Essay Analysis? 5+ years out of undergrad) because they had more to offer in terms of real life skills, often had graduate degree, and finished undergrad at a time when GPAs tended to be lower. Thesis Statement? I know from the time I graduated to the time I applied to law school, the median GPA at my undergrad went up by .3.
My school also was eager to recruit applicants with certain academic backgrounds as well. To MelD and R – I do think schools look for diversity. I just also don’t think those factors outweigh GPA/LSAT. Maybe to distinguish between students who have the same scores, sure – but if your scores aren’t competitive for a given school, a great resume won’t make up for that, and if your scores are great for a given school, they won’t care if you’re an axe murderer. I totally disagree. I’m helping a friend with his/her resume and kellogg essay this just came up. The extra twist is that the cuckoo's nest, greek org s/he was in is religiously affiliated.
Does this mean s/he should leave it off? I’m kinda torn, but since s/he’s been out of school for a while now, I’m suggesting to leave it off based on the too-old-to-matter rule. I’ve seen this come up a bit in kellogg essay 2014, the Silicon Valley. I’d only essay outline put it on if she (assuming female but I see it more often on resumes from males) had a leadership role and she has little relevant experience except for that leadership role. I’d be extra careful to kellogg 2014, exclude wording that might be read as sexist, racist, or just plain I-don’t think-she’ll-fit-in-our-office-culture (e.g., anything to do with evangelizing). And yes, I’ve actually seen it on resumes for people (usually men) affiliated with certain religions. Statement? They didn’t get interviews.
If it’s on essay analysis, the resume, I’d be prepared for some detailed questions about statement, what she did, her role in the organization, how she handled a situation in analysis, the course of her leadership role, etc. But then, I do know someone who scored a job because she and the interviewer have the of contents format for a research paper, same favorite Pope. Go figure. I’m slightly biased against Greek affiliations, but wouldn’t hold it against someone. If you do list it, I think you need to consciously think about not appearing ditzy when interviewing. I absolutely say leave it on kellogg 2014, your resume. Argumentation Outline? I was an kellogg 2014 active member of Greek life as an undergraduate and actually recently became active with a graduate chapter of my organization. My sorority membership has not only proved invaluable for and demons essay, networking purposes, it’s provided many mentorship opportunities as well as provided opportunities to kellogg essay analysis 2014, participate in service projects and events that indicate that I have interests and a “life” outside of work that doesn’t just involve happy hour or my significant other.
Having attended a small college where only about 10% of students participated in Greek life and being from the a good thesis, North, I am fully aware of and have dealt with the bias against sororities and dismissive attitudes towards “sorority girls”, but not for nothing **this is kellogg where the chapter president in me comes raging out** stay true to your letters! Clearly, YOU believed there was some benefit to sorority membership and powerpoint essay format given the fact that you stepped up and essay 2014 took leadership roles, you clearly weren’t just using it as a social opportunity. Why hide that part of essay your development as a student and as a leader from potential employers? Acting ashamed of having Greek affiliation only makes it seem as though there is something to analysis, be ashamed of, when the truth of the matter is argumentation essay outline that student leaders within the Greek system were often among the hardest working students on campus- we had academic requirements to kellogg analysis 2014, meet, mandatory events to attend, service projects as well as our own separate meetings, conferences, etc. to plan and attend, and YES, like any other college students, we also made time to party. Sitting on the interviewer’s side of the desk now, I actually appreciate seeing Greek life on a resume because it indicates to me that the person I’m speaking to angels, wasn’t afraid to kellogg analysis 2014, take the initiative and argumentation essay commit their time and money to membership in kellogg 2014, a lifetime organization (most Greek orgs are supported SOLELY by membership dues so it’s a real commitment, especially for a student) and it also tells me that they probably have some experience balancing their obligations to an organization with internal conflicts (a houseful of fighting sorority sisters will STILL pull it together to spend all night assembling a winning homecoming float- can we say TEAMWORK?). If somebody’s not willing to hire you because you were in cuckoo's nest, a sorority or the “wrong” sorority, then they’re not somebody you want to work for anyway (what, you’re gonna hide your “past” forever?). We don’t tell athletes to leave their sports off the kellogg, resume lest the interviewer perceive them as a “jock”. And I doubt guys in and demons, Fraternities (even the kellogg essay, ones who did nothing but haul kegs) think twice about listing it on their resumes! Womens’ social and service organizations are rarely respected and angels and demons I’m calling BS on it!
My attitude: “Yes I’m a “sorority girl” but dammit, I’m a sorority girl with the qualifications and experience to make a dayum good addition to your institution so if you sleep on me- trust and essay analysis 2014 believe it will be YOUR loss.” **steps off sorority colored soap box, picks up her sorority tote, and stalks off to have dinner with her Fortune 500, BigLaw, changing the world one-letter-at-a-time sorority sisters** I agree with all of this. I just can’t get over the feeling that there’s something distasteful about the underlying premise here. It is certainly wrong that all sorority girls are homogenous. Essay? There are all types of sororities, all types of kellogg essay analysis 2014 undergraduate institutions, all types of women who go into sororities for all types of reasons. Why would we ever want to perpetuate stereotyping of women as “ditzy” simply because they were involved in a good thesis statement, a sorority? Maybe I’m being too preachy, but if anyone encountered this attitude — I’d think you’d want to combat it, not feed into it. I couldn’t agree more.
Do people really think that Greek life is still all about “pledgemasters,” keggers, and hazing? I went to kellogg, school in the south, am now in the midwest, and essay have always had my sorority affiliation on kellogg 2014, my resume. Powerpoint? I think it’s opened lots of doors for me, and shows that I am a social person who will be more likely to talk to people and essay 2014 develop business. Writing A Good Statement? I also think it’s impressive to kellogg essay analysis 2014, “oversee $100,000 budget” and “manage executive board” at 21 years old. So, my advice is to include the powerpoint essay, affiliation, especially if you were in a leadership role. If you were an officer, then list specifically what your roles were.
There are a lot of deadlines and kellogg 2014 paperwork for any national organization, and powerpoint format you can describe these things as though it was work experience that many recent grads may be lacking. “Do people really think that Greek life is still all about “pledgemasters,” keggers, and hazing?” Yep. Many of kellogg 2014 us do. Then open your ears to what intelligent and serious women are saying on this thread — that that’s not the and demons essay, case.
I went to a college that tends to be very polarizing when people hear the name and I do not fit the analysis, stereotype of the traditional alum of essay that school at all. Kellogg? I am conscious that many people will think I’m like X when I’m really anti-X. Sometimes my school opens doors, other times I have to find ways to nest, not have them slammed in my face. In many ways, Greek life is like that. If you know what people might be thinking about you, you can manage that. If you don’t know, you can’t. Exactly. Kellogg? I might give you a stereotype of ditzy, liking to go to costume parties, and being overly into cuckoo's, clothes and kellogg analysis 2014 makeup — and I will acknowledge it if needed, and continue to work to angels essay, change the essay, stereotype. But pledgemasters and keggers — really?
Welcome to the 21st century were “pledge” and cuckoo's “rush” are dirty words, and kellogg analysis 2014 every social event is approved by at least 5 professional women who volunteer their time as advisors, and then attend the events. As an nest intelligent and analysis serious woman, I have personally observed an entire dorm floor of girls endlessly discuss their efforts to dress like clones for rush, and was personally involved in disciplining an essay entire sorority for analysis, sexist hazing that occurred at a “kegger.” This was at a very highly regarded university in the south, not just some party school, and less than ten years ago. Your experience might have been very different, I know greek life is christmas too commercial essay very varied. It also annoys me that a “connection” as minor as a sorority would open professional doors for someone, though I know it’s true. I can’t imagine being more likely to kellogg essay analysis, hire someone because they also horseback rode, or any other affiliation I might have. It seems so superficial and Good Ol Boy, as if having the angels and demons essay, same (very expensive) hobby means you must be “our kind”. That said, if someone presented their sorority experience in a relevant way, I’d look at analysis 2014 it positively. While the angels essay, stereotype has real origins for me, I also knew plenty of very smart and capable girls in sororities and can see how it could provide excellent experience. Anon 10:53, I think that you summarized why I don’t care for the idea of sororities and kellogg analysis wouldn’t be impressed with the powerpoint essay, role. Analysis 2014? The whole idea that you have some sort of essay connection (not even a connection, but a “sister”-ship) to someone just because you were involved in the same organization (which, by the way, you paid a hefty sum of money to kellogg analysis 2014, join) bugs me.
I’m not saying that it’s not the case or not going to help you, but, to statement, my mind, it *shouldn’t* be that way. I’m typically one of kellogg essay analysis 2014 those people that rolls her eyes when she sees sorority membership on a resume, but I have to say, you make a very convincing argument! Well put. “If somebody’s not willing to hire you because you were in a sorority or the essay, “wrong” sorority, then they’re not somebody you want to essay, work for anyway (what, you’re gonna hide your “past” forever?).” This is the second time I have seen this in this thread and it really bothers me. Table For A? The last thing new grads need to kellogg essay 2014, believe is that they have the nest, ability to pick and choose, in this economy, who they will or won’t work for based on who does and does not appreciate their Greek affiliation. If you ever read this thing called “the news,” you might have seen something about the massively terrible job market that young people are facing right now. In fact, I have seen figures indicating unemployment is hitting 18-24 year-olds the kellogg analysis 2014, hardest, with something like 25% of that age group out of outline work.
New-grad Corporetters, if someone offers you a job while mentioning they hate your sorority membership, for analysis, the love of powerpoint essay God, TAKE THE JOB!! You have no idea how few and far between job offers are for very smart, motivated, talented grads are, especially in big markets. It’s not about 2014, “hiding your past,” it’s about understanding how to essay, be judicious about talking about essay analysis 2014, it (and despite what some ex-sorority girls on the thread want to believe, sorority membership is not really either that stupendous or salacious – it’s just another thing people do in college, for the most part). The days when a 22-year-old could be really selective and writing thesis statement say “well, I wouldn’t want to work for those people anyway” are WAAAAAYYYY over. You don’t want to work for 2014, “those people,” huh? Well, do you want to work at of contents research paper Denny’s? For, like, the next five years? Then suck it up, cover up your Greek letters tattoo, and take the job. THANK YOU!
So tired of being judged by non-sorority women for kellogg essay analysis, being in one. And Demons? We don’t judge you for not joining one! That is really not the essay analysis, case, overall. You may not, but others most certainly do. I disagree. Unless you won a medal or a heisman trophy people should not put sports on their resume either. It just shows that you have nothing but fluff. I’m sorry, but that’s not a realistic analogy at all. Oh, and NE here, do NOT put a sorority on too commercial essay, a resume. I think that having been a varsity-level athlete should definitely go on the resume – it shows incredible self-discipline and commitment, certainly more than I ever had or ever will have. I absolutely agree!
I was the captain of my college’s varsity cheerleading team and it was probably the most influential experience of my life. My time on the team honestly taught me more about leadership, teamwork, and dedication than anything I have participated in since that time. I am a lawyer and when I was interviewing for kellogg essay 2014, jobs I wondered about the and demons essay, stereotypes associated with cheerleaders. In the end, I often found that it worked to my advantage when I could articulate why this experience, although plagued by stereotypes, was important in my life. Certainly you want to kellogg, maximize your chances when applying to grad school/jobs, but I often think being honest about who you are actually helps you become a more attractive candidate.
If being in a sorority or sport or whatever activity enhanced who you are as a person and essay as a professional, don’t be afraid to essay, put it on your resume because you are afraid of judgmental people. This decision is going to be both regional, and in powerpoint format, some circumstances cultural, because historically Black fraternities and sororities have different experiences in this regard. The Alumni chapters of these organizations often are comprised of kellogg analysis 2014 very active leaders in industry. Essay? For example, one of our past national presidents is a sitting member of Congress etc… So I caution looking at all organizations through the same lens…. If you held a leadership role in a Jewish sorority or fraternity (or even student organization like Bnai Brith Youth Organization), I would say you should definitely include it.
It could really open doors for kellogg essay analysis 2014, you. (This might not be true in the South? Can’t say, only argumentation essay outline ever lived on the coasts. Or I might just be succombing to kellogg 2014, stereotypes about the South. Who knows.) Not a hiring manager of any sort, so take this as you will, but if you can back up your position with substantive things you did, I don’t necessarily see the writing thesis, harm in putting it on. Maybe not at the tippy-top, but more in the “interests” section. Analysis? I wasn’t in a sorority in college, as I went to an all-girls high school and writing thesis statement was kind of essay analysis 2014 estrogened-out by the time I went to college (now that I think about it, very few women from my high school joined sororities at all). Argumentation Essay Outline? I also have kind of the same bias against them as others.
But running a large organization on campus is a challenge, regardless if it’s the chess club or a huge sorority chapter. Especially if you ran extremely successful events, and kellogg essay analysis you can talk about how your actions led to xx,xxx attendees, a % increase over writing a good statement past years. If your GPA and test scores are high, then it would be obvious you didn’t spend your time only going to sorority parties. I’ve had my sorority affiliation on my resume for 5+ years, (just the essay analysis, name now, and I believe a colon and titles of chief leadership roles directly after graduation). I put it in nest, Activities, along with other professional groups I’m involved in. I’ve never found it to my detriment, and in fact have heard several recruiters and colleagues comment that they look for Greek affiliations in resumes, since it often connotates things like leadership, teamwork, commitment, etc. I agree with other commenters that if you expand, focus on kellogg essay analysis 2014, results of what you accomplished there, budget you handled, like any other job. Also, tying Greek activities to writing thesis statement, community and involvement and charity might be a way to get broader appeal, it’s harder to begrudge anyone’s efforts to save the whales! We women are part of the problem if we view membership in analysis 2014, any organization of women as something shameful we don’t want to acknowledge or an indication of being “ditzy” stereotypes. Wholeheartedly agree. Powerpoint Format? I made a similar comment in response to someone else above.
I’m sorry, but this simply isn’t true. An organization isn’t a good thing simply because the membership is solely female. And… it’s not a bad thing, either. Why would you view membership in a sorority (an organization of kellogg women) as shameful, in general? Putting aside real information about and demons, a specific sorority, of course. Because it’s a social organization that you have to pay money to kellogg 2014, join? As a default, of course–there are exceptions (scholarships, actual-philanthropy-focused-greeks-orgs instead of the BS “dance marathon for charity” whatever once a semester). Some of us non-Greeks think males and females who were Greeks are vapid.
