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Want to Install Elementary OS? 7 Reasons Why You Should! How To Build A Basic Web Crawler To Pull Information From A Website (Part 1) Web Crawlers, sometimes called scrapers, automatically scan the Internet attempting to glean context and tutor, meaning of the content they find. The web wouldn’t function without them. Crawlers are the backbone of search engines which, combined with clever algorithms, work out the relevance of face essay, your page to a given keyword set. The Google web crawler will enter your domain and scan every page of your website, extracting page titles, descriptions, keywords, and links then report back to Google HQ and add the information to writing tutor their huge database. Today, I’d like to teach you how to make your own basic crawler not one that scans the whole Internet, though, but one that is able to education cover extract all the tutor links from a given webpage. Generally, you should make sure you have permission before scraping random websites, as most people consider it to einstein essay be a very grey legal area. Still, as I say, the web wouldn’t function without these kind of crawlers, so it’s important you understand how they work and how easy they are to make. To make a simple crawler, we’ll be using the most common programming language of the writing tutor internet PHP.
Don’t worry if you’ve never programmed in PHP I’ll be taking you through each step and explaining what each part does. I am going to assume an absolute basic knowledge of HTML though, enough that you understand how a link or image is added to an HTML document. Before we start, you will need a server to run PHP. You have a number of options here: If you host your own blog using WordPress, you already have one, so upload the files you write via FTP and run them from there.
Matt showed us some free FTP clients for face essay, WindowsThe Three Best Free FTP Clients for WindowsThe Three Best Free FTP Clients for Windows FTP is a useful file sharing method and online writing, the go-to method for uploading files to a web host. Here are the best FTP clients you can grab for free. Read More you could use. If you don’t have a web server but do have an old PC sitting around, then you could follow Dave’s tutorial here to turn an old PC into a web serverHow To Build A Linux Web Server With An Old Computer [Part 1]How To Build A Linux Web Server With An Old Computer [Part 1]Read More . Aide. Just one computer? Don’t worry Jeffry showed us how we can run a local server inside of Windows or MacHow To Install Wordpress Blog Locally On Your PCHow To Install Wordpress Blog Locally On Your PCRead More . We’ll be using a helper class called Simple HTML DOM. Download this zip file, unzip it, and upload the writing tutor simple_html_dom.php file contained within to your website first (in the same directory you’ll be running your programs from). It contains functions we will be using to traverse the elements of a webpage more easily. That zip file also contains today’s example code. First, let’s write a simple program that will check if PHP is working or not.
We’ll also import the history helper file we’ll be using later. Writing Tutor. Make a new file in your web directory, and call it example1.php the actual name isn’t important, but the .php ending is. Copy and paste this code into it: Access the file through your internet browser. If everything has gone right, you should see a big page of random debug and the synthesis, server information printed out like below all from the little line of code! It’s not really what we’re after, but at least we know everything is working. The first and last lines simply tell the writing server we are going to be using PHP code.
This is thesis style charles, important because we can actually include standard HTML on the page too, and writing, it will render just fine. Writing The Synthesis Essay. The second line pulls in the Simple HTML DOM helper we will be using. The phpinfo(); line is the one that printed out all that debug info, but you can go ahead and delete that now. Notice that in PHP, any commands we have must be finished with a colon ( ; ). The most common mistake of any PHP beginner is to forget that little bit of writing, punctuation. One typical task that Google performs is to pull all the links from a page and see which sites they are endorsing. Aide Cover. Try the following code next, in a new file if you like.
$html = new simple_html_dom(); You should get a page full of online writing, URLs! Wonderful. Most of them will be internal links, of face essay, course. Writing. In a real world situation, Google would ignore internal links and simply look at what other websites you’re linking to, but that’s outside the scope of this tutorial. If you’re running on your own server, go ahead and change the scholarship essay school target_URL variable to your own webpage or any other website you’d like to examine. That code was quite a jump from the writing tutor last example, so let’s go through in pseudo-code to make sure you understand what’s going on.
Include once the simple HTML DOM helper file. Set the target URL as http://www.tokyobit.com. Create a new simple HTML DOM object to store the target page. Load our target URL into that object. For each link a that we find on the target page. Print out the face essay HREF attribute.
That’s it for today, but if you’d like a bit of challenge try to online writing tutor modify to the second example so that instead of searching for links ( a elements), it grabs images instead ( img ). Remember, the writing essay src attribute of an image specifies the URL for writing, that image, not HREF . Would you like learn more? Let me know in the comments if you’re interested in reading a part 2 (complete with homework solution!), or even if you’d like a back-basics PHP tutorial and I’ll rustle one up next time for thesis charles sturt, you. I warn you though once you get started with programming in PHP, you’ll start making plans to writing create the next Facebook, and all those latent desires for world domination will soon consume you. Programming is fun . this code is not working on my server i.e nginx. This may seem like a very simple question but how the hell do I Access the file through your internet browser.. I've spent 2 days trying to writing essay work this out. Drag the file into online writing your browser, or use the File- Open menu, to open a file. Where do I drag the file from? I've created the face essay folder in my cPanel.
In case you couldn't tell, I'm completely new at online tutor, this! Can anyone at all help? I don't have a File option on my Chrome browser. And where am I supposed to save the file in the first place? I knit or crochet to counteract stress, and add to einstein essay my happy Knitting has gotten me though a bunch of writing tutor, health issues this year, a full month in pain where I had no medical to deal with the problem, and then my inlaws I found that even just buying yarn and planning projects keeps me sane and. Hello, can I send you a private message too?
I seen a lot of letter, comments with syntax errors. If you copy and online tutor, pasted the code just delete the quotation mark and enter your own. his quotation marks have a weird format. Sir do every web page allow us to the synthesis essay crawl through it and fetch our respective data? Please I need this info for tutor, my project. excellent site you got at this point what are you're comments on here post referring to aide cover letter eternity warriors 2 cheat codes.
This code is out of online writing tutor, date I believe, look under quickstart at the link given (http://simplehtmldom.sourceforge.net/), then copy and essay, paste. Online Writing. My code looks like this: find('a') as $element) Need help, when I try to face essay open up the example1.php on online writing, the browser only face essay a blank page is made and an immediate new tab opened. Tutor. How do I amend this problem. Thanks! Great article I can use in junior programming courses! This code will not accept the http:// form of address.
Maybe due to newer 5.6 PHP? Parse error: syntax error, unexpected ':' in special, PATH on line 3. Check the quotes and online writing tutor, double quotes, I've just deleted them and write it again and works. I'm getting a 50 internal server error. Face Essay. Using my own server, code is copied precisely and uploaded accessibly to server. thanks for sharing the informatio. Please. Would love to read part 2 and online writing, GP thrust tutorial(s). How do i list down ALL THE LINKS on einstein essay, a page? Including any of the LINKS inside the online CSS, JS files, everywhere. Let's say, inside a CSS file:
Also, inside a JS file: How do i detect listdown ALL KINDS of such links, linked items on a page? That code didnt work for writing the synthesis essay, me :( You should probably be more specific if you want help. I have copied all example code, but php giving me errors and online writing, nothing happens. It says that there is undefined variable target_url and writing, giving warning that file_get_contents() can not be empty. I fixed it allready! Hey, This is working fine for online, me. I just need one more thing. Can we make this crawler crawl my whole website for links when i only scholarship essay provide the homepage link? That would be of great help.
I'm trying to build a lightweight crawler that would do exactly that in order to build an sitemap that I could update whenever I run the crawler. I know it's hardly been a week since you asked but have you found anything ? No luck yet! I am using the same code on all the results returned in the first crawl. But it is not light weight at writing tutor, all. That's what I'm trying to do at the moment and I need to set up my RegEx to only crawl in my website and roberts in swedish history, not the tutor whole internet of roberts history, course but the results seem incoherent with some links showing up as this : and others showing up as this : It's a pain to online writing tutor have to scholarship for business school check this :/ Parse error: syntax error, unexpected ':' in online, /home/wknoblock/felixexi.com/example1.php on line 3. That should be a semi colon, not a colon.
foreach($html-find('a') as $link) this is what I have- still shows that error. I had the same issue, and if like me you copied and pasted you are being undone by the quotes around the link. Delete the double quotes before and after the special teacher aide letter web address and replace with your own double or single quotes and online tutor, it should fix it. If using a text editor like Brackets you should see that code change colour after you put in in swedish, your own quote marks. Hi, I am trying to run web crawler on my machine. I am getting below error. The localhost page isn’t working. localhost is currently unable to online writing tutor handle this request.
I have wordpress installed locally. hi mr. Essay. james, it is me again. I have already done to emulate a browser visiting using PHP curl like you suggest. However, I still can't interact with the writing tutor page and grab the value I want. Some people on the net told me that I should look for the ajax link contain the style charles sturt university value I want. So using inspect element, I found that link in writing tutor, JS tab which contain all JSON value I want. My question is, how do I request this links using this web emulating and PHP script?
The value exist when I inspect the element, but when I view page source, the value is not in there. Nope, that won't work. Einstein Essay. That' generated in your browser, so you would need to emulate a browser visiting and online tutor, interact with a page, rather than simply fetching the content. Thank you for your suggestion, I will try to find how to latex style files charles emulate a browser visiting first. But if I hope you can give me another suggestion again if there is writing, a problem again. yes it's so helpful. Charles Sturt. i want to know how get image,titile and online tutor, description from these url's. wondering if its possible to change the essays history code to search for online writing, a perticular model of einstein essay, laptop to be available for sale anywhere, i.e. x201s lenovo thinkpad as an example. you'll use $link-innertext @wine_81. It was Very Helpful For Me. Thank you so much.
It's so helpful :))))) Thank you for online tutor, your hard work! if you want to get content of website, just do GET from the in swedish history website and it will return the HTML, then you need to parse it, in online writing tutor, java you can use jsoup to parse the syntax, or you can use simple regex to get the data. In fact you can easily do POST/GET (post data to web/browse page) using ScrapperMin found in essay, google Play Store. It will auto crawl innosia.com and get the data, you can parse the data by saving the output to variable and start doing parsing. SET('DATA', WC_GetPage('http://www.innosia.com/transform', 'GET', '', '')); SO_SingleTagMatch(GET('DATA'), 'name=__RequestVerificationToken', 'value=', ''); And it will output the security token of the website's form, then post back the data with the security token to website and the web will automatically think you are a human submitting data. Hi Mr. Online Writing Tutor. James Bruce, First of all, thank you very much for sharing this piece of roberts in swedish history, knowledge, it is very useful.
I have a question though, how do I get the text property of an anchor element ? I tried echo $link-text, but it shows nothing. How do I get the text This is a link using this web crawler ? Thank you very much for your time and help. Exactly what I am looking for. Congratulations! This is online writing, a really good article. I am an investor of Mozenda and style charles sturt university, I think it is online, great that you help people learn what is possible with all of the data out writing essay there on the Internet. The php errors mentioned by others above are probably because the double and single quotes that you copied from this example are not recognized by your server's php editor / compiler. After you copy the code into your own php file, locate each double quote, delete it, and reinsert using your computer's keyboard. Do the tutor same for the single quotes.
I guess it depends on your keyboard language setting, which gives you a different variant of single and double quotes. The double quotes in this example are ” . my server's php wants to see A very subtle change. HTH. Exact same question as bombay, what if you want the content, the inside of the roberts essays in swedish content. If someone wants to tutor search content of the website ? tHIS is what I'm looking for . I wanna have a try with it then. thanks for the tutorial. So Coool Thank you. Same with next example. You have used double not single quotes:- foreach($html-find(‘a’) as $link) Maybe these were acceptable with an einstein essay, earlier version of PHP but now are not? I tried checking the supplied PHP code with an online syntax checker at phpcodechecker.com/ and it too finds the online tutor same errors I do? Can you please advise why this snippets have syntax errors in them and post the corrected code?
Apart from the very first example none of the rest worked for me? I got:- Parse error: syntax error, unexpected ':' in scholarship essay school, C:apache2.4htdocsexample4.php on line 7. So it did not like the colon in the http: link. I saw the online tutor answer saying use a semi colon.
It did not explain why? I tried this and then it object to the sign:- Parse error: syntax error, unexpected '' in einstein essay, C:apache2.4htdocsexample4.php on line 7. Any idea why? is there a syntax guide as PHP seems very fussy about syntax and writing tutor, you do not explain why or what could affect this. Special Education. Your examples do not work as specified on my set up. I have Apache 2.4 working fine and PHP Version 5.6.1. Are there other settings which affect whether PHP will accept URLs and the - sign which again you do not explain? OK - I thought I posted a comment here earlier, but maybe not. I said I couldn't get it to work. Anyway, I finally figured out a cool way to writing tutor crawl a page for links and then get the images from those links in essay school, list form.
A bit crude, but it works. I had to use a base url also, to find the the directories for the images. foreach($html-find('a') as $element) echo Links found on $page:; foreach ($links as $out) // Parse resultant individual pages for images. foreach ($links as $subpage) // Create DOM from URL. $page = $base . $subpage; // Find all images. foreach($html-find('img') as $element) echo Images found on $page:; foreach ($images as $out) Can't get it to work, I'm using WAMP and PHP. Online Writing. Get an internal 500 error. Do certain settings need to be enabled on PHP? I'm really trying hard to find a way to crawl the images on my site in the img tags, I tried Sphider and tried to scholarship essay for business school modify that to no avail yet (it just returns urls) My site (viewoftheblue.com/photography) has nearly 3000 images and I need to somehow crawl it and get a list of images and writing, also know what subdirectory the images are in, or else just a list of face essay, all the tutor image files showing the path.
Thanks. I think CURL might be needed and seems to be disabled by default on WAMP settings. To enable curl left click WAMP taskbar icon and choose PHP PHP Extension php_curl. Let us know if that helps. I think CURL might be needed and essay for business, seems to online tutor be disabled by default on WAMP settings. To enable curl left click WAMP taskbar icon and choose PHP PHP Extension php_curl. Let us know if that helps.
i found your site through search engine.i like your web. page content and latex style files university, very attractive theme.really i like this. I get this error when running example2.php. Parse error: syntax error, unexpected ':' in /home/content/s/t/r/strosdegoz/html/apps/webcrawler.php on online, line 3. try a ; instead of a : I get this error when running example2.php. Parse error: syntax error, unexpected ':' in /home/content/s/t/r/strosdegoz/html/apps/webcrawler.php on line 3. I want to read part2. Awesome man .. just tried it .. Good and useful .. i will try it out 2day . Really nice, and useful. C'mon this is Script-Kiddie stuff. go perl, a little lwp stuff and a sprinkling of regex. Who needs php (yuk) much less Google!? Or maybe you're hiding behind Google - eh?
If-so, you are spineless. lol, yes Perl would be a much better choice. Essay. But this in this age of WordPress, I feel like PHP is better for readers to learn. Not sure what you mean about hiding behind google? lol, yes Perl would be a much better choice. Online Writing. But this in this age of WordPress, I feel like PHP is better for face essay, readers to learn. Not sure what you mean about hiding behind google? Very nice indeed!
thank you for the guide and code. Very nice indeed! thank you for the guide and code. excellent article James! The only online writing thing i missed in MUO was code. This new section has brought a smile on my face. I want to demand even more. THUMBS UP to MUO. The only thing i missed in MUO was code.
This new section has brought a smile on special teacher aide cover, my face. I want to demand even more. THUMBS UP to MUO. Regarding WordPress - If you have a free blog with WordPress.com, then I'm afraid you can't run your own PHP files on online, their server as it would be a security risk for special education teacher cover letter, them, and no there isn't FTP access for that either. I should have made it clearer, but self hosted means running the WordPress system on writing tutor, your own website, for essay for business, which you likely pay every month for. If you have your own domain name that doesnt have wordpresss.com in online tutor, it, then you probably have it running on your own server. If it's your own server, since you mentioned you cannot FTP into it, then you must have installed WordPress via Fantastico or Godaddy Hosting Connection easy install system, or by getting someone else to do it? You should still be able to FTP into your site. Face Essay. using any of writing, FTP mentioned in einstein essay, the linked tutorials, just point them to ftp.yourdomain.com (replacing yourdomain, obviously), and using the password and writing, username that your hosting company sent you originally. Also, if you can get access to scholarship essay school your CPanel, there should be a java-based FTP manager in there that you could try to explore the FTP with.
If you have no idea what I just said, don't worry - you probably don't own your own website, so you do option 3 to run a local test server. Regarding the differences between no1 and 3 - 3 is possible to online do without a remote server at all, you can simply setup a test server on style charles sturt, your own machine that will allow you to run PHP. You don't have to online writing tutor install wordpress on school, it, but since WordPress is online tutor, PHP based, then that is also something you can install to test out if you want. No 1 is the easiest option for people who own their own website, and I only mentioned WordPress because if you're running your own install of einstein essay, WordPress, then your server can definately do PHP. If you tell me your wordpress blog address or domain, ill be able to writing tutor explain a little better. you will need a server to run PHP. Thesis Sturt University. You have a number of options here:. I thought I had the first option - wordpress blog. Does it support php ? it looks like i cannot ftp. If I install wordpress in my local machine as per 3rd option, how does it differ from option1? Thanks.
you will need a server to run PHP. You have a number of options here:. Tutor. I thought I had the face essay first option - wordpress blog. Does it support php ? it looks like i cannot ftp. If I install wordpress in my local machine as per 3rd option, how does it differ from option1? Thanks. I have touched a bit on Python and Java, and I wrote a Java manual to help me study while I was learning it, and I submitted it to Simon when he was the PDF editor, but he and Aibek knocked it back, and then when I was PDF editor, it didn't get published either.
But I can see why it programming articles don't get through because its not part of their range of articles. One of my friends is working on a HTML manual for MUO, so its a start. PLEASE PLEASE PLEASE do a part 2. [04-Jun-2017 17:57:16 UTC] PHP Warning: file_get_contents(wogfoundations.org): failed to online writing tutor open stream: No such file or directory in writing essay, /home/wonnatio/public_html/crawler/simple_html_dom.php on line 555. Thanks for the encouraging words, Jack, appreciated. You're right MUO does indeed need more coding examples. I plan to, if editors will allow it ;p. Do you have any other programming experience?
PHP is easy because it's untyped so no worries about casting, no memory mangement etc - it's quite a beginner friendly language really. Tutor. And the writing the synthesis fact that you can just throw HTML in anywhere makes it rather easy to produce some useful output. Welcome to online writing tutor MUO James, it was a great article. For the past 3 years, I wanted to special aide cover letter learn PHP, but never got around to it. Hopefully, in online tutor, 2011 I will eventually learn it. But do continue on writing essay, part 2. It looks interesting when you continue on your examples. Ie example3.php, example4.php etc. Make Use Of needs to make use of more coding examples :D. Thanks for the encouraging words, Jack, appreciated. Writing Tutor. You're right MUO does indeed need more coding examples.
I plan to, if editors will allow it ;p. Do you have any other programming experience? PHP is easy because it's untyped so no worries about casting, no memory mangement etc - it's quite a beginner friendly language really. And the fact that you can just throw HTML in anywhere makes it rather easy to education teacher aide letter produce some useful output. I have touched a bit on online writing, Python and Java, and I wrote a Java manual to help me study while I was learning it, and einstein essay, I submitted it to Simon when he was the PDF editor, but he and Aibek knocked it back, and online writing tutor, then when I was PDF editor, it didn't get published either. Thesis Files University. But I can see why it programming articles don't get through because its not part of their range of articles. One of online tutor, my friends is working on writing, a HTML manual for online writing, MUO, so its a start. I am looking for a developer that can create a web crawler that i can incorporate into a search engine i have built. Do you know of in swedish history, any developer that can assist with this . James has a BSc in Artificial Intelligence, and is CompTIA A+ and online, Network+ certified. Einstein Essay. He's the lead developer of MakeUseOf, and tutor, spends his free time playing VR paintball and face essay, boardgames.
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Transcript: Barack Obama's Speech on Race. Click to view mentions of key words in Obama's speech. hide caption. The number of times Obama used these key words in his March 18 speech on online race in Philadelphia. The following is face essay a transcript of the remarks of Democratic Illinois Sen. Barack Obama, delivered March 18, 2008, in Philadelphia at the Constitution Center. In it, Obama addresses the role race has played in the presidential campaign.
He also responds to criticism of the Rev. Jeremiah Wright, an unpaid campaign adviser and pastor at Obama's Chicago church. Wright has made inflammatory remarks about the United States and has accused the country of writing tutor bringing on the Sept. 11 attacks by spreading terrorism. We the people, in order to form a more perfect union . — 221 years ago, in a hall that still stands across the street, a group of men gathered and, with these simple words, launched America's improbable experiment in democracy.
Farmers and scholars, statesmen and patriots who had traveled across an ocean to escape tyranny and persecution finally made real their declaration of independence at a Philadelphia convention that lasted through the spring of 1787. The document they produced was eventually signed but ultimately unfinished. It was stained by latex files charles, this nation's original sin of writing tutor slavery, a question that divided the special education teacher colonies and brought the convention to a stalemate until the online writing founders chose to allow the slave trade to continue for at least 20 more years, and to leave any final resolution to future generations. Of course, the answer to the slavery question was already embedded within our Constitution — a Constitution that had at its very core the ideal of equal citizenship under the law; a Constitution that promised its people liberty and thesis style sturt university, justice and a union that could be and should be perfected over time. And yet words on a parchment would not be enough to deliver slaves from bondage, or provide men and women of every color and online writing, creed their full rights and obligations as citizens of the the synthesis essay United States. Online. What would be needed were Americans in successive generations who were willing to do their part — through protests and struggles, on the streets and in the courts, through a civil war and civil disobedience, and face essay, always at great risk — to narrow that gap between the promise of our ideals and the reality of their time. This was one of the tasks we set forth at the beginning of this presidential campaign — to continue the long march of those who came before us, a march for a more just, more equal, more free, more caring and more prosperous America. I chose to run for president at this moment in online writing, history because I believe deeply that we cannot solve the challenges of our time unless we solve them together, unless we perfect our union by understanding that we may have different stories, but we hold common hopes; that we may not look the same and we may not have come from the same place, but we all want to move in the same direction — toward a better future for roberts essays history our children and online tutor, our grandchildren.
This belief comes from my unyielding faith in the decency and generosity of the American people. But it also comes from my own story. I am the son of einstein essay a black man from tutor, Kenya and a white woman from Kansas. I was raised with the help of a white grandfather who survived a Depression to serve in Patton's Army during World War II and style files charles sturt, a white grandmother who worked on a bomber assembly line at Fort Leavenworth while he was overseas. I've gone to some of the best schools in America and lived in one of the world's poorest nations. I am married to a black American who carries within her the blood of slaves and slaveowners — an inheritance we pass on online writing tutor to our two precious daughters.
I have brothers, sisters, nieces, nephews, uncles and the synthesis, cousins of online writing every race and every hue, scattered across three continents, and for as long as I live, I will never forget that in no other country on Earth is my story even possible. It's a story that hasn't made me the most conventional of candidates. But it is a story that has seared into my genetic makeup the idea that this nation is more than the for business sum of writing its parts — that out of many, we are truly one. Throughout the first year of this campaign, against special education teacher aide cover, all predictions to the contrary, we saw how hungry the American people were for this message of unity. Despite the temptation to view my candidacy through a purely racial lens, we won commanding victories in states with some of the whitest populations in tutor, the country. In South Carolina, where the Confederate flag still flies, we built a powerful coalition of African-Americans and white Americans. This is not to say that race has not been an issue in this campaign. At various stages in the campaign, some commentators have deemed me either too black or not black enough. Writing Essay. We saw racial tensions bubble to the surface during the week before the South Carolina primary. The press has scoured every single exit poll for the latest evidence of online writing racial polarization, not just in terms of latex thesis style files charles university white and writing tutor, black, but black and brown as well.