Its not a gender thing. Exactly. It tells me something about your priorities. (For a clue as to writing thesis statement, what that something is, please see the comment above claiming membership in Greek life demonstrates the important ability to balance work and social activities.) It makes me very frustrated that many of you seem to think all sororities are the same. Open up your mind just a tiny bit – the stereotype you have in mind just is kellogg analysis not applicable to every sorority chapter out there. In college, one of my priorities was my sorority – where I led 150 women in weekly meetings, planned and and executed an angels essay elaborate public relations plan, 2-day retreat and kellogg analysis 2014 4-day recruitment, headed several committees where I had to manage conflicting personalities, raised tens of thousands of cuckoo's nest essay dollars for charity and had a damn good time doing it, while maintaining a high GPA and pursuing several other extra-curriculars.
I’d say my priorities were well-placed. What exactly does membership in a sorority tell me about kellogg essay 2014, someone’s priorities? Does that mean any sorority-girl-applicant must have a 4.0 and outline a 180, otherwise she had misplaced priorities and she should have been studying instead of (doing whatever you do in a sorority)? Please. We all have “free time” in college and I don’t care how you spent yours. If your sorority experience was just about socialization, then why would you bring it up?
But if you planned a $50,000 fundraiser for charity, then by all means, tell me about it – and I don’t really care if you did it through your greek affiliation, your volunteer work with the Red Cross, your religious affiliation, etc…leadership is leadership. My priorities were securing my 4.0 double-major GPA, my Rhodes scholarship finalist status, my admission to a top-5 law school, and analysis my presidency of a major campus community service organization. The sorority came after that, but there was room on my resume for essay format, it when I was newly out of school. Of course, at my college, sorority women had a significantly higher GPA than non-sorority women. Gosh, what a bunch of empty-headed girls we were! 1) Great name choice! 2) Wholeheartedly agree.
There was an earlier commenter that said to include it but to essay analysis, make sure and not act “ditzy” during the interview. I would certainly hope that *any* Corporette would be conscientious enough to not be “ditzy” in an interview, regardless of whether she was in a sorority or not. The underlying premise that just because some of us chose to spend time in a Greek organization during college, ipso facto we need to try harder to thesis, not be “ditzy” is very regressive. I thought the above comment about interview “ditzy-ness” was practical advice — NOT necessarily saying that sorority members need to try harder not to essay analysis, be ditzy — telling the OP to include the outline, Greek info after considering how she generally comes off in an interview. Kellogg Essay Analysis? If OP has a naturally bubbly demeanor, it might (consciously or subconsiously) reinforce a stereotype about sorority members, unfortunately.
If OP doesn’t have that tendency, she doesn’t have to be as worried about being stereotyped. Essay? similarly, I am hyper-aware of not being taken seriously because I have a high voice and look young, so I try to do things to prevent potential stereotyping. With respect, I don’t really think the question here has to do with membership in an all-women organization per se. I think it is more to kellogg essay, do with the stereotypes (whether correct or incorrect) associated specifically with frats/sororities. There are plenty of other single-gender organizations that don’t have those stereotypes, e.g. Girl Scouting/Girl Guiding, Big Brothers/Big Sisters, etc. Well stated. I have a friend who refused to screen a make graduate from table format, Duke because he was on a sport there (NOT lacrosse). I thought it was ridiculous, but it was her call (I don’t work with her).
She had decided all male athletes from Duke were probably sex offenders. Wow. I mean….*wow*. That’s just odd. Yea I went to kellogg essay 2014, Duke during the lacrosse thing, and too commercial essay our grads keep doing stupid things (the girl with the powerpoint slide ranking all the kellogg 2014, guys she’d had sex with, eg). Dealing with those stereotypes are so much fun. . This. I have the same reaction to guys in fraternities. It’s not the gender.
It’s the organization. I don’t think this is a gender thing, it’s a Greek thing. The (very few) Greek organizations in christmas essay, my area are mostly co-ed, and I still have an automatic negative reaction to kellogg, them. I hope I wouldn’t let that reaction cloud my judgement, but seeing as this is a board where people recommend making sure you don’t wear a loud print or have visible panty lines in case people judge you as incompetant for them, I don’t think it’s out of essay line to point out that some people have negative views of Greek organizations, too. I held a leadership position in kellogg essay 2014, my sorority and have never (and would never) list it on thesis statement, a resume. In my view, its like religion, more likely to turn off some people in a strong way that really do much help. I was Greek at a Southern university, and something like 60-65% of the women on kellogg essay analysis 2014, campus were as well. Too Commercial Essay? I was also an engineer, and listed my affiliation on my resume. I cannot tell you how much improved my interviews with other Greeks were (including several interviews in Boston and Albuquerque). I’m of the opinion it can’t hurt to list. Anecdotally, having it listed helped me, but if it were to essay, hurt me, I’m not sure those are people I’d really want to work with anyway.
This is also a good point — to a certain degree, anything you put on christmas too commercial essay, a resume that counts for anything will screen you out of certain jobs. If it is important to you, then don’t worry that some people might think its stupid. You don’t want to work with people who think your priorities are stupid. If its not an important part of your life, you might leave off anything polarizing. Example, if you are trying to decide whether to list something that shows a religious affiliation, it is probably worth it to essay analysis 2014, list it if you really are deeply religious, you are vocal about it, and you might have certain days of the weeks or holidays in the year that are off limits from work. If some people don’t want to interview you because you listed a religious affiliation, you probably don’t want to work with them. But if you go to church twice a year, your religious affiliation isn’t something you identify with, etc…but you have some religious affiliation you could list on your resume, its probably not worth doing so because it might be polarizing and its not something you care enough about to give up on essay outline, potential job leads. Based on kellogg essay 2014, the comments of some of the people above, I am positive those people are not people I’d like to work with or for. And if you can hold onto that high-minded ideal in this day and age and still pay your rent and student loans without having to essay, rely on Mommy and Daddy to pay them, more power to you.
Ha! The high-minded ideal that you don’t want to work with or for kellogg essay analysis, judgemental people? I have a great job, have not taken a dime from my parents in 10+ years and absolutely love the people I work with and the environment I work in. I’m a Partner in an acconting firm and I interview many graduates…my advice would be to include your leadership roles for example if you were Vice President Treasurer of a greek organization list the role and the organization. On the other hand if you were a member and essay didn’t hold a leadership role I’d leave it off of your resume. The intent is to show your leadership skills and experience. Essay 2014? You don’t need to show us your social/relationship building skills we can get a pretty good feel for argumentation essay, that via the essay analysis 2014, interview. In my experience the more extracurricular activities you managed to juggle in college (i’m including jobs in this category) the table of contents format for a paper, more prepared you are for a professional job. I was not affiliated with a sorority and don’t regret it. I live in 2014, a region where it’s not taken in the highest regard. Just so you know where I’m coming from.
If you held significant leadership roles that if not associated with the greek system would be appropriate on your resume, then by all means include them. Powerpoint Essay? You shouldn’t scratch them simply for kellogg analysis 2014, being greek. Argumentation? I can’t speak to law school, but the graduate programs I’m familiar with (academic and professional) are definitely interested in 2014, leadership experience. I think most people understand that sororities are a non-stop party for some, but are a significant leadership development and public service opportunity for others. However, I would definitely not condone listing an association to fill out an empty resume or in a hope of eliciting generosity from a fellow member. I have reviewed applications, and trying to convince me to accept you over other equally qualified applicants simply because you were a member of an organization (even if it was one in format, which I was also a member) is not going to work in your favor. I think you hit the nail on the head with: “If you held significant leadership roles that if not associated with the greek system would be appropriate on your resume, then by all means include them.”
For the essay 2014, record, I was not involved in essay, Greek life at kellogg essay analysis a small midwestern school – I think we had 2-3 sororities, and one was at least loosely affiliated with the drama department – but I have no strong feelings against cuckoo's essay, Greek life, just as I have no strong feelings against people my current age involved in ‘philanthropic’ groups that exist mostly to plan and attend elaborate parties. I was in a sorority and it personally has not hurt me (I put my leadership role on my CV until I had more out of kellogg 2014 school experience). Also speaking from table format paper, a recruitment point of view having the work/ social balance can actually make a huge difference. It demonstrates that you are well rounded and can engage in different scenarios. I know of analysis people who are very weary of taking the kid who only focused on essay, academics because they feel like they may lack the kellogg essay, personal skills that those who went out and joined organizations (greek or not) gained. I find it very sad that there seem to be so many women responding to this post who are so close-minded that they are incapable of getting past stereotypes.
The ability to balance work with life and to lead people of angels and demons diverse backgrounds are increasingly important in analysis 2014, today’s professional world so I think it would be a mistake to powerpoint format, exclude college leadership experience and kellogg analysis extracurricular activities from writing thesis statement, a resume . Kellogg? Intelligent and experienced recruiters are are capable of essay considering the skill set of an applicant without being intolerant based on essay analysis, stereotypes – and essay outline I suspect the executives and owners of the best companies to work for kellogg, expect this from cuckoo's nest essay, their recruiters. Because Greek life is known for being super tolerant. That’s my problem with including it–it gives the impression that you’re into kellogg essay, drinking, hazing, and treating people who aren’t in your inner circle like crap. That may be an unfair stereotype of angels essay Greek life, but it’s hardly a ridiculous impression to essay, have of it. Agreed. One of the things that hasn’t been made explicit in format, this thread is essay analysis that sororities are inherently based on exclusion. Correct me if I’m wrong, but I believe the membership is essay format built by looking for people who fit a particular mold and who very much want to kellogg, conform to that mold. One aspect of angels essay sorority life is sorting people by type.
As a second-generation American, very much a minority from a very middle-class family, who wasn’t necessary schooled in the more esoteric ways of upper-middle-class mainstream America, I never felt that there was a sorority that would have me. I think it depends on the sorority and essay analysis 2014 the school environment generally. Format For A Paper? That was definitely the kellogg essay analysis, case at essay outline my school. My cousin went to school in another part of the country and dropped out of her sorority because it wanted to be too exclusive. She found she preferred women who didn’t necessarily fit her sorority’s mold, and those women were always the ones pointed out as being undesirable by the rest of her sisters. Just because you don’t agree with someone’s stereotypes doesn’t mean that don’t have them. As I mentioned earlier, I held a leadership position in essay analysis 2014, my sorority and don’t consider it resume material. This whole thread demonstrates why that’s the right decisions, a lot of nest educated professionals have negative impressions of sororities — that’s what matters, not whether they are right to have those views. You will never know that you didn’t get the kellogg, interview or offer because you listed your sorority on your resume, nor will you get the chance to explain it, to maximize your job opportunities, you are better leaving it off. If I interviewed you, I’d want to see your sorority experience only if it involved being a leader, not just a member. And I don’t think I’d use the word sorority, I’d use just the name of the organization.
Example, Social Chair, Alpha Chi Omega, 2010-present. (other than the cuckoo's nest, years above, that’s what would have been on MY resume!) I know there is some anti-greek bias, but you might also run into someone like me who realizes how valuable the greek experience can be. Kellogg Analysis? 20+ years later I can look back on my own and essay outline see how it shaped me as an kellogg 2014 individual and a leader in very positive ways. I would have some bias toward assuming it did the same for you. Also, be sure to list any leadership positions with regard to your organizations philanthropy. I agree with this. FWIW- I was not in a sorority and thought over a decade ago at angels and demons essay age 19 they were for 2014, the girls and powerpoint essay format guys who needed to make a big school feel smaller.
Now, I regret that I didn’t do it, because I see it was an opportunity to network and collaterate with others on philanthropic endeavors, and aspire for leadership positions at a young age. I was in a sorority in college and included my leadership role on my resume when I applied to law school. Kellogg 2014? I believe I even kept it on there when I applied to law firms. While I don’t think it particularly helped me get into school or get my current big law job, it didn’t appear to statement, have hurt me. I think the skills I gained having to develop and manage an annual budget and handle the sorority’s finances was an excellent experience and helped me develop a lot of kellogg analysis skills (social, leadership, financial and otherwise) and wanted to reflect that on my resume. The only Greek letters I’m impressed by nest are Phi Beta Kappa. Because this is on my resume (re: undergraduate degree), I had listed it to go on my law firm bio page as well, after checking that people were including things like “cum laude” or “with honors” after their listed degrees. The (2nd or 3rd year) associate responsible for editing and essay analysis 2014 formatting the bios for the web site wrote me an email saying that he had dropped this from my bio because the firm’s practice was to leave out sorority affiliations. Angels? I was speechless.
To Amy H. — what a story! Wow. I hope PBK is on your firm bio now. Holy wow. Kellogg 2014? That’s sort of stunning. PBK was a huge deal at argumentation my undergrad, you had to be roughly top 2% to get into it (although that varied by major). Everybody who had the kellogg, type of background that would eventually lead to becoming a lawyer knew what it was and aspired to it. It’s a big deal everywhere. Cuckoo's Nest Essay? Not every smart person is elected to PBK; you might have had a bad term, or taken some challenging classes that blew your GPA.
But if you were PBK it’s universally recognized as an impressive achievement and is always listed. That’s hysterical. Good Lord. Oh, and although I know that people do use “finalize,” “to put into 2014, final form” is better. I wasn’t very active in my sorority in college. And Demons Essay? I pretty much did the minimum to kellogg, not become in “bad standing”, but rushed solely to meet new people. I would never put my sorority on my resume. It was my stress reliever- not a responsibility! That being said, many of my sisters who did hold leadership positions did have a lot of responsibility and demonstrated a lot of table of contents for a skills that employers value.
They all put those positions on their resumes and are gainfully employed now. Maybe there may be some prejudice against sorority girls when applying for jobs, but I think it would be far worse to analysis, have a sparse resume. Nest Essay? You don’t want it to seem like you coasted through undergrad. I’d say keep it on your resume until you have some valuable work experience to take its place. On a related note, has anyone on essay, this board read Alexandra Robbins’ Pledged? I was fascinated by it. But the stories definitely contributed to my dislike of the greek system. Statement? Although, as someone above posted, black sororities seem to be really impressive and kellogg essay 2014 nurturing. Haven’t read it. Writing Thesis? But from the blurb on kellogg analysis 2014, Amazon, it sounds like that particular sorority was awful.
My experience couldn’t have been further from it, although I wasn’t *that* involved. A Good Thesis? If there were institutionalized eating disorders, I thankfully did not fall prey. The Panhellenic Council at my school was actually pretty organized and powerful, and devoted itself to lobbying the kellogg analysis, administration for such things as better women’s healthcare, more women in outline, tenure-track positions, and better free mental health resources for everyone. Actually, there were 4 different women in different sororities at kellogg essay different universities. And if you look at too commercial essay the comments, many of the commenters said they were in sororities and felt the book was very true-to-life. I’m glad your experience was positive, but it sounds like the book captures the true story at many schools.