And yet, it has only been in the last couple of weeks that the discussion of race in this campaign has taken a particularly divisive turn. On one end of the spectrum, we've heard the implication that my candidacy is somehow an exercise in affirmative action; that it's based solely on face essay the desire of wide-eyed liberals to purchase racial reconciliation on the cheap. On the other end, we've heard my former pastor, Jeremiah Wright, use incendiary language to express views that have the online writing tutor potential not only to widen the racial divide, but views that denigrate both the greatness and the goodness of cover our nation, and that rightly offend white and black alike. I have already condemned, in unequivocal terms, the writing tutor statements of scholarship essay for business Reverend Wright that have caused such controversy and, in some cases, pain. Writing. For some, nagging questions remain.
Did I know him to be an occasionally fierce critic of American domestic and foreign policy? Of course. Did I ever hear him make remarks that could be considered controversial while I sat in the church? Yes. Did I strongly disagree with many of his political views? Absolutely — just as I'm sure many of you have heard remarks from education aide cover letter, your pastors, priests, or rabbis with which you strongly disagreed. But the remarks that have caused this recent firestorm weren't simply controversial. They weren't simply a religious leader's efforts to speak out against perceived injustice. Writing. Instead, they expressed a profoundly distorted view of scholarship this country — a view that sees white racism as endemic, and that elevates what is wrong with America above all that we know is tutor right with America; a view that sees the style charles sturt conflicts in the Middle East as rooted primarily in the actions of stalwart allies like Israel, instead of emanating from the perverse and hateful ideologies of radical Islam. As such, Reverend Wright's comments were not only wrong but divisive, divisive at a time when we need unity; racially charged at a time when we need to come together to solve a set of monumental problems — two wars, a terrorist threat, a falling economy, a chronic health care crisis and potentially devastating climate change — problems that are neither black or white or Latino or Asian, but rather problems that confront us all. Given my background, my politics, and my professed values and ideals, there will no doubt be those for online writing whom my statements of condemnation are not enough.
Why associate myself with Reverend Wright in face essay, the first place, they may ask? Why not join another church? And I confess that if all that I knew of Reverend Wright were the snippets of those sermons that have run in an endless loop on the television sets and YouTube, or if Trinity United Church of Christ conformed to the caricatures being peddled by some commentators, there is no doubt that I would react in much the same way. But the truth is, that isn't all that I know of the man. The man I met more than 20 years ago is a man who helped introduce me to my Christian faith, a man who spoke to writing tutor me about style files sturt university, our obligations to love one another, to care for online writing the sick and lift up the poor. Einstein Essay. He is online a man who served his country as a United States Marine; who has studied and lectured at some of the finest universities and seminaries in the country, and latex sturt, who for over 30 years has led a church that serves the community by doing God's work here on Earth — by housing the homeless, ministering to the needy, providing day care services and scholarships and prison ministries, and reaching out to those suffering from HIV/AIDS. In my first book, Dreams From My Father , I describe the online writing tutor experience of my first service at style charles sturt university, Trinity:
People began to shout, to rise from their seats and clap and cry out, a forceful wind carrying the reverend's voice up into the rafters. Writing Tutor. And in that single note — hope! — I heard something else: At the essay for business foot of that cross, inside the thousands of churches across the city, I imagined the stories of ordinary black people merging with the stories of David and Goliath, Moses and Pharaoh, the online tutor Christians in the lion's den, Ezekiel's field of dry bones. Those stories — of survival and freedom and hope — became our stories, my story. Writing The Synthesis. The blood that spilled was our blood, the tears our tears, until this black church, on this bright day, seemed once more a vessel carrying the writing story of a people into face essay, future generations and into a larger world. Online Tutor. Our trials and triumphs became at once unique and special aide cover, universal, black and more than black. In chronicling our journey, the online writing stories and face essay, songs gave us a meaning to reclaim memories that we didn't need to tutor feel shame about — memories that all people might study and cherish, and with which we could start to rebuild. That has been my experience at Trinity. Scholarship Essay For Business. Like other predominantly black churches across the country, Trinity embodies the black community in its entirety — the online tutor doctor and the welfare mom, the model student and the former gang-banger. School. Like other black churches, Trinity's services are full of online writing tutor raucous laughter and sometimes bawdy humor. They are full of dancing and clapping and screaming and shouting that may seem jarring to the untrained ear.
The church contains in full the einstein essay kindness and tutor, cruelty, the fierce intelligence and the shocking ignorance, the essays in swedish struggles and successes, the love and, yes, the bitterness and biases that make up the black experience in America. And this helps explain, perhaps, my relationship with Reverend Wright. As imperfect as he may be, he has been like family to online tutor me. He strengthened my faith, officiated my wedding, and education aide cover letter, baptized my children. Not once in my conversations with him have I heard him talk about any ethnic group in derogatory terms, or treat whites with whom he interacted with anything but courtesy and respect. He contains within him the contradictions — the good and the bad — of the community that he has served diligently for so many years. I can no more disown him than I can disown the online writing black community.
I can no more disown him than I can disown my white grandmother — a woman who helped raise me, a woman who sacrificed again and again for me, a woman who loves me as much as she loves anything in this world, but a woman who once confessed her fear of face essay black men who passed her by on the street, and writing tutor, who on more than one occasion has uttered racial or ethnic stereotypes that made me cringe. These people are a part of me. And they are part of America, this country that I love. Some will see this as an attempt to justify or excuse comments that are simply inexcusable. I can assure you it is not.
I suppose the thesis style files sturt university politically safe thing to online writing do would be to writing the synthesis move on from this episode and just hope that it fades into the woodwork. We can dismiss Reverend Wright as a crank or a demagogue, just as some have dismissed Geraldine Ferraro, in tutor, the aftermath of her recent statements, as harboring some deep-seated bias. But race is an issue that I believe this nation cannot afford to ignore right now. We would be making the same mistake that Reverend Wright made in his offending sermons about America — to simplify and stereotype and amplify the negative to the point that it distorts reality. The fact is roberts essays in swedish that the comments that have been made and the issues that have surfaced over the last few weeks reflect the writing tutor complexities of race in this country that we've never really worked through — a part of our union that we have not yet made perfect. And if we walk away now, if we simply retreat into our respective corners, we will never be able to come together and latex thesis style sturt university, solve challenges like health care or education or the writing tutor need to find good jobs for every American. Understanding this reality requires a reminder of how we arrived at this point. As William Faulkner once wrote, The past isn't dead and buried. In fact, it isn't even past. We do not need to recite here the history of einstein essay racial injustice in this country.
But we do need to remind ourselves that so many of the disparities that exist between the African-American community and the larger American community today can be traced directly to inequalities passed on online writing from an earlier generation that suffered under the brutal legacy of slavery and Jim Crow. Segregated schools were and are inferior schools; we still haven't fixed them, 50 years after Brown v. Board of Education. Essay For Business School. And the inferior education they provided, then and now, helps explain the pervasive achievement gap between today's black and white students. Legalized discrimination — where blacks were prevented, often through violence, from writing, owning property, or loans were not granted to African-American business owners, or black homeowners could not access FHA mortgages, or blacks were excluded from unions or the police force or the fire department — meant that black families could not amass any meaningful wealth to bequeath to thesis charles university future generations. Online Tutor. That history helps explain the wealth and income gap between blacks and whites, and the concentrated pockets of poverty that persist in so many of today's urban and rural communities. A lack of economic opportunity among black men, and files charles university, the shame and frustration that came from not being able to provide for one's family contributed to the erosion of black families — a problem that welfare policies for many years may have worsened.
And the lack of online writing basic services in so many urban black neighborhoods — parks for kids to play in, police walking the beat, regular garbage pickup, building code enforcement — all helped create a cycle of violence, blight and neglect that continues to haunt us. This is the reality in which Reverend Wright and other African-Americans of his generation grew up. They came of age in einstein essay, the late '50s and online tutor, early '60s, a time when segregation was still the law of the land and opportunity was systematically constricted. What's remarkable is not how many failed in the face of einstein essay discrimination, but how many men and women overcame the odds; how many were able to make a way out of no way, for those like me who would come after them. For all those who scratched and clawed their way to get a piece of the writing American Dream, there were many who didn't make it — those who were ultimately defeated, in one way or another, by discrimination. Essays History. That legacy of defeat was passed on to future generations — those young men and, increasingly, young women who we see standing on writing tutor street corners or languishing in face essay, our prisons, without hope or prospects for the future. Even for those blacks who did make it, questions of race and online, racism continue to define their worldview in roberts history, fundamental ways. For the men and women of Reverend Wright's generation, the memories of online tutor humiliation and doubt and fear have not gone away; nor has the face essay anger and the bitterness of writing those years.
That anger may not get expressed in thesis style, public, in writing tutor, front of white co-workers or white friends. But it does find voice in the barbershop or the beauty shop or around the kitchen table. At times, that anger is exploited by politicians, to gin up votes along racial lines, or to education teacher aide cover make up for a politician's own failings. And occasionally it finds voice in the church on Sunday morning, in the pulpit and in the pews. Tutor. The fact that so many people are surprised to hear that anger in some of roberts essays history Reverend Wright's sermons simply reminds us of the old truism that the most segregated hour of American life occurs on Sunday morning. That anger is not always productive; indeed, all too often it distracts attention from solving real problems; it keeps us from squarely facing our own complicity within the African-American community in our condition, and prevents the online writing tutor African-American community from forging the alliances it needs to bring about real change. But the anger is real; it is powerful. And to simply wish it away, to condemn it without understanding its roots, only face essay serves to widen the chasm of online tutor misunderstanding that exists between the races. In fact, a similar anger exists within segments of the essay white community.
Most working- and middle-class white Americans don't feel that they have been particularly privileged by their race. Their experience is the immigrant experience — as far as they're concerned, no one handed them anything. Tutor. They built it from scratch. They've worked hard all their lives, many times only to see their jobs shipped overseas or their pensions dumped after a lifetime of labor. Charles University. They are anxious about their futures, and they feel their dreams slipping away. Writing Tutor. And in an era of stagnant wages and global competition, opportunity comes to be seen as a zero sum game, in which your dreams come at my expense. So when they are told to bus their children to essays history a school across town; when they hear an African-American is getting an advantage in landing a good job or a spot in a good college because of an writing injustice that they themselves never committed; when they're told that their fears about crime in urban neighborhoods are somehow prejudiced, resentment builds over time. Like the anger within the black community, these resentments aren't always expressed in polite company. But they have helped shape the political landscape for at least a generation. Anger over welfare and affirmative action helped forge the Reagan Coalition.
Politicians routinely exploited fears of crime for face essay their own electoral ends. Talk show hosts and online tutor, conservative commentators built entire careers unmasking bogus claims of racism while dismissing legitimate discussions of racial injustice and inequality as mere political correctness or reverse racism. Just as black anger often proved counterproductive, so have these white resentments distracted attention from the real culprits of the middle class squeeze — a corporate culture rife with inside dealing, questionable accounting practices and latex thesis style files, short-term greed; a Washington dominated by lobbyists and special interests; economic policies that favor the few over the many. And yet, to wish away the resentments of white Americans, to writing tutor label them as misguided or even racist, without recognizing they are grounded in legitimate concerns — this too widens the racial divide and blocks the path to understanding. This is where we are right now. Essays In Swedish History. It's a racial stalemate we've been stuck in for years. Writing Tutor. Contrary to the claims of some of my critics, black and white, I have never been so naive as to believe that we can get beyond our racial divisions in a single election cycle, or with a single candidacy — particularly a candidacy as imperfect as my own. But I have asserted a firm conviction — a conviction rooted in my faith in God and my faith in in swedish history, the American people — that, working together, we can move beyond some of our old racial wounds, and that in fact we have no choice if we are to continue on the path of a more perfect union. For the African-American community, that path means embracing the burdens of our past without becoming victims of writing tutor our past. Essay. It means continuing to insist on a full measure of justice in every aspect of American life.
But it also means binding our particular grievances — for better health care and online tutor, better schools and better jobs — to the larger aspirations of all Americans: the white woman struggling to break the glass ceiling, the einstein essay white man who has been laid off, the immigrant trying to writing feed his family. And it means taking full responsibility for our own lives — by demanding more from scholarship essay school, our fathers, and spending more time with our children, and reading to them, and teaching them that while they may face challenges and discrimination in online, their own lives, they must never succumb to despair or cynicism; they must always believe that they can write their own destiny. Ironically, this quintessentially American — and roberts essays in swedish history, yes, conservative — notion of self-help found frequent expression in Reverend Wright's sermons. But what my former pastor too often failed to understand is that embarking on a program of self-help also requires a belief that society can change. The profound mistake of Reverend Wright's sermons is tutor not that he spoke about racism in our society. It's that he spoke as if our society was static; as if no progress had been made; as if this country — a country that has made it possible for one of his own members to run for the highest office in the land and build a coalition of white and black, Latino and Asian, rich and poor, young and old — is still irrevocably bound to a tragic past. But what we know — what we have seen — is that America can change. That is the true genius of this nation. Face Essay. What we have already achieved gives us hope — the audacity to online writing hope — for what we can and must achieve tomorrow. In the white community, the essays in swedish path to a more perfect union means acknowledging that what ails the African-American community does not just exist in the minds of black people; that the legacy of online writing discrimination — and current incidents of writing discrimination, while less overt than in the past — are real and tutor, must be addressed, not just with words, but with deeds, by essays history, investing in online, our schools and our communities; by enforcing our civil rights laws and latex, ensuring fairness in our criminal justice system; by providing this generation with ladders of opportunity that were unavailable for previous generations. It requires all Americans to realize that your dreams do not have to come at the expense of my dreams; that investing in the health, welfare and education of black and brown and white children will ultimately help all of writing America prosper.
In the end, then, what is called for roberts essays is nothing more and nothing less than what all the world's great religions demand — that we do unto others as we would have them do unto us. Online Tutor. Let us be our brother's keeper, scripture tells us. Let us be our sister's keeper. Let us find that common stake we all have in one another, and let our politics reflect that spirit as well. For we have a choice in this country. We can accept a politics that breeds division and thesis style files charles, conflict and tutor, cynicism. Latex Charles Sturt University. We can tackle race only online writing as spectacle — as we did in the O.J. trial — or in the wake of tragedy — as we did in the aftermath of Katrina — or as fodder for the nightly news. We can play Reverend Wright's sermons on roberts essays history every channel, every day and talk about them from tutor, now until the election, and make the the synthesis essay only question in this campaign whether or not the writing tutor American people think that I somehow believe or sympathize with his most offensive words. We can pounce on for business some gaffe by a Hillary supporter as evidence that she's playing the race card, or we can speculate on whether white men will all flock to John McCain in the general election regardless of his policies. But if we do, I can tell you that in the next election, we'll be talking about some other distraction. And then another one.
And then another one. And nothing will change. That is online writing tutor one option. Or, at this moment, in this election, we can come together and say, Not this time. This time, we want to talk about the face essay crumbling schools that are stealing the future of black children and white children and Asian children and online writing, Hispanic children and Native American children. This time, we want to reject the cynicism that tells us that these kids can't learn; that those kids who don't look like us are somebody else's problem. The children of America are not those kids, they are our kids, and we will not let them fall behind in a 21st century economy. Not this time.
This time we want to talk about how the lines in the emergency room are filled with whites and blacks and einstein essay, Hispanics who do not have health care, who don't have the power on online writing their own to overcome the special interests in Washington, but who can take them on if we do it together. This time, we want to talk about the shuttered mills that once provided a decent life for men and women of every race, and the homes for sale that once belonged to Americans from every religion, every region, every walk of face essay life. This time, we want to talk about the fact that the real problem is not that someone who doesn't look like you might take your job; it's that the corporation you work for will ship it overseas for nothing more than a profit. This time, we want to talk about the online writing tutor men and women of every color and creed who serve together and fight together and bleed together under the scholarship essay for business same proud flag. We want to talk about how to bring them home from a war that should have never been authorized and should have never been waged. And we want to talk about how we'll show our patriotism by online writing, caring for them and their families, and giving them the benefits that they have earned.
I would not be running for President if I didn't believe with all my heart that this is what the einstein essay vast majority of Americans want for this country. This union may never be perfect, but generation after generation has shown that it can always be perfected. Online Tutor. And today, whenever I find myself feeling doubtful or cynical about this possibility, what gives me the most hope is the next generation — the roberts history young people whose attitudes and online, beliefs and essay, openness to writing change have already made history in this election. There is one story in particularly that I'd like to leave you with today — a story I told when I had the great honor of speaking on writing the synthesis essay Dr. Online. King's birthday at his home church, Ebenezer Baptist, in Atlanta. There is roberts essays in swedish a young, 23-year-old white woman named Ashley Baia who organized for our campaign in Florence, S.C. She had been working to organize a mostly African-American community since the beginning of this campaign, and one day she was at a roundtable discussion where everyone went around telling their story and why they were there.
And Ashley said that when she was 9 years old, her mother got cancer. And because she had to tutor miss days of work, she was let go and lost her health care. Face Essay. They had to file for bankruptcy, and writing, that's when Ashley decided that she had to in swedish history do something to help her mom. She knew that food was one of their most expensive costs, and so Ashley convinced her mother that what she really liked and really wanted to eat more than anything else was mustard and relish sandwiches — because that was the cheapest way to eat. Tutor. That's the mind of a 9-year-old. She did this for a year until her mom got better. So she told everyone at the roundtable that the reason she joined our campaign was so that she could help the millions of other children in the country who want and need to help their parents, too. Now, Ashley might have made a different choice. Perhaps somebody told her along the face essay way that the online writing source of her mother's problems were blacks who were on welfare and education teacher cover, too lazy to work, or Hispanics who were coming into writing tutor, the country illegally.
But she didn't. She sought out allies in her fight against injustice. Anyway, Ashley finishes her story and then goes around the room and asks everyone else why they're supporting the campaign. They all have different stories and different reasons. Roberts In Swedish. Many bring up a specific issue. And finally they come to this elderly black man who's been sitting there quietly the entire time. And Ashley asks him why he's there. Online. And he does not bring up a specific issue. He does not say health care or the economy. He does not say education or the war. He does not say that he was there because of Barack Obama.
He simply says to everyone in the room, I am here because of Ashley. I'm here because of Ashley. By itself, that single moment of recognition between that young white girl and that old black man is not enough. It is not enough to give health care to the sick, or jobs to the jobless, or education to our children. But it is where we start. It is where our union grows stronger.
And as so many generations have come to realize over roberts in swedish, the course of the 221 years since a band of patriots signed that document right here in Philadelphia, that is where the perfection begins.
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Aggression Regression Therapy Essay Sample. Many youth have developed anti-social skills manifested by behaviors of teasing, bullying, harassing and intimidating their fellow youth and in other instances their teachers, parents or caregivers. Writing? This can be attributed to many factors which can also be referred to as risk factors whose sources are the face essay, individual, family, school, peers and the community. Individually risk factors are for instance possession of guns by online writing tutor youth, inability to face essay, communicate non agreement with an writing tutor issue, becoming a parent at a young age, being mentally unstable and having attitudes that are inclined towards use of drugs. Family background also affects youth’s personalities because instability of the family unit affects how a child grows. A family that adequately provides nurturing and structure is not likely to have any delinquents. On the contrary a family with management problems is likely to have children who have delinquent behavior which includes drug and substance abuse. The school can predispose children to delinquency especially if they are labeled as notorious or some other negative term. A risk factor is also in the loom if the child has negative attitudes towards school which can be evidenced by suspensions or constant change of schools.
Peers will be a risk factor if those that the youth is hanging out are delinquents themselves because even a morally upright child can have his morals corrupted by his acquaintances such that they start having unacceptable behavior. Einstein Essay? The community can also be considered a risk factor if it is cumbered with incidences of crime. Most of the children that are brought up in writing, high-crime areas usually turn to the crime themselves. If a neighborhood is not safe for the youths, they are likely to be problematic as well as they try to protect themselves. Additionally a neighborhood that is face essay, not endowed with resources and is constantly having challenges e.g. financially and economically, has a likelihood of bringing up children who will commit offences in the pursuit of trying to survive or search of a livelihood. Most of online these youths do not know how to scholarship essay, handle different situations that come up in life. They mostly handle those situations without self control causing a lot of tutor trouble in the neighborhoods. Picking fights, using abusive language and addiction to substances and scholarship, drugs are some of the behaviors that can be attributed to such. The public is subjected to many losses and tutor, insecurities. Such behavior has seen many youth incarcerated because of their inability to einstein essay, co-exist peacefully with the community around them. Some youth behave like this because of their involvement in drugs or because of poor socialization.
Aggressive Replacement Therapy is an intervention program that is designed to assist the youth to develop life skills as well as promote appropriate social skills through well planned sessions that usually take place groups. Every group has a member of staff and a professional specialized with mental disorders. The therapy is sometimes used a part of the treatment especially if the people taken in for treatment are offenders who have been arraigned in online, court and convicted. It is aimed at helping the writing essay, youth replace these anti-social skills with those that are morally acceptable by the society. This paper aims at elucidating on the details of the program. This program’s major components are training the youth on how to control anger, reasoning in online writing tutor, accordance to acceptable morals and skill development. The program also pays particular attention to the issue of roberts essays motivation as well as reaction to change.
Teaching is writing tutor, done in ten to twenty sessions that take 45-60 minutes. It usually takes 10 weeks with the youth attending twice or thrice a week. Trained private contractors as well as prison probation officers carry out the training. More often than not this therapy takes place in prisons or other facilities constructed for confinement of juvenile delinquents. Training is done alongside activities like role plays whereby students dramatize different situations, watch videotapes, do simulation games, and hold group discussions. In addition to this they also model proper behavior to help them visualize what is expected of scholarship essay for business them. Each group is comprised of a leader who can be a teacher or a counselor and also a mental health officer (Feindler, E. Ecton, R. (1986). Students are taught on how to carry themselves in online tutor, situations that are anger provoking. According to Glick, 1996, a teen faced with such a situation needs to identify the factors that fuel feelings of anger. These can be external for instance what other people do to the teen. An example is opposition from others or in other words people failing to einstein essay, agree with the student or patient.
Internal factors have everything to do with one’s personality like feelings of online writing confusion, inadequacy or superiority complex. Once identified, the student needs to essay, make out what physical signs show that he or she is angry like clenching of fists, tightening of muscles and grinding of teeth. Glick further states that after the first two steps, the online tutor, student should try and look at things positively. This can happen if the student takes some time and instead of focusing on the ‘bad picture’, he should use some imagination in picturing a peaceful situation. Another way could be watering down the whole incidence and aide cover letter, convincing oneself that the provokers did not mean what they said or did not mean to hurt their feelings. Having followed all the tutor, above steps, the student is supposed to latex files charles, engage themselves in activities that reduce the hurtful feelings such as taking long deep breaths, numerically counting numbers backwards or contemplating and considering the negative effects that violent reaction would produce and thus refrain. The final step under this anger control therapy is that of self evaluation in which the students assess themselves to establish whether they followed the fore mentioned steps and thus establish whether they are making any positive progress. Under moral reasoning students are taken through some moral dilemmas in order to initiate group discussions that touch on how to deal with issues fairly without fear or favor, being there for others, being concerned about them or even how to get oneself in others shoes so as to better understand where they are coming from. It is online writing tutor, here that the student is the synthesis essay, encouraged to embrace responsibilities and also be well versed with their personal rights. The objective here is to help the students to tutor, be accountable for what they do and not be impulsive in einstein essay, doing things. Under social skills training, students are taught about tutor courteous behavior like being appreciative of face essay things done to them by saying ‘thank you’, asking for help in areas that they cannot manage all by themselves, requesting for favors when thy want some done for them by using such words as ‘please’.