Ah, sorry. Reading skills. I glossed and essay analysis thought the argumentation outline, 4 women that helped her were in her own sorority. Essay 2014? Makes much more sense the essay, actual way. I read the book and found it to kellogg essay 2014, be interesting. It did highlight some key differences between sororities and I found out my school required the women to live in the sorority house for three years.
There was a really large division between the Greeks and the GDIs on my campus and I think that really played a big role. Living in a sorority house can be cost prohibitive and I really saw a pretty big difference between the Greeks on outline, my campus and those women I met who went to schools that couldn’t have sorority houses at all or made them voluntary. As a black woman who did not belong to a sorority (my school did not have them), black sororities and kellogg analysis fraternities seem the most idiotic of all. Lack of christmas power, money, influence AND snobbery. Great combination! Um, how on earth would you know?
You’ve indicated that you weren’t a member, didn’t have them on kellogg essay, your campus to make any real determination with regard to their money, power, affluence or snobbery? As a member of one of the large Black sororities, I can assure your there is plenty of all four of the above! Every organization has it’s positives and it’s negatives, but base your criticism in essay, fact. I get that people are entitled to kellogg essay 2014, their own opinions about organizations, but I’d put my chapter Sorors and both their achievements and community service up against any notion of what it means to be in a sorority. 90% of cuckoo's essay them fall soundly in the definition of a “Corporette” regardless of their chosen fields of medicine, law, business, education or the arts. And we are in kellogg, amazing company, – Dr Dorothy Height, Mary McCleod Bethune, Nikki Giovani, Sadie Alexander, Surgeon General Regina Benjamin, etc.. I’ve met some of format your less illustrious members. And yes, as you noted, I am entitled to my opinion. I’m posting a comment, not writing an article. For people just out of kellogg essay 2014 college, who did hold leadership positions in essay, the sorority (if all you did was go to parties and wear the t-shirts, no one cares), I think it’s fine.
I absolutely do not give those women more consideration or think they are better than other applicants for being the Vice President of Kappa Kappa Gamma or whatever, but it’s totally OK with me that they have it on their resume. It is something that they did in college, and kellogg essay analysis with a new grad, I am interested in what they did in college. Writing A Good Statement? Do not think for one second, however, that lots of extracurriculars or sorority leadership will distract me from a distinctive lack of kellogg essay analysis 2014 academic rigor in your courses or poor grade performance, because it won’t. If it’s obvious from christmas essay, your resume and kellogg essay 2014 transcripts that you skated through college because you were more interested in partying than learning something, no “leadership positions” you put on your resume – whether it’s for a sorority or the astronomy club – will matter. BUT. For anyone more than 5 or so years out of college, including your sorority affiliation on your resume is really, really pathetic. Five years out of college, no one cares.
You should not still care. College is over. I would definitely think less of format a non-new-grad candidate who included their sorority “affiliation,” or their sorority “leadership role,” on their resume at that point. For the record: I pledged (Chi Omega), got a bid, turned it down. Best decision I ever made, next to who I picked to marry. I agree that if you’re 5 of so years out of college and essay analysis 2014 your only angels involvement with your sorority was in college than including your sorority affiliation on your resume is pathetic. But a lot of international sororities have strong alumnae members who volunteer their time organizing leadership conferences, fundraising events, and providing mentorship for analysis, collegiate members just like members of a Lion’s club or a Rotary club.
In those instances I think it’s not at all pathetic to list your affiliation on your resume under the volunteer section. I’m an alumnae member of essay outline Alpha Phi and I thoroughly enjoy volunteering my time both as an advisor to kellogg, a collegiate chapter and as an executive member of cuckoo's essay my alum chapter. I don’t have my sorority affiliation listed on my resume because Greek Life is quite under the essay 2014, radar here in Canada and all most people know is negative portrayals from the media. Format? But I do mention it in interviews if it comes up in kellogg, a valid way and only if I feel the interview is essay going well. Kellogg Essay Analysis? I also proudly wear my pin on International Badge Day and my Red Dress pin every day in Heart Health Month (February), our philanthropy supports Women’s heart health and cardiac care. Not the OP on this one but sorry, that still all sounds kind of pathetic to me. Writing? If you brought up how involved you still are in your college sorority and kellogg essay your alumni chapter in writing thesis, an interview, I would seriously think you did not have any kind of a real life, or alternatively, that you were choosing not to grow up and move past college. Essay 2014? And I especially don’t get the “I still wear my pin on Badge Day” thing. You do understand that like Ann said, no one cares?
Right? Assume two candidates with identical academic credentials. One is Treasurer of the Recycling Club (the most boring group I can think of). The other is powerpoint format Treasurer of Alpha Beta Gamma Delta. I’d be more interested in interviewing Recycling Club Person.
It’s probably not completely fair to post this, but I’ve never forgotten this New York Times “Modern Love” column on a horrific experience a woman had with a sorority. It’s not all unfair stereotypes. Some of it is kellogg analysis reality. “My Sorority Pledge? I Swore Off Sisterhood” That is a horrible story. My little college was non-Greek (one of the format for a paper, things I was looking for in a school and kellogg very hard to find in the South), but we did have a “women’s service organization” that had a pledge-week, held fundraisers, cost a whole lot of angels and demons essay money to get into, and supplied alcohol to kellogg 2014, underage students on our dry campus. Meanwhile, the rest of us made friends on our own, volunteered on argumentation, our own, had fun on our own- and all for kellogg analysis, free! My cousin was involved in her sorority during college, and they all loved her- until they started getting mad at her for missing meetings (scheduled while she was in class) and powerpoint not pulling her weight in planning things (while she was suffering repeated debilitating days-long migraines). Kellogg? Her “sisters” all knew what she was going through, and instead of supporting her in trying to christmas too commercial, figure out what was going on with her health and get better, they asked her to leave. In comparison, my roommate broke her leg, and six of our friends with cars got together with me and we put together a schedule of who was going to drive her to classes, doctor, grocery store, and anywhere else she might have desired to analysis 2014, go.
My cousin spent three and a half years in that sorority, and she doesn’t talk to any of the women she knew from it. She doesn’t even mention it, which must be horrible- it was a huge part of essay her life, and it’s like it didn’t even happen. I guess having leadership experience is a good thing- but just as lawyers (and accountants!) can have bad reps because of something very few have done, the same can go for kellogg essay, Greeks. Yes, lawyers get a bad rep, which sometimes is deserved. But at least lawyers are generally believed to be smart, organized, and competent. Sororities, by contrast, are generally known for essay, being snobbish and excluding and nasty, and that is not infrequently the analysis, reality, as you have pointed out. Gosh, all these nasty little stories about sororities are coming back to me. Angels And Demons? A few years ago, I believe a sorority rejected a bunch of women who were deemed insufficiently attractive. (That’s really woman-empowering.) A doctor’s assistant told me about her niece who transferred from a Southern school because her sorority sisters had driven her out. Everyone to some extent has to deal with the generalizations made by strangers about analysis, their background. For example, if you went to christmas too commercial essay, a top Ivy, some people assume you’re a clueless egghead, or a rich legacy, or an entitled jerk, or a person who thinks s/he’s smarter than s/he really is …. I think there’s value to C in reading how some people might respond to her having been part of a sorority.
Now that I’ve thought about it, I’m not sure any law school would care. Law firms might be different. Time enough to kellogg essay analysis, worry about that. I was in a sorority. Essay? And I’m really ambivalent about the experience. My school had local (non-Greek) sororities and fraternities, so what I experienced was very likely different in many, many, many regards from what Greek sorority members experienced. Without a doubt, belonging to analysis, a sorority has had a hugely positive impact on my life. I really met the friends of my life through my sorority; I gained tons of leadership experience; I got to work with charities throughout undergrad; I met and too commercial developed relationships with professional women well before I embarked on my job search; I continue to network with this small group of alumnae.
I wholeheartedly agree with others here who say that being in a sorority was empowering and benefited their overall professional development. That was certainly my *individual* experience. But, I also think the *system* of kellogg analysis sororities/fraternities has a lot of issues. While I found my sisters to outline, be almost uniformly impressive — and mostly feminist — young women, I found the kellogg essay 2014, traditions of our sororities and fraternities often rooted in sexism, misogyny and super weird about special rights and privileges. For instance, many of my sorority’s (which was originally founded as a literary club) traditional secret songs involved lines about involvement with guys in the fraternities. A Good? Yeah, it was silly fun, but it’s also just plain weird for a bunch of awesome women to be memorizing songs detailing men’s attributes based upon their fraternity affiliations. I know men had similar (and frankly debasing) songs about sororities. Add to this the traditions of stags with fraternities only (though we did have a stag with one other sorority once), private parties where only members are invited (only contributing to divisions among classmates — I had many friends outside of my sorority and always felt weird that I couldn’t integrate them into this part of 2014 my life), and some other very strange pledging traditions (we did not haze, though I know other organizations at too commercial my school did): and overall I have to conclude that as a whole, this system of exclusive organizations — as presently constructed — are not good for undergraduate culture as a whole. Despite my mostly wonderful individual experience. In sum, just because I gained privilege from the system doesn’t make the system right. or just.
FWIW, I put my leadership experience in my sorority on my resume right out of kellogg essay undergrad, but I put it under other activities, next to essay, my academic honor society memberships — as opposed to being the editor-in-chief of the college paper, which I placed under job experience. Analysis? I’m five years out of cuckoo's essay school now, and kellogg essay analysis 2014 don’t list the sorority at argumentation outline all. i’d leave it off a resume (if you have other things to put on there), but if you have connections from your affiliation, work em. this chain just shows there’s a lot of negative associations with the greek system, so why hurt yourself before you get in 2014, the door. Remember this is writing thesis just grad school the kellogg essay analysis, OP is applying to. It’s not a job where she should have more serious achievements on her resume. Cuckoo's Essay? Many grad schools both want and expect to see clubs, school involvement and school-life balance. I’ve served on admissions committees (admittedly not at the Ivy League) and kellogg essay 2014 an applicant without clubs (or a story) reads like that really unfortunate kid with no social skills who you don’t want claiming your school as her alma mater.
By the same token, law schools typically are interested in your intellectual and academic ability, and to christmas, some extent, your maturity. Now of course, an applicant with a great LSAT score and GPA from kellogg analysis 2014, a good school is going to do fine, even when disclosing fraternity or sorority membership. It’s the borderline case in which this might matter. For very good reason, fraternities and sororities are not associated in the popular mind with the brightest, most diligent and meritocratic of students, the kinds of powerpoint essay format students that law schools supposedly like. How many movies have I seen in which the analysis 2014, fraternity bros get together to cheat on format, an exam after finishing a three-day bender? How many real accounts have I read about women being attacked or sexually used by kellogg 2014 fraternity guys, or about sorority women exhibiting vicious “mean girl” snobbery?
It was a frat at Yale, DKE, that marched its pledges past the women’s center at night, screaming “No means Yes. Yes means anal.” Yup, if you act like an animal, chances are people are going to think you’re not too bright. Columbia had some kind of scandal involving a fraternity in table of contents for a research paper, the last couple of years. Kellogg? Those are just the research, ones I’ve heard of. I’m confused. Essay Analysis? Since when do law schools require resumes?
Not to defend the fraternities, but to argumentation essay outline, clarify the situation… only 10% of students at Columbia are in fraternities. Kellogg Essay Analysis? And the scandal was over drug-dealing. Thanks for format, the info. Analysis 2014? I didn’t suggest that most students at Columbia were in fraternities. I’m sure very few Yalies are in cuckoo's, frats as well.
A scandal is a scandal. Analysis 2014? I think drug dealing serious. Essay Outline? These student-run housing situations are far more often the seat of problems than the analysis 2014, regular student residences. I don’t understand why, according to many opinions stated on essay, thread, all sorority members are guilty by association simply because other members of kellogg Greek houses, at other schools and in other parts of the too commercial, country, have committed criminal behavior or displayed extremely poor judgment. I was a division 1 athlete. There have been many scandals in which division 1 athletes have raped women and essay 2014 engaged in other criminal behavior. One or two of these scandals even took place at my own school. Does that mean I’m a rapist and a criminal? Replace “division 1 athlete” with “Greek house member” and there you go. It makes no sense and argumentation essay outline reflects poorly on the commenters, not the sorority members. I don’t think you can really compare Division 1 Athlete to Greek House member.
Division 1 Athletes qualify for that status based on merit and ability. Greek house members become members based on more superficial qualities like appearance and similar background. I think you completely missed the point of her comment. The point was that prejudice and stereotyping is unacceptable. My personal experience with putting my Greek affiliation on my resume has always been very positive. I was the president of my sorority at analysis Harvard, which might help balance out the “ditz” impression that seems to be a common fear. In any event, I’ve discussed the experience (which was extremely valuable and formative for me) in almost all of my interviews, including the interviews for essay, the law firm at which I’m now an associate. Kellogg Analysis 2014? When I was interviewing for clerkships, I discussed the experience with a 9th Circuit judge who had held a similar leadership position during her experience in essay, a sorority. Kellogg Essay Analysis 2014? She was enthusiastic about outline, discussing the Greek system and its positive effects on her own life. Now that I am in the position of interviewing candidates at kellogg 2014 my firm, I enjoy talking about the Greek system as a point of format for a research paper commonality with candidates who list their own affiliation. I wouldn’t necessarily just list membership in a Greek organization on your resume, but I think that the leadership experience is valuable and kellogg essay analysis 2014 the affiliation generally can at times be a good talking point.
Just my own two cents. I was in a sorority (er, “women’s fraternity”) in undergrad (small southern school, 75%+ Greek). The time commitment is pretty large, even for regular members. Triple the amount of meetings for women in the top leadership positions. I would never, ever have thought to essay, put involvement in 2014, a Greek organization on my resume. That being said, all of these comments have convinced me that it can be useful in certain cases. It certainly demonstrates reliability and too commercial essay leadership skills – especially if she make a good case for how those skills will serve her in the workplace. I was a pretty terrible sorority member – I was just too busy with school work to take any leadership positions. Kellogg Essay Analysis? Mostly I learned to cuckoo's essay, try to essay, stay engaged in seemingly interminable meetings, while unsuccessfully keeping my mind off of the nest essay, 1 million other things that I had to get done. Essay Analysis 2014? Hey, great practice for the working world!
That being said, I probably would drop it off the argumentation, resume by 10+ years after graduation. By then, you have relevant professional experience. I do have my affiliation listed on LinkedIn for kellogg essay analysis 2014, networking purposes, but I do not have it on my resume. Didn’t OP say she was applying to a good, law SCHOOL? Not a job. Essay? I remember putting like every significant extracurricular etc. Too Commercial? down in my law school applications. I don’t think admissions people at law school are going to hold any particular affiliation against kellogg analysis, anyone, even if it’s not one they would choose themselves. When it comes to a resume for a job, I just don’t think it’s that big a deal. Sure some people hate sororities. I’m one. Format? My college didn’t have them and in my snotty youth days, I turned up my nose at people I knew at schools that had them. (I’m not from the essay, south.) Has nothing to do with whether they are a “women’s organization,” I thought they were about conformity and pleasing men.
But good grief, I would never be so small minded as to reject a job applicant out of hand because I saw a sorority mentioned in context of leadership skills on her resume. Everyone is a complete package, and no job applicant is table of contents research exactly like me in all respects. Don’t put it on. I was in analysis, one for a bit. Am 34 now. Would think it weird to and demons, put it on grad school app. NEver occurred to me to kellogg, list it for a good, a professional setting situation. It’s social. Consider taking on a non-greek leadership role or activity soon. I was amused by a comment below that sorority girls are just soooo superficial, focusing on hair, makeup and kellogg analysis 2014 clothing for rush or other events. A Good Statement? Yes, I can see why such interests are problematic.
Certainly no one would ever join a community of like-minded women to discuss these things. @@ I’m also amazed how provincial some northeasterners are. Thinking that sororities are only ditzy MRS seekers reflects poorly on you and kellogg essay 2014 says that you have very little awareness, knowledge or openness to anything outside NYC. It’s not flattering. You’re not doing yourself any favors with this post either, sweetie. Too Commercial? :) There’s more to the Northeast than NYC. Yes, I’m aware. I’m originally from the Northeast myself. But, I guess some people think Legally Blonde and Animal House were documentaries instead of comedies. I went to school in kellogg essay, the Midwest, my cousin went in angels, the Southeast and kellogg 2014 both of us found sororities at our schools that had those traits. There were only nest one or two sororities that really seemed to attract the 2014, more intellectual women at nest essay my school, and kellogg essay analysis 2014 that was well known.
My mom was in nest essay, a sorority and she still is delighted when she meets other ladies from the same group. It’s like a much smaller version of an alumni connection — if I interviewed two people and 2014 one went to my alma mater, I might be more likely to connect with that person. Doesn’t mean I’d automatically choose or disqualify on that though. On another note, interviewers who refuse to writing statement, interview you based on a group you were in in college (as long as it wasn’t, like, the kellogg essay analysis 2014, KKK) seem like they do a diservice to their organizations. I like diversity in my workplace, and powerpoint essay sorority ladies can fit in kellogg essay, as well as skiiers, bakers, bird-watchers, socialists, a cappella singers, or whatever other club you were in writing a good, in college! (disclosure: I was in an a cappella group in college that took up about as much time as a sorority, and probably threw as many parties. I still have it on my resume because it’s a good conversation starter.) I have a different view on kellogg, this than I have seen in reading through the responses. First, there are SO MANY THINGS that a person can “judge” you by on your resume and sorority affiliation is only one of them. Political affiliation, certain charity organizations that indicate a religious preference (even something like United Way can indicate certain preferences).
The truth of the matter is, even in essay format, this economy, there comes a point when you have to let those things go. Of course that is not to say that you shouldn’t try to present yourself in kellogg essay analysis 2014, the best light possible, but at a certain point, some things are going to be obvious. However, Sorority Affiliation (as indicated on essay outline, this thread) can be polarizing. Here is my view: Only put down sorority affiliation if you were the president or vice president of your sorority or panhellenic council. I think what you want to kellogg essay, avoid is something that a non-sorority person won’t understand. Writing Thesis Statement? Putting that you were T-Shirt Chair might indicate to kellogg analysis, a fellow recent sorority grad that you could responsibly handle a large budget, communicate between vendors and your committee, etc. However, a non-sorority person doesn’t understand that and may think it sounds silly. As for sports teams — I say go for it. However, unless you are on essay outline, the actual school team put it under hobbies. My sister was a division 1 athlete through college and it is a huge time commitment.
It shows excellent time management skills. As a lawyer and a member of a sorority, I disagree. I think sorority affiliations are important to an individual’s personal and professional develeopment. I also held just about kellogg essay 2014, every leadership position in my sorority and I included on my resume when starting out. My sorority involvement taught me critical time management skills, people management skills, and workplace etiquette development. In fact, I’ve recently noted SIGNIFICANT disparaties between unprepared non-Greek applicants and cuckoo's nest Greek applicants and will almost always favor the Greek candidate (if it was not just a party group), because I know how sororities develop character. As with anything on a resume, I would only include those activities in kellogg analysis, which a person is essay outline involved and active, not just “present.” If you include on kellogg essay analysis 2014, your resume, be prepared to statement, tell the essay analysis, interviewer how Greek life prepared you for and demons essay, the working world-see above re: time management, deication to kellogg essay analysis, a project, learning to work well with others, developing leadership skills, etc.
Any number of non-Greek extracurricular activities will teach the skills you’ve mentioned, for example, working for the school newspaper, managing a school musical group, running the school radio or TV station, running a student business, performing work/study jobs. A Good Statement? Moreover, admission and promotion usually are based on talent and analysis 2014 commitment. I think there is a big difference between (1) using Greek affiliation to table paper, network and (2) putting Greek affiliation on your resume and thinking it will help you get into grad school or land a job. Taking advantage of personal networks through Greek orgs make sense to me, but I have a hard time believing I would hire a candidate or admit a student b/c of Greek affiliation. Definitely. A lot of people here seem to be mixing them up. The question is not whether one should join sorority and if that could be a good career move down the road (I think it can be) – the question is kellogg analysis whether one should put that experience on her resume. A Good Thesis Statement? Different question. I think Reader C should absolutely put it on her resume.
I was involved for kellogg analysis 2014, 4 years in college in Greek Life and as a result was able to cuckoo's nest, use it on my resume for leadership experience, community involvement, volunteer work, honor societies, and general campus participation. And, without knowing it, I was hired for my finance internship and my first job by fellow Greek Life members without even knowing. Though the alumnae group in my city, if I needed additional networking resources for finding new jobs or recommendations, I guarantee that that would be the first place I would look. Yes, there are always people that are going to sneer at someone’s list of involvements, whether you’re in a religious organization, the Sierra Club, or whatnot, but no one has the perfect resume coming out of college and entering the workforce/graduate community. don’t go to law school. I just read this entire comment thread, and kellogg 2014 frankly I am shocked at the judgment and essay lack of essay analysis 2014 support being offered to other women who may have happened to be in a sorority at one time. Table Format Research Paper? This is certainly the essay 2014, most vitriol that I have ever seen on this site. On at least a weekly basis, there is clothing linked to by posters that I wouldn’t be caught dead in, but I’d never post a comment to that effect or use the fact that you want to purchase a god-awful purse to cuckoo's nest essay, form a judgment on who you are (and more importantly, what kind of kellogg essay analysis employee you are). Life is hard enough as a professional woman, especially for those who are just beginning their careers, without us ripping each other down. OP, just put it on essay, your resume. If you are competent in other areas that are important for 2014, your field, you’ll be fine.
In fact, it may be a bonus if leadership is something you have a passion for and want to continue pursuing throughout your education and career. If you get rejected because you were in a sorority, I wouldn’t be upset about not going to school there. And even though the economy in the toilet, I still think there is and demons essay something to be said for being true to yourself. As someone from outside of the US, everything I know about sororities I learned from Legally Blonde the Sweet Valley twins. It gives off a very negative connotation to essay analysis, associate yourself with one. ‘Greek’ means something other than someone from Greece? You learn something every day. I learned many amazing lessons being president of my sorority. Cuckoo's Essay? It can be a leadership experience – no reason not to list it as such.
I was president of my sorority chapter. I was also the greek-wide community service/philanthropy chair for Panhellenic. Both of these positions required a huge amount of work, and both were on kellogg 2014, my resume when I applied for law school and for writing thesis, summer associate positions. That was in the “good ol’ days” of essay analysis 2014 BigLaw hiring, but I think I would do the same today. I interview now and essay outline leadership is kellogg analysis important to a good thesis, me. In fact, by the time I’m interviewing during callbacks, the minimum academic requirement hurdles have already been met, so it’s actually all about “fit” — and kellogg essay 2014 leadership is a big piece of whether you’re going to a good thesis, “fit.” I went straight from essay analysis 2014, undergrad to law school, so my undergrad “activities” were needed on my resume.
If I were applying for a lateral or in-house position now, I probably would not include my greek affiliation. I think the type of too commercial essay experience as an officer in a greek organization can be relevant; such as Treasurer or VP Finance or some similar title, and responsible for a budget, A/P and A/R, contracts, insurance, payroll, etc. A large chapter (400 women) of a sorority with a physical house to essay, live in can have a budget of over cuckoo's nest essay a million dollars. Additionally, during an interview process, a Greek affiliation can be the common point of kellogg interest that sparks conversation and a good thesis creates a memory that helps you stand out from the other top tier, high GPA candidates. Completely disagree. If you held a position in your sorority and it is something you are proud of, put it on your resume. I am a current masters student and was president of my sorority. I have had plenty of internship interviews and kellogg analysis 2014 they are always happy to see that I had a leadership role within my sorority. Essay? If you didn’t do anything within your sorority then I dont see a real reason to kellogg analysis 2014, put anything. I got around this question by detailing what I did while holding an office in my sorority (coordinating major events, overseeing committees, writing newsletters, establishing a database of christmas alumnae). I don’t think focusing on your experiences significant to your chosen career path would be a detriment.
Also. . Kellogg Essay Analysis 2014? . I know several lovely and talented sorority girls who are now lovely, talented, and successful lawyers and businesswomen. Ultimately, include it or don’t. . Cuckoo's Essay? . just don’t loose sleep over it. I think if worded correctly and presented in a manner where one would take you seriously then yes, being able to say “I was in an extra curriculative community service driven group managed a full work load of 15, 17 or even 21 hrs” is very valuable. Kellogg Essay 2014? What alot of you non Panhellanic people do not understand is essay that the traditional judgmental outlook on greeks back in kellogg, the day and what you see from Hollywood, is all wrong. In order to table, even make it into kellogg essay analysis, a sorority you must have a certain GPA some chapters require higher ones then others. You must be able to maintain your GPA in powerpoint essay, order to be able to stay in Greek life. Greek life is not all social activities, the meetings every week are legit, bilaws are read and essay analysis 2014 minutes are kept just like business meetings in the work force. I’ve been in a few corporate meetings to tell you that is true. Being able to nest essay, show that you can get along with people and that you work well as a team is kellogg essay analysis 2014 a huge bonus when looking for a well rounded employee. No one wants to hire someone who puts out bad PR. To me, the leadership shown in Greek life such as, being over the financials for argumentation outline, that schools chapter or being the essay 2014, president of format that chapter is the same if not better then managing 5 – 10 people at essay 2014 a fast-food restaurant.
I don’t understand why a schools faculty would hate sororities when they are the very ones who are mostly involved with SAA student alumni association. They are the ones who put the spirit into of contents, school spirit. They support their college by volunteering when the school needs help taking money at kellogg essay analysis 2014 the table at a basketball game, or needs extra help in the concession stand at football games. A lot of the work they do is behind the scenes but they really try hard to keep what they fell in format, love with at the school, alive. OMG OMG OMG. You are also a wildcat. Kellogg Essay Analysis 2014? I’m gonna be a sophomore in angels and demons essay, a week :p. I was searching for pumps for upcoming school events and probably future interviews, so I found your website… Then I couldn’t stop reading your articles. They are really helpful and insightful in many ways.
Anyways, thanks for kellogg, sharing! :D :D :D. And I’m also a GDI now but considering to rush some business frat this year…
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Kellogg MBA Essay & Video Questions - Analysis & Tips
mba essay goal Almost all top business schools require applicants to write a Personal statement or Goals essay in which they discuss their goals and ambitions as they pertain to the MBA degree, and often to the target school’s particular program. What should I write in a Statement of Purpose or 'Goals' essay? A statement of purpose or a ‘Goals’ essay requires you to make a logical connection between your past, present, and future. Essay 2014? This means you need to tell a story that connects your past ( past work-experience), present (your need of an MBA from your target school to achieve your goals, and your future (goals and objectives).
The Schools want to essay format, see that you have a clear plan/ vision for future and kellogg 2014, you have the too commercial essay ability to convince them of the same by telling your story that is 2014, not only clear and compelling, but also reveals your personal and professional attributes. Goals essay needs to essay outline, be approached in different ways as per the specifications of essay prompt and the word limit specified by various schools. However, a typical ‘goals’ essay should have the following structure: Structure of a typical Goals Essay: Past: (about 30-35% of essay) Begin your essay with a story/ event/ life experience that reflects passion for your chosen field e.g. marketing or finance or any other field.Make sure your opening statement is analysis, compelling enough to hook the Ad Com and powerpoint essay format, make them continue reading your essay .There are several ways of making an kellogg analysis 2014, engaging beginning: a quote, an interesting description, an anecdote, a question, a startling statement, or statistics. You may choose any method that works for you to draw the reader into your story. The following is an cuckoo's nest, example of an kellogg essay analysis 2014, engaging beginning that hooks the reader with a real- life example/anecdote:
My love and passion for finance dates back the essay time when I was only 13 years old and used to kellogg analysis, ponder at the stock prices in essay, the newspaper for countless hours. Later, at essay analysis 2014 15, and only one week into my first job at a bank, I purchased my first stock. Today, at cuckoo's 25, banking and finance still enthuse me. Every morning, I go to work motivated and with a smile, enjoying my commute time reading finance books. After drawing the reader's attention by your story of kellogg essay passion, continue with your story and provide details about powerpoint essay how you have pursued your interest/passion and progressed along your career path these 3-4 years (or whatever your work experience is).
Be specific in explaining how you have risen in analysis, positions/ responsibilities and salary in order to illustrate that your abilities are recognized and rewarded by your company. Future: (about 25-30 % of table of contents essay) Now explain how your past experience have shaped your future goals and objectives and what are your plans for the future. Be clear and decisive for kellogg essay analysis 2014 short term goals (even if you are not 100% sure. Powerpoint Essay? Show that you have put some thought into it. For example, you should precisely state if you are a career enhancer and your short term goal is to rise to analysis, the next level in outline, your current company, or if you are career changer and your objective is to learn new skills through MBA so you can change your career path. After you have specified your short term goals, go ahead and essay, discuss your long term goals. It is ok to christmas too commercial, be more broad and idealistic for long term goals, but explain steps (A to B to C) to make sure there is a logical connection between short term and long term goals. For example, you should not say that your long term goal is to be CEO of xyz company if your past experience, current skills set and your short term goals do not at all seem to be leading to that direction. Present: (about 25-30 % of essay) After having discussed your future goals, explain how an analysis 2014, MBA fits in the puzzle of the grand scheme of your career path.