They are also taken through the importance of apologizing when one has gone wrong or even seeking for approval before getting into any activity, for instance permission from parents, teachers or any other authority (Feindler, E. Ecton, R. 1986).. They are also taught on how to set their own goals of what they would want to achieve in a given time. Afterwards some role play is done whereby it symbolizes one thing that the student does not like or that provokes anger for the teen. Afterwards the trainer discusses with the teen what action he or she ought to have taken. Actors incorporate many skills which are supposed to guide the students and help them pick up those that are acceptable to the society. Generally they are taught on how to take time before reacting to a provocation. It encourages them to first relax before taking any rash action and do some moral reasoning. They ask themselves “what should I do now?” or “what is the best thing to do in this situation?” This training basically revolves around self control. It is done with the objective that the students that are prone to aggression will know how best to writing tutor, handle situations without having violent confrontations with those in authority or their fellow counterparts.
Those in authority could be teachers, parents and guardians. Besides practicing self control the students are trained on how to make out problems, after which they are educated on how they can look for other solutions and special education teacher, how to writing, choose how best to respond to essay for business, the problem. It does not end here because they are also encouraged to figure out what effect their response would produce. Aggression Replacement is also keen on students who do not like being viewed as weak and are always striving to be the ones giving the writing, last word or being the last one to writing the synthesis essay, hit another such that this makes them feel like they have won. Online Tutor? Trainers are supposed to instill to the students that this is instead a sign of failure. Trainers have a responsibility of framing the therapy such that it becomes relevant to those who are being treated. They do this by helping students see that every time they feel pushed to the wall and ‘hit last’ , or have the final word, they have been ‘manipulated to loose their self control’ which in teacher letter, itself is a defeat of sorts. They encourage them to be the first to walk away in case of a confrontation or see to it that they are not the writing tutor, ones who have the final word in any stand off. Aggression replacement therapy is described by Edward as a cognitive behavioral intervention. It has advantages and disadvantages. It is advantageous because it has been proven to bring about change in aggressive youth whereby they have reduced their recidivist behavior.
Improvement of this nature is highly appreciated not only by the close members of the family but also by the entire community because they would have been subject to nasty, violent confrontations or would have been victims of face essay crime. There are organizations that are mandated with this responsibility of protecting the online writing tutor, public as well as correctional services to thesis style sturt, the youth. An example of online writing tutor these organizations is the Oregon Youth Authority. Students who have developed self control due to the therapy have inward peace and also enjoy peace from the outside world. Scholarship Essay School? Aggression replacement therapy is also advantageous because it has seen Juvenile delinquency highly decline such that there are fewer children arraigned in courts (Latessa, E. Online? J.(2004). This therefore is beneficial to the taxpayer because he will no longer need to meet the expense that would have otherwise been incurred in the judicial processes of the juvenile offenders. It also works positively because costs of treating injuries are highly reduced due to reduced fights.
Performance in school work has been reported as a result of the positive changes attributed to the aggression replacement therapy. Special Education Cover Letter? Students now replace the online, bad social habits with good ones which therefore means that they are able to interact well with their teachers as well as their fellow students. Due to the new pro-social skills that they acquire, they can distinguish which is the right company to hang around and which to avoid. Chances of the roberts history, would-be offenders to secure employment are also increased due to their ability to co-exist with other people who may be fellow employers. Employment opportunities also increase because people who have less records of online tutor prosecutions and convictions stand a higher chance of landing jobs. Einstein Essay? According to Landenberger and Lipsey,(2004) as cited by Latessa,(2005), of the 79 studies that were carried out, where 26 were random samples, 27 were matched samples and the remaining 26 that were convenient samples, it was found that Aggression Replacement therapy was one of the cognitive behavior control curriculums that reduced recidivism by 35%.
The fact that the therapy cannot be effective on its own without the inclusion of other programs is a disadvantage. Additionally, this therapy only seems to work in the short term unless it is online writing tutor, made a life long process. This program takes some time before progress is style charles sturt university, seen and sometimes can be discouraging to online tutor, the trainers. Disadvantages of this program are minimal when compared to disadvantages. The outcome of the therapy is essay, usually measured in terms of online frequency of sentences and police suspicion reports. The program would be said to be effective in the event that the roberts essays in swedish history, number of sentences as well as that of online suspicion reports goes down. According to(Helping American Youth), some positive results have been realized after some studies were conducted. In one study, 60 youth participated most of writing the synthesis whom had been imprisoned because of online writing tutor committing various felonies like drug offences, theft and burglary.24 of them were put on the aggressive replacement therapy which was to take 10 weeks. Roberts Essays? Another 24 were introduced to a brief control group which did not have anything to do with the therapy. Online? The remaining 12 were not put under any control group.
The second study involved youth that had been confined as a result of more serious crimes like sodomy, rape, manslaughter and murder. The same procedures and activities that took place in the fore mentioned study were incorporated for this experiment. The number of students that were involved in charles sturt, this study was 54 . Further a third study was also carried out online tutor this time involving many entities, with the main objective being to face essay, establish whether the aggression replacement therapy was going to be efficient intervention when taken up by the community as a whole. Under this study youths, their parents as well as other family members were put under this therapy. In another setting but still under the online, same study, the therapy was administered only to einstein essay, the youths leaving out other family members, while in a third setting but still under the same study, neither the online writing tutor, youth nor the education teacher letter, family members were put under the aggressive replacement therapy. To establish the results the period that these studies were going to take was 18 months. The results were very encouraging because the writing tutor, youths who had been introduced to the aggression replacement therapy seemed to face essay, have acquired new pro-social skills like verbally expressing a complaint in case something that they did not like happened, they also exemplified signs of composure when faced with stressful situations or when in a conversation that was not pleasant. Online Writing Tutor? They also seemed to be at a position to scholarship essay for business, handle pressure from the group. As a result, 54 of the 60 youths that had been incarcerated were released from online tutor their confinement. It was found that aggressive replacement therapy was very effective for juvenile delinquents who had been incarcerated because it helped them acquire new skills that were going to boost them socially.
It also helped them develop behaviors that were socially acceptable and would enable them fit well in the society. Additionally it was observed that the einstein essay, delinquents took some time before taking any action and online writing tutor, did not act impulsively. Prior to the therapy they would normally be violent and very difficult to control. Participants seemed to have learnt how to act out of moral reasoning for instance first considering how their actions would affect the other people. In the third set-up it was found that the face essay, youth that had gone through the aggression replacement therapy together with their other family members did better than those who had it on their own. The incidences of the former being re-arrested were less than those of the latter. One thing that was noticeable in the two groups that had undergone therapy is the online writing, improvement in their interpersonal skills and competence in other fields. Performance differed significantly between the youth that had been on the therapy and those that were in education teacher aide cover, control programs. However the online writing tutor, difference between the roberts essays history, two groups that had gone through the therapy but in different settings was very little. Measurement is taken in terms of writing tutor weighted indices of the repeat of felonies or in einstein essay, other words recidivism. The number of arrests, suspicion reports and acquisition of new skill as well as their implementation gives a clear picture of how the online writing tutor, program is doing i.e. whether it is effective in what it is einstein essay, supposed to do.
Less incidences of arrest are a clear indication that the program is writing tutor, truly working or feasible. Einstein Essay? The clients of this program are youth who are overly aggressive, as well as young children. Online Writing? Other clients may be juvenile delinquents who may have been referred to an institution with the aim wanting them to be corrected in their way of thinking or acting. It can also be very helpful for the youths with mental imbalances such as autism, asperagers complex or other mental instability that makes them not understand things as the communicator would want to be understood. Latex Style? Lack of this understanding tends to make them very violent and aggressive even after a gentle contact. Psychiatric patients can also benefit from writing tutor this program as shown in the study carried out by roberts S.Aos etal, 2004, where by adult women in high security prisons as well as their male counterparts in Sweden received this treatment. Juvenile delinquents were also given this treatment.
Other people that are candidates for this program are children who lack empathy, those that have who have poor social skills e.g those that like bullying others around, teasing and harassing them. This program is not devoid of costs because on average the writing tutor, cost for each student is $759 according to (S.Aos etal, 2004). This study was carried out to find out whether there was any benefit per education cover letter, unit cost of undertaking the program. Tutor? In his analysis he goes further to compare the cost to benefit. His findings indicate that the benefit per dollar of cost is $12.60. The benefits less costs totaled to $8805 per student. An effectively implemented program cost turns out to be a benefit especially when change happens to in swedish, the youth.
This comes into being because the youth stop being engaged in online writing, non lawful activities like burglary, robbery and even murder. This in turn translates to less arrests and for business, imprisonment which in tutor, itself presents a cost to roberts essays history, the taxpayers. The safety of the public, if it was possible to writing tutor, change it into monetary form, would amount to large sums of money. It is an expense worth incurring because the program has the potential of changing one’s life to his or her advantage. This program when introduced to essays history, high-risk youth i.e those that do not have a history of crimes, goes a long way in preventing them from actually involving themselves. A dollar spent on prevention saves many more that would have been used for online writing tutor curative purposes. Aggression Replacement Therapy is latex files, a good intervention for delinquents because it has been proved to have more positive results than those other forms of punishments. Where as in other forms of confinement, the delinquents are at a risk of picking very bad traits from their colleagues; this therapy has proved to online writing tutor, be more friendly and able to scholarship essay school, transfer pro-social skills to delinquents. It is therefore highly recommendable to use this therapy for correctional purposes.
Feindler, E. Ecton, R. (1986). Adolescent anger control. New York: Pergamon Press. Glick, B. (1996). Aggression replacement training in online tutor, children and adolescents. In Hatherleigh Guide to Child and Adolescent Therapy. New York: Hatherleigh Press.
Latessa, E. J.(2004) What Works and What Doesn’t in Reducing Recidivism: Principles of Effective Intervention. University of Cincinnati. Scholarship For Business School? S.Aos, R.Lieb,J. Mayfied,M.Miller,A. Penucci.(2004)Benefits and Costs of Prevention and Early Intervention Programs for online tutor Youth. Olympia: Washington State Institute for face essay Public Policy. Available at http://www.wsipp.wa.gov/rptfiles/04-07-3901.pdf accessed on 19th May 2008. HEPING AMERICA’S YOUTH. Aggression Replacement Training. Available at http://guide.helpingamericasyouth.gov/programdetail.cfm?id=292 accessed on 20 th May 2008.
Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Aggression Regression Therapy. Online Tutor? essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Aggression Regression Therapy. Latex Style Charles Sturt? Early research concentrated on chromosomal abnormalities but no specific genotype has been associated with aggression. Genes determine how much testosterone a person’s body produces and how quickly it circulates around#8230; Solution Focused Therapy for Children. Solution-focused therapy has a unique orientation toward non-problem times. The purpose is to help people target and amplify resources and strengths toward change (Berg, 1994).
The article that I researched#8230; Outline and writing tutor, Evaluate Two Social Psycholoical Theories of education cover Aggression. The first psychological theory of aggression is the social learning theory. Online Writing? This uses the roberts essays in swedish history, principles of writing Bandura’s Bobo Dolls experiment which involved children observing aggressive and non-aggressive adults and then#8230; Outline and evaluate two social psychological explanations of human aggression. Outline and evaluate two social psychological explanations of for business school human aggression (24 Marks) Deindividuation theory is writing tutor, a social psychological explanation of essay aggression. It explains how rational individuals can become aggressive hooligans#8230; The Concept of Control of Human Aggression.
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Emma Watson Biography: Success Story of Actress, Model, and Activist. In this success story, we are going to share Emma Watson biography, born Emma Charlotte Duerre Watson, a young British actress, rising model, and activist. Emma Watson gained her popularity when she was only nine years old, thanks to the leading role of Hermione Granger in online the Harry Potter film series where she starred together with Daniel Radcliffe and Rupert Grint. Her appearance in the all eight film series brought her various awards, worldwide fame and over ?10 million fortune (US$14 million). Despite the young age, Emma Watson has become very popular, and her career in the movie industry develops quite rapidly. During her relatively short career, she won 25 awards and was nominated 35 times. Emma Charlotte Duerre Watson was born on April 15, 1990, in a respectable suburb of Paris, Maisons-Laffitte. She was born to a family of English lawyers Jacqueline Luesby and Chris Watson. Emma was named after the paternal grandmother. First five years of her life the girl spent in France (her mother Jacqueline Luesby is French), but later, in 1995, the family moved to the Oxfordshire, England (the birthplace of her father, Chris Watson).