In other words, elaborate why you believe that an MBA is the next logical step in christmas too commercial essay, your career path. Be specific when explaining how certain specific skills acquired during MBA will bring you closer to the fulfillment of your goals. Kellogg Analysis 2014? For example, if your goal is to of contents for a research paper, be an entrepreneur, explicitly state how an MBA will teach you the required skills of handling competitive threats, allocating resources, and making decisions. Also, explain why now is the essay analysis 2014 right time for you to do an MBA for further advancement in your career. Most schools (UCLA, kenan Flagler, LBS ) specifically want to know ‘ why MBA now’?
However, even if they don't ask ‘Why MBA’, I would recommend that you should answer this question as this would help demonstrate the clarity of your vision. Why Target School? Once you have satisfactorily answered ‘Why MBA?’ and ‘Why MBA now?’ your next step is to explain 'why target school'. Too Commercial Essay? Discuss how you will use their resources to achieve your goals? Remember, schools always want to analysis 2014, hear compelling reasons for each candidate’s need for their particular MBA program. (10-15 % of essay) When the School asks 'Why We'? When the schools specifically ask you why you are interested in them (UCLA, Tuck, Columbia, Chicago etc.), you need to provide a detailed explanation (depending on the word-limits specified by them) how their specific resources will help you meet your objective. You may refer to a conversation with a student or a professor which will not only make your essay an a good thesis, interesting and engaging read, but will also validate your genuine enthusiasm for this schools. In short, make a convincing argument of how their offerings (classes, faculty, clubs, alumni, other programs etc.) are closely related to your goals. Go online, visit campus, classes, talk to professors, students, and alumni, and discuss your experiences of kellogg analysis 2014 visiting classes, programs, professors, if you can. When the School doesn't ask 'Why We'?
Even when the school asks a generic question Why do you need an angels, MBA to reach your goals? it is in fact, also asking you Why do you need an kellogg analysis, MBA from our school? and “How will you use our resources to too commercial essay, achieve your goals?’ Therefore, it still makes sense to make a brief statement about your interest and need of their specific offerings. Contribution to the target School: Often a school will ask applicants what they will bring to kellogg analysis 2014, their MBA program if they are selected as students (Ross, Cornell Fuqua, Kenan Flagler etc.). In this case, you can refer to such possible contributions as participation or leadership in particular club, in classroom discussions or team work. You can also state that your international background would bring global perspective to teams or course work, or your personal characteristics like humor or enthusiasm will facilitate bonding between class mates or team groups. Even if the school doesn’t ask you to discuss your contribution, you can still mention (if space permits) what you will bring to the school and why you are a good match for and demons their program? Summing up, think of answering ‘Goals’ question by making logical connections between your past (past experience), and future (future goals and objectives) present (need of an MBA). Explain how your personal and kellogg analysis, professional experiences have shaped your goals, how an MBA from table of contents format research your target school would help you achieve your goals, and how you will add significant value to the school with your skills and experience. Furthermore, while telling your story, you need to make sure it reveals your personal characteristics e.g. leadership, persistence, intelligence, creativity, diligence, integrity ability to work in teams etc.
Lastly, and most importantly, since schools word their 'Goals' question differently based on what they are looking for in their potential students, you need to make sure to structure and modify details of your story as per the essay prompt. Almost all top business schools require applicants to analysis, write a Personal statement or Goals essay in which they discuss their goals and ambitions as they pertain to a good, the MBA degree, and kellogg essay analysis 2014, often to the target school’s particular program. What should I write in a Statement of christmas Purpose or 'Goals' essay? A statement of purpose or a ‘Goals’ essay requires you to make a logical connection between your past, present, and future. This means you need to tell a story that connects your past ( past work-experience), present (your need of an MBA from your target school to achieve your goals, and your future (goals and objectives). The Schools want to kellogg essay analysis 2014, see that you have a clear plan/ vision for future and you have the of contents format for a research ability to convince them of the essay analysis 2014 same by telling your story that is not only clear and compelling, but also reveals your personal and nest, professional attributes. Goals essay needs to be approached in essay analysis 2014, different ways as per the specifications of essay prompt and the word limit specified by various schools. However, a typical ‘goals’ essay should have the following structure: Structure of a typical Goals Essay: Past: (about 30-35% of essay) Begin your essay with a story/ event/ life experience that reflects passion for your chosen field e.g. Writing? marketing or finance or any other field.Make sure your opening statement is compelling enough to hook the Ad Com and make them continue reading your essay .There are several ways of making an engaging beginning: a quote, an analysis 2014, interesting description, an anecdote, a question, a startling statement, or statistics.
You may choose any method that works for you to draw the reader into format for a paper your story. The following is an example of an engaging beginning that hooks the reader with a real- life example/anecdote: My love and passion for finance dates back the 2014 time when I was only 13 years old and used to ponder at the stock prices in the newspaper for argumentation countless hours. Kellogg Analysis 2014? Later, at 15, and only one week into argumentation essay outline my first job at kellogg a bank, I purchased my first stock. Today, at 25, banking and finance still enthuse me. Every morning, I go to work motivated and with a smile, enjoying my commute time reading finance books. After drawing the reader's attention by your story of passion, continue with your story and format, provide details about how you have pursued your interest/passion and kellogg essay analysis 2014, progressed along your career path these 3-4 years (or whatever your work experience is). Be specific in explaining how you have risen in positions/ responsibilities and salary in order to illustrate that your abilities are recognized and rewarded by research paper your company. Future: (about 25-30 % of kellogg 2014 essay) Now explain how your past experience have shaped your future goals and objectives and what are your plans for the future. Be clear and decisive for short term goals (even if you are not 100% sure. Show that you have put some thought into of contents paper it.
For example, you should precisely state if you are a career enhancer and analysis, your short term goal is to rise to the next level in your current company, or if you are career changer and your objective is to learn new skills through MBA so you can change your career path. After you have specified your short term goals, go ahead and essay, discuss your long term goals. It is ok to be more broad and idealistic for long term goals, but explain steps (A to B to C) to make sure there is kellogg essay, a logical connection between short term and long term goals. For example, you should not say that your long term goal is to be CEO of format research xyz company if your past experience, current skills set and your short term goals do not at all seem to be leading to that direction. Present: (about 25-30 % of kellogg essay analysis essay) After having discussed your future goals, explain how an MBA fits in essay format, the puzzle of the grand scheme of kellogg 2014 your career path.
In other words, elaborate why you believe that an MBA is the next logical step in your career path. Be specific when explaining how certain specific skills acquired during MBA will bring you closer to the fulfillment of your goals. For example, if your goal is to be an entrepreneur, explicitly state how an MBA will teach you the required skills of cuckoo's essay handling competitive threats, allocating resources, and making decisions. Also, explain why now is the right time for kellogg analysis you to do an of contents format research, MBA for essay analysis 2014 further advancement in your career. Most schools (UCLA, kenan Flagler, LBS ) specifically want to know ‘ why MBA now’? However, even if they don't ask ‘Why MBA’, I would recommend that you should answer this question as this would help demonstrate the clarity of your vision. Why Target School?
Once you have satisfactorily answered ‘Why MBA?’ and argumentation essay outline, ‘Why MBA now?’ your next step is to explain 'why target school'. Discuss how you will use their resources to achieve your goals? Remember, schools always want to kellogg, hear compelling reasons for each candidate’s need for cuckoo's essay their particular MBA program. (10-15 % of essay) When the 2014 School asks 'Why We'? When the schools specifically ask you why you are interested in cuckoo's, them (UCLA, Tuck, Columbia, Chicago etc.), you need to provide a detailed explanation (depending on the word-limits specified by them) how their specific resources will help you meet your objective. 2014? You may refer to a conversation with a student or a professor which will not only christmas too commercial essay, make your essay an kellogg essay, interesting and engaging read, but will also validate your genuine enthusiasm for this schools. Cuckoo's? In short, make a convincing argument of how their offerings (classes, faculty, clubs, alumni, other programs etc.) are closely related to your goals. Go online, visit campus, classes, talk to analysis, professors, students, and alumni, and discuss your experiences of argumentation outline visiting classes, programs, professors, if you can. When the School doesn't ask 'Why We'? Even when the school asks a generic question Why do you need an essay analysis 2014, MBA to reach your goals? it is in angels, fact, also asking you Why do you need an MBA from our school? and essay analysis, “How will you use our resources to achieve your goals?’ Therefore, it still makes sense to make a brief statement about argumentation your interest and essay, need of their specific offerings. Contribution to the target School: Often a school will ask applicants what they will bring to of contents research, their MBA program if they are selected as students (Ross, Cornell Fuqua, Kenan Flagler etc.).
In this case, you can refer to analysis 2014, such possible contributions as participation or leadership in argumentation essay outline, particular club, in classroom discussions or team work. Kellogg Analysis 2014? You can also state that your international background would bring global perspective to essay, teams or course work, or your personal characteristics like humor or enthusiasm will facilitate bonding between class mates or team groups. Even if the school doesn’t ask you to discuss your contribution, you can still mention (if space permits) what you will bring to kellogg analysis, the school and table for a research paper, why you are a good match for their program?
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Northwestern University (Kellogg) Essay Analysis, 2014 - mbaMission
A FREE Sample Retail Store Business Plan Template. Essay Analysis 2014? Are you about starting a retail business? If YES, here#8217;s a complete sample online retail store business plan template feasibility report to help you get started. Too Commercial? Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting a retail store. We also took it further by analyzing and drafting a sample retail store marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for retail stores. So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section. Kellogg Analysis? There are times when one might not be disposed to buy stuff in bulk. This might be due to financial constraint or other contingencies. This is one of the argumentation outline reasons why retail outlets are scattered all over the world. Kellogg Essay Analysis? They know the importance of statement, reaching all and essay sundry, and that is why they want to provide services that can reach all classes of people.
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Writing a business plan might not be as easy as writing other things. Of Contents Format For A Research Paper? In fact it needs a detailed and professional touch so that the most important things aren’t left out. This is one of the reasons why business consultants leverage of the ignorance of people to make massive money. This is because they are able to provide information in analysis, a ways that would make the business blow. What then happens if you are looking to write a business plan and research paper do not know your way around it? Plus, you do not want to hire a consultant to do this, as you fear if the consultant could do justice to the plan the way you wanted it to be? Good news is that an existing retail business plan can help you stay afloat. This means that by researching and getting a detailed retail business plan, you can as well be able to tweak it to suit yours. Be sure to have thorough calculated figures about your retrial business, as this will go a long way in getting a hang of your finances. Here is a sample retail business plan for your perusal and use. A FREE Sample Retail Store Business Plan Template.
When we talk about retailing, we talk about a business that deals in kellogg essay analysis, loads of powerpoint essay format, consumer goods; which can be categorized into three major areas. Kellogg? These categories are: general merchandise, apparel, and furniture. In other words, retailers are engaged in the selling of finished goods; they get the goods from the manufacturers and they sell to the end users (consumers). Retail goods can also be categorized into durable goods and non – durable goods. Durable goods are goods such electronics, computers and accessories, furniture, and other large appliances et al and non – durable goods are good such as food, toiletries, drinks, beauty products, jewelry, clothing and shoes et al. Essay? The retail industry is a major sector of the economy of the United States which generates a whooping sum of well over $4 trillion annually from more than a million retail outlets scattered all around the United States of America. The industry is responsible for the employment of essay analysis 2014, well over 15 million people which is about 12% of the workforce of the essay U.S. eMarketer.com published that in analysis 2014, 2014 alone, the retailing industry on a global scale generated a revenue of well over $22 trillion; it goes to show that the writing a good thesis industry is indeed a very large industry. It is a fact that an estimated two-thirds of the United States’ gross domestic product (GDP) comes from retail consumption. This is why the kellogg United States of America’s economy is measured with the yardstick of how well the retailing business is fairing in christmas essay, the U.S. In essence, when there is an unstable economy, purchasing power drops and it impacts the retailing industry negatively which may result in the closure of some retail stores.
In recent time, the retail landscape has seen tremendous changes in the last 20 years; it has grown from the kellogg usual mom and pop outlets to argumentation essay outline a more organized and far reaching venture. The introduction of franchise and kellogg essay analysis 2014 online store makes it easier for a retailer to reach out to a larger market far beyond the areas where his physical store is located. It is interesting to note that more retail shops; especially lager retail outlets have started to include self-serve checkout lanes in their stores. It creates shorter lines that appeal to consumers; the average customer would not want to stay longer on queue. Over and above, the retail industry is a profitable industry and it is open to any aspiring entrepreneur to come in format research, and establish his or her business; you can chose to start on a small scale in a street corner like the average mom and kellogg essay analysis 2014 pop business or you can chose to start on a large scale with several outlets in key cities. Sample Retail Store Business Plan Template Executive Summary. Essay? People’s Choice Retail Shop is a retail shop that will be located in one of the 2014 busiest streets in Columbus, Ohio. We have been able to lease a facility that is big enough to table for a research fit into the design of the retail shop that we intend launching and the facility is located in a corner piece directly opposite kellogg, the largest residential estate in Columbus, Ohio.
Our retail shop will retail a wide range of durable goods and non – durable goods at writing a good statement, affordable prices from different brands. We retail goods such as groceries, clothes, sports equipment, beauty products, jewelry, baby stuffs, children’s toys, home furnishings and kellogg 2014 home appliances et al. We are aware that there are several large and small retail outlets all around Columbus, which is christmas too commercial why we spent time and resources to conduct our feasibility studies and market survey, so as to offer much more than our competitors will be offering. We have sell service options for our customers, and our outlet is well secured with the various payment options. Kellogg Essay Analysis? Much more than selling the writing a good goods and products of essay, top brands in nest, the manufacturing industry, our customer care is second to none in the whole of kellogg analysis, Columbus, Ohio. We know that our customers are the reason why we are in business, and that is why we will go the extra mile to writing thesis statement get them satisfied when they visit our retail shop and also to become our loyal customers and kellogg essay ambassadors. Of Contents Format For A Paper? People’s Choice Retail Shop will ensure that all our customers are given first class treatment whenever they visit our shop. We have a CRM software that will enable us manage a one on one relationship with our customers, no matter how large the numbers of our customers base. We will ensure that we get our customers involved in the selection of essay analysis 2014, brands that will be on our racks and also when make some business decisions. We are aware of the trend in the retail industry and we are not only going to operate a system where our customers would have to come to argumentation outline our shop to make purchase or whatever they want but we will also operate an online store and our customers can order goods online and kellogg essay analysis 2014 they will get it delivered to their houses or any location they want us to cuckoo's deliver the goods to within Ohio.
People’s Choice Retail Shop is a family business that is analysis 2014 owned by Bob Wesley and Family. Although the business is launching out powerpoint, with just one outlet in Columbus, Ohio, but there is a plan to open other outlets all around Ohio. People’s Choice Retail Shop is in the retailing industry and we will ensure we go all the way to make available a wide range of goods and products from top manufacturing brands in the United States and other countries of the world. We will have available in our store a wide range of durable goods and non durable goods at analysis 2014, affordable prices. We retail goods such as groceries, clothes, sports equipment, beauty products, jewelry, children’s toys, baby stuffs, home furnishings and home appliances et al. Our vision is to establish a one stop retail shop in nest essay, Columbus, Ohio and in other cities in Ohio. Our mission is to establish a retail business that will make available a wide range of goods and products from essay top manufacturing brands at affordable prices to the residence of Columbus, Ohio and other cities in Ohio. People’s Choice Retail Shop do not intend to start a retail business like the usual mom and pop business around the street corner; our intention of starting a retail business is to build a standard retail outlet in writing a good thesis, Columbus, Ohio. Although our retail business might not be as big as Wal-Mart or Marcy, but will ensure that we put the right structure in place that will support the kind of essay analysis 2014, growth that we have in mind while setting up the business.
We will ensure that we hire people that are qualified, honest, customer centric and essay are ready to work to help us build a prosperous business that will benefit all the stake holders (the owners, workforce, and customers). As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and it will be based on 2014, their performance for a period of essay, three years or more. Essay 2014? In view of angels and demons, that, we have decided to hire qualified and kellogg analysis competent hands to occupy the following positions; Chief Executive Officer (Owner) Store Manager Merchandize Manager Sales and Marketing Manager Information Technologist Accountants / Cashiers Cleaners. Roles and Responsibilities. Responsible for providing direction for the business Creates, communicates, and implements the organization#8217;s vision, mission, and overall direction i.e. leading the development and implementation of the overall organization#8217;s strategy. Responsible for fixing prices and signing business deals Responsible for recruitment Responsible for payment of salaries Responsible for signing checks and documents on behalf of the company Evaluates the research success of the essay organization. Responsible for managing the daily activities in the restaurant Ensures that the store facility is in tip top shape and paper conducive enough to welcome customers Interfaces with third – party providers (vendors) Controls the essay analysis sales floor inventory Ensures that goods and products are properly arranged Supervises the entire sales staff and workforce Any other duty as assigned by cuckoo's nest the CEO.
Manages vendor relations, market visits, and essay analysis the ongoing education and development of the format organizations’ buying teams Helps to ensure consistent quality of goods and products on kellogg essay analysis, our rack Responsible for the purchase of writing thesis statement, goods and 2014 products for the organizations Responsible for nest, planning sales, monitoring inventory, selecting the merchandise, and writing and pricing orders to vendors Ensures that the organization operates within stipulated budget. Sales and Marketing Manager. 2014? Manages external research and coordinate all the internal sources of cuckoo's nest, information to retain the organizations’ best customers and attract new ones Models demographic information and analyze the volumes of transactional data generated by customer purchases. Manages the organization website Handles ecommerce aspect of the business Responsible for installing and maintenance of computer software and hardware for essay analysis, the organization Manage logistics and supply chain software, Web servers, e-commerce software and POS (point of sale) systems Manages the organization’s CCTV Handles any other technological and IT related duties. Writing A Good Statement? Receives payments on behalf of the kellogg essay 2014 organization Issues receipt to customers Prepares financial report at essay, the end of kellogg 2014, every working week Handles all financial transaction on behalf of the company Interfaces with our bankers Responsible for payment of tax, levies and utility bills Any other duty as assigned by the CEO / store manager. Table Format For A Paper? Responsible for cleaning the analysis store facility at all times Ensures that toiletries and supplies don’t run out of and demons, stock Cleans both the interior and exterior of the store facility Any other duty as assigned by kellogg the restaurant manager, Sample Retail Store Business Plan SWOT Analysis. Our intention of starting just one outlet of our retail store in Columbus, Ohio is to test run the business for a period of 2 to 5 years to know if we will invest more money, expand the business and then open other outlets all over Ohio. We are quite aware that there are several retail stores all over statement Columbus and even in the same location where we intend locating ours, which is why we are following the due process of establishing a business. We know that if a proper SWOT analysis is conducted for our business, we will be able to position our business to maximize our strength, leverage on analysis, the opportunities that will be available to us, mitigate our risks and be welled equipped to confront our threats. People’s Choice Retail Store employed the services of an expert HR and Business Analyst with bias in retailing to help us conduct a thorough SWOT analysis and to help us create a business model that will help us achieve our business goals and outline objectives.
This is the summary of the SWOT analysis that was conducted for analysis, People’s Choice Retail Store; Our location, the business model we will be operating on (physical store and online store), varieties of payment options, wide range of products and our excellent customer service culture will definitely count as a strong strength for writing a good statement, People’s Choice Retail Store. A major weakness that may count against us is the essay analysis fact that we are a new retail outlet and we don’t have the financial capacity to compete with multi – billion dollars retail outlets like Wal-Mart and and demons co when it comes to retailing at a rock bottom prices for all their goods. The fact that we are going to essay analysis be operating our retail store in one of the busiest streets in Columbus, Ohio, provides us with unlimited opportunities to sell our goods to a large number of people. We have been able to conduct thorough feasibility studies and market survey and we know what our potential clients will be looking for when they visit our retail outlets; we are well positioned to take on the opportunities that will come our way. Just like any other business, one of the major threats that we are likely going to face is table of contents for a research economic downturn. It is a fact that economic downturn affects purchasing power.
Another threat that may likely confront us is the arrival of a new retail outlet in same location where ours is located. Sample Retail Store Business Plan Template MARKET ANALYSIS. Essay Analysis? Retailing business has been in existence for as long as humans started trading goods, but one thing is certain, the retailing industry is still evolving. Of Contents? The introduction of technology and subsequently online retail store has indeed helped in reshaping the industry. Kellogg Analysis? It is now a common phenomenon for retail outlets to leverage on technology to effectively predict consumer demand patterns and to cuckoo's nest essay strategically position their shop to meet their needs; in essence, the use of technology help retailers to maximize supply chain efficiencies. No doubt data collected from customers goes a long way to help retail shops serve them better.
Another common trend in the retailing industry is the analysis pricing system. Aside from having varieties of products in a store, one of the easiest ways for retail stores to essay outline sell the goods on their racks as fast as they can and keep re – stocking is to essay analysis 2014 ensure that the prices of their goods are a bit lower than what is obtainable elsewhere. For example; it is common to see items with prices in format, this format; $3.99, $99 and $199 et al as against $4, $100 and $200. 2014? Retailers also engage in massive clearance sales and discount sales to attract customers. It is table of contents for a paper a strategy that helps them welcome new customers and also reinforce the loyalty of analysis, old customers. Perhaps the angels and demons essay retailing industry has the widest range of customers; everybody on planet earth has one or more things that they would need in a retail shop. It is difficult to find people around who don’t patronize retail shops. In view of that, we have positioned our retail store to service the kellogg essay analysis 2014 residence of Columbus, Ohio and every other location our retail stores will be located all over Ohio. We have conducted our market research and we have ideas of what our target market would be expecting from us. We are in business to retail a wide range of products to the following groups of people; Households Corporate Executives Business People About to wed couples Expectant Mothers Sports Men and Women Students Tourists.
People’s Choice Retail Store is launching a standard retail shop that will indeed become the preferred choice of residence of nest essay, Columbus, Ohio. Essay? Our retail store is located in a corner piece property on powerpoint essay, a busy road directly opposite one of the largest residential estates in Columbus, Ohio. Kellogg Essay 2014? We have enough parking space that can accommodate well over 100 cars per time. One thing is certain; we will ensure that we have a wide range of products available in our store at all times. It will be difficult for essay, customers to essay visit our store and powerpoint essay not see the product that they are looking for. One of our business goal is to make People’s Choice Retail Store a one stop shop. Our excellent customer service culture, online store, various payment options and analysis 2014 highly secured facility will serve as a competitive advantage for us. Argumentation Essay Outline? Retail Store Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. Kellogg 2014? People’s Choice Retail Shop is in business to retail a wide range of products to outline the residence of Columbus, Ohio. In essence, our source of income will be the retailing of a wide range of durable goods and non durable goods at affordable prices.
We will retail goods such as groceries, clothes, sports equipment, beauty products, jewelry, children’s toys, baby stuff, home furnishings and home appliances et al. It is important to state that our sales forecast is based on the data gathered during our feasibility studies, market survey and also some of the assumptions readily available on the field. 2014? One thing is common with retailing business, the larger a retail store the larger the essay numbers of customers that will patronize them. Although we may not be as large as Wal-Mart, but we will ensure that within our capacity we make available a wide range of goods from different manufacturing brands in our retail outlet. Below are the sales projections that we were able to come up with for the first three years of kellogg essay, operations; N.B : This projection is done based on what is obtainable in the industry and with the assumption that there won’t be any major economic meltdown and natural disasters within the essay period stated above. Please note that the above projection might be lower and at the same time it might be higher. Essay Analysis? Before choosing a location for People’s Choice Retail Store, we conducted a thorough market survey and feasibility studies in order for table of contents research paper, us to be able to analysis 2014 be able to penetrate the available market and become the preferred choice for residence of Columbus, Ohio. We have a detailed information and data that we were able to utilize to structure our business to attract the numbers of customers we want to attract per time.
We hired experts who have good understanding of the retail industry to help us develop marketing strategies that will help us achieve our business goal of winning a larger percentage of the available market in Columbus, Ohio. In order to continue to be in christmas essay, business and essay analysis grow, we must continue to sell the products that are available in our store which is why we will go all out to empower or sales and marketing team to deliver. In summary, People’s Choice Retail Store will adopt the table of contents for a research paper following sales and marketing approach to win customers over; Introduce our business by sending introductory letters to essay analysis residence, business owners and organizations Promptness in essay, bidding for contracts Advertise our business in kellogg essay analysis, community based newspapers, local TV and radio stations List our business on yellow pages ads Leverage on the internet to promote our business Direct marketing Word of mouth marketing (referrals) Retail Store Business Plan Publicity and angels and demons Advertising Strategy. Despite the fact that our retail store is well located, we will still go ahead to intensify publicity for the business. We are going to explore all available means to promote our retail store. People’s Choice Retail Store has a long term plan of kellogg analysis 2014, opening outlets in various locations all around Ohio which is why we will deliberately build our brand to be well accepted in Columbus before venturing out. As a matter of fact, our publicity and advertising strategy is nest essay not solely for winning customers over but to effectively communicate our brand. Here are the platforms we intend leveraging on to promote and advertise People’s Choice Retail Store; Place adverts on both print (community based newspapers and magazines) and electronic media platforms Sponsor relevant community programs Leverage on the internet and social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook , twitter, et al to promote our brand Install our Bill Boards on strategic locations all around Columbus, Ohio Engage in road show from time to time Distribute our fliers and essay analysis handbills in target areas Position our Flexi Banners at strategic positions in the location where our retail store is located. Pricing is one of the key factors that give leverage to a good retail stores, it is analysis normal for consumers to go to places (retail outlets) where they can goods at cheaper price which is why big player in the retail industry like Wal-Mart will attract loads of consumers.
Products in their store are tagged with the cheapest price you can get anywhere in the United States. We know we don’t have the capacity to compete with Wal-Mart or any other big retail store, but we will ensure that the prices of all the products that are available in our store are competitive with what is obtainable amongst retail stores within our level. Our payment policy is all inclusive because we are quite aware that different people prefer different payment options as it suits them. Here are the payment options that will be available in every of cuckoo's essay, our outlets; Payment by kellogg essay analysis 2014 cash Payment via Point of Sale (POS) Machine Payment via online bank transfer (online payment portal) Payment via Mobile money. In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will help us achieve our payment plans without any itches. Cuckoo's Nest Essay? Start – Up Expenditure (Budget) This is the essay analysis 2014 key areas where we will spend our start – up capital; The Total Fee for writing a good statement, Registering the Business in kellogg essay analysis, Ohio $750. Legal expenses for obtaining licenses and essay permits as well as the accounting services (software, P.O.S machines and other software) $1,300. Marketing promotion expenses for the grand opening of People’s Choice Retail Store in analysis 2014, the amount of $3,500 and as well as flyer printing (2,000 flyers at outline, $0.04 per copy) for the total amount of $3,580.
Cost for 2014, hiring Consultant – $2,500 . Insurance (general liability, workers#8217; compensation and property casualty) coverage at a total premium $2,400. Cost for payment of rent for 12 month at $1.76 per square feet in the total amount of $105,600. Cost for Shop remodeling (construction of racks and shelves) $20,000. Other start-up expenses including stationery ($500) and phone and utility deposits ($2,500). Operational cost for the first 3 months (salaries of employees, payments of bills et al) $60,000 The cost for Start-up inventory (stocking with a wide range of products) $100,000 Storage hardware (bins, rack, shelves, food case) $3,720 Cost for serving area equipment (plates, glasses, flatware) $3,000 Cost for store equipment (cash register, security, ventilation, signage) $13,750 Cost of purchase and installation of CCTVs: $10,000 The cost for the purchase of furniture and gadgets (Computers, Printers, Telephone, TVs, Sound System, tables and chairs et al): $4,000 . Essay? The cost of Launching a Website: $600 The cost for our opening party: $7,000 Miscellaneous: $10,000. We would need an kellogg essay analysis 2014, estimate of $500,000 to successfully set up our retail store in Columbus, Ohio. A Good Thesis Statement? Please note that this amount includes the salaries of all the staff for the first month of operation.
Generating Funding / Startup Capital for People’s Choice Retail Store. People’s Choice Retail Store is a private business that is solely owned and financed by 2014 Bob Wesley and family. Essay? They do not intend to welcome any external business partner which is why he has decided to restrict the sourcing of the analysis 2014 start – up capital to 3 major sources. These are the areas we intend generating our start up capital; Generate part of the start – up capital from personal savings Source for soft loans from family members and friends Apply for loan from my Bank. N.B: We have been able to generate about $200,000 ( Personal savings $150,000 and soft loan from family members $50,000 ) and we are at the final stages of obtaining a loan facility of $300,000 from our bank.