The marriage of Chris and Jacqueline didn’t last long and soon fell apart. Emma stayed with her mother and younger brother Alex, who is three years younger than she. Emma’s acting career began at the Dragon School in Oxford remaining there until 2003. She was actively participating in school plays. By the age of ten she already performed in roles of an evil witch in Arthur: the special teacher aide cover Young Years, the online writing tutor role of education letter a swallow in The Swallow and The Prince, the angry cook in online the Alice in Wonderland, and also the history leading female role in The Happy Prince . When she was six, she started attending a part-time theater school Stagecoach Theatre Arts, where she studied acting, dancing, and online tutor singing. Einstein Essay! When Emma Watson was seven years old, she won in online writing the school competition of reciters, and by that time, she already had a strong belief that she would become an actress.
Emma studied diligently at the school. She was fond of literature and sports. Face Essay! The girl played hockey since she was four, so at the school, she joined the hockey team. Besides that, she has always been involved in various competitions in athletics and rowing. Online Writing Tutor! According to her teachers, she was very active and cheerful. Emma Watson in roberts essays history her childhood. Since she was a child, Emma loved singing and writing dancing; that’s why she dreamt about einstein essay playing roles in writing tutor musicals.
Her childhood idols were famous actresses such as Goldie Hawn, Julia Roberts, and Sandra Bullock. Another passion of the young star was reading, although she never had such a fanatical love to books as her heroine Hermione. In 1999, thanks to the head of the theater group, Emma Watson came to the Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone casting. At that time, she was only nine years old, and she couldn’t even imagine that she could get one of the leading roles. Film producers were surprised by her confidence. Finally, after eight auditions, Emma Watson, Daniel Radcliffe, and face essay Rupert Grint were informed that they had been approved for the roles of Hermione Granger, Harry Potter, and Ron Weasley. J.K. Rowling, the author of the Harry Potter book series, personally approved the selected candidates.
Nine-year-old Emma did not know that this audition would tie her to the Harry Potter film series from writing 2001 to 2011 and bring her worldwide fame. The first movie featuring young Emma Watson was Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, which appeared on the screens in 2001. This film broke records for opening-day sales and instantly earned immense popularity. It became the highest-grossing film in einstein essay commercial distribution in 2001. For the excellent acting performance, Emma Watson was nominated for five awards and winning the Young Artist Award for Leading Young Actress. Only on online tutor November 15, 2002, an army of face essay fans, who were eagerly waiting for the continuation of the story about the young wizards, had a chance to online tutor watch a new movie Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets. This project did not cause the unanimous admiration of critics. Critics reviews were different: the Los Angeles Times magazine stated that the actors had matured within a year, while The Times magazine criticized the film director Chris Columbus for “under-employing” Emma Watson’s incredibly popular character. However, the film was considered rather successful.
In the second part of the Harry Potter film series, Emma Watson was awarded the Otto Award from the German edition of the Bravo magazine for the role of Hermione. In 2004, Emma Watson appeared in writing the third part of the movie series, Harry Potter and the Prisoner of writing Azkaban . This time, critics much-admired the acting talent of Emma Watson. They noted that the young actress gained more professionalism and seemed more confident in her role. Although Prisoner of Azkaban was the lowest-grossing film of the entire series with the box office of roberts essays in swedish history $796.7 million, Emma Watson received two awards: the Otto Award, and the Child Performance of the Year from the UK-based film magazine, Total Film . The Harry Potter and tutor the Goblet of Fire , the fourth installment of the special aide cover Harry Potter film series, was released in 2005. This motion picture reached new milestones than the previous movie series. The film set new records of the box office in its opening weekend in writing May, a non-May opening weekend in the US, and in an opening weekend in the UK.
For the role in the Goblet of latex style sturt Fire , Watson was nominated for three awards, and once again she won the Otto Award. In the same year, Watson became the youngest actress whose photo appeared on writing the cover of famous Teen Vogue magazine. The film set a new worldwide opening-weekend gross record of $332.7 million. Emma Watson won the National Movie Award for Best Female Performance. Hermione, Harry Potter, and roberts in swedish history Ron Weasley characters became incredibly popular. On July 09, 2007, the famous trio left imprints of their hands, feet, and magic wands in front of the TCL Chinese Theatre on online the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
From left to right: Grint, Radcliffe, Watson at TCL Chinese Theatre in 2007. By July 2007, Emma Watson earned more than ?10 million ($13 million) for the work in the Harry Potter film series, and she stated that she was rich enough to retire and writing never work for money again. Despite the success of Harry Potter a nd Order of the Phoenix , all the lead actors were in doubt if to sign the contracts to continue their roles for the final two episodes. Nevertheless, soon all of them signed the contracts and Emma Watson eventually signed for the role on March 23, 2007. Apart from the role in the Harry Potter film series, Emma Watson also received the leading role of online tutor Pauline Fossil in a 2007 BBC film Ballet Shoes , which was a novel adaptation Ballet Shoes by Noel Streatfeild written yet in 1936. The film director, Sandra Goldbacher, commented that Watson was perfect for that role as Watson had all the qualities that perfectly described the aspiring character Pauline Fossil. It was broadcasted in the UK to a 5.7 million TV audience. However, the film did not become very popular and received mixed reviews. Emma Watson took part in the creation of an in swedish history, animated children’s film The Tale of Despereaux . Emma lent her voice to the character of Princess Pea. This animated comedy was released in December 2008 and grossed $87 million globally.
In her real life, Emma Watson is as curious and demanding, as her character Hermione Granger. The actress successfully combines her studies with a busy shooting schedule. In 2009, Watson enrolled at the Brown University, and in the same year, the sixth part of the movie series Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince was released , where Emma was brilliant, as always. For this role, Emma was nominated for three film awards such as Best Female Performance, Favorite On-Screen Team, and Choice Movie Actress: Fantasy but did not win any of them. In 2009, Watson appeared in the pages of the online Guinness Book of World Records as the highest-grossing actress of the decade. Watson’s filming for the synthesis the final part, Harry Potter and online writing the Deathly Hallows, began on February 18, 2009 and finished on June 12, 2010. Due to the scripting part, the film adaptation of the book was divided into special cover letter two parts. Online! Therefore, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1 was released in November 2010 and the second movie was released in July 2011.
Thanks to the final parts of the face essay film, Emma Watson won four awards: Favorite Ensemble Movie Cast, Choice Movie Liplock, Choice Summer Movie Star: Female, and Choice Movie Actress: Sci-Fi/Fantasy. In 2010, Emma Watson starred in the music video for the song Say You Don`t Want It by One Night Only after meeting lead singer George Craig at the Winter/Summer Burberry advertising campaign in 2010. In 2011, Emma Watson starred as Lucy in My Week with Marilyn ; it was her first post- Harry Potter film. Writing! Her character, Lucy, was a wardrobe assistant who is flirted with by einstein essay Colin Clark, the main character in the movie, and had several dates with him. The actress won People’s Choice Award in the Favorite Dramatic Movie Actress nomination for online her role in The Perks of Being a Wallflower (2012) film, which was a 1999 epistolary novel adaptation of the same name written by Stephen Chbosky. Filming started in einstein essay the summer of 2011, and the film was released in September 2012. In 2012, at ELLE’s 19th annual Women in Hollywood Awards, Emma Watson was honored with the Calvin Klein Emerging Star Spotlight Award for iconic performance in moving pictures. In March 2013, Watson had negotiations regarding playing the role of online writing Cinderella in a Disney’s screenplay adaptation of Cinderella . She was offered to play the role of the main character. However, she later declined this proposal.
In April 2013, Watson received a special Trailblazer Award at face essay, the MTV Movie Awards ceremony; this prize is tutor, presented to individuals, who serve as an example for in swedish inspiration for the young generation and writing tutor who has made their mark in the entertainment industry. In October 2013, Emma Watson became a Woman of the Year according to the famous men’s magazine British GQ . In 2013, Emma Watson appeared in the role of Nicki Moore in the film The Bling Ring (2013). The film was based on in swedish history real events of Bling Ring robberies. While the movie picture received mixed critics reviews, Emma Watson was praised for her portrayal performance of Nicky. Watson had a supporting role in the apocalyptic comedy, This is the online tutor End (2013), where she starred with famous actors such as Seth Rogen, James Franco, and special education teacher aide letter Channing Tatum. In March 2014, Emma Watson appeared in the movie Noah (2014) directed by online tutor Darren Aronofsky. She played the role of Ila, Noah’s daughter-in-law and worked with such actors as Russell Crowe, Jennifer Connelly, Anthony Hopkins, and others. Despite the fact that almost all of her childhood Emma Watson spent on various film sets, the scholarship essay for business actress quite rarely was offered the online writing leading roles. Nevertheless, the career of famous British actress continued to evolve quite rapidly.
Watson starred as Lena in a true-story movie called Colonia (2015). In the center of the plot of Colonia is a young couple from Germany – Lena and Daniel. Latex Files University! Young people appear at the heart of the Chilean military coup of 1973, the result of which is the rise to power of General Augusto Pinochet. Daniel is kidnapped by workforces of the secret police, and online tutor Lena starts searching for einstein essay her lover to rescue him. As a result of online tutor her search, she comes to the charitable and educational society called “Colonia Dignidad.” A movie still from Colonia featuring Emma Watson. According to face essay Emma’s words, the work on Colonia excited her the most.
For her, it was an online writing tutor, opportunity to einstein essay try herself in a European historical drama. Emma Watson is going to tutor star as Belle in the new adaptation of the famous Disney fairy tale Beauty and the Beast , which is in swedish, planned to writing tutor be released in 2017. Face Essay! Emma Watson even took several singing lessons for the role of Belle. The director of the new film adaptation of the Oscar-winning tale is Bill Condon, the film director of The Fifth Estate (2013), Tilda (2011), and the last two parts of The Twilight Saga . Emma Watson also starred in online tutor such movies as My Week with Marilyn (2011), Regression (2015) and The Circle (2016). Unlike Radcliffe and sturt Grint, who are mostly concentrated on online writing tutor their acting career, Watson tries herself in scholarship essay school other areas. Writing! In 2009, she demonstrated a collection of clothes from Burberry. In 2010, Emma Watson became a face of the spring collection by face essay Burberry, together with her brother Alex, model Max Hurd, and musicians George Craig and Matt Gilmour.
Later Emma signed a contract with People Tree, a brand that specializes in the ethnic clothes. In March 2011, Emma Watson became a face and writing tutor a representative of the essays in swedish famous French house Lancome. In September 2011, she appeared in the advertising of the new perfume Lancome Tresor Midnight Rose. Emma was growing up, and becoming more and more attractive. In May 2013, Watson was featured on the cover of writing British GQ in writing the synthesis the image of Julia Roberts in the movie Pretty Woman (1 990 ). The issue of GQ magazine featuring Emma Watson on the cover (May 2013). Later Watson posed naked for the project Natural Beauty by photographer and activist James Houston, to call attention to the protection of nature. Emma Watson appeared nine times on the covers of writing tutor ELLE magazine in different countries. In April 2014, she graced two covers at the same time on ELLE : in the United States and Australia. Many people even predicted her brilliant future as a model.
Although Emma often attends photo shoots for various glossy magazines, she does not plan to special education teacher aide get seriously engaged in this business and considers it just as a passing fad. Despite quite a successful actress career, Emma Watson pays a lot of attention to her education. In her life, she has gone through several educational stages. From September 1995 to June 1998, Emma Watson attended Lynams kindergarten, which was a part of online tutor Dragon School. Lynams is one of the most prestigious kindergartens in England. Attending it is a pre-stage of schooling. Emma showed her talent at the age of 7 years, she read a poem by James Reeves Sea and took first place in roberts essays in swedish the recitation competition. In 1998, Emma started her studies at the Dragon School in Oxford. This school is considered as one of the best private schools in England.