All the papers and document have been signed and essay submitted, the loan has been approved and kellogg 2014 any moment from powerpoint essay now our account will be credited with the amount. Retail Store Business Plan Sustainability and Expansion Strategy. The future of a business lies in the numbers of loyal customers that they have the capacity and competence of the employees, their investment strategy and the business structure. If any of essay, these factors is missing from a business (company), then it won’t be too long before the business close shop. Nest? People’s Choice Retail Store will ensure that all the factors listed above are reinforced on a regular basis and also we will engage in continuous capacity building of our workforce. As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and it will be based on their performance for a period of three years or more. We will make sure that the right foundation, structures and processes are put in place to ensure that staff welfare is well taken of.
Our company’s corporate culture is designed to drive our business to greater heights and training and re – training of our workforce is at the top burner. Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Registration: Completed Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts: Completed Securing Point of Sales (POS) Machines: Completed Opening Mobile Money Accounts: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and kellogg essay analysis Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress Application for argumentation essay outline, business license and permit: Completed Purchase of Insurance for the Business: Completed Leasing of facility and remodeling the shop: In Progress Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating capital from family members: Completed Applications for Loan from the bank: In Progress Writing of Business Plan: Completed Drafting of Employee’s Handbook: Completed Drafting of Contract Documents and essay 2014 other relevant Legal Documents: In Progress Design of The Company’s Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and Printing of essay format, Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: In Progress Recruitment of employees: In Progress Purchase of the Needed furniture, racks, shelves, computers, electronic appliances, office appliances and CCTV: In progress Creating Official Website for the Company: In Progress Creating Awareness for the business both online and around the kellogg 2014 community: In Progress Health and Safety and Fire Safety Arrangement (License): Secured Opening party / launching party planning: In Progress Compilation of our list of products that will be available in our store: Completed Establishing business relationship with vendors – suppliers of all our needed raw materials: In Progress.
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comparation essay A TRADUO LITERRIA:UM CAMPO INTERDISCIPLINAR. Alba Olmi (USCS/RS) A traduo “feliz” aquela que, embora mantendo inevitveis diferenas com o original, preserva a energia do seu imaginrio, ativando-a num contexto histrico especfico, vencendo o tempo, a distncia ideolgica, epistmica e cultural, produzindo aquela emoo que deriva do dilogo tornado possvel entre indivduos diversos, lnguas, culturas, pocas e povos. Na diversificao das abordagens tradutrias da obra literria, toma forma e ganha peso o enfoque orientado para o texto-alvo (TA), conforme Toury (1980, 1981, 1982, 1984) e Lefevere (1970, 1971, 1982, 1983, 1992, 1993), cuja justificativa assenta na teoria da recepo e coloca em relativo segundo plano o original, posto que a obra traduzida se situaria no contexto da lngua e da cultura-alvo. Analysis 2014. As teorias tradicionais, que enfocam o texto-fonte (TF) como ponto de partida, pareceriam, portanto, inadequadas, para alguns tericos, porque centradas no autor e na obra, levando em conta apenas o valor intrnseco da obra, em detrimento dos polissistemas literrios e da importncia da traduo no incremento e na renovao da literatura como um todo. A qualidade de uma traduo. Defendemos que no campo da anlise tradutria parece haver lugar para uma enfoque de cunho estilstico, centrado no TF que, embora no negue a validade das teorias que privilegiam o TA, demonstra ser capaz de dar conta de diversos aspectos envolvidos na traduo e de desmentir, pelo menos em parte, a crtica que se faz hoje a esse tipo de abordagem. A estilstica comparada, sustentada pela teoria e pela crtica da traduo, demonstrou-se um procedimento-instrumento adequado para a avaliao da traduo literria, proporcionando tambm o surgimento de propostas alternativas, com o intuito de desvendar alguns processos tradutrios e, dessa forma, sugerir caminhos para uma melhoria da traduo literria. A literalidade, a fidelidade ao TF, consideradas por muitos tericos as vils da histria da traduo, em determinado tipo de texto, tendo em vista determinado objetivo, e seguindo determinada metodologia, podem revelar-se uma opo vivel que deve ser considerada, e no descartada a priori. A abordagem orientada para o TF.
Tendo em vista que ainda no se “construiu” um modelo definitivo, e sobretudo operacional, para a traduo literria, a minha proposta a de uma abordagem lingisticamente orientada. Table For A Research. Nesse enfoque, o TF, sua estrutura lingstico-textual e seu potencial significativo em vrios nveis, incluindo o nvel do contexto situacional numa estrutura sistmica, considerado como o mais importante e, inclusive, fator constitutivo da traduo. Embora essa abordagem tenha sido criticada por diversos tericos, segundo observa House (1997:16-24), por considerarem que dessa forma se focaliza apenas um aspecto da traduo, ou seja, o aspecto semntico, no se pode negar que a abordagem lingstico-textual capaz de cobrir tanto o carter semntico quanto o pragmtico; tanto o sociocomunicativo como tambm o discursivo. Por essa razo, ao analisar os aspectos estilsticos que envolvem a conotao - mas tambm a denotao - parece possvel dar conta de aspectos estritamente relacionados ao estilo e, ao mesmo tempo, analisar aspectos sociolingsticos com funo pragmtica que o texto literrio pode deixar filtrar - sutil ou claramente - atravs das funes da linguagem predominantes no texto e pelas eventuais variantes de registro presentes na narrativa, dependendo do contexto e da situao narrativa, ou pela fala dos personagens, pelas intenes implcitas nas suas falas ou comportamentos. Na teoria da traduo literria, e portanto na anlise do texto literrio, em sua descrio/avaliao, os pressupostos pragmticos e sociolingsticos parecem importantes, pois estabelecem a relao entre forma e funo dentro de um contexto. Kellogg Essay. Temos assim a dimenso semntica e pragmtica imbricadas entre si, auxiliando na compreenso dos significados explcitos e dos implcitos do enunciado (Ducrot, 1977) e, conseqentemente, na avaliao de sua equivalncia tradutria. A possibilidade de alcanar objetivos comunicativos pelos implcitos do enunciado parece constituir-se num dos universais da linguagem, sendo portanto passveis de “traduo”, embora sua performance e interpretao estejam sujeitas a diversas condies, desde os universais at too commercial essay a cultura e linguagem/lngua especfica. 2014. De modo que a qualidade da traduo de um ato de fala implcito estar ligada natureza das condies que subjazem a seu desempenho e interpretao. Blum-Kulka (1981: 89-95) apresenta uma proposta para o estudo da traduo, ao sugerir que a teoria dos atos de fala seja aplicada tanto teoria como ao estudo da traduo, posto que o ato tradutrio pode ser visto tambm como uma tentativa de alcanar um desempenho satisfatrio dos atos de fala, para que haja equivalncia de significado.
Ampliando a teoria de Austin (1974) para o mbito do texto, a autora enfatiza o fato de que qualquer elocuo - seja oral ou escrita - desempenha trs atos ao mesmo tempo: o ato locutrio, o ilocutrio e o perlocutrio. Essay. Por isso, sustenta a autora, na tentativa de encontrar “igualdade de significado”, a traduo torna-se uma tentativa de “re-executar atos locutrios e ilocutrios que devero ter (isso, de fato, embora desejvel, ocorre muito raramente) a mesma fora ou o mesmo efeito perlocutrio que tero na lngua-alvo sobre os destinatrios, como ocorreu na lngua-fonte.” A autora acrescenta que “Uma teoria adequada da traduo deveria tentar formular as condies que estipulam a realizao bem-sucedida (ou no bem-sucedida) desses atos de fala na traduo” (id., ibid., p.89-90). 2014. A verdadeira equivalncia se daria assim por meio da interpretao do tradutor que consegue extrair de cada realidade dada, de cada experincia, de cada leitura, algo mais, algo novo, que ainda precisa desenvolver-se e crescer. Research. Essa seria a garantia de uma traduo “criativamente fiel”. 2014. Diante da amplitude do processo tradutrio, que abrange todos os nveis discursivos, ser preciso fazer uma breve retomada do conceito de equivalncia funcional. Equivalncia funcional e tipologias textuais. O conceito de “equivalncia” entre o texto traduzido e o original sempre foi e continua sendo o problema central da traduo tanto no campo terico como na prxis. Angels And Demons. A questo cardinal, qual se tentou e se continua tentando responder de forma definitiva, interessa e preocupa no somente os estudiosos da atualidade, mas procede j da velha distino entre traduo literal e traduo livre. Analysis. Ela procura desvendar a natureza da relao que se deve estabelecer entre o aspecto “produto” e o aspecto “processo” que lhe deu origem.
Para explicar qual dos dois aspectos supracitados preciso enfrentar, as correspondncias lingsticas, limitadas estrutura de superfcie dos segmentos textuais da LF, demonstraram-se inadequadas e/ou limitadas. Table Format Research Paper. De fato, o conceito de equivalncia no de natureza esttica e definitiva, mas relativo e dinmico. Ivir (1981:51-59) considera que, embora a correspondncia formal e a equivalncia em traduo pertenam a atividades diferenciadas, e a reas e disciplinas lingsticas diversas, elas se relacionam e so por isso necessrias tanto no mbito tradutrio como tambm na anlise contrastiva. Kellogg 2014. A argumentao de Ivir baseia-se no fato de que correspondncia formal e equivalncia tradutria representam muito mais do que mera terminologia, posto que discutir correspondncia formal implica discutir unidades lingsticas na traduo e o papel da lingstica na teoria da traduo, ao passo que, em se tratando de equivalncia tradutria em relao anlise contrastiva, a discusso se desloca para o campo da anlise contrastiva. Essay. Para o autor, o conceito de equivalncia depender da orientao que se tenha da traduo. Essay Analysis 2014. Se o enfoque for and demons voltado traduo como resultado ou produto, diante de dois textos, um dos quais a traduo do outro, poder-se-ia concluir que a traduo, conforme Catford, citado por Ivir, a mera transferncia de material textual de uma lngua-fonte (LF) para o material equivalente na lngua-alvo” (LA). Nesse enfoque, argumenta Ivir, tanto a equivalncia como a traduo assumem um carter esttico que leva a concluir que para cada unidade lingstica do TF (ou de um fragmento do TF) existe um equivalente no TA, e cabe ao tradutor encontrar essa unidade, donde decorre a necessidade de diferenciar tipologias textuais e suas caractersticas nas diferentes lnguas (id., ibid., p.51-52). Parece evidente que o enfoque de Catford no se coaduna com o de Ivir.
Conforme este autor, para obter-se uma outra viso de equivalncia preciso atentar para seu carter dinmico, vendo a traduo como processo e no como resultado. Analysis. Nesse caso a traduo se constituiria na substituio de mensagens de uma lngua para outra, a fim de reproduzir no destinatrio a forma de equivalncia mais prxima da mensagem contida no TF, de acordo com a teoria de Nida e de Nida e Taber (1964, 1969). Writing A Good Thesis. Nessa abordagem revela-se o aspecto comunicativo e dinmico da traduo que envolve emissor e destinatrio, adquirindo relevo as mensagens. Kellogg Essay Analysis. O que permanece constante, portanto equivalente, no o texto em questo, mas a mensagem (ou mensagens) e “ a essas mensagens que os participantes [do processo comunicativo] voltam a cada etapa do processo [. For A Paper. ]” (1969: 52). Ao levar em conta os aspectos comunicativos e os lingsticos, e sendo estes ltimos de natureza contrastiva, Ivir v a equivalncia como um produto derivado do “contraste entre as formas realizadas textualmente pelo TF e a LA e a realizao comunicativa dos contedos extralingsticos do original na LA” (id., ibid., p.59). Num trabalho posterior, Ivir (1996:155) evidencia a relatividade inerente relao de equivalncia, afirmando que “a equivalncia relativa, no absoluta, ela emerge do contexto e da situao definidos pelo inter-jogo de todos os fatores descritos aqui, e no possui existncia fora desse contexto; em particular, [ . Kellogg. ] no definido a priori por um algoritmo que converte as unidades da LF em unidades da LA.” Ivir evidencia assim uma clara retomada de seus posicionamentos anteriores que estabelecem a equivalncia em nvel de mensagens e em nvel de ato comunicativo, e no em nvel de unidades lingsticas. Bell (1991:3-30), por sua vez, apresenta importantes pontos de contato com Koller (1995) e Etkind (1967), ao sustentar que textos em lnguas diferentes podem receber um certo grau de equivalncia no plano semntico, sinttico, estilstico e pragmtico, de acordo com o segmento textual que o tradutor pretende considerar (palavra, sintagma nominal ou verbal, frase, pargrafo, texto) e do tipo de texto que ele est traduzindo. A relatividade do conceito de equivalncia, no entanto, deve ser relacionada no s ao tipo de escolha/deciso individual de cada tradutor, mas tambm ao ambiente sociocultural no qual ele opera, posto que a lngua um fenmeno varivel, que sofre as presses da sociedade, por ser sistema arbitrrio e tambm convencional, portanto sujeito a mudanas. nesse sentido que se pode (ou se deve) interpretar a “equivalncia na diferena” postulada por Jakobson, para quem, assim como numa mesma lngua a sinonmia no significa equivalncia absoluta entre dois termos, tambm a equivalncia tradutria no corresponde necessariamente a uma equivalncia plena do contedo semntico, posto que cdigos lingsticos diferentes podem conceituar uma mesma realidade extra-lingstica de forma diferente. Cuckoo's Nest. Jakobson (1959:232-239) fornece o exemplo da palavra “queijo” e do seu heternimo russo syr (significando tambm queijo).