Many graduates who attended the Dragon School became famous in different areas and achieved incredible success in their lives. Online Tutor! She played field hockey club in Oxford. From 2003 to 2007, after studying at the Dragon School, Watson enrolled at essay, Headington School, Oxford private girls’ school. This place may seem quite unusual for the modern generation because all students here are females. Online! Also, each student must participate in every single one school event, which was rather difficult for young Emma Watson due to einstein essay her intensive schedule. The girl met her best friends: top-model Sophie Sumner and Amy Vaver.
Amy Vaver, Emma Watson and Sophie Sumner out in London on August 23, 2011. Because of the constant shooting and online writing participation in various public events, Emma Watson was always exhausted, and for business school she simply did not have enough energy or time to study properly and attend school. After the online writing tutor work on thesis charles the fifth part of the online writing Harry Potter film series was over, Emma was determined to go back to school. Writing Essay! However, when she received an online, offer to play one of the major roles in the Ballet Shoes she couldn’t refuse. Of course, because of her popularity teachers forgave the girl for her absences in classes and delays with her homework, so Emma graduated from the school without any difficulties. In 2008, Emma Watson finished summer acting courses at The Royal Academy of Dramatic (RADA) in London. RADA is one of the most prestigious and influential theater schools in the whole world. After graduation, Emma took a sabbatical year from her studies to continue filming in the Harry Potter film series. In 2009, Emma Watson decided to pursue her education and applied to Brown University, one of the oldest universities in the USA.
This institution is a part of the system of the face essay best educational establishments in the United States, so-called the Ivy League. Emma’s primary focus was the study of history, philosophy, and English literature. However, due to her participation in the creation of the last part of the Harry Potter movie series, Emma Watson had to pause her education in 2010. From 2011 to 2012, the actress continued to online gather knowledge and einstein essay self-improve at the Worcester College. Online Writing Tutor! This institution is a great mix of old traditions and modern views. The primary difference of einstein essay this college from other establishments is that it does not have any limitations regarding the age of their students, it is open for tutor everyone who have passed the roberts in swedish history exams. Online Tutor! Emma Watson chose the Worcester College because of the roberts essays student exchange programs that allowed scholars to transfer to the Brown University. She was there for online only one year, studying English literature, but she never regretted about her staying there.
In 2012, Watson enrolled into the Brown University for education aide the second time after taking a 2-year break. Online Writing Tutor! Despite all the difficulties and hurdles on her way, she finished her education in May 2014 and earned a bachelor’s degree in English Literature. As she admitted herself, the university study was accompanied by inevitable hassles, but the students and teachers always treated her with understanding and einstein essay were ready to help her. In May 2014, Emma Watson graduated from Brown University with a bachelor’s degree in English literature. As for the family of Emma Watson, apart from her brother Alex, she has twin stepsisters Nina Watson and Lucy Watson, and brother Toby Watson. On mother’s side, she also has brothers, David and Andy. Despite the fact that the actress does not see them very often, for her, the family is online, always in the first place. Emma’s father, Chris Watson, was born in 1958, in Britain.
He graduated from writing Oxford University and obtained a law degree. During his studies, Chris Watson met Emma’s mother-to-be, Jacqueline Luesby, who also studies at writing tutor, the University of Oxford. In the late 80’s, they moved to France. For some reason, the relationship between Chris and Jacqueline looked more like a friendship than love, and the couple decided to divorce in 1995. Today, Chris Watson is a partner and one of the executives at the CMS Cameron McKenna company. He speaks several languages including English, French, German, Spanish, and Italian. He has a vast professional experience.
Chris was an intern in Iran and France, and his articles are often published in law magazines. Chris Watson played a huge role in Emma’s life. After the divorce, Emma came back to Britain together with her brother Alex and mother. The Synthesis! The financial situation in the family was shaky because Jacqueline and Chris did not earn a lot of money. However, Mr. Watson was determined to give his daughter an excellent education and online tutor insisted on her attendance of scholarship school one of the online tutor most prestigious schools in England. Writing Essay! Emma always says that she is very grateful to her father for online writing it; she tried to study as perfect as she could to demonstrate her dad how grateful she was. Now Emma and Chris often spend time together, they go for walks and attend various exhibitions. Chris Watson almost always accompanies Emma at different events and premieres. Emma Watson and her father, Chris Watson. Emma’s mother, Jacqueline Luesby, was born in einstein essay 1959, in France.
Just like Chris Watson, she graduated from Oxford University with a degree in law. Jacqueline prefers to stay away from the cameras, so she is not often seen with Emma. But, according to online writing tutor Emma’s words, her mother is the one who influenced her style by her French elegance and charm. In every interview, Emma Watson speaks about her mother with incredible tenderness, warmth, and love. Emma Watson and her mother, Jacqueline Luesby.
Alexander Chris Watson was born on December 15, 1992, in Paris, France. Now he is building his modeling career. Together with Emma, he took part in photo shoots for Burberry and People Tree advertising campaigns. Alex Watson starred in the music video of face essay a famous English singer, Pixie Lott. Also, on his account are few bit parts in several movies and several photo shoots for British magazines. Emma and Alex have good and friendly relationships. Alex considers that Emma is a great support for him: she gives valuable tips that help his career development. She is online, not just his sister but also is his best friend. Nina Watson and Lucy Watson are daughters of Chris Watson and scholarship essay his new wife, Julie. Twins were born on September 17, 2004. Tutor! They also appeared in teacher the movie the Ballet Shoes in episodic roles and played little Pauline Fossil.
Toby Watson was born in 2003. He is also a child of Chris and Julie. He was seen several times in London together with Emma. In 2010, Emma Watson took him to the Wizarding World of Harry Potter in Orlando. On the online tutor premier of the Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, all guests were touched when they saw how Emma hugs Toby, Nina, and Lucy. Emma likes to be an older sister for her rather numerous brothers and sisters. From mother’s side, Emma also has stepbrothers David and Andy Taylor. They are sons of Emma’s stepfather. Emma Watson prefers not to discuss her private life, so she rarely mentions her love affairs. The actress prefers to reply to such questions with general phrases about what qualities she likes in men and what kind of family she wants. Latex Thesis Style Files! However, apart from long relationships, Emma Watson also had numerous admirers, and she rarely lacks men’s attention.
During the filming of the first movie, she liked Tom Felton, who played the online writing tutor role of Draco Malfoy. Later Emma Watson confessed that when she was ten – twelve years old, she had a terrible crush on Tom Felton, who did not pay any attention to her. Tom saw Emma as his little sister and it broke her heart. The first love is face essay, not always mutual. The first serious love of Emma Watson was a rugby player, Tom Ducker. Writing Tutor! The couple started dating when Emma was 17, but, as it often happens in their age, the relationships didn’t last too long. In the summer of scholarship for business 2009, Emma Watson met a 27-years-old bank clerk, Jay Barrymore, with whom Emma developed her first lasting relationships: the couple had been together for writing over two years.
Little information is available on Will Adamowicz, except that he was born approximately between 1989-1991 and that he likes rowing. Once the teacher letter first pictures of the couple appeared in the press, Will Adamowicz deleted his all social profiles from the online internet. Style Charles! In 2012, Will visited Emma at the film set of The Bling Ring, after which the couple attended Coachella festival where they celebrated Emma’s birthday and just had a lot of fun. Online Tutor! In January 2014, fans and the press found out about the end of their relationships, right after journalists raised a fuss because of the photo of Will with the package of a white powder. Later it became known that Will and Emma had parted yet in the summer of 2013. According to their friends, the reason was the busy schedule of the files university actress. At the beginning of 2014, there were only rumors about new relationships with an writing tutor, Oxford rugby player, Matthew Janney. However, some time later, the couple was caught together on einstein essay the island of Antigua, Caribbean, and this was the writing tutor first time they were seen together. 22-years-old then Matt played in the Oxford rugby team and was the latex thesis style sturt university best team player. Therefore, it explains why Emma Watson started to attend rugby matches more often at the end of 2013.
In November 2014, the couple ended their a year-long relationship. The official reason for writing tutor the break up was the busy schedule of both Emma and Matt. Writing The Synthesis Essay! After the break up with ex Matt Janney, Emma Watson commented in the interview for the September 2015 issue of Vogue UK : “I went on a silent retreat, because I really wanted to figure out how to be at online, home with myself.” The press and numerous fans always talk about Emma’s relationships with a variety of handsome guys. This is not surprising because the actress is guarding her private life so carefully that it only stirs up curiosity. As the face essay Western media reports, Emma Watson is now in writing love. And her choice did not stop at writing the synthesis essay, some famous actor, model or singer. The name of Emma’s protege is online writing, William ‘Mack’ Knight, and who describes himself as a US tech and business entrepreneur. Mack has been working for einstein essay four years as a senior manager at Medallia company, which sells software to online tutor improve the customer experience.
A source of The Sun magazine told them: “Mack is just a normal, down-to-earth guy.” It remains unknown how William Knight got acquainted with Emma Watson. However, Mack visited Emma in her hometown of Oxford for scholarship essay New Year 2016. Emma Watson and William ‘Mack’ Knight leaving the Richard Rodgers Theatre in October 2015. Emma Watson can boast not only of stylish photo shoots and memorable roles in modern films but also of online writing her social activities. Emma Watson actively fights for women’s rights. Watson had visited Bangladesh and Zambia to promote the education of face essay girls in these countries. In June 2014, Watson became a Goodwill Ambassador for UN Women. This entity started its work in January 2011 and online tutor was created to combat discrimination against women in writing twelve major areas of online writing modern life such as education, health, employment, human rights and others. In September 2014, Emma Watson gave a speech at the UN headquarters in New York to support the launch of HeForShe campaign that encourages men to stand for gender equality. Also, in September, Watson visited Uruguay for scholarship for business school the first time as the online writing tutor Goodwill Ambassador of UN Women. There she gave a speech, in which she emphasized the need for women’s participation in einstein essay politics.
The HeForShe campaign had a huge success on the Internet. Thanks to this campaign, the #HeForShe hashtag was mentioned more than 1.3 billion times in social networks raising the tutor question of inequality between men and women. In 2015, Emma Watson was named as The Campaigner of the Year and received Observer Ethical Award of 2015. Emma Watson wants to devote herself to social activities in 2016, as the Goodwill Ambassador for the UN. In January 2016, she started the feminist Goodreads book club: Our Shared Shelf, which is writing, aimed to raise a topic of online tutor gender inequality by face essay discussing scientific articles and books on online tutor this subject. Emma Watson life story is roberts in swedish, vivid, bright, but at the same time challenging.
Despite her young age, she is already involved in the social activity and joined the women’s rights movement. We hope you have enjoyed exploring Emma Watson biography and her success story, and it has inspired you to new discoveries.
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CASE STUDY OF A PATIENT WITH HIV-AIDS AND VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS CO-INFECTION IN MULTIPLE EPISODES. Report of a 45-year-old male farmer, a resident in the forest zone of Pernambuco, who was diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in 1999 and writing, treated using antiretroviral (ARV) drugs. In 2005, the first episode of visceral leishmaniasis (VL), as assessed by parasitological diagnosis of special education aide cover bone marrow aspirate, was recorded. Online Tutor! When admitted to the hospital, the patient presented fever, hepatosplenomegaly, weight loss, and diarrhea. Essay For Business! Since then, six additional episodes of writing tutor VL occurred, with a frequency rate of one per year (2005-2012, except in 2008). Files Charles Sturt University! In 2011, the patient presented a disseminated skin lesion caused by the amastigotes of Leishmania , as identified by histopathological assessment of skin biopsy samples. In 2005, he was treated with N-methyl-glucamine-antimony and online, amphotericin B deoxycholate.
However, since 2006 because of a reported toxicity, the drug of choice was liposomal amphotericin B. As recommended by the Ministry of thesis style charles Health, this report emphasizes the need for HIV patients living in tutor VL endemic areas to include this parasitosis in their follow-up protocol, particularly after the first infection of VL. Relato de caso de paciente masculino de 45 anos, agricultor, residente na zona da mata do Estado de Pernambuco, diagnosticado com HIV em 1999 e em uso de ARV. Em 2005 foi registrada a primeira ocorr#x000ea;ncia de LV atrav#x000e9;s do diagn#x000f3;stico parasitol#x000f3;gico a partir do aspirado da medula #x000f3;ssea. #x000c0; admiss#x000e3;o no hospital apresentava-se com febre, hepatoesplenomegalia, perda de peso e diarr#x000e9;ia. Desde ent#x000e3;o houve a ocorr#x000ea;ncia de mais sete epis#x000f3;dios de LV, tendo ocorrido em media, um evento a cada ano (2005-2012 exceto em 2008). O paciente apresentou, em 2011, um quadro cut#x000e2;neo disseminado, sendo realizada biopsia de pele que evidenciou formas amastigotas de Leishmania no exame histopatol#x000f3;gico. Em 2005, o tratamento foi realizado com antimoniato de N-metil-glucamina e anfotericina B desoxicolato, mas desde 2006, devido #x000e0; toxicidade, o medicamento de escolha foi a anfotericina B lipossomal. Como recomendado pelo Minist#x000e9;rio da Sa#x000fa;de, esse relato refor#x000e7;a a necessidade de que os casos de HIV residentes em #x000e1;rea end#x000ea;mica de LV dever#x000e3;o ter inserido em seu protocolo de acompanhamento essa parasitose, principalmente ap#x000f3;s o primeiro epis#x000f3;dio. Cases of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) co-infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and latex style files charles sturt university, acquired immune deficiency syndrome AIDS (VL/HIV-AIDS) have been registered in 35 countries, mainly in online tutor southwestern Europe.
VL/HIV-AIDS co-infections increase in areas where these two diseases coexist, as observed in Asian, African, and latex thesis style files charles sturt, Latin American countries. In the latter group, Brazil has the highest number of cases 1 . In 2011, in Brazil, VL appeared in 22 of the 27 Brazilian states, covering urban and suburban areas. Online Tutor! Between 1998 and 2009, the annual average was 3,349 cases 7 . From 1980 to 2011 in Brazil, 608,230 cases of AIDS were reported. This epidemic tends to spread to poorly inhabited macro-regions as well as to medium and small cities 8 . When AIDS and VL databases were correlated, 176 cases of VL/HIV-AIDS co-infection were detected among the Federal States 7 . Several episodes of VL are frequent in cases of VL/HIV-AIDS co-infection. Face Essay! According to BOURGEOIS et al. Online Writing Tutor! , 2010, these patients present a novel nosological entity called #x02018;active chronic visceral leishmaniasis#x02019;.
This condition may be termed #x02018;chronic#x02019; because of the presence of relapses over a period of several years and #x02018;active#x02019; because of the continuous blood circulation of the parasite. Roberts In Swedish History! On the other hand, it's impossible to know if repeated episodes are relapses or reinfections by using conventional parasitological and immunological methods 15 . Some studies show that individuals with HIV/AIDS and infected with VL often present atypical clinical manifestations and tutor, high incidence of relapse 5 22 24 25 . Latex Thesis Style Charles Sturt University! Molecular methods confirm that more than 90% of these cases are relapses, rather than reinfections 27 . The discrimination between relapses and reinfection can be made by writing tutor molecular techniques based on for business school restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis. The use of this technology may provide the physician with more information to determine Leishmania infections in patients who do not respond to treatment 20 . Professionals, who treat patients with HIV/AIDS, report that this co-infection was not prioritized because of the variety of diseases related to writing tutor, immunosuppression, in einstein essay addition to not being included among the AIDS-defining conditions 11 . To alert healthcare professionals about this association, we describe the case of a patient presenting multiple VL/HIV-AIDS co-infections during the writing, seven years of evolution of this disease. In 1999, a 31-year-old male farmer, who was a resident in the forest zone of Pernambuco, was admitted to the Clinics Hospital of the Federal University of latex thesis style charles Pernambuco. At the time of admission, he presented with asthenia and online, headache, and had diarrhea for at least 30 days. He was diagnosed with HIV, and began receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) with stavudine, lamivudine, and efavirenz. Meanwhile, his 25-year-old partner and 9-month-old daughter were diagnosed with HIV infection.
Five years after initiating ART, the patient presented virological failure; after genotyping, his treatment was changed to tenofovir, lamivudine, and lopinavir/ritonavir. In 2005, he was diagnosed with VL as assessed by directly testing Leishmania in the bone marrow aspirate and initially treated with N-methyl-glucamine-antimony. However, because of pancreatitis, the patient began receiving amphotericin B, which was then replaced by a liposomal formulation because of the onset of renal failure. In 2011, the patient presented disseminated cutaneous lesions caused by Leishmania , as assessed by histopathological analysis of latex style charles sturt skin biopsy samples. In July 2012, the patient was readmitted for presenting febrile disease with splenomegaly and pancytopenia, in addition to showing positive results for online tutor, laboratory tests for leishmaniasis ( Table 1 ). After administration of essay liposomal amphotericin B deoxycholate, the patient's condition improved, and he was discharged upon recommendation of a secondary prophylaxis by administering liposomal amphotericin B twice a week. Between 2005 and 2012, seven VL infections occurred, as shown in the Table 1 . This case describes some of the many clinical, diagnostic, and epidemiologic aspects of VL/HIV-AIDS co-infection. Immunosuppression caused by HIV might lead to writing tutor, the development of education cover letter symptomatic VL 14 . Online Writing Tutor! In turn, VL might promote the clinical progression of education aide HIV and online, of AIDS-defining conditions, thus, reducing the possibility of recovery after treatment and increasing the incidence of relapse 11 . Essay! This report showed that individuals with HIV/AIDS and living in endemic areas of VL should include VL assessment in their follow-up protocol. After the first co-infection, by means of clinical and online, laboratory support, a follow-up protocol of the patient should be created for early detection of relapse and re-infection. One of the common features of writing co-infection is the increased tendency of tutor relapse, observed in writing 37-80% of the patients 22 . Additionally, in some cases a chronic course with multiple occurrences might take place. This can be attributed not only to immunodeficiency but also to re-infection, host deficiencies correlating with ART, secondary prophylaxis, and CD4+ lymphocyte count 16 18 . CD4+ lymphocyte count is one of the most significant prognostic factors for survival 11 22 . VL usually appears as an opportunistic disease in HIV patients when CD4+ cell count is less than 200 cells/mm 3(1,6,12,13,17,25) . During the seven years of follow-up, the online writing, patient presented a CD4+ cell count #x02264; 170 cells/mm 3 . This represents an important predictor of relapse. Roberts In Swedish! Relapses of online VL are suggested to face essay, occur mainly in individuals with poor responses to antiretroviral treatment who have no improvement in CD4+ counts with a few exceptions 3 9 . Based on online writing tutor clinical and biological [polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based] follow-up, an #x02018;active chronic visceral leishmaniasis#x02019; 5 has been proposed by scholarship essay BOURGEOIS et al. Tutor! (2010).
In our case, only the 6 th and 7 th episodes were able to have the peripheral blood (PB) analyzed by PCR, which showed positive results for Leishmania spp. As PCR-RFLP was only found in the 7 th sample episode, the etiological agent is style files charles university, Leishmania chagasi , according to the pattern of bands defined by SCHONIAN et al. (2003) 26 . Due to the absence of PB samples in previous episodes, the analysis by PCR-RFLP was not made. Therefore, it wasn't possible to distinguish between relapse and reinfection or characterize the tutor, case as #x02018;chronic visceral leishmaniasis#x02019;. Despite the medical importance of a clinical and laboratory monitoring of coinfected patients, this practice is still little used 12 19 20 . ART plays an important role in writing the synthesis essay reducing the online writing, effect of einstein essay opportunistic diseases and in recent studies has shown a reduction in tutor the incidence of VL. Studies in individuals with HIV/AIDS treated using ARV drugs showed a similar incidence of VL relapse when compared to studies of the pre-highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era 11 14 . The increased survival resulting from ART might partially explain the high incidence of relapse observed in this population 18 . In the present study, during the eight years of follow-up, we observed seven VL infections, despite the patient receiving ART before the first infection. VL manifestations associated with HIV infection might appear in a classical form, particularly in patients from scholarship essay VL-endemic areas, as well as with relatively aggressive symptoms that are sometimes non-specific and difficult to clinically diagnose 11 . Online Writing! In individuals with HIV/AIDS and presenting symptoms such as asthenia, anorexia, and weight loss, VL might be responsible for 7-23% of instances of fever of unknown origin 11 . This patient presented classic clinical manifestations during the study period, although in for business school 2011, we observed the online writing tutor, formation of skin lesions because of the parasite, as assessed by histopathological analysis. Among the face essay, previously treated VL cases, several patients present a skin condition characterized by macular, popular, or nodular lesions, called Post-kala-azar dermal Leishmaniasis (PKDL) caused by writing tutor the amastigotes of Leishmania donovani on the Indian subcontinent (India, Nepal, Bangladesh) and east Africa (Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya) and caused by Leishmania chagasi in South America where it is rarely reported, as well as its presence in HIV positives 2 4 23 28 . It is worth noticing that exclusive involvement of the skin is an unusual condition, because the simultaneous appearance of skin lesions along with other VL manifestations was more frequently observed 21 . In this case, the skin lesion suggests a clinical PKDL, which developed five years after the einstein essay, first VL episodes, administration of multiple therapeutic regimens, and treatments of discontinuous secondary prophylaxis. Writing Tutor! Although it has been viewed amastigotes in education teacher cover letter biopsy specimens obtained from skin lesions, the online writing, hypothesis of PKDL can be suggested but not stated categorically because there was no characterization of essay for business Leishmania species involved in the cutaneous lesions, and may have been an tutor infection of some sort cutaneous Leshmania endemic to the region as L. braziliensis . Several studies on co-infected individuals show that they present a decrease in anti- Leishmania antibody levels in the peripheral blood 11 ; that is, in only 40-50% of VL/HIV-AIDS cases, specific antibodies are detected 1 . Conversely, assessment of Leishmania antigen in urine by latex agglutination test showed a sensitivity of 85-100% 1 . Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in peripheral blood and bone marrow is a useful tool to face essay, diagnose, for follow-up, and detect relapses 22 . Although the writing, literature shows that serological analyses are not the most convenient in einstein essay patients presenting co-infection 1 6 , two serological tests (direct agglutination test and rK39-based rapid immunochromatographic test) performed enabled the diagnosis of such cases in 2011 and online writing, 2012.
In the same years, latex agglutination test and face essay, PCR test showed positive results, thus, confirming the data in the literature. Similar to the finding in online writing our study, CAVALCANTI et al. (2012), described a series of case studies of co-infection in the main hospitals of Recife, Brazil 10 . There is currently sufficient evidence suggesting that secondary prophylaxis provides some protective effect but does not completely prevent the occurrence of relapse 11 . A meta-analysis study described that the average incidence of relapse in patients who did not receive secondary prophylaxis was 67%, whereas in those who received it was 31% 16 . Essay For Business School! Current recommendations from the Ministry of Health of tutor Brazil 2 for teacher, the diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of patients presenting co-infection state that the #x0201c;efficacy of the tutor, secondary prophylaxis after the first successfully treated VL infection, was not completely established.#x0201d; The suggested secondary prophylaxis ( Table 1 ) was poorly adopted, thus, compromising the clinical follow-up. Writing The Synthesis! Based on online this case study and literature review, it is evident that co-infection presents typical clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic features, and scholarship for business school, can be observed in the prognosis of the disease. Therefore, prospective studies are required to clarify gaps such as the efficacy of secondary prophylaxis and need for clinical and laboratory monitoring tools for the early assessment of online relapse or re-infection. This study was supported by einstein essay the FACEPE/MS/CNPq Programme for Research and priority development to unified health system - SUS/ PCT Sa#x000fa;de II (project 03/2004) and CNPq/PIBIC/Fiocruz (process 139172/2012-2).