Aparentemente sinnimos, os dois vocbulos no correspondem semanticamente, posto que syr obtido pela coagulao do leite somente quando se usa um fermento especial, ao passo que o “queijo” qualquer tipo de produto derivado do leite coagulado, com ou sem o acrscimo de coagulante. Kellogg Analysis 2014. Parece evidente que, enquanto Jakobson aborda o problema da equivalncia sob o ngulo estritamente lingstico, a abordagem de E. Argumentation Essay. Nida (1964) de cunho essencialmente comunicativo. Analysis. Em sua traduo da Bblia, Nida opera uma distino entre “equivalncia formal” e “equivalncia dinmica”, esta alicerada no princpio do “efeito equivalente” no leitor do TA. Powerpoint Format. Uma posio criticada por House entre outros, como G. Analysis. Toury, que no v como esse efeito possa ser testado no enfoque denominado Response-Oriented, Behavioural Approaches to of contents format for a research paper, Evaluating Translations. Apesar dos problemas que as orientaes de Nida apresentam, possvel afirmar, argumenta Federica Scarpa, que elas representam um passo importante para o debate sobre a equivalncia tradutria, pelo menos por dois motivos: “em primeiro lugar, a antiga dicotomia traduo literal versus traduo livre substituda pela dicotomia fidelidade ao autor versus fidelidade ao destinatrio; em segundo lugar, ao introduzir a variante dos efeitos sobre o destinatrio, na equivalncia dinmica, Nida confere uma dimenso pragmtica ao processo da traduo” (Scarpa, 1997:4). Kellogg Analysis. Em outras palavras, o tradutor se v pressionado por uma escolha/deciso voltada equivalncia formal, em nvel semntico-referencial, ou equivalncia funcional, em nvel comunicativo e pragmtico (ou em ambos os nveis). Table Format For A. A diferena parece importante, porque no primeiro caso o contexto excludo, enquanto no segundo caso o contexto essencial: surge assim uma linha divisria entre lngua como cdigo e lngua como sistema comunicativo. Se levarmos em conta, junto ao conceito de equivalncia, o de funo (ou funcionalidade) e contexto, talvez seja necessrio relembrar esses conceitos em vista da diferena de objetivos que caracterizou as duas grandes linhas na histria da lingstica do sculo XX: a) a linha formalista, cujo objetivo o estudo da lngua como forma, sistema, fora do seu contexto de uso, e. b) a linha funcional - representada pelo Crculo de Praga, e ainda por Firth, Halliday, entre outros - preocupada com a funo sociocultural da lngua enquanto instrumento que evoluiu para satisfazer as necessidades comunicativas concretas de seus usurios, que devem ser interpretadas em seu contexto extralingstico (que inclui, portanto, uma situao). Dessa dicotomia que nasce uma realidade situacional e contextual cujo efeito condicionante sobre o significado de importncia cardinal no processo tradutrio, e suas variveis devero ser consideradas pelo tradutor em suas escolhas: contedo, inteno, momento, nvel, lugar e participantes do ato comunicativo.
Teremos assim a equivalncia como adequao situao e ao contexto lingstico e extra-lingstico. O conceito de equivalncia funcional constituiu o princpio fundamental para a abordagem da traduo adotado por House (1997, op. Essay Analysis. cit.). Writing Thesis. A autora considera o texto traduzido equivalente ao original se este preencher a mesma funo (ou funes), e uma traduo ser adequada quando semntica e pragmaticamente equivalente a seu original, ou seja, quando apresentar a aderncia mais prxima possvel ao significado e funo do TF. A transferncia do valor comunicativo e situacional/contextual do TF para o TA ocorreria exclusivamente no tipo de traduo que a autora denomina covert , isto , um texto no-marcado do ponto de vista pragmtico, posto que receber na cultura-alvo o mesmo status que teria se tivesse sido criado na LA. Analysis 2014. Na traduo manifesta, evidente, overt , pelo contrrio, a equivalncia funcional stricto sensu seria praticamente impossvel, devido s diferenas socioculturais entre os destinatrios das duas lnguas, que, quando muito amplas, so difceis de ser preenchidas, razo pela qual preciso recorrer a adaptaes de diversos nveis. O modelo housiano, embasado na equivalncia funcional, possui o mrito de ter indicado a direo que o debate sobre a equivalncia tradutria tomou nesta dcada. Powerpoint Format. A proeminncia do objetivo da traduo, s vezes em detrimento da inteno comunicativa do TF, retomada e ampliada por Hatim e Mason (1998), segundo os quais o nvel de interveno do tradutor depende em grande escala das exigncias dos destinatrios. Kellogg Essay Analysis 2014. O mrito desses autores terem aliado traduo as ramificaes da Lingstica que sustentam a traduo, conferindo-lhe no apenas o status de trabalho tcnico, mas tambm uma dimenso social e pragmtica. uma orientao lingstica semelhante que encontramos em Bell (1991), Gutt (1991) e Baker (1992), os quais colocam a traduo na perspectiva de uma ampla concepo integrada de pesquisas lingsticas recentes na sociolingstica, na teoria dos atos de fala, na anlise do discurso e na pragmtica.
Esse enfoque, embora no trate explicitamente da avaliao da traduo, se torna potencialmente vlido para essa finalidade, conforme argumenta House (1997, op. Too Commercial. cit., p.19). Kellogg 2014. De fato, a linha encabeada por Hatim e Mason, Bell, Gutt e Baker extrai a essncia de diversas e complexas reas recentes da lingstica, ampliando o conceito tradicional de intertextualidade para a cadeia intertextual, isto , para aquelas relaes referenciais cuja coerncia constri o conhecimento para alm do texto. A Good Thesis. O que Baker argumenta sobre o enfoque de Hatim e Mason que a abordagem dos estudiosos da Universidade de Edimburgo, embora teoricamente vlida, pode ser bastante difcil de aplicar, posto que a nfase excessiva no texto e no contexto pode levar a ignorar o fato de que, embora um texto seja uma unidade semntica e no gramatical, os significados se realizam atravs do wordings , e sem uma teoria baseada no wordings , no h como tornar explcita a interpretao dos significados de um texto. A distino de House entre traduo encoberta ( covert ) e manifesta ( overt ) abre caminho para que Gutt (1991:54-57) estabelea sua diferenciao entre “uso descritivo” e “uso interpretativo”. Kellogg Essay. Para Gutt, no primeiro caso, a relao entre TA e TF incidental e no tem grande importncia para o sucesso da traduo (por exemplo no discurso publicitrio e na traduo tcnica), ao passo que no uso interpretativo do TF a semelhana entre TA e o original extremamente importante, razo pela qual necessrio que o TA mantenha a equivalncia com o contedo semntico e com o estilo do TF. Tomando emprestada essa distino entre semelhana interpretativa e descritiva da teoria psicolgica da pertinncia ou relevncia, que visa a explicar a comunicao em termos de interao entre contexto, estmulo e interpretao, Scarpa (1997, op. Christmas Too Commercial. cit., p.9) infere que Gutt considera a traduo como uma aplicao da teoria da pertinncia. Essay. Dessa forma, fica evidente que para Gutt um TA deve possuir sua prpria pertinncia e no pode, pelo contrrio, “ser pertinente apenas em virtude de sua semelhana interpretativa com o TF.”
A dissidncia entre Gutt e House reside basicamente na abordagem da equivalncia funcional: a permanncia da mesma funo na passagem de um texto a outro (TF para TA). Essay. Na opinio de Gutt, a manuteno da funo no garante que a traduo seja equivalente em termos funcionais, porque, na passagem de uma lngua a outra, as funes textuais so variveis enquanto dependem do objetivo da comunicao. A posio de Gutt, claramente propensa ao uso interpretativo como base da traduo, e fortemente impregnada pela teoria da relevncia, considerada por House demasiado genrica e muito estreita, pois essa tentativa, afirma House (1997, op.cit., p.20-21) , incorpora a teoria da traduo teoria cognitivo-comunicacional e, por outro lado, se alinha basicamente com a abordagem orientada para o destinatrio. Sejam quais forem as posies tericas do momento, evidente que os conceitos situacional e cultural parecem ter-se tornado centrais na discusso do processo tradutrio, e nesses conceitos que o debate sobre equivalncia funcional est embasado. Essay 2014. A discusso no pode, pois, prescindir de uma abordagem que leve em considerao os modelos funcionais de Bhler e Jakobson que possuem aquela agilidade necessria para determinar as tipologias textuais com base nas funes lingsticas predominantes que se realizam na atualizao da linguagem. Essay. A atividade do tradutor ter assim parmetros suficientemente cientficos para tomar suas decises e fazer suas escolhas: traduo literal ou livre, orientada ao leitor, orientada ao texto, orientada ao cdigo, etc. Kellogg. Por outro lado, a avaliao da traduo poder valer-se com proveito desses parmetros, considerando categorias ou tipologias textuais, a partir das quais ser possvel alcanar uma equivalncia relativizada, isto , relacionada ao tipo de texto em questo, entre outros fatores. Embora considerando que, em sua grande maioria, os textos de gneros diversos no possuem claras e absolutas delimitaes e portanto podem apresentar sobreposies, haver sempre a possibilidade de definir qual ou quais so as funes da linguagem predominantes no texto e dessa forma detectar a intencionalidade do texto. For A Research Paper. Portanto, tendo em vista um determinado objetivo tradutrio, ser possvel proceder s escolhas adequadas para alcanar a equivalncia que, embora podendo ser formal, no exclui a funcional. 2014. De fato, as tipologias textuais funcionais, centradas na funo de um texto, em dado contexto situacional, permitem decidir quais sero as diversas metodologias tradutrias. a K. Writing Thesis Statement. Reiss (1981) que devemos o mrito da adoo do tipo de classificao textual embasada nas trs macrofunes de K. 2014. Bhler.
Partindo do tipo de texto, Reiss prope os critrios da traduo, a fim de alcanar a equivalncia necessria e adequada. Format. Para o texto expressivo, centrado na funo expressiva de Blher, (funo emotiva de Jakobson), em que a forma, sua dimenso estilstica e esttica predominam, haver critrios diferentes dos que se aplicam a um texto conativo, por exemplo, centrado na persuaso, ao passo que o texto informativo (referencial) ser centrado no contedo (o referente). Em relao tipologia de Reiss, a classificao textual realizada por Newmark (1988), embora tambm pautada em Bhler, acrescenta e integra as funes de Jakobson, mantendo-lhe no entanto o mesmo esprito, e se apresenta mais flexvel, posto que a sua abordagem da traduo no considera o texto como um bloco monoltico: o texto possui a multifuncionalidade. Kellogg Analysis. Em outras palavras, a maioria dos textos realiza as trs macrofunes buhlerianas, embora haja uma dominante. Cuckoo's Essay. De fato, sabemos que as funes dialogam entre si, no texto, e uma rgida hierarquia no pode ser estabelecida de forma absoluta. A contribuio de Newmark vai alm da identificao da funo dominante do texto - para a finalidade da anlise textual - com vistas traduo, considerando tambm a inteno do autor, o tipo de destinatrio e o contexto de origem do TF e do TA, e ainda o estilo, relacionado ao tom do texto. Essay Analysis 2014. Tendo em vista que em nvel programtico Newmark pretende fornecer solues concretas para os problemas que o tradutor tem que enfrentar, utilizando em sua atividade tambm os instrumentos da anlise comparativa entre diversas lnguas, que lhe so oferecidos pela estilstica comparada, ele detalha a estreita relao entre a tipologia textual e os traos lingsticos que o definem. Cuckoo's Nest. Por exemplo, o emprego no convencional da lngua, caracterizado pelas expresses metafricas criativas, pelos neologismos, arcasmos, uma sintaxe de exceo ou uma pontuao ousada, anticonvencional, configuram claramente o elemento expressivo (emotivo, pessoal) de um texto. Com a finalidade de relacionar os tipos de texto s diversas intervenes/decises/escolhas do tradutor, Newmark utiliza duas metodologias de traduo: a) semntica, realizada tendo em vista o autor do TF e sua linguagem, adequada aos textos expressivos; b) comunicativa, realizada tendo em mente o destinatrio e adequada aos textos informativos e conativos. Analysis. Segundo Scarpa, “as caractersticas que diferenciam os dois plos, representados pelas duas metodologias, representam sem dvida a contribuio terica mais original de Newmark disciplina da traduo” (Scarpa, op.cit., p.18).
Afinada com a posio de Newmark, a traduo dos textos expressivos ter como unidade e centralidade a expresso lingstica, a palavra, porque nesse nvel que esto contidas as nuanas de significado to nest essay, relevantes para esse tipo de texto, e a abordagem dever ser semntica para dar conta desses valores e alcanar a equivalncia funcional mais prxima do original e, portanto, mais adequada. A tarefa da teoria e da crtica da traduo. De acordo com Popovic (1973:161-165), a tarefa da teoria colocar disposio do tradutor e de seu crtico instrues utilizveis e um aparato que especifique a atividade da crtica da traduo em relao sua finalidade original, isto, , pragmtica. Kellogg. O autor observa que na prtica tradutria existem duas formas bsicas de crtica: uma crtica que trabalha sobre um modelo direto e a crtica que se realiza sem o original de uma traduo. Para Popovic, a autntica crtica da traduo, que corresponde aos princpios de uma teoria da traduo, a que trabalha a obra que o crtico tem realmente em mos. Table For A Research. Trata-se, segundo a classificao do autor, de uma “funo analtica” da traduo, que se relaciona diretamente ao texto.
Por funo analtica da crtica da traduo, Popovic entende “uma complexa anlise do estilo, na busca de um tertium comparationis entre original e traduo”, para verificar at essay analysis 2014 que ponto o tradutor compreendeu a linguagem do modelo original, tendo por rbitro desse aspecto a lingstica contrastiva ou a lingstica da traduo. A “funco postuladora”, por outro lado, segundo Popovic compreende a escolha de textos para a traduo e est relacionada ao tradutor, enquanto a “funo operativa” orienta-se para o receptor (leitor), constituindo-se num fator importante para a naturalizao de uma obra oferecida recepo do leitor [meus grifos]. O confronto e a anlise avaliativa da traduo pode partir de uma perspectiva prevalentemente emprica, pautada na funo analtica de Popovic, nos postulados funcionais de Bhler e Jakobson - elaborados e aperfeioados por Newmark, nos postulados da estilstica comparada e na anlise dos atos de fala, atravs dos quais foram observados os complexos fenmenos da traduo literria. And Demons. Alm das questes tericas, ser necessrio que se privilegiem os problemas da prxis hermenutica concreta, buscando descrever as tcnicas e os procedimentos formais prprios de uma atividade interlingstica aplicada ao texto literrio, tentando resgatar o que ele possui de estilstico, de pragmtico e de funcional; como esses aspectos “reagem” na traduo e quais foram os recursos utilizados pelos tradutores para preserv-los, isto , qual foi a formulao de sua potica, devido importncia das funes que eles desempenham. Posto que a crtica da traduo se movimenta nos vrios nveis das operaes tradutrias, em funo dessa mobilidade no se poder realizar tudo numa crtica: alguns aspectos recebero mais relevncia, ao passo que outros ficaro subsumidos. Kellogg Essay. Conforme Popovic, concretamente, isso significa que a crtica dever subordinar suas informaes organizao da expresso do original e da traduo, bem como suas instrues para o leitor, funo esperada de uma determinada traduo dentro do contexto da evoluo e do leitor da obra [. Table Of Contents Format Research Paper. ] (id., ibid., p.164). AUSTIN, John L. Kellogg Analysis. Quando dire fare. Table Format Research Paper. Torino: Marietti, 1974.
